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Topic: Decision-making


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In the News (Sat 25 May 19)

  
 Decision making - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Politics is one approach to making decisions in groups.
Structured rational decision making is an important part of all science-based professions, where specialists apply their knowledge in a given area to making informed decisions.
Decision making is the cognitive process of selecting a course of action from among multiple alternatives.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Decision_making   (2176 words)

  
 Decision Making and Problem Solving, by Herbert A. Simon
Increasingly, research is being directed at decision making that takes realistic account of the compromises and approximations that must be made in order to fit real-world problems to the informational and computational limits of people and computers, as well as to the inconsistencies in their values and perceptions.
Decision making in organizational settings, which is much less well understood than individual decision making and problem solving, can be studied with great profit using already established methods of inquiry, especially through intensive long-range studies within individual organizations.
In applying our knowledge of decision making and problem solving to society-wide, or even organization-wide, phenomena, the problem of aggregation must be solved; that is, ways must be found to extrapolate from theories of individual decision processes to the net effects on the whole economy, polity, and society.
dieoff.org /page163.htm   (8402 words)

  
 DECISION THEORY
Decision theory is a body of knowledge and related analytical techniques of different degrees of formality designed to help a decision maker choose among a set of alternatives in light of their possible consequences.
Decision theory for risk conditions is based on the concept of utility (see utility, sense 2).
The decision maker's preferences for the mutually exclusive consequences of an alternative are described by a utility function that permits calculation of the EXPECTED UTILITY for each alternative.
pespmc1.vub.ac.be /ASC/DECISI_THEOR.html   (401 words)

  
 Introduction to Decision Making
Making a decision implies that there are alternative choices to be considered, and in such a case we want not only to identify as many of these alternatives as possible but to choose the one that best fits with our goals, desires, lifestyle, values, and so on.
Decision making is the study of identifying and choosing alternatives based on the values and preferences of the decision maker.
Decision making is the process of sufficiently reducing uncertainty and doubt about alternatives to allow a reasonable choice to be made from among them.
www.virtualsalt.com /crebook5.htm   (8122 words)

  
 Overcoming Serious Indecisiveness
Therefore making a decision implies that there are alternative choices to be considered, and in such a case we want not only to identify as many of these alternatives as possible but to choose the one that best fits with our goals, desires, lifestyle, values, and so on.
However, aside from making decisions, because of many kinds of uncertainties we also face a problem called decidophobia, which is the fear of making the wrong decisions combined with nervous agitation.
Therefore worrying about making a decision is a waste of time.
home.ubalt.edu /ntsbarsh/opre640/partXIII.htm#rlearngood   (16575 words)

  
 Decision Making Techniques
If you discover that nearly all of your thinking and decision making is taking place at the operational level, then you are probably not doing enough strategic thinking and planning.
This method of decision making is used when two or more equally attractive alternatives are faced.
These decisions are the least structured and most imaginative; they are the most risky and of the most uncertain outcome, partly because they reach so far into the future and partly because they are of such importance.
www.virtualsalt.com /crebook6.htm   (2865 words)

  
 Consensus decision-making - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Consensus decision-making is a decision process that not only seeks the agreement of most participants, but also to resolve or mitigate the objections of the minority to achieve the most agreeable decision.
An example of a prominent organization that uses consensus-seeking decision-making is the Green Party.
Consensus decisions are especially vulnerable to sabotage of all kinds, so the assignment of action roles, monitoring (from the original majority and minority opinion to some future time when the results of both sets of predictions can be debated), and other followup (e.g.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Consensus_decision_making   (4140 words)

  
 Decision Making/Problem Solving With Teens, HYG-5301-98
Decision making is an important skill to learn because we make decisions every day, big and little.
How can you, as a parent, help them learn decision-making skills?
Learning and using a decision-making and problem-solving process will help them grow toward this goal.
ohioline.osu.edu /hyg-fact/5000/5301.html   (959 words)

  
 Group/Individual : Persuasion,decision,commitment -Rational Decision Making
A classic contingency method of decision-making, was first proposed by Vroom and Yetton (1973) and later modified by Vroom and Jago (1988).
This can happen because the technology decision is dictated from a higher organisational level or because the new technology is perceived as the latest "thing" being used by "everyone." It is at this point in the process that technological gatekeepers become valuable.
If you then consider, in reference to question 4, that acceptance of this decision by subordinates is also not critical, the method suggests you should make the decision on your own (i.e., choose method AI).
www.implementer.com /implementer/web/step4_c/persuade-decrational.htm   (1454 words)

  
 Decision-making
The one factor that Referees have trouble with controlling when making rational decisions, is to make decisions independent of their physical, emotional, psychological and spiritual state in which they happen to find themselves before every game.
When a Refereeing decision is required during a game - making a bad decision is better than making an unsure decision - and making a bad decision is certainly better than making no decision at all.
A Referee who can accept a decision made by intuition (and instinct) without dwelling on any doubts that may arise, is using a very powerful and efficient human mechanism that can actually be felt by the players around him when he makes a decision.
www.carosi.freeserve.co.uk /corshamreferee/decide.htm   (6940 words)

  
 SPIRIT: Decision-Making Skills - HOOAH4HEALTH.com
With practice, you can improve your ability to make sound decisions in all areas of your life - personal, financial and professional - because life involves many decisions and making the best choices consistently is the key to success.
Making a decision is easy - but making the RIGHT one requires skill and knowledge.
But making your own decisions is the only way to take charge of your life - and your success.
www.hooah4health.com /spirit/decisions.htm   (1120 words)

  
 Decision making - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Structured rational decision making is an important part of all science-based professions, where specialists apply their knowledge in a given area to making informed decisions.
Decision making is the cognitive process of selecting a course of action from among multiple alternatives.
Decision making is said to be a psychological construct.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Decision_making   (1928 words)

  
 The Jakarta Site - The Jakarta Project
All Contributors are encouraged to participate in decisions, but the decision itself is made by those that have Committer status in the Project.
Voters intending to veto an action item should make their opinions known to the group immediately so that the problem can be remedied as early as possible.
If you disagree with the veto, you should lobby the person who cast the veto.
jakarta.apache.org /site/decisions.html   (568 words)

  
 SAGE Publications - Medical Decision Making
Medical Decision Making offers rigorous and systematic approaches to decision making that are designed to improve the health and clinical care of individuals and to assist with health policy development.
Using the fundamentals of decision analysis and theory, economic evaluation, and evidence-based quality assessment, Medical Decision Making presents both theoretical and practical statistical and modeling techniques and methods from a variety of disciplines.
Medical Decision Making focuses on important topics such as:
www.sagepub.com /journals/0272989X.htm   (286 words)

  
 Decision Making Skills
Avoid making decisions when you are tired, hungry, or under stress or pressure of any sort.
Good decision making skills are important to the success of self-management.
Once you have mastered such techniques you will be able to make sound decisions in matters that effect you, such as your medical and rehabilitation treatment, and other quality of life issues.
www.headinjury.com /problemdef.htm   (278 words)

  
 Consensus Decision Making
The facilitator(s) aids the group in defining decisions that need to be made, helps them through the stages of reaching an agreement, keeps the meeting moving, focuses discussion to the point-at hand; makes sure everyone has the opportunity to participate, and formulates and tests to see if consensus has been reached.
Even though individuals take on these roles, all participants in a meeting should be aware of and involved in the issues, process, and feelings of the group, and should share their individual expertise in helping the group run smoothly and reach a decision.
What it does mean is that in coming to that decision, no one felt that her/his position on the matter was misunderstood or that it wasn't given a proper hearing.
www.actupny.org /documents/CDdocuments/Consensus.html   (977 words)

  
 Society for Judgment and Decision Making Home Page
The Society for Judgment and Decision Making is an interdisciplinary academic organization dedicated to the study of normative, descriptive, and prescriptive theories of decision.
Visit the home page of Judgment and Decision Making, the new journal of the Society for Judgment and Decision Making.
It also publishes the journal Judgment and Decision Making.
www.sjdm.org   (113 words)

  
 Equality in Political Participation and Decision-Making
The goal of full participation by women is being pursued within Bahá'í communities around the world in several ways: by teaching equality of the sexes as a fundamental spiritual principle; by advocating the education of women and girls; and by employing a decision-making process that welcomes women.
The Bahá'í International Community welcomes the Secretary-General's report on "Equality in Political Participation and Decision-making" and wholeheartedly supports its recommendations.
Participants are asked to consider carefully the views of others, not clinging to their own, and accept the best solution that emerges.
www.bic-un.bahai.org /90-0227.htm   (756 words)

  
 MIT CSAIL Clinical Decision Making Group
The Clinical Decision Making Group at the MIT Laboratory for Computer Science is a research group dedicated to exploring and furthering the application of technology and artificial intelligence to clinical situations.
Because of the vital and crucial nature of medical practice, and the need for accurate and timely information to support clinical decisions, the group is also focused on the gathering, availability, security and use of medical information throughout the human "life cycle" and beyond.
To provide better health care through applied artificial intelligence.
medg.lcs.mit.edu   (186 words)

  
 Step 3 CDM Career Services University of Waterloo
Because of the importance of making the right choices for you, all the steps outlined in this Manual are critical elements in the decision-making process.
This decision-making model can by used for making many types of career-related decisions.
Assuming you have completed Steps 1 and 2 and feel comfortable moving on, please continue now in the process of decision-making and planning.
www.cdm.uwaterloo.ca /step3.asp   (176 words)

  
 Effective Decision Making - Financial, Business and Management Decision Making from Mind Tools
The books on the right-hand sidebar are Amazon.com's best sellers in the decision making skills area - if you found this article useful, these books will take your knowledge even further, ensuring that you are up-to-date with the latest thinking in the field.
This article is one of a series on Decision Making Skills - click here for to see other good decision making skills.
These techniques build on the tools discussed in the section on Problem Solving Tools, in that Decision Making follows on from an understanding of the situation.
www.mindtools.com /pages/article/newTED_00.htm   (1266 words)

  
 Adaptive Decision Making
Make incremental decisions to achieve an objective and avoid total commitment to a decision you cannot change.
Spread risk by avoiding decisions that lock you into a single choice if you are not prepared to commit.
If an immediate decision isn't necessary and there's time to develop options, go slow or let it wait.
www.studygs.net /problem/problem_adaptive_decisions.htm   (544 words)

  
 OUHSC Family Medicine Center
Rob Hamm, PhD, in the Clinical Decision Making Program, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center.
Presentation (European Society for Medical Decision Making, 1999)
Each spreadsheet performs a common calculation useful for clinical decisions or for analyzing data pertinent to clinical decisions.
www.fammed.ouhsc.edu /robhamm/cdmcalc.htm   (1358 words)

  
 OFCN's Academy Curricular Exchange - Social Studies
Distribute copies of "Decision Mountain." Inform students that they are going to make a decision by climbing the "Decision Mountain." By climbing the mountain they will learn the steps involved in decision making, while examining in further detail the problem presented in their story.
TITLE: DECISION MAKING AUTHOR: LEZLIE A. GRADE LEVEL: Appropriate for students 4th-6th grade OVERVIEW: Conflict resolution is a trend to which students need to become familiar.
Discuss how decisions were made and why it solves the problem.
ofcn.org /cyber.serv/academy/ace/soc/cecsst/cecsst113.html   (703 words)

  
 Consensus Decision Making
The image of the effective principal has evolved from one who is all-knowing, tough, and single-minded, to one who can motivate and challenge his or her staff to be creative and competent, and who can participate in team decision making.
Effective decision making is not a mysterious process.
Consensus is mutual agreement among team members that all legitimate concerns of individuals have been addressed by the group and everyone agrees to support the decision.
www.ballfoundation.org /ei/tools/consensus.html   (371 words)

  
 Consensus Team Decision Making
Decision making within government, among nations in alliances and coalitions, in the joint arena, or in public-private sector partnerships hinges on the ability of top decision-making teams to forge a consensus for action.
Consensus acts as the "power plant" within the national security decision making system, or the private sector, to sustain policy decisions through implementation either in the government bureaucracy, or in the market place.
Such teams improve their decision making by using a process of consensus, a process useful when developing national security strategy, military strategy, or strategic planning in other public or private sectors.
www.au.af.mil /au/awc/awcgate/ndu/strat-ldr-dm/pt3ch11.html   (5392 words)

  
 RNC NOT WELCOME: Consensus Decision Making
Consensus assures that everyone has a voice in the decision making process, synthesizing all ideas into one plan that all participants agree to implement.
Consensus is a decision making process based not on "majority rule," but the greater agreement of the community.
Since all participants agree to the decision, people are more invested in carrying out what has been decided.
www.rncnotwelcome.org /consensus.html   (430 words)

  
 Neighborhood Toolkit :: Consensus Decision Making
The reason for making decisions by consensus is twofold: First, the decision is based on more information and input and therefore will be a wiser, more complete solution - a "better" solution.
Four conditions favor effective consensus decision making: A facilitative process leader; agreement up front about group ground rules; a willingness to spend time on decision making; and a knowledge of different process techniques.
Consensus is not unanimity; consensus means that people who belong to the group will support the decision.
pprc.umsl.edu /base_pages/cnd/toolkit/07a.htm   (322 words)

  
 Facts about topic: (Good governance)
Decisions taken and their enforcement are done in a manner that follows rules and regulations.
Information is freely available and directly accessible to those who will be affected by such decisions and their enforcement.
Participation also means freedom of association (additional info and facts about freedom of association) and expression (Expression without words) on the one hand and an organized civil society (additional info and facts about civil society) on the other hand.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/g/go/good_governance.htm   (674 words)

  
 Faculty Participation in Decision Making. ERIC Digest.
Participation in institutional decision making is associated with increased employee satisfaction and performance in a wide variety of organizations.
The rationale for extensive faculty participation in institutional decision making rests on reasons for employees' participation in any orgnization and on reasons specific to the faculty role in higher education, the former contained in the sizeable literature on generic organzation theory and the latter in the more sparse higher education literature.
Faculty participation in institutional decision making is accepted as intrinsically good and as having positive effects on institutional functioning, but it is reflected in varying degrees in actual practice.
www.ericdigests.org /pre-926/making.htm   (1457 words)

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