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Topic: Decree on Land

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In the News (Thu 18 Jul 19)

 Decree on Land - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This decree was followed on February 19, 1918, by a decree of the Central Executive Committee, "The Fundamental Law of Land Socialization" [1].
Household land in towns and villages, with orchards and vegetable gardens, shall be reserved for the use of their present owners, the size of the holdings, and the size of tax levied for the use thereof, to be determined by law.
The land of the members who leave the commune shall revert to the land fund; preferential right to such land shall be given to the near relatives of the members who have left, or to persons designated by the latter.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Decree_on_Land   (1040 words)

 Legal regulation of real estate market. The magazine. - Dialit. Internet Center of Real Estate and Investment, Moscow, ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
In article 1 of the general Principles of land use and land-use system affirmed by the decree of CEC USSR of December 15, 1928 nationalization of land is mentioned, canceling private property on land for ever and establishing of an exclusive state ownership of Union SSR.
In the common theory of the Soviet land entitlement it was expressed as follows: " the confession by the subject of law of an exclusive state property on land of Union SSR as a whole, certainly, does not mean, that the allied republics do not have the right of state property on land ".
Out-of-date standards of the land legislation continue to be applied, which declare the state as a whole as the subject of law of state property on land, and realization of the appropriate rights is submitted to municipal authorities.
www.dialit-realty.com /english/magazine/2000_04/regulir_4_9.htm   (6007 words)

 RS Kirk (Laos): Summary   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
The new land policy and resource tenure related legislation is embedded in broader development principles such as the consolidation of the macro-economic reforms, the improvement of the performance of the public sector, an improved living standard for the whole population and halting the degradation of natural resources.
The land legislation remains ambiguous in its message; lengthy court cases can be expected and trust in the rule of the law remains fragile and jeopardizes the successful completion of the transformation process.
As long as land is surveyed for land tax purposes as well, a considerable ambiguity and lack of coordination between the roles and responsibilities of different government agencies continue to prevail.
www.mekonginfo.org /mrc/html/kirk/kil_summ.htm   (4162 words)

 Community Perspective in Land Management; The CMP Experience in Uganda
The 1975 Decree affects the constitutional right of a customary tenant by depriving him or her of security of tenure and limiting compensation in case of loss of tenure.
Individual land owners on whose land a community scheme happens to be located should be encouraged to give it free or as contribution in kind to be discounted against his or her cash or labour contribution.
Land on which a community scheme is to be placed must be clearly alienated and transferred from the various individual owners to the sole ownership by the project beneficiaries.
www.scn.org /ip/cds/cmp/uganda/landmgt.htm   (4716 words)

Historically, land reform programs designed to address these imbalances have often failed because they did little more than give peasants land, without providing access to financial credit, technical expertise, or marketing assistance, all of which are necessary for success.
The law instituted a cap on the size of landholdings, taxed land that was not in production, and provided for the distribution of land to landless peasants.
Before acquiring land, a participant needs to apply for a “carta agraria” (agrarian deed) from the National Land Institute (INTI) that verifies qualifications including demonstration of economic need and willingness to work an assigned plot of land.
www.rethinkvenezuela.com /downloads/landreform.htm   (1601 words)

 Project Amazonia
In some cases it is the particular tract of land that has been inhabited by their ancestors that is of particular importance, in other cases it is the nature of the land, the condition of the forest and its natural resources that allow indigenous populations to define their distinct cultures.
Possession of adequate land is essential to the survival of the indigenous peoples of Brazil as well as their unique cultures and pools of knowledge.
Land distributed to replace successfully challenged demarcated land will be paid for and provided by the provincial government, creating a built-in “checks and balance” system on the courts.
web.mit.edu /12.000/www/m2006/final/solutions/sols_land_rights.html   (2692 words)

 Nigeria - SendMail   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Consequently, two titles to native land were recognised: customary rights of occupancy administered by traditional authorities which covered all those tenure systems administered by communities or their leaders since pre-colonial times; and statutory rights of occupancy which were administered by State Governments.
Demand for land had been occasioned principally by increasing urbanisation particularly at the periurban fringe and the growth of the national economy due mainlv to revenues derived from oil.
It is pertinent to note that in the mail report of the panel, it advised in unequivocal terms against either the nationalisation of land or the extension of the land tenure system of the northern states to the whole country.
www.onlinenigeria.com /links/send.asp?blurb=529   (836 words)

 Daily News - eluniversal.com
On December 16th, 2004, Governor Johnny Yánez Rangel, the governor of central-western Cojedes state, ordered takeover of "all urban, rural or potentially agricultural, public or private, lands that are presumably idle or part of a large estate, or in tenancy conflict or with distribution problems." The Zamoran decrees had arrived in the countryside.
This decree is a legal outrage that affects even an emblematic farm such as Piñero, a worldwide renowned reservoir of wild life," landowner Asdrúbal Hernández regretted.
Decree Number 3,408, dated January 10th, 2005, established the National Agricultural Commission, to be headed by Minister of Agriculture and Lands Antonio Albarrán.
english.eluniversal.com /2005/12/31/en_eco_art_31A649143.shtml   (886 words)

 The Jakarta Post - The Journal of Indonesia Today
Land owners' objections in the East Flood Canal construction in the eastern part of Jakarta and in the construction of a few sections of the Jakarta Outer Ring Road have halted those projects.
Therefore, the government has included in the regulation an authority to eliminate the land owners right to protect their properties, unless an agreement is made on the compensation payment given by the government for the land.
To prevent land speculation, the regulation also stipulates a safeguard arrangement for land owners -- whose land will be used for public facilities -- in selling their lands to other parties aside from the government.
www.thejakartapost.com /yesterdaydetail.asp?fileid=20050507.B09   (600 words)

 The Decree Abolishing the Feudal System
It decrees that, among the existing rights and dues, both feudal and censuel,[1] all those originating in or representing real or personal serfdom shall be abolished without indemnification.
The exclusive right to hunt and to maintain uninclosed warrens is likewise abolished, and every landowner shall have the right to kill, or to have destroyed on his own land, all kinds of game, observing, however, such police regulations as may be established with a view to the safety of the public.
The National Assembly decrees that a medal shall be struck in memory of the recent grave and important deliberations for the welfare of France, and that a Te Deum shall be chanted in gratitude in all the parishes and the churches of France.
history.hanover.edu /texts/abolfeud.html   (1003 words)

 Kyrgyzstan - Agriculture
In 1994 a new decree on land reform expanded and clarified the legal basis for the use and exchange of land and improved the administration of land privatization, which is the responsibility of the Ministry of Agriculture and Food.
The chief agricultural use of land is pasturage for livestock, mainly sheep, goats, and cattle, the tending of which is the traditional vocation of the Kyrgyz people.
National reforms in land tenure, farm organization, and the financial system, together with privatization of services, were eroded by the continued authority of local officials to interfere in administration of those reforms.
countrystudies.us /kyrgyzstan/21.htm   (1319 words)

 LuatViet | Survival of land-related preferences - Survival of land-related preferences   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
During this period, because of changes in regulations, land preferences set out in the in-principle agreement may become invalid as of the time the land lease contracts are finalized.
Decree No 142 gives no guidance on how to ensure the interests of investors who have already been granted the 30 per cent reduction pursuant to an agreement with local land management agencies at the time when Decision No. 189/2000/QD-BTC remained valid.
It represents a contractual commitment between the local land administration agency and the investor, upon which the investor may have relied by proceeding with preparations for the investment project.
www.luatviet.com /en-GB/landNproperty/2006/8/242.mcms   (694 words)

 ZWNEWS.com - linking the world to Zimbabwe
However, the new presidential decree allows the state to "survey, demarcate and allocate it (the land) for resettlement," and order the farmer off the land, the Herald said.
Friday's decree appeared to undermine any further appeals by farmers to be allowed to work without being attacked and harassed by squatters, Hasluck said.
The decree is the latest in a rash of legislation effected by the regime to enable it to seize land with the minimum of legal process, observers say.
www.zwnews.com /issuefull.cfm?ArticleID=2981   (542 words)

 americas.org - President signs land decree   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
The decree sets up a national land commission which will aim to repeat throughout Venezuela the kind of state inspection begun on Saturday at a British-owned ranch in the west of the country.
The president said that current land ownership was an outrageous situation.
Its most important measure is to establish a new presidential commission to review land ownership and land use throughout Venezuela.
www.americas.org /item_17414   (311 words)

 [No title]
In the event that a Joint Venture rents the land, the competent representative of the Joint Venture is the Land Renter.
The Land Renter is entitled to the privi leges and immunities in accordance with the bilateral or multilateral agreements that the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and the Land Renter have both acceded to.
The land to be rented for infrastructure construction must be located within the export-processing or industrial zone which has been marked off by the competent State agency.
park.org /Thailand/MoreAboutAsia/vninfo/docs/t218.html   (1535 words)

 Second All-Russia Congress of Soviets of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies
In one of the clauses of this decree is embodied the Mandate to the Land Committees, compiled on the basis of 242 mandates from local Soviets of Peasants' Deputies.
"(3) Lands on which high-level scientific farming is practised—orchards, plantations, seed plots, nurseries, hothouses, etc.—shall not be divided up, but shall be converted into model farms, to be turned over for exclusive use to the state or to the communes, depending on he size and importance of such lands.
(5) The land of ordinary peasants and ordinary Cossacks shall not be confiscated.
www.marxists.org /archive/lenin/works/1917/oct/25b.htm   (4190 words)

This Decree is issued with the Regulations on the Allocation of Land to Households and Individuals for Stable and Long Term use for the Purpose of Agricultural Production.
Ministers, heads of the bodies at ministerial level, heads of government bodies, and chairmen of the people's committee of provinces and cities under the central authority shall be responsible for the implementation of this Decree.
All previous provisions inconsistent with this Decree are hereby repealed.
www.novexcn.com /viet_decre_give_land_agro.html   (188 words)

 Copy california divorce decree
The decree of those sent to the maintenance decree of decree the poor.
Their ecumenical action must copy california divorce decree be directed, we say we copy california divorce decree look with patience, forbearing one another.
Decree justice decree shall be looked upon as game, and every way, with free will offerings for the priests.
decree.juicypro.com /copy-california-divorce-decree.html   (1252 words)

 The Visual Front - Posters of the Spanish Civil War
The Decree on Land Distribution of August 14, 1937, makes it possible for you to obtain the land necessary to make you into free and independent farmers.
First, there were reforms and legislation to support development of the land by private property owners and those who cultivated the land.
Decrees of the Catalonia government, including the Agrarian Reform Law, hoped to free sharecroppers and others who worked the land from their responsibilities to an absentee landlord.
orpheus.ucsd.edu /speccoll/visfront/Newadd6.html   (433 words)

 The Canopus Decree
They transported the importation of provisions, to save those living in the land of Egypt, that these might know their goodness for ever, and their many virtuous turns whereby both those who are living, and their posterity and
and hallowed their hearts by flaming fire, as the custom is for the burial of Apis and Mnevis, and they decree causing that there should be uttered an adoration for ever to the glory of Queen Berenike, daughter of the Benevolent Gods, to be proclaimed in the temples of Egypt in its entire length.
This decree written by the Priests Counsellors in the temple, and by the Presidents of the temple and the Scribes of the temple and shall be incised in
nefertiti.iwebland.com /texts/canopus_decree.htm   (2491 words)

 Nazi "Ecology"
He made a speech in Berlin in 1934 in which he stated that the right to build homes or factories or to use land according to the personal interests of owners was to be abolished.
It declared all forests, waters, and minerals to be the property of the state, a prerequisite to rational use.
The decree "On Hunting Seasons and the Right to Possess Hunting Weapons" was approved by Lenin in May 1919.
www.columbia.edu /~lnp3/mydocs/ecology/nazi_ecology.htm   (2010 words)

 Cambodia - General Assembly
The report of the Special Representative (A/58/317, 22 August 2003) covers the period from January until July 2003 and is based on the Representative's two missions to Cambodia, from 25 February to 4 March, and from 30 June to 8 July 2003.
The Representative stated that the issue of impunity lies at the centre of problems in the administration of justice and continued to be compounded by the lack of neutrality and independence in the judicial and law enforcement systems, as well as by a low level of professionalism in those bodies.
The Office continued to monitor implementation of the Land Law, noting that it still required the adoption of many sub-decrees and proclamations for its provisions to be fully implemented.
www.hri.ca /fortherecord2003/vol3/cambodiaga.htm   (1045 words)

 Buying an Apartment, House or Land in Indoneisia
The developer owns the land the house is built on, and I own a 30-year fully paid up lease on the land, which by law the developer has to extend for a further 30 years on request.
In the agreement the Indonesian is the 'legal owner' while acknowledging that the foreigner is the 'rightful owner' of the land and thus the Indonesian owner would carry out any instructions from the foreigner regarding the land, including selling the land at certain price with the funds to be paid to the foreigner owner.
The purchase of the Right of Utilization shall be conducted pursuant to the effective stipulations that are, by virtue of a deed made by land conveyance, which shall later be registered in the Land Office.
www.expat.or.id /info/buyingproperty.html   (1645 words)

 Lagos State and the land decree
The publication claims that by virtue of the decision in suit no FHC/L/CS/669/95 between HRH Oba Yekini Adeniyi Elegushi (the Elegushi of Ikate land and Ors Vs Attorney-General of the Federation and Minister of Justice and Ors "all acts purported done pursuant to the Decree and all interests conveyed there under are null and void".
It has been my experience that when people want to acquire land to build their houses the greatest and most important thing on their mind is that "will I have a tidy title on this land?" Some people will not touch the area once they understand that the title is in dispute.
My advice to intending property buyers had always been that the safest land to buy is government land.
nigerdeltacongress.com /karticles/lagos_state_and_the_land_decree.htm   (613 words)

 SparkNotes: The Russian Revolution (1917–1918): The October Revolution
October 26 - Provisional government is arrested early in the morning Lenin issues Decree on Peace and Decree on Land Congress approves Soviet of the People’s Commissars, with all-Bolshevik membership, as new provisional government
The first motion approved was Lenin’s Decree on Peace, which declared Russia’s wish for World War I to end but did not go so far as to declare a cease-fire.
The next matter to be passed was the Decree on Land, which officially socialized all land in the country for redistribution to peasant communes.
www.sparknotes.com /history/european/russianrev/section5.rhtml   (1964 words)

 Asia Times: Vietnam tax law seen as an asset
These were the agricultural land use tax, the land housing tax, the land-use rights transfer tax, corporate income tax, registration fees, and income tax on high-income earners.
One problem has been that land used for agriculture, forestry and by fisheries faced conflicting regulations, some in the decree on land-use tax and others in the decree on land and housing.
On the other hand, registration fees are a limited source of revenue and do not help the state manage the nation's assets, officials said.
atimes.com /se-asia/CK21Ae04.html   (286 words)

 John Reed on Lenin
(2.) All land-owners' estates, and all lands belonging to the Crown, to monasteries, church lands with all their live stock and inventoried property, buildings and all appurtenances, are transferred to the disposition of the township Land Committees and the district Soviets of Peasants' Deputies until the Constituent Assembly meets.
(4.) * * * The lands of peasants and of Cossacks serving in the Army shall not be confiscated.
The amount of land received by each peasant will vary according to the locality...
www.cooper.edu /humanities/core/hss3/j_reed.html   (1207 words)

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