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Topic: Defense of the Great Wall

  Great Wall of China - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Wall stretches over a formidable 6,352 km (3,948 miles), from Shanhai Pass on the Bohai Sea in the east, at the limit between "China proper" and Manchuria, to Lop Nur in the southeastern portion of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region [1].
The Great Wall of China in 1907, as photographed by Herbert Ponting.
He spotted the Great Wall with binoculars, but said that "it wasn't visible to the unaided eye." US Senator Jake Garn claimed to be able to see the Great Wall with the naked eye from a space shuttle orbit in the early 1980s, but his claim has been disputed by several professional US astronauts.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Great_Wall_of_China   (1976 words)

 The Great Wall of China - Crystalinks
The Mutianyu section of the Great Wall, 70 kilometers northeast of Beijing, is linked to the Gubeikou section on the east and the Badaling section on the west.
The first section of the Great Wall of China was constructed in the central portion of the country around 688 B.C., Chinese archaeologists announced at a recent academic conference in Henan Province.
The surfacing of a new portion of the Great Wall is not unheard of.
www.crystalinks.com /chinawall.html   (1710 words)

 The Great Wall of China, Beijing, Pictures of Great wall, Photos of Great Wall
The Great Wall was built on the ridges of the mountains rising up and down according to the contours of the terrain.
Along the wall are many beacon towers, some are connected to the wall and others quite far away, which were used as the means of communication to warn of an enemy's advance (with smoke during the day and fire at night).
The walls are carved with bas-relief devaraja (heavenly kings) and between the devaraja are inscriptions of dharani (charms) in Sanskrit, Tibetan, Xixia, Uygur and Han.
www.cnhomestay.com /city/beijing/great_wall.htm   (2329 words)

 The Great Wall of China   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The Badaling section of the Great Wall snaking along the mountains northwest of Beijing was built at the beginning of the Ming Dynasty in the 14th century.
The portion of the Great Wall in eastern China was made of brick, while most parts of the wall in western China were made of yellow sandy soil and jarrah branches.
Experts believe the newly discovered segment of wall is not likely to be the end of the Great Wall, as beacon towers continue to appear along the Kongque River, pass through Wulei, the site of the prefecture government of the western region during the Han Dynasty, and extend to Kashi in southwestern Xinjiang.
www.2002china.net /china_columns/ancient_china/chinawall.shtml   (1904 words)

 The Great Wall of China, Beijing   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Walls were first built to keep invaders away from the farming villages on the Chinese border, but the walls eventually became of greater strategic importance when localised defences were gradually joined.
The Great Wall was built by soldiers, civilians, farmers and prisoners primarily during three dynasties: the Qin, the Han and the Ming.
Most of the Great Wall was composed of loose stone, but when the natural stone in an area wasn't sufficient, the Chinese engineers turned to another method of wall building - a stoneless wall was built using a wooden, rectangular frame that was filled with loose soil.
www.kinabaloo.com /gw.html   (2482 words)

 Great Wall Travel Guide, China Travel Information, China Holidays, China Culture Tours offered by Asean Travel & Tours ...
The construction of the Great Wall started in the 9th century B.C. in the Zhou dynasty and ended in the middle of the 17th century in the Ming dynasty with a lot of reconstructions and restorations as well as further extensions in the later dynasties such as Qin, Han, Sui and Tang.
The present Great Wall we see today was mostly the remains from the Ming dynasty (1368-1644), during which the brick and granite work was enlarged and sophisticated designs were added.
The Great Wall is reputed as one of the seven construction wonders in the world not only for its long history, but its massive construction size, and its unique architectural style as well.
www.aseantravelandtours.com /china/sightseeings/great_wall.htm   (1028 words)

 Forgotten Wonders: The Great Wall of China   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
It was during the Ming dynasty (1368-1644) that the Wall took on its present form.
Throughout the centuries, armies were garrisoned along the length of the Wall to provide early warning of invasion and a first line of defense.
Great piles of straw and dung used to build signal fires have been found during excavations.
ce.eng.usf.edu /pharos/wonders/Forgotten/greatwall.html   (450 words)

 The Great Wall of China
The history of the Great Wall spans more than 2000 years, and it is now considered to be one of the greatest wonders on earth.
Though it is not known exactly when the construction of the Great Wall of China began, it is commonly believed that it was built as a military fortification to protect against tribal intrusions across the borders during the Zhou Dynasty.
Presently, the Great wall that exists in Beijing is from the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).
www.asianartmall.com /greatwallarticle.htm   (509 words)

 Great Wall of China - Enchanted Learning Software
The Great Wall of China (in Chinese it is called "Wan-Li Qang-Qeng" which means 10,000 Li Long Wall) was built over 2,000 years ago, by Qin Shi Huangdi, the first emperor of China during the Qin Dynasty (221 B.C - 206 B.C.).
During the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), the Great Wall was enlarged to 6,400 kilometers (4,000 miles) and renovated over a 200 year period, with watch-towers and cannons added.
The Great Wall can be seen from Earth orbit, but is not visible from the moon, according to astronauts Neil Armstrong, Jim Lovell, and Jim Irwin.
www.enchantedlearning.com /subjects/greatwall   (275 words)

 The Great Wall @ National Geographic Magazine   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The population was 120, and the settlement was surrounded by an ancient garrison wall nearly a mile in circumference.
Though in the popular consciousness the Great Wall is thought to be a single structure, it actually consists of numerous walls built by different dynasties over more than 2,000 years.
The chunk of wall is 21 feet (6.4 meters) high, 20 feet (6 meters) wide at its base, and 11 feet (3.3 meters) wide at the top.
magma.nationalgeographic.com /ngm/0301/feature1   (1185 words)

 The Great Wall
The Great Wall of China was built over 2,000 years ago, by Qin Shi Huangdi, the first emperor of China during the Qin (Ch'in) Dynasty (221 B.C - 206 B.C.).
Armies were stationed along the wall as a first line of defense against the invading nomadic Hsiung Nu tribes north of China (the Huns).
During the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), the Great Wall was enlarged to 6,400 kilometers (4,000 miles) and renovated over a 200 year period, with watch-towers and cannons added including the Badaling section.
skaarpictures.com /images116   (349 words)

 Defense and Cost of The Great Wall   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The emperor thought the wall would bring peace to the nation but the nation was weakened by the heavy cost of the construction.
Ditches along the wall were filled with the corpses of workers who died building the wall.
Deaths of wall workers are estimated to exceed one million.
www.paulnoll.com /China/Tourism/history-Great-Wall-3-defense.html   (288 words)

 Great Wall of China, History, Gallery of Pictures, Travel Guide, News, Discovery & Research
When most people tend to think that the Great Wall was product of war (actually of defense), and thus its role ought to have been most closely related to battles and bloodshedding, it is, however, not that case.
Most time under the Great Wall was actually peace rather than war; the Great Wall, in all times, was connected to the culture, foreign policies, and economy (just think how much could be spent on this super project).
Philosophically, the Great Wall speaks well for a growth in the mixed soil of peace and war.
www.greatwall-of-china.com   (514 words)

 Hike The Great Wall
The Great Wall has always considered being a giant dragon and therefore the starting point is named the Dragon's Head.
The Jinshanling Great Wall was initially built from 1368 to 1389 in the Ming Dynasty, and in 1567 or 1570 rebuilding of the Wall was mainly directed by General Qi Jiguang.
The Wall is about 21 to 24 feet high and 15 to 18 feet wide, which is made of brick and stone.
www.foruminternational.com /hgreatwall.shtml   (1288 words)

 Accent Travel Destination Page - GREAT WALL OF CHINA
Construction of the Great Wall started in the 7th century B.C. The vassal states that under the Chou Dynasty in the northern parts of the country, each built their own walls for defensive purposes.
After the state of Qin unified China in 221 B.C., it joined the walls to hold off the invaders from the Xiongnu tribes in the north and extended the wall by another 5,000 kilometers.
The Great Wall was renovated from time to time after the Qin Dynasty.
www.accenttravel.com /destination_pages/great_wall.html   (542 words)

 The Great Wall, Jinshanling
Jinshanling Great Wall about 150 kilometers away from Beijing lies in the mountainous area in Ruanping county of Hebei province - a key military stronghold.
On the upper part of the duo-kou were large openings used to watch and shoot at attackers, and on the lower part were small openings or loopholes, through which defenders could also shoot.
These "walls-within-walls" were used for continued defense against enemies who might have succeeded in scaling the wall.
www.beijingtrip.com /attractions/greatwall/jinshanling.htm   (309 words)

 Beijing : Side Trips : The Great Wall | Frommers.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The Great Wall begins at Shanhai Guan on the Bo Hai Sea and snakes west to a fort at Jiayu Guan in the Gobi Desert.
The Wall here is in good condition, as it was a recent (after 1570) rebuild of an existing Ming wall, and construction was overseen by the outstanding general, Qi Jiguang.
The defensible pass, whose heart lies to the west at Gu Bei Kou, was 27km (17 miles), stretching all the way to Simatai in the east.
www.frommers.com /destinations/beijing/0201020275.html   (1023 words)

 the great wall, China Tour
The Great Wall is plagued by visitors who relentlessly carve their names on its surface.
An 80-kilometre section of the Great Wall of China lost centuries beneath shifting sands is rediscovered.
The Great Wall's construction was begun in 221 BC under the emperor Meng T'ien of the Qin Dynasty.
www.chinatour.com /attraction/greatwall.htm   (1127 words)

The Wall was built as a line of defense from invaders from the north and stretches more than 6,000 Kilometers across northern China.
Badaling is the most common tourist stop on the Great Wall since it is located only 70 Km northwest of the capital city of Beijing.
This is the part of the Wall is referred to as the "most dangerous" since it has not been rebuilt or restored.
www.hopkins.k12.mn.us /Pages/District/Special/RonW/ltr27.html   (1148 words)

 History of the Great Wall of China: Jin Dynasty
According to historical records, in 908 a section of the Great Wall on the Nanguanling Town of Liaoning Province at the confluence of the Bohai Sea and the Yellow Sea (Huanghai Sea) was built during the Liao Dynasty (907-1125).
At this time the Wall stretched from White City (Bai Cheng) Village of Acheng City of Heilongjiang Province in the north to Nongan County of Jilin Province in the south.
The construction of the Great Wall by the Jin Dynasty was started in about 1123 and completed by about 1198.
www.travelchinaguide.com /china_great_wall/history/jin   (529 words)

 The Great Wall   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Stonehenge in England, Machu Picchu in Peru, the Angkor Wat temple in Cambodia, the Ramses temple in Egypt, temples at Pagan in Burma, the Great Wall of China...
They saw the Great Wall, took a boat trip on the Yangtze River, toured the museums of Shanghai and mosques of Xi'an, and were welcomed in schools and private...
Riding a staunch defense (the Great Wall of Garnet), an opportunistic offense, and a flamboyant goalie who once met Miss America, the Garnet Tide was able to...
conservation.mongabay.com /The_Great_Wall.htm   (2904 words)

 OpinionJournal - Featured Article
The world's thoughts are with the victims of the tsunamis that swept across South Asia Sunday, killing at least 23,000 and leaving millions homeless.
People prone to hysteria often become further unhinged in the face of a great disaster, and that may explain these remarkable comments on the tsunami disaster.
As we mourn the loss of life and unite to help the survivors rebuild their lives and communities, let's also bear in mind that the best long-term help is an economic environment that allows these nations to put in place better manmade defenses against future depredations from nature.
www.opinionjournal.com /editorial/feature.html?id=110006079   (613 words)

 :NEWS+ANALYSIS: :The Great Wall (3/1/06)
But Defense Department planners who are paid to think about future wars worry about the People's Republic of China.
A rain of missiles and bombs from the mainland could end up galvanizing the Taiwanese populace; analogous tactics boosted the resolve of native populations in Great Britain during World War II and North Vietnam in the 1960s.
Defense Information Systems Agency officials say they "are constantly increasing our vigilance to ensure the free and secure flow of information."
www.govexec.com /features/0306-01/0306-01na1.htm   (1164 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
It sounds great but to work in practice, free trade requires tolerable symmetry—a mutual commitment among participating nations to disavow promotion of domestic industry at the expense of trading partners.
A great deal of international trade is already managed—in petroleum, steel, textiles, agricultural products, electronic goods, and many other products—even though global commerce continues to expand to unprecedented levels.
The problem is one of political leadership, mobilization of the country, appropriate staffing of the government, and redirection of the foreign affairs, defense, technological, and intelligence agencies to pay attention to Asia in general and to China in particular.
www.prospect.org /print-friendly/print/V8/30/johnson-c.html   (2889 words)

 The Great Wall of China
Contrary to what many people may think, the Great Wall of China was not a one-time effort.
He called it the "Square Wall." When warlords from other states saw how effective the Square Wall was for defense, they began to follow suit.
The Great Wall of China can trace its origin back to the 7th century B.C. Shih Huangdi's Great Wall of China was built with solid stones, not packed earth.
www.edhelper.com /ReadingComprehension_42_9.html   (538 words)

 CLIA - Cruise Line International Association
The Great Wall, or Changcheng, was built over thousands of years.
Most of the earliest walls have disappeared, as they were made of wood, but the brick walls constructed during the Ming dynasty still stand.
The Great Wall was looked upon with disdain for some time, with people tearing sections down for use as raw materials, but there has been a surge of wall restoration over the last two decades.
www.cruising.org /planyourcruise/wwdest/act_events.cfm?recordID=175   (439 words)

 Greece 1 - Portugal 0   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Portugal controlled the ball most of the time and put constant pressure on the Greece team, but still Greece (the surprise team of Euro 2004) played great, stood strong and won the game.
A 57th minute goal from Angelos Charisteas gave Greece the lead, and then it was virtually over as Greece's defense became one great wall in front of the Portuguese.
It's always great to see an underdog come into a world class tournament, take it by storm and win it leaving everyone's jaws dropping.
www.subzeroblue.com /archives/633.xml   (97 words)

 SCI FICTION | The Great Wall of Mexico
Operation Big Sandy was born on the littered conference table of the Great Seal's team of "creative" advisers.
The electric fence that marked the future location of the Wall made a diagonal across this picture, starting in the lower right corner and disappearing over a dune at the upper left.
He explained that the Wall was a population barrier.
www.scifi.com /scifiction/classics/classics_archive/sladek   (8410 words)

 Welcome to theGreatWall.com.cn, We All Call the Great Wall Home   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Listed as World Heritage by UNESCO in 1987, the Great Wall belongs not only to China but also to the whole world.
Many parts of the Great Wall are gone, a lot are succumbing to the elements.
Still, the Wall stands silently, enduring the passage of time and greeting the changes of seasons.
www.thegreatwall.com.cn /en   (161 words)

 The history of lotteries
From 100 B.C. through the 17th century, China and European countries used lotteries to finance defense (like the Great Wall in China); fund armies; build chapels, almshouses, canals and port facilities; and to replenish royal treasuries.
In America, Lotteries served an important function in the early development of the country through the Civil War.
In 1930, the Irish Sweepstakes was launched with great success in America because of the abolition of lotteries.
www.mondobet.com /lotteries   (464 words)

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