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Topic: Deliberative democracy

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  Deliberative democracy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Deliberative democracy, also sometimes called discursive democracy, is a term used by political theorists, e.g., Jon Elster, Jürgen Habermas,Joshua Cohen, and Amy Guttman and Dennis Thompson to refer to any system of political decisions based on some tradeoff of consensus decision making and representative democracy.
Deliberative Democracy is usually associated with left-wing politics and often recognizes a conflict of interest between the citizen participating, those affected or victimized by the process being undertaken, and the group-entity that organizes the decision.
In the deliberative opinion poll, a statistically representative sample of the nation or a community is gathered to discuss an issue in conditions that further deliberation.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Deliberative_democracy   (1048 words)

 Democracy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The word "democracy" has acquired a highly positive connotation in much of the world over the second half of the 20th century, to such an extent that even many dictatorships claim to be democratic and often hold illiberal elections to garner legitimacy, both internally and internationally.
Liberal democracy is a type of representative democracy where the power of the government is limited by the rule of law and separation of powers, while the people are guaranteed certain inviolable liberties and rights, such as freedom of speech.
In modern democracies, the territory is the nation-state, and since this corresponds (in theory) with the homeland of the nation, the demos and the reach of the democratic process neatly coincide.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Democracy   (3416 words)

 CPN - Tools
Deliberative democracy can exist in many forms and combinations, and can be complementary to various other mechanisms that ensure democratic representation and efficient administration.
James Fishkin's deliberative opinion poll is based on the conviction that credible deliberative democracy requires a representative sample of the population, rather than self-selected citizen participation in community meetings and dialogue groups, or organized stakeholder participation in dispute resolution.
Deliberative practice, by contrast, tends to be much more attuned to forms of speech (storytelling, expressions of hurt, anger and injustice) that situate participants in specific contexts and groups, and that reference inequalities in ways that can be productive of mutual understanding and common action.
www.cpn.org /tools/dictionary/deliberate.html   (2744 words)

 Deliberative Democracy in America by Ethan J. Leib
The central principle of deliberative democracy can be summarized as follows: “At the heart of the deliberative conception of democracy is the view that collective decision-making is to proceed deliberatively—by citizens advancing proposals and defending them with considerations that others, who are themselves free and equal, can acknowledge as reasons” (Cohen and Sabel 1997, 327).
The distortion of money can make democracy a joke; the masses serve as the marionettes of money managers and make decisions that cannot help but help the capitalists, who are very good at convincing others that their fate is wholly tied to the strength of the economy and, in turn, the strength of the capitalists.
Deliberative assemblies cannot do everything, but they also cannot merely be in civil society without having a binding effect on the state: they need to be institutionalized as mechanisms of the state and be able to issue binding statements of popular will.
www.psupress.org /Justataste/samplechapters/justatasteLeib.html   (2551 words)

 The Daily Star Web Edition Vol. 5 Num 517   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Democracy is basically about taking into account collective views in making decisions by the government or any of its agencies entrusted to carry out the functions of the government.
The deliberative democracy also fosters participation of independent policy research institutions to contribute to public deliberation of issues that affect the public in their day to day life as well as more strategic and significant public issues that have longer-term implications.
Decisionist democracy may turn into an authoritarian democracy in which executive power and authority of a person (prime minister) or group of persons (Cabinet) generally becomes very prominent and community involvement is ignored in making official decisions or public policy.
www.thedailystar.net /2005/11/10/d51110020328.htm   (972 words)

 Deliberative Discourse | Theory
Deliberative democracy presupposes some degree of plurality among discourse participants; that is discourse members have diverse interests, convictions, and ideals.
This is not to suggest that deliberative democracy is inconsistent with cultural pluralism.
Yet if the ideals of deliberative democracy are not to lose their force, the elimination of some inequalities (such as equality of access to information) must at least be theoretically possible; and this is not impossible—as Kant puts it “Ought implies can” (Quoted in James Bohman, Public Deliberation, Cambridge: MIT Press, 1996, 21).
cyber.law.harvard.edu /projects/deliberation/theory   (5018 words)

 Experiments in Deliberative Democracy:
Under the pragmatic devolution of empowered deliberative democracy, local units are by themselves unable to solve coordination and cross-border problems and would thus benefit from information-sharing connections to other units in the system.
For deliberative democracy to work in real-world settings with ordinary people, it must be able to involve individuals with relatively little experience or skills in the practices of democratic deliberation.
These deliberative channels ask citizens to generate public goods which are broadly shared, and so many will be tempted to free-ride on the efforts of others to build effective workplace training programs, make their neighborhoods safe, or generate a wise set of municipal budget priorities.
www.ssc.wisc.edu /~wright/deliberative.html   (12311 words)

 [No title]
The second model deliberative democracy is founded on the principles of reasoned dialogue and deliberation.
In the academic literature, this model falls under the rubric of "collective rationality," "unitary democracy," or simply "deliberative democracy." The Value of Public Talk The freedom to speak, to engage in political conversation, to discuss public issues, and to deliberate about the common good is the hallmark of a democracy.
Deliberative Democracy Following a usage that goes back to Aristotle, philosophic tradition generally takes deliberation to mean the process of the formation of the will, the particular moment that precedes choice, in which an individual or group ponders different solutions before settling for one of them.
www.helsinki.fi /science/optek/1995/n2/london.txt   (3737 words)

 "Teledemocracy vs. Deliberative Democracy" - A Paper by Scott London
By contrast, deliberative democracy is rooted in the ideal of self-governance in which political truths emerge not from the clash of preestablished interests and preferences but from reasoned discussion about issues involving the common good.
Deliberative democracy is characterized by the pursuit of some specific truth or course of action.
By contrast, proponents of deliberative democracy stress the need for reasoned discussion about issues involving the common good, not as an end in itself but as a prerequisite to effective public policy.
www.scottlondon.com /reports/tele.html   (3456 words)

 Deliberative Polling: Toward a Better-Informed Democracy
In March 2002, a local Deliberative Polling® experiment was held at Yale with the fifteen towns in the New Haven metropolitan area on regional economic cooperation between the city and suburbs.
Deliberative Polling® is especially suitable for issues where the public may have little knowledge or information, or where the public may have failed to confront the trade-offs applying to public policy.
The Center for Deliberative Polling at the University of Texas, Austin was one of the co-sponsors of this project.
cdd.stanford.edu /polls/docs/summary   (3130 words)

 Deliberative democracy: Facts and details from Encyclopedia Topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Deliberative democracy, also sometimes called discursive democracy, EHandler: no quick summary.
Representative democracy comprises a form of democracy and theory of civics wherein voters choose (in free, secret, multi-party elections) representatives to...
Critics of deliberative democracy have pointed to Arrow's impossibility theorem[For more facts and a topic of this subject, click this link] as limiting the use of deliberative democracy.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/d/de/deliberative_democracy.htm   (1628 words)

 Transnational Democracy : Theories and Prospects   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
While advocates of deliberative democracy do not discount totally the value of a liberal attachment to institutional reform of global governance,nor the cosmopolitan requirement for a democratic constitution for world order, both visions are regarded as insufficient in themselves for the grounding of transnational democracy.
Accordingly, deliberative democracy requires informed and active citizens as well as the vigorous promotion of those rights and conditions necessary to their empowerment (Petit 1997).Given the significance of the all-affected principle, the criteria and procedures for inclusion within the deliberative political process become critical.
Critics of deliberative democracy argue that it is not a discrete model of democracy so much as a mechanism for resolving and legitimising public decisions.In this respect it only has value in the context of an established democratic frameworks (Saward 1998).This criticism is valid whether the focus is transnational,local or national democracy.
www.polity.co.uk /global/mcgrew.htm   (4705 words)

 :: Deliberative Democracy Consortium ::
The Deliberative Democracy Consortium (DDC) is a network of researchers and practitioners working together to strengthen the field of deliberative democracy.
Learn more about the Deliberative Democracy Consortium and our support for the nascent, growing movement for deliberative democracy throughout the world: our mission, theory of change and core activities the Consortium and its network are carrying out to promote research and practice.
The Deliberative Democracy Consortium undertakes ongoing activities to promote the theory and application of deliberative democracy and to advance research and practice in the field.
www.deliberative-democracy.net   (422 words)

 [No title]
The Deliberative Democracy Handbook is the first book to bring together the best practices and thinking on citizen participation processes.
Deliberative democracy is the nationwide movement to make citizen participation meaningful and effective.
The Deliberative Democracy Handbook Online is designed to provide you with an opportunity to learn more about the book, share your feedback, and connect with others who are working in the field of deliberative democracy.
www.deliberative-democracy.net /handbook   (252 words)

 :: Deliberative Democracy Consortium ::
The mission of the Consortium is to bring together practitioners and researchers to support and foster the nascent, broad-based movement to promote and institutionalize deliberative democracy at all levels of governance in the United States and around the world.
The Deliberative Democracy Consortium has embarked on an ambitious research agenda that will build knowledge around the actual impact of deliberation upon civic attitudes and behavior, and the sustainability of follow-on efforts.
Activities of the Deliberative Democracy Consortium are overseen by a diverse steering committee comprised of members with a range of experiences in fields closely linked with the deliberative democracy movement.
www.deliberative-democracy.net /about   (503 words)

 The Center for Deliberative Democracy
The Center for Deliberative Democracy, housed in the Department of Communication at Stanford University, is devoted to research about democracy and public opinion obtained through Deliberative Polling®.
Deliberative Polling®: Toward a Better-Informed Democracy An executive summary of Deliberative Polling® to date, including the results of polls conducted in England, Australia, Denmark and the United States.
Deliberative Polling®, developed by Professor James S. Fishkin, is a technique which combines deliberation in small group discussions with scientific random sampling to provide public consultation for public policy and for electoral issues.
cdd.stanford.edu   (183 words)

 The Deliberative Democracy Project
Deliberative Democracy is founded on our belief that citizens care enough and are smart enough to participate meaningfully in the deliberative process of making public policy.
Most importantly, Deliberative Democracy forges a new relationship between citizens and their government, changing the nature of public discourse to focus on problem solving and a shared search for solutions.
Collins, Colorado: Working with the city, The Deliberative Democracy project is helping citizens plan the future of their community by setting an agenda of goals and working through solutions.
darkwing.uoregon.edu /~ddp   (455 words)

 Deliberative Environmental Politics - The MIT Press   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
In Deliberative Environmental Politics, Walter Baber and Robert Bartlett link political theory with the practice of environmental politics, arguing that the "deliberative turn" in democratic theory presents an opportunity to move beyond the policy stalemates of interest group liberalism and offers a foundation for reconciling rationality, strong democracy, and demanding environmentalism.
Deliberative democracy, which presumes that the essence of democracy is deliberation -- thoughtful and discursive public participation in decision making -- rather than voting, interest aggregation, or rights, has the potential to produce more environmentally sound policy decisions and a more ecologically rational form of environmental governance.
In order to establish that democracy is ecologically sustainable and that environmental protection can (and must) become a norm of culture rather than a mere fact of government, they argue, new models of ecological deliberation and deliberative environmentalism are required.
mitpress.mit.edu /catalog/item?ttype=2&tid=10646   (342 words)

 Getting Practical About Deliberative Democracy
But talk of a “deliberative democracy” often implies a lofty, informed, serious, fair, productive, and ceaseless conversation among all citizens—in other words, a fantasy.
Democracy is not well served by statutes that announce the good news (e.g., that the air shall be clean or the workplace risk-free), while leaving it to regulators to spell out the bad news (the costs and who must pay them).
Proponents of “deliberative democracy” have argued persuasively that democracies benefit when there is broad discussion of public affairs.
www.imdp.org /artman/publish/article_24.shtml   (4428 words)

 Deliberative Democracy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Deliberative democracy, also sometimes called discursive democracy, is a term used...
the central institution in democracy, deliberative democracy theorists argue that legitimate...
Center for Deliberative Democracy The Center for Deliberative Democracy, housed in the Department of Communication at Stanford University, is devoted to research about democracy and public...
www.bluedogdemocrats.com /deliberative-democracy.html   (181 words)

 James Fishkin - Berkman Center for Internet & Society
Professor Fishkin is the Director of the Center for Deliberative Polling.
He first proposed the idea of the Deliberative Poll in an article in the Atlantic Monthly in August of 1988.
The results of the world's first Deliberative Poll were broadcast on May 8, 1994, and the process has been conducted nationally in Britain five times including a 1997 effort for the British General Election.
cyber.law.harvard.edu /fishkin.html   (348 words)

 Amazon.com: Deliberative Democracy (Cambridge Studies in the Theory of Democracy): Books: Jon Elster,Adam Przeworski   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
"Deliberative Democracy is a timely book by an excellent group of scholars that examines an issue of major political importance: the merits of decision making by deliberation.
Deliberative Democracy's major insights involve the questions and challenges that it raises for our basic conceptions of deliberation and democratic decision-making.
Rather than assuming that deliberative democracy is always ideal, the authors critically probe its limits and weaknesses as well as its strengths.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0521596963?v=glance   (1284 words)

 Amazon.co.uk: Why Deliberative Democracy?: Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The most widely debated conception of democracy in recent years is deliberative democracy - the idea that citizens or their representatives owe each other mutually acceptable reasons for the laws they enact.
They not only develop their theory of deliberative democracy in new directions but also apply it to new practical problems.
In "What Deliberative Democracy Means," which opens this collection of essays, they provide the most accessible exposition of deliberative democracy to date.
www.amazon.co.uk /exec/obidos/ASIN/0691120196   (423 words)

Deliberative Democracy: Essays on Reason and Politics Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1997.
Pangle, Thomas L. The Ennobling of Democracy: The Challenge of the Postmodern Age.
Democracy and International Conflict: An Evaluation of the Democratic Peace Proposition Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 1995.
www.indiana.edu /~rhetid/demcritbib.htm   (798 words)

 Oxford Scholarship Online: Deliberative Democracy and Beyond
While the deliberative turn was initially a challenge to established institutions and models of democracy, it was soon assimilated by these same institutions and models.
Drawing a distinction between liberal constitutionalism and discursive democracy, the author criticizes the former and advocates the latter.
He argues that a defensible theory of democracy should be critical of established power, pluralistic, reflexive in questioning established traditions, transnational in its capacity to extend across state boundaries, ecological, and dynamic in its openness to changing constraints upon, and opportunities for, democratization.
www.oxfordscholarship.com /oso/public/content/politicalscience/019925043X/toc.html   (255 words)

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