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Topic: Democratic Kampuchea

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In the News (Sun 16 Jun 19)

  Documentation Center of Cambodia (DC-Cam)
The national anthem of Democratic Kampuchea is the "Dap Prampi Mesa Chokchey" ["Glorious Seventeenth of April"].
Democratic Kampuchea fervently and earnestly desires to maintain close and friendly relations with all countries sharing a common border and with all those near and distant throughout the world in conformity with the principles of mutual and absolute respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity.
Democratic Kampuchea refuses all intervention in the domestic affairs of other countries, and scrupulously respects the principle that every country is sovereign and entitled to manage and decide its own affairs without outside interference.
www.dccam.org /Archives/Documents/DK_Policy/DK_Policy_DK_Constitution.htm   (1348 words)

  Democratic Kampuchea at AllExperts
Democratic Kampuchea was the official name of Cambodia under the government of Pol Pot and his Khmer Rouge party from 1975 until 1979.
According to Craig Etcheson, an authority on Democratic Kampuchea, members of the revolutionary army lived in self-contained colonies, and they had a "distinctive warrior-caste ethos." Armed forces units personally loyal to Pol Pot, known as the "Unconditional Divisions," were a privileged group within the military.
Article 20 of the 1976 Constitution of Democratic Kampuchea guaranteed religious freedom, but it also declared that "all reactionary religions that are detrimental to Democratic Kampuchea and the Kampuchean People are strictly forbidden." About 85 percent of the population follows the Theravada school of Buddhism.
en.allexperts.com /e/d/de/democratic_kampuchea.htm   (6532 words)

 Cambodia - Democratic Kampuchea
It guaranteed "democratic freedoms" in political, religious, and economic life; a parliamentary system based on a popularly elected national assembly under UN supervision; a national army; and a national economy respecting "individual or family productive activity." The program reflected the Khmer Rouge's attempt to create a new image attuned to moderation, nationalism, and patriotism.
Khieu Samphan was concurrently chairman of the State Presidium, prime minister of Democratic Kampuchea, provisional chairman of the PDFGNUK, and vice president in charge of foreign affairs of the CGDK.
Son Sen served as commander in chief of the National Army of Democratic Kampuchea (NADK) and, in that capacity, as the Khmer Rouge chairman on the Coordinating Committee for National Defense.
countrystudies.us /cambodia/73.htm   (682 words)

The establishment of the tripartite Coalition Government of Democratic Kampuchea (CGDK) in June 1982 was a significant achievement for the resistance groups, which had quarreled bitterly throughout the negotiations that led to unity.
Then in January 1979, Sihanouk, charged by the Democratic Kampuchea leadership with presenting Cambodia's case before the United Nations, broke with his sponsors and demanded that the Khmer Rouge be expelled from the United Nations for their mass murders.
The threemember inner cabinet consisted of Sihanouk as president of Democratic Kampuchea, Khieu Samphan as vice president in charge of foreign affairs, and Son Sann as prime minister.
countrystudies.us /cambodia/72.htm   (2449 words)

 Library of Congress / Federal Research Division / Country Studies / Area Handbook Series / Cambodia / Appendix B
Recognized by the United Nations as the official government of Cambodia, the ruling coalition in Democratic Kampuchea, a loose political and military coalition of the three resistance groups--Democratic Kampuchea, the KPNLF (q.v.
Between 1975 and 1978 it denoted the Democratic Kampuchea regime led by the radical Pol Pot faction of the Kampuchean (or Khmer) Communist Party.
Mouvement pour la Libération Nationale du Kampuchéa, or Movement for the National Liberation of Kampuchea; a pro- Sihanouk group formed in August 1979 by Kong Sileah after he broke ranks with General Dien Del; military organization based among the civilian camps on the Cambodian-Thai border.
lcweb2.loc.gov /frd/cs/cambodia/kh_appnb.html   (1248 words)

 Wattkhmer - Khmer History
Democratic Kampuchea From April 25 to April 27, 1975, the Khmer Rouge leaders held a special general assembly in order to form a new Constitution and renamed the country "Democratic Kampuchea".
Therefore, Democratic Kampuchea was a complete institution, which had government, national assembly, and constitution, but the average citizens became slaves of Angkar.
In People's Republic of Kampuchea, the important ministerial positions were taken by veterans, such as the revolutionists from the Eastern Zone, especially those from Kampong Cham, Svay Rieng, and people who had been educated in Vietnam after the 1954 Geneva Conference.
www.wattkhmer.org /khmerhistory.html   (4421 words)

 Democratic Kampuchea: An Irresponsible Government   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Democratic Kampuchea is considered as one of the weirdest regimes in the world, due to its destruction of its own nation and people.
Democratic Kampuchea constitution, Chapter I, Article 1 which stated that “The State of Kampuchea is an independent, unified, peaceful, neutral, non-aligned, sovereign, and democratic State enjoying territorial integrity (Jennar, 1995, p.83)” also devote to defense Khmer territory and Khmer people against foreign invasion in any form.
Democratic Kampuchea was deemed to have a lot of similarities to the Cultural Revolution of Mao Zedong in between 1966-1976.
www.ezinearticles.com /?Democratic-Kampuchea:-An-Irresponsible-Government&id=158759   (2678 words)

 Tales of Asia - DK
For the whole reigning period of Democratic Kampuchea, Cambodian people were forced to devote their lives to unpaid labour force to fulfill the earthly “collective agrarian utopia” policy.
Familyism was still seen among the top leaders of Democratic Kampuchea; relatives of the leaders were not to be evacuated or tortured (Chandler, 1993, p.210).
Democratic Kampuchea government is thought to be full of milk of self-interest; turning the whole society to fit their needs.
www.talesofasia.com /rs-78-dk.htm   (2551 words)

 AAS Abstracts: Southeast Asia 81   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In the literature on the Khmer Rouge regime of Democratic Kampuchea, there have been two schools of thought regarding the nature of the violence which took so many lives in such a short period of time.
The first class of evidence is the result of a satellite mapping survey of several zones of Democratic Kampuchea, in which researchers attempted to create a comprehensive inventory of the prisons, execution centers and mass graves created during the Democratic Kampuchea regime.
This evidence confirms that the highest officials of the Communist Party of Kampuchea were in control of the Democratic Kampuchea security apparatus, and that they directed the extermination of a still unknown, but very high percentage of the population of the country.
www.aasianst.org /absts/1997abst/seasia/sea81.htm   (759 words)

 The Khmer Rouge regime
The Khmer Rouge subsequently established the State of Democratic Kampuchea, and instituted what was arguably the most radical experiment in social engineering of the twentieth century.
One of the conceits of the Khmer Rouge Party Center was that Democratic Kampuchea was capable of seizing through military conquest regions of present-day Vietnam which were lost to Cambodian control through Vietnamese expansion over the last five hundre d years.
Today, however, some seventeen years and three Cambodian regimes later, the "National Army of Democratic Kampuchea," as the Khmer Rouge military is known, continues to wage warfare from jungle redouts in an attempt to regain control of Cambodia and res ume their utopian experiment.
www.cybercambodia.com /dachs/killing/khmer_rouge.html   (551 words)

 Cambodian History Part IV
During the entire Democratic Kampuchea period from 1975 to 1978, cadres exercised the power of life and death, especially over "new people," for whom threats of being struck with a pickax or an ax handle and of being "put in a plastic bag" were a part of everyday life.
Article 20 of the 1976 Constitution of Democratic Kampuchea guaranteed religious freedom, but it also declared that "all reactionary religions that are detrimental to Democratic Kampuchea and the Kampuchean People are strictly forbidden." About 85 percent of the population follows the Theravada school of Buddhism (see Buddhism, ch.
The influence of China on Democratic Kampuchea's internal politics apparently was a crucial, though little understood, factor in Pol Pot's defeat of his pro-Vietnamese rivals.
www.ess.uwe.ac.uk /genocide/cambhist4.htm   (8240 words)

 Cambodia in Modern History: Beauty and Darkness
The Coalition Government of Democratic Kampuchea cannot accept, any more than our compatriots, that another Conference should be arranged by the Socialist Republic of Vietnam profiting from the support of the Soviet Union and the allies of this great Power.
Obviously, there can be no question that Democratic Kampuchea and peace loving nations committed to liberty and justice would fall into such a trap.
This is but a facade denounced by other journalists who have been in the region and who, in spite of multiple obstacles placed in their way, have been able to make in-depth studies of the real position.
www.mekong.net /cambodia/speech82.htm   (1427 words)

 Cambodia The Fall of Democratic Kampuchea - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current ...
As events in the 1980s progressed, the main preoccupations of the new regime were survival, restoring the economy, and combating the Khmer Rouge insurgency by military and by political means.
Useful scholarly treatments of the period include Craig Etcheson's perspective on the Khmer Rouge, The Rise and Demise of Democratic Kampuchea; two collections of essays, Peasants and Politics in Kampuchea, 1942-81, edited by Ben Kiernan and Chanthou Boua; and Revolution and Its Aftermath in Kampuchea, edited by David P. Chandler and Ben Kiernan.
One well-reviewed account of life in Democratic Kampuchea and the transition to its successor regime is Elizabeth Becker's When the War Was Over; another account, equally well-regarded by critics, addressing the abiding enmity between Cambodia and Vietnam is Nayan Chanda's Brother Enemy.
workmall.com /wfb2001/cambodia/cambodia_history_the_fall_of_democratic_kampuchea.html   (1376 words)

 Ieng Sary
Ieng Sary was born Kim Trang in 1930 southern Vietnam (Kampuchea Krom).
From 1971 to 1975 he served as special envoy of the National United Front of Kampuchea and of the Government of National Union of Kampuchea, and when the Khmer Rouge forces took over the government in 1975 he became deputy prime minister in charge of foreign affairs.
Since January 1979, when the government was ousted by Vietnamese troops, he has held the same post in the government-in-exile (Coalition Government of Democratic Kampuchea), which still claims to be the legitimate government of Kampuchea.
angkor1431.tripod.com /index/id31.html   (167 words)

 Cambodia (10/06)
Democratic Kampuchea's relations with Vietnam and Thailand worsened rapidly as a result of border clashes and ideological differences.
Democratic Kampuchea established close ties with China, and the Cambodian-Vietnamese conflict became part of the Sino-Soviet rivalry, with Moscow backing Vietnam.
The United States supports efforts in Cambodia to combat terrorism, build democratic institutions, promote human rights, foster economic development, eliminate corruption, achieve the fullest possible accounting for Americans missing from Indochina conflict, and to bring to justice those most responsible for serious violations of international humanitarian law committed under the Khmer Rouge regime.
www.state.gov /r/pa/ei/bgn/2732.htm   (5274 words)

 Cambodia Since April 1975
The Khmer Rouge renamed the country Democratic Kampuchea in January 1976 (hereafter DK).
The country was ruled by the Communist Party of Kampuchea (CPK) but its identity and leaders were hidden from the public.
This secrecy was essential, in the view of the CPK’s leaders, because it had helped them in the past and because enemies were allegedly attempting to sabotage the revolution.
www.seasite.niu.edu /khmer/Ledgerwood/Part2.htm   (2074 words)

The names Cambodia and Kampuchea are transliterations of the country's traditional name in the Khmer language, and both have been used for the name of the country.
The Vietnamese government said it wanted to save Kampuchea from further harshness and purges by the Khmer Rouge; its support went to the Soviet-Vietnamese Communist faction.
In 1981 a 117-member National Assembly was elected to a five-year term, and it approved a new constitution.
www.angelfire.com /ky/khmer/ExeHistory.html   (1016 words)

 Communist Party of Kampuchea - Anarchopedia
The party had been called the Workers' Party of Kampuchea until it was renamed as the Communist Party of Kampuchea (CPK) in 1971.
The organization is also known as the Khmer Rouge, a demeaning name chosen by the Western media, and is considered responsible for the deaths (by assassination or starvation) and torture of thousands or millions (depending on the estimates) of civilians.
The Workers' Party of Kampuchea was founded September 30, 1960 in a room of the Phnom Penh train station.
eng.anarchopedia.org /index.php/Communist_Party_of_Kampuchea   (1223 words)

 Kingdom of Cambodia: Amnesty International's position and concerns regarding the proposed "Khmer Rouge" ...
The Chambers would have jurisdiction to try senior leaders of Democratic Kampuchea and those most responsible for the crimes and serious violations of Cambodian penal law, international humanitarian law and custom, and international conventions recognized by Cambodia, that were committed during the period from 17 April 1975 to 6 January 1979.
The Secretary-General considers the draft agreement a considerable improvement over the draft that had been under discussion during his previous negotiations with the Government of Cambodia, particularly the provisions on the status of the agreement and its provisions regarding the procedures that would have to be followed in prosecutions and trials.
The jurisdiction of the Extraordinary Chambers would be limited to crimes committed by senior leaders of Democratic Kampuchea and those who were most responsible for the crimes falling within the subject-matter and temporal jurisdiction of the Chambers.
www.amnestyusa.org /regions/asia/document.do?id=A2BC23D3ADBA80B080256D13002A5D2D   (16319 words)

 [No title]
The Khmer Rouge depopulated the cities of Cambodia, which they renamed Kampuchea, forcing the urban population into agricultural communes where they were enslaved and brutalized.
Following withdrawal of Vietnamese forces in 1989, a coalition government was established in which the Khmer Rouge was invited to participate as the price to be paid to avert the continuation of civil war.
The National Army of Democratic Kampuchea, as the Khmer Rouge military is known, continues to wage warfare from jungle redouts in an attempt to regain control of Cambodia and resume their utopian experiment.
members.tripod.com /~fantasian/pdk.html   (943 words)

 Glossary - Thai / Cambodia Border Refugee Camps Website
In Kuala Lumpur, principals of three resistance factions sign an agreement to create the Coalition Government of Democratic Kampuchea with Prince Sihanouk (FUNCINPEC) as President, Khieu Samphan (DK) as Vice-President and Foreign Minister, and Son Sann (KPNLF) as Prime Minister.
Between 1975 and 1978 it denoted the Democratic Kampuchea regime led by the radical Pol Pot faction of the Kampuchean (or Khmer) Communist Party.
A mass organization established by the exiled KCP in September 1979 and headed by Khieu Sampan with the aim of ousting the Vietnamese from Cambodia.
www.websitesrcg.com /border/glossary.html   (1607 words)

 Santa Clara University School of Law :   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Cambodian Constitutional Council Decision on Constitutionality of Law on the Establishment of Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia for the Prosecution of Crimes Committed During the Period of Democratic Kampuchea (Feb. 12, 2001) (unofficial translation).
Law on the Establishment of Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia for the Prosecution of Crimes Committed During the Period of Democratic Kampuchea (Aug. 10, 2001).
Law on the Establishment of Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia for the Prosecution of Crimes Committed During the Period of Democratic Kampuchea, with inclusion of amendments as promulgated on 27 Oct. 2004.
www.scu.edu /law/FacWebPage/VanSchaack/khmerrougedocuments.cfm   (647 words)

 The Year Zero
Under Pol Pot and his colleagues, the Communist Party of Kampuchea hid its existence from foreigners and ordered everyone out from cities and towns to grow rice for security reasons and in order to avert food shortages.
The brain behind the Communist Party of Kampuchea (sometimes referred to as Democratic Kampuchea) was Pol Pot.
Pol Pot, formally known as Solath Sar, was the leader the of the Communist Party of Kampuchea in 1963 and also was the Prime Minister of the Democratic Kampuchea.
www.mtholyoke.edu /~spoy/zero.html   (1123 words)

 democratic - OneLook Dictionary Search
Democratic, democratic : Encarta® World English Dictionary, North American Edition [home, info]
Democratic, democratic : UltraLingua English Dictionary [home, info]
Phrases that include democratic: social democratic party, democratic republican party, states' rights democratic party, lao peoples democratic republic, party of democratic kampuchea, more...
www.onelook.com /?w=democratic&ls=a   (234 words)

 Cambodian Information Center - Khmer Rouge   (Site not responding. Last check: )
It was officially called Communist Party of Cambodia, later the Party of Democratic Kampuchea.
Khmer Rouge seized power in 1975, and in 1976 Khmer Rouge established a new constitution with the new flag under offical name, Democratic Kampuchea Khmer Rouge means Red Khmer translated from French and it was named by former King and Prime Minister Norodom Sihanouk.
As one of the most violent regimes of the 20th century, the Khmer Rouge regime was responsible for the deaths of approximately 1.7 million people by execution, starvation and forced labor.
www.cambodia.org /khmer_rouge   (1934 words)

 Pol Pot - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Saloth Sar (May 19, 1925–April 16, 1998), better known as Pol Pot (short for Politique Potentielle, French for "potential politic"), was the ruler of the Khmer Rouge and the Prime Minister of Cambodia (officially Democratic Kampuchea during his rule) from 1976 to 1979, having been de facto leader since mid-1975.
The U.S. opposed the Vietnamese military occupation of Cambodia, and in the mid-1980s supported insurgents opposed to the regime of Heng Samrin, approving $5 million in aid to the KPNLF of former prime minister Son Sann and the pro-Sihanouk ANS in 1985.
China continued to funnel extensive military aid to the Khmer Rouge, and critics of U.S. foreign policy claimed that the U.S. was indirectly sponsoring the Khmer Rouge due to U.S. assistance given the CGDK in keeping control of the United Nations "seat" of Cambodia.
www.daveproxy.co.uk /cgi-bin/nph-proxy.cgi/010110A/687474703a2f2f656e2e77696b6970656469612e6f72672f77696b692f506f6c5f506f74   (5880 words)

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