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Topic: Democratic republic


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  Ethnologue report for Democratic Republic of the Congo
[alz] 750,000 in Democratic Republic of the Congo (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk).
[lgg] 840,000 in Democratic Republic of the Congo (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk).
[rnd] 152,845 in Democratic Republic of the Congo (2000 WCD).
www.ethnologue.com /show_country.asp?name=CD   (7451 words)

  
 Democratic Republic of the Congo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (French: République Démocratique du Congo) — also referred to as DRC, DR Congo, Congo and Congo-Kinshasa, and formerly Zaire (or Zaïre in French) — is a nation in Central Africa and the third largest country on the continent.
It borders the Central African Republic and Sudan on the north, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, and Tanzania on the east, Zambia and Angola on the south, and the Republic of the Congo on the west
The Congo is situated at the heart of the west-central portion of sub-Saharan Africa and is bounded by (Clockwise from the west) Angola, the Republic of Congo, the Central African Republic, the Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania across Lake Tanganyika, and Zambia.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo   (4832 words)

  
 Democratic Republic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The reasons why countries call themselves Democratic Republics are also very different from case to case, but the common denominator seems to be that all these countries were created as a result of a revolution or war of independence against a domestic or foreign regime that was widely seen as tyrannical, oppressive and undemocratic.
This may be the reason why Democratic Republics tend to be either ex-colonies (Congo, Sri Lanka, Algeria, etc.) who achieved independence after breaking away from an imperialist power, or communist states that were created after the overthrow of a capitalist regime (since communists regard capitalism as inherently undemocratic).
In particular, the German Democratic Republic (East Germany), the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) gave themselves the title of "Democratic Republics" as a way of implying that their rivals - West Germany, South Vietnam Bogantopia and South Korea - were not democratic.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Democratic_Republic   (371 words)

  
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the
The Congo, in west-central Africa, is bordered by the Republic of Congo, the Central African Republic, the Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Angola, and the Atlantic Ocean.
Democratic Republic of the Congo - Congo, Democratic Republic of the, formerly Zaïre, republic (2005 est.
Democratic Republic of the Congo: History - History Early History The indigenous inhabitants of the region of the Congo were probably Pygmies,...
www.infoplease.com /ipa/A0198161.html   (1592 words)

  
 Azerbaijan International - Chronology of Major Events in Azerbaijan
Fourth Cabinet of Ministers of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan (March 14, 1919 - December 22, 1919).
The experience of the first Republic (also known as the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic) seems particularly precious nowadays, when almost 80 years later, Azerbaijan is trying its best to create an independent state based on the finest democratic traditions laid in 1918-1920.
Situation at the northern borders of the Azerbaijan Republic is further aggravated by the advance of the Red (Soviet) Army on General Denikin's Volunteer Army.
www.azer.com /aiweb/categories/magazine/61_folder/61_articles/61_chronology.html   (1448 words)

  
 African Studies Center | Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire) Page
Democratic Republic of the Congo and the IMF
Rainforests in the central and northern regions of the Congo Democratic Republic, (formerly Zaire), occupy more than half of the countrys total area of nearly one million square miles.
Photographs of banknotes of the Democratic Republic of Congo1963-2000
www.africa.upenn.edu /Country_Specific/Zaire.html   (690 words)

  
 Democratic Republic of the Congo - Atlapedia Online   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
LOCATION and GEOGRAPHY: Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire) is located in South Central Africa with a narrow strip of land on the northern bank of the Zaire River.
It is bound by the Republic of Congo and the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Angola to the southwest, Zambia to the southeast, Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda and Uganda to the east, Sudan to the northeast and the Central African Republic to the north and northwest.
CLIMATE: Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire) is crossed by the Equator and the seasons are reversed in the north and south.
www.atlapedia.com /online/countries/DemRepCongo.htm   (1702 words)

  
 The ICRC in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
The ICRC in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Democratic Republic of the Congo: ICRC activities continue on behalf of the vulnerable
The civilian population of Kivu is bearing the brunt of the tragic consequences of clashes in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
www.icrc.org /Web/Eng/siteeng0.nsf/htmlall/congo_kinshasa?OpenDocument   (754 words)

  
 Learn more about Democratic Republic of the Congo in the online encyclopedia.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Democratic Republic of the Congo, called Zaire between 1971 and 1997, is a nation in central Africa.
The government of former president Mobutu Sese Seko was toppled by a rebellion led by Laurent Kabila in May 1997; his regime was subsequently challenged by a Rwanda- and Uganda-backed rebellion in August 1998.
The war, which began in August 1998, has dramatically reduced national output and government revenue, has increased external debt, and has resulted in the deaths from war, famine, and disease of perhaps 3.5 million people.
www.onlineencyclopedia.org /d/de/democratic_republic_of_the_congo.html   (1139 words)

  
 WSO| SADR
A new page has been started on which is written the struggle of our people who are today defying the colonialism of the neighbour "brothers", for by their heroic struggle they brought the previous page of the foreign enemy's colonialism to an end.
The Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) defines itself as a republic and proclaims itself to be the aim of the Polisario Front.
The SADR is defined in the Constitution of 1976 as part of the Arab, African and Third World nation, with a policy of non-alignment and as a long term objective the question of the unity of the Maghreb as a step towards a wider unity, Arab and African.
www.wsahara.net /sadr.html   (1610 words)

  
 Democratic Republic of Congo   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
During a ceremony at the presidential palace in Kinshasa, February 18, 2006, the Democratic Republic of Congo adopted a new constitution aimed at bringing an end to decades of dictatorship, war and chaos in the vast country, and paving the way for elections by mid-2006.
Details of the new symbols of the Democratic Republic of Congo (flag and coat of arms) are given here.
After its official adoption, the new flag of the Democratic Republic of Congo was presented to the population in the provinces.
fotw.vexillum.com /flags/cd.html   (566 words)

  
 Democratic Republic of Congo DRC on the Internet
Causes of the conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and the way forward" by Claude Kabemba) and the complete texts of their most recent policy briefs ("From dilemma to détente: Pretoria's policy options on the DRC and Great Lakes" by Francis Kornegay and Chris Landsberg.
Held the Montreal Conference on Durable Peace and Democratic Development in the Democratic Republic of Congo, (Jan. 1999) and the International Non-Governmental Commission of Inquiry into the Massive Violations of Human Rrights Committed in the Democratic Republic of Congo (former Zaïre) 1996-1997, (Aug. 1998).
News on the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Rwanda.
www-sul.stanford.edu /depts/ssrg/africa/zaire.html   (9520 words)

  
 Travel Advice for Democratic Republic of the Congo - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
The Democratic Republic of the Congo is in an active seismic region.
When you are in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, be aware that local laws and penalties, including ones that appear harsh by Australian standards, do apply to you.
If you are travelling to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, whatever the reason and however long you'll be there, we strongly recommend that you register with the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.
www.smartraveller.gov.au /zw-cgi/view/Advice/Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo   (1931 words)

  
 Congo (Kinshasa) (03/06)
The area known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo was populated as early as 10,000 years ago and settled in the 7th and 8th centuries A.D. by Bantus from present-day Nigeria.
Parliamentary elections in 1960 produced Patrice Lumumba as prime minister and Joseph Kasavubu as president of the renamed Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Sparsely populated in relation to its area, the Democratic Republic of the Congo is home to a vast potential of natural resources and mineral wealth.
www.state.gov /r/pa/ei/bgn/2823.htm   (4074 words)

  
 Democratic Republic of Congo - UN Security Council - Global Policy Forum   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
At a time when the Democratic Republic of Congo is asking the international community for debt relief, Global Witness reveals that the head of the state oil company was selling hundreds of millions of dollars in cut-price oil to private companies he himself owns.
According to a political affairs officer of the UN mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo, peacekeepers “don’t have the means” to prevent Ugandan-backed rebels from illegally exporting gold from the northeastern region of Ituri to Europe.
The UN Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC) has faced criticism for not protecting civilians, and a July 2005 massacre of nearly 50 villagers in the country’s North Kivu province prompted an active response at the UN.
www.globalpolicy.org /security/issues/kongidx.htm   (4881 words)

  
 PALESTINIAN SELF-DETERMINATION, HUMAN RIGHTS IN DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF KOREA ADDRESSED IN TEXTS APPROVED BY ...
In a general statement before the vote, the representative of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea expressed deep concern over the misuse by the United States and the European Union of human rights issues for political purposes against developing, small or weak countries, and rejected the draft.
Absent:  Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Gabon, Georgia, Grenada, Guinea-Bissau, Kiribati, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Nicaragua, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sao Tome and Principe, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Swaziland, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Vanuatu.
Absent:  Angola, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Federated States of Micronesia, Gabon, Grenada, Kiribati, Liberia, Nauru, Nicaragua, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sao Tome and Principe, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Swaziland, Tonga, Vanuatu.
www.un.org /News/Press/docs/2005/gashc3840.doc.htm   (2873 words)

  
 Congo (the Democratic Republic of) - Amnesty International   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Democratic Republic of the Congo: On the precipice – The deepening human rights and humanitarian crisis in Ituri
Democratic Republic of the Congo: Children at war
It withdrew in September and was replaced by a reinforced brigade of peace-keepers from the UN Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC).
web.amnesty.org /report2004/cod-summary-eng   (2262 words)

  
 East Germany 1949-1990
After republics were formed in east and west Germany and the use of their fl-red-gold flags was authorized, this flag was used less and less and it was finally abandoned in 1952.
The first constitution of the German Democratic Republic (adopted when the GDR was founded) did not mention a flag, just that the national colours were fl-red-gold.
According to Rabbow 1970 the fl-red-gold flag of the German Democratic Republic was adopted 19 March 1949.
flagspot.net /flags/de-ddr.html   (1053 words)

  
 COUNTRY ASSESSMENT   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
It shares borders with eight other countries: Central African Republic and Sudan to the north; Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi to the east, (also to the east is Lake Tanganyika which separates DRC from Tanzania); Zambia to the south; Angola to the south-west; and Republic of Congo to the north-west.
On 6 December the CNS dissolved itself and was succeeded by a 453-member high council of the republic (HCR), which again clashed with Mobutu over its stated intention to consider a report on allegations of corruption, and in its declaration of Tshisekedi as head of government.
RE: Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) – Asylum
www.asylumlaw.org /docs/congodemocraticrepublic/ind99b_congodr_ca.htm   (11713 words)

  
 Worldworx Travel - Safety - Africa - Congo, Democratic Republic of
Congo, Democratic Republic of: Democratic Republic of the Congo
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa), located in central Africa, is the third largest country on the continent.
Please also refer to the separate Travel Warning for The Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa) and to the Worldwide Caution Public Announcement.
www.worldworx.tv /safety/africa/congo-democratic-republic   (1618 words)

  
 WTO | Democratic Republic of the Congo - Member information
Democratic Republic of the Congo and the WTO
The Democratic Republic of the Congo has been a member of WTO since 1 January 1997.
Dispute cases involving the Democratic Republic of the Congo
www.wto.org /english/thewto_e/countries_e/democratic_republique_congo_e.htm   (267 words)

  
 An Important Distinction: Democracy versus Republic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Its purpose is to control The Majority strictly, as well as all others among the people, primarily to protect The Individual’s God-given, unalienable rights and therefore for the protection of the rights of The Minority, of all minorities, and the liberties of people in general.
The definition of a Republic is: a constitutionally limited government of the representative type, created by a written Constitution--adopted by the people and changeable (from its original meaning) by them only by its amendment--with its powers divided between three separate Branches: Executive, Legislative and Judicial.
The first genuine and soundly founded Republic in all history was the one created by the first genuine Constitution, which was adopted by the people of Massachusetts in 1780 after being framed for their consideration by a specially chosen Constitutional Convention.
www.lexrex.com /enlightened/AmericanIdeal/aspects/demrep.html   (1934 words)

  
 Democratic Republic of the Congo; Hong Kong   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
As a result of the change of name of Zaire to Democratic Republic of the Congo, the former heading for this country (Congo (Democratic Republic)) has been reinstated as the heading for the current jurisdiction.
Following the principle of assigning only the latest name of a jurisdiction as a subject, only the form Congo (Democratic Republic) should be used both as a subject heading and as a geographic subdivision.
There is no change in the MARC country code for Democratic Republic of the Congo (cg).
www.loc.gov /catdir/cpso/congo_hk.html   (425 words)

  
 Human Rights Watch: Publications: Africa : Democratic Republic of Congo
Democratic Republic of Congo: Civilians attacked in North Kivu
With the disintegration of the rule of law in Congo and elsewhere in the region, Congo has become the battle ground for the interests of its neighbors and a Congolese political and military elite—all at the expense of Congolese civilians.
The attacks were strategically targeted to cripple the infrastructure of these parties, and frighten away their militants, particularly those in the youth branches and the student movement who to a large extent give the opposition its vitality and credibility.
www.hrw.org /hrw/pubweb/Webcat-29.htm   (2154 words)

  
 Democratic Republic of Taiwan, 1895   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
I checked one of my reference books about the history of "Republic of Taiwan", and here is the brief history of the republic.
Unfortunately, it was not well organized and poorly prepared for the upcoming of the Japanese occupying troops, thus, this short-lived "republic" lasted for only 13 days (May 25 to June 7 of 1895).
In the Karl Farchinger archives there is reported a flag used by the Republic of Formosa under the president Tang, in 1845.
flagspot.net /flags/tw-1895.html   (320 words)

  
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the
COUNTRY DESCRIPTION: The Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa) located in central Africa, is the third largest country on the continent.
Visas should be obtained from an Embassy of the Democratic Republic of the Congo prior to arrival.
Additional information about visas may be obtained from the Embassy of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 1726 M Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20036, tel.
travel.state.gov /travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_1104.html   (2440 words)

  
 Democratic Republic of Congo: arming the east - Amnesty International   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The UN Security Council imposed a mandatory arms embargo on the provinces of North and South Kivu and the Ituri region of the eastern DRC, and also on groups not party to the peace agreement in the DRC, on 28 July 2003.
The transitional government was tasked with consolidating the peace agreements, restoring security and territorial integrity to the country, demobilising large numbers of weapons-bearers, forming an integrated national army and police force, and paving the way for democratic elections for a new government within a two-year term.
Condemning the continuing illicit flow of weapons within and into the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Security Council decided that the arms embargo imposed by resolution 1493 of July 2003 would, from now on, apply to any recipient within the DRC’s territory, with certain exceptions.
web.amnesty.org /library/index/engafr620062005   (11328 words)

  
 Democratic Republic of Congo Web Links: Library and Links: Jeannette Rankin Library Program: U.S. Institute of Peace   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Africa South of the Sahara: Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa)
Web site of the SADC with a description of the organization, country profiles of each of the fourteen member countries, including the Democratic Republic of Congo, descriptions of projects, publications and links to related web sites.
U.S. Department of State's site has basic information for Democratic Republic of the Congo and other countries in the region, including a map, list of officials and background notes.
www.usip.org /library/regions/drc.html   (1390 words)

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