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Topic: Descartes


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  René Descartes [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Descartes made a number of important contributions to mathematics and physics, among the most enduring of which was his foundation (with Galileo) of what is now known as analytic geometry.
Descartes is quite happy with these arguments, but he admits that their abstract quality means it is difficult for him to remain convinced once his concentration has wandered.
Descartes' goal is to show that knowledge is possible and scepticism thus defeated; an important subordinate end in all this is to prove that we can rely on our senses to at least some degree, and that their prima facie claims concerning the external world can be verified after all.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/d/descarte.htm   (19639 words)

  
  Rene Descartes and the Legacy of Mind/Body Dualism
Descartes was born in Touraine, in the small town of La Haye and educated from the age of eight at the Jesuit college of La Flèche.
It was Descartes' articulation of this mechanism for automatic, differentiated reaction that led to his generally being credited with the founding of reflex theory.
As is well known, Descartes chose the pineal gland because it appeared to him to be the only organ in the brain that was not bilaterally duplicated and because he believed, erroneously, that it was uniquely human.
serendip.brynmawr.edu /Mind/Descartes.html   (998 words)

  
  René Descartes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Descartes was born in La Haye en Touraine, Indre-et-Loire, France, a town later renamed for him: "La Haye-Descartes" (1802) and simply "Descartes" (1967.) At the age of eight, he entered the Jesuit College Royal Henry-Le-Grand at La Flèche.
Descartes was present at the siege of La Rochelle by Cardinal Richelieu in 1627.
Descartes also made contributions in the field of Optics, for instance, he showed by geometrical construction using the Law of Refraction that the angular radius of a rainbow is 42° (i.e.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Descartes   (1669 words)

  
 The Philosophy of René Descartes - Page 1
René Descartes (picture) is justly considered the father of modern philosophy and the founder of the rational method as applied to philosophical research.
Descartes was born in 1596 at La Haye in France of a noble family, and was educated in the celebrated Jesuit college of La Flèche, where he received a philosophical and scientific education according to the principles of the Scholasticism of his day.
Descartes, in his work Discourse on Method, after giving a criticism of the education which he had received (a criticism which is indirectly an attack on the Scholasticism of his day), goes on to set up the new method, according to him, must be the basis of all scientific and philosophical research.
www.radicalacademy.com /phildescartes1.htm   (1801 words)

  
 Island of Freedom - René Descartes
Descartes was the son of a minor nobleman and belonged to a family that had produced a number of learned men.
Descartes then argues that an idea of a perfect thing cannot be brought into being by an imperfect agent, as he is as shown by his state of doubt, which is inferior to knowledge.
Descartes was the first to use the last letters of the alphabet to designate unknown quantities and the first letters to designate known ones.
www.island-of-freedom.com /DESCARTE.HTM   (1811 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Rene Descartes
Descartes' work is important rather because of its quality than of its quantity.
Descartes says so over and over again; it is his controlling idea; and he endeavours to prove it both from the nature of our thought and from the universal connexion of things.
For Descartes, as for Bacon, the one purpose of science is utility.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/04744b.htm   (4034 words)

  
 Rene Descartes (1596 - 1650)
Descartes asserted that a point in space could be similarly determined by three co-ordinates, but he confined his attention to plane curves.
Descartes proposed to substitute for this a statement equivalent to the assertion that the tangent is the limiting position of the secant; Fermat, and at a later date Maclaurin and Lagrange, adopted this definition.
Descartes would seem to have repeated Snell's experiments when in Paris in 1626 or 1627, and it is possible that he subsequently forgot how much he owed to the earlier investigations of Snell.
www.maths.tcd.ie /pub/HistMath/People/Descartes/RouseBall/RB_Descartes.html   (2713 words)

  
 René Descartes | Philosopher
Descartes became one of the most influential thinkers in human history, and is sometimes called the founder of modern philosophy.
Descartes published his major philosophical work, "A Discourse on Method, Meditations on First Philosophy" in 1641, the year before Galileo died and Isaac Newton was born.
Descartes gives his account of what the passions are, and how they arise from the connection between the human body and the human mind.
www.lucidcafe.com /library/96mar/descartes.html   (771 words)

  
 René Descartes - Philosopher - Biography
Descartes always refused the Aristotelian and Scholastic traditions that had been the dominant shape of philosophy throughout the Medieval times, and he rejected religious influence in his scientific and philosophical studies.
Nonetheless, Descartes was a devout Catholic, and influenced by the Reformation's challenge of Church authority, and he often uses a vocabulary influenced by scholastic thought.
Descartes is considered a revolutionary figure, especially for his attempts to change the relationship between philosophy and theology, and integrate philosophy with the new forms of science.
www.egs.edu /resources/descartes.html   (1040 words)

  
 René Descartes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
René Descartes (IPA: \dā-'kärt\, March 31, 1596 – February 11, 1650), also known as Cartesius, was a French philosopher, mathematician and part-time mercenary in the opening phases of the Thirty Years' War.
René Descartes died on February 11, 1650 in Stockholm, Sweden, where he had been invited as a teacher for Queen Christina of Sweden.
In this manner, Descartes proceeds to construct a system of knowledge, discarding perception as unreliable and instead admitting only deduction as a method.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Rene_Descartes   (1678 words)

  
 René Descartes
In 1649 Descartes went to Sweden, where he was invited by the Queen Christina (1626-89) to teach her philosophy at five o'clock in the morning and establish an institute for sciences.
Descartes wrote: "This 'I' - that is, the soul, by which I am what I am, is entirely distinct from the body, and would not fail to be what it is even if the body did not exist." According to Gilbert Ryle, this conception is based on category-mistake.
Vuonna 2001 ilmestyi Sami Janssonin kääntämänä René Descartes: Teokset I, joka sisälsi Yksityisiä ajatelmia, Järjen käyttöohjeet, Metodin esitys, Optiikka ja Kirjeitä 1619-1640.
www.kirjasto.sci.fi /descarte.htm   (1641 words)

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