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Topic: Despotism

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In the News (Thu 25 Apr 19)

  Despotism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Despotism is government by a singular authority, either a single person or tightly knit group, which rules with absolute power.
A related term is benevolent or enlightened despotism, which refers specifically to a form of rulership that came to prominence in the 18th century.
In fact, a Despot was an Imperial title, first used under Manuel I Komnenos (1143-1180) who created it to his appointed heir Alexius-Béla.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Despotism   (323 words)

 Despotism Quotes & Quotations compiled by GIGA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Despotism can no more exist in a nation until the liberty of the press be destroyed than the night can happen before the sun is set.
Despotism is the only form of government which may with safety to itself, neglect the education of its infant poor.
Despotism is often the effort of nature to cure herself from a worse disease.
www.giga-usa.com /quotes/topics/despotism_t001.htm   (573 words)

 Hydraulic despotism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hydraulic despotism is a term for despotic rule supported by control of a single, necessary resource.
Frank Herbert's Dune establishes a universe centered on a hydraulic despotism: The spice, Melange, is essential for, among other things, space travel; it is said that "He who controls the spice controls the universe".
In the film Total Recall, the air on Mars is controlled by a central authority, which acts as a hydraulic despotism.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hydraulic_despotism   (230 words)

 Democracy: Equality and Despotism
Despotism is defined as "unlimited authority, a state ruled by a tyrant, a dictatorship".
By despotism I do not mean a hard despotism (Hitler) but rather a soft despotism, that does not break, but bends the will of man. A despotism can be further examined as a political order without politics.
This servitude leads to a type of despotism since the people are not ruling themselves due to the fact that; they have no concern for politics, and they are so consumed in their own private affairs.
www.dopejam.com /bop/RUMBLING/POLITICS/equal.html   (1900 words)

 Lalor, Cyclopaedia of Political Science, V.1, Entry 368, DESPOTISM: Library of Economics and Liberty
Montesquieu defines despotic government to be, that in which "a single person, without law and without rule, carries everything by his will and caprice." He distinguishes it from absolute government or monarchy, in which a single man rules also, but conformably to fixed laws.
Despotism is not less contrary to nature; and it should have been left outside the pale of all law.
Despotism is, therefore, contrary to the nature of man considered as a social being.
www.econlib.org /library/YPDBooks/Lalor/llCy368.html   (2071 words)

 Knox, The Spirit of Despotism (1824 ed.) ToC: The Online Library of Liberty   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Under a despotic government, to steal through life unobserved, to creep, with timid caution, through the vale of obscurity, is the first wisdom; and to be suffered to die in old age, in the course of nature, without the prison, the chain, the halter, or the axe, the highest pitch of human felicity.
Despotism is indeed an Asiatic plant; but brought over by those who have long lived in Asia, and nursed in a hot house with indefatigable care, it is found to vegetate, bloom, and bear fruit, even in our cold, ungenial climate.
In times when the jacobitical, tory, selfish, and despotic principles rear their heads, and think opportunities favour their efforts for revival, the press is bought up as a powerful engine of oppression.
oll.libertyfund.org /Home3/HTML.php?recordID=0239   (17304 words)

 Encyclopedia: Enlightened despotism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Enlightened absolutism (also known as enlightened despotism) is the absolutist rule of an enlightened monarch.
In the spirit of Enlightened absolutism, Emperor Joseph II of the Holy Roman Empire once said: "Everything for the people, nothing by the people".
Maria Theresa of Austria (1740-1780) - Note that her status as an enlightened despot is debated
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/enlightened-despotism   (438 words)

 Despotism By Accident   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Despotism is not the objective of the Bush Junta and its corporate sponsors.
Instead, their objective is to facilitate and increase the flow of the national wealth from the 98 percent that produce that wealth to the two percent that own and control the wealth.
After all, few of Bush's supporters in the mega-corporations and the media would want to live in the kind of society and under the form of government that they are, in fact, promoting.
pages.zdnet.com /trimb/id112.html   (2332 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Despotic government is government that is blind to the effect of its actions on others.
Despotic government is rule by those without a sense of responsibility to those under its influence, or without the necessary capability to rule wisely and well.
Despotic government in Britain and seemingly in Europe is being led by those building a neo-communist state.
www.hsite.co.uk /edy/policies/despotic.html   (466 words)

 CD Baby: W!CK: Despotism
Despotism is a mixture of Goth/Industrial with heavy rock roots.
With Despotism, 2004 Release, the band begins a new revolution with its fist in the air.
Despotism is a great followup to the Ideology EP.
www.cdbaby.com /cd/wick2   (825 words)

 No Despotism - Only Independence
The common meaning of despotism is a government or political system in which the ruler exercises absolute power.
The cause for this deceit is motivated by the same desire to act as a despot, but to peddle the perception that the people are in charge.
The instinctive human drive to be free is universal, while governments are innately disposed to decree as despots.
batr.org /autonomy/111104.html   (1302 words)

 A right to revolution? | Ask MetaFilter   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Despotism is all about that line, but with one caveat: the above phrase does not presuppose knowledge of the wrongdoings by the general populus.
A despotic government, no matter how bad, generally does not engage in wholesale or indiscriminate slaughter of its own citizens (certain exceptions apply; the Soviet Union during the 1930s is a good example).
More obvious and classic sign of despotism: removal of power from the hands of the people in a way where, even if the method is technically legal, it will be very hard to get the power back.
ask.metafilter.com /mefi/18816   (4426 words)

 despotism. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
In Greek usage, a despot was ruler of a household and master of its slaves.
In the Byzantine Empire, despot was a title of honor of the emperors and their relatives and of vassal princes of the tributary states and dignitaries of the Eastern Church.
The 18th-century doctrine of the Enlightenment influenced such absolutist rulers as Frederick the Great of Prussia, Catherine II of Russia, and Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II toward a rule of beneficent intent known as benevolent despotism.
www.bartleby.com /65/de/despotis.html   (220 words)

 Tocqueville: Book I Chapter 1
They frequently abused that power arbitrarily to deprive their subjects of property or of life; their tyranny was extremely onerous to the few, but it did not reach the many; it was confined to some few main objects and neglected the rest; it was violent, but its range was limited.
It would seem that if despotism were to be established among the democratic nations of our days, it might assume a different character; it would be more extensive and more mild; it would degrade men without tormenting them.
A great many persons at the present day are quite contented with this sort of compromise between administrative despotism and the sovereignty of the people; and they think they have done enough for the protection of individual freedom when they have surrendered it to the power of the nation at large.
xroads.virginia.edu /~HYPER/DETOC/ch4_06.htm   (1620 words)

 The Philosophy Resource Center: Tyranny & Despotism
Tocqueville not only had the correct idea of the despotism he feared might arise in the future, but he also had an understanding of how it might come about.
He pointed out that the despotism of Louis XIV in France arose when the monarch commanded all the nobles of France to live at Versailles, whereas previously they represented secondary instruments of government by ruling in their feudal domains.
The despotism of the king was thus alleviated.
radicalacademy.com /hctdfilehome1c.htm   (361 words)

 Legal Definitions of 'Despot, Despotism'
DESPOT - Master and supreme lord; it is synonymous with monarch, but as it is usually employed, it signifies a tyrant.
In some states, despot is the title given to the sovereign, as king is given in others.
DESPOTISM - That abuse of government, where the sovereign power is not divided, but united in the hands of a single man, whatever may be his official title.
www.lectlaw.com /def/d151.htm   (105 words)

 Old Europe’s New Despotism
In Democracy in America, Tocqueville suggested that democracy was capable of breeding its own form of despotism, albeit one without the edges of Jacobin or Bonapartist dictatorship with which Europeans were all too familiar.
The “softness” of this despotism consists of people’s voluntary surrender of their liberty and their tendency to look habitually to the state for their needs.
Tocqueville understood that it was a society’s culture that ultimately determined its destiny as free or servile.
catholiceducation.org /articles/politics/pg0136.html   (798 words)

 Spiritual Despotism
The real significance of all these charges against the church is that she pursues her own course without consulting the wishes or the interests of Protestantism, and has not the least disposition in the world to avoid doing her duty in order to give her enemies an advantage over her.
Austria is of all Catholic states precisely the one in which the clergy have had the least power, and even the late concordat does not secure to the church in the Austrian empire the freedom and independence she has in these United States.
He is an unreasonable man, and blames the church for the very despotism of which she is the first victim, and pretends that the despotism which the state exercises over her, is a despotism which she exercises over the state.
www.orestesbrownson.com /despotism.html   (9833 words)

 Internet Archive: Details: Despotism
There is little here that does not simply examine how the concept of despotism might be applied to different scales in order to give the viewer a starting point for their own evaluation of their community.
Despotism offers a number of indicators by which the degree of democracy or despotism in a society can be measured, using a sliding, thermometer-like animated scale.
In a downright despotism, opposition is dangerous whether the despotism is official or whether it is unofficial.
www.archive.org /movies/details-db.php?collection=prelinger&collectionid=00178   (4722 words)

 Despotism, Use and Abuse of Power | Holology.com
By limiting the range of thought and expression despotic authorities could minimize threats to their power and channel dissent into certain endeavors that served their interests such as continual warfare or the neutralization of domestic dissidents.
This is why despotism operates outside of petty human morality and we may label slavery and dictatorship the grandest of evils but they're nevertheless products of nature, of survival and the inveterate desire within all living beings to perpetuate and radiate at whatever expense.
Historically despotism is a product of the urbanization of human populations, more specifically with the concept of State be it codified within Church or Kingdom coupled with extreme wealth inequality.
www.holology.com /despotism.html   (9356 words)

In republican governments, men are all equal; equal they are also is despotic governments: in the former, because they are everything; in the latter, because they are nothing.
Despotism often is initiated under the hands of operatives, in service to another State.
The concentrating [of powers] in the same hands is precisely the definition of despotic government.
batr.org /despotism.html   (1232 words)

 The American Spectator
Despotism is not an overwrought description here: we are dealing with a lawless court, judges who obey no law save their own will.
Yes, they invoke a living Constitution, but that just means the real Constitution lies dead at their feet, having been trampled beneath a juggernaut of false progress.
A fitting punishment for this act of hubris will come when the chaos that their own example of lawlessness has set in motion consumes them in impeachment trials or worse.
www.spectator.org /dsp_article.asp?art_id=7841   (730 words)

 AllRefer.com - despotism (Political Science: Terms And Concepts) - Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
despotism, government by an absolute ruler unchecked by effective constitutional limits to his power.
However, despot is now a term of opprobrium.
See L. Krieger, ed., An Essay on the Theory of Enlightened Despotism (1975); K. Wittfogel, Oriental Despotism: A Comparative Study of Total Power (1981); F. Maitland, The Theory of Despotism in Germany (1988).
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/D/despotis.html   (284 words)

 Tocqueville and Mild Despotism
For De Tocqueville mild despotism and the tyranny of the majority constitute the two main dangers to democracy.
It is a situation in which there exists a flat, servile sameness, and society is ruled by a benevolent central state.
In the end, under "mild despotism", man is reduced to "nothing better than a flock of timid and industrious animals, of whic the government is the shepherd".
www.revision-notes.co.uk /revision/981.html   (443 words)

 DESPOTISM in America
..."But it would seem that if despotism were to be established amongst the democratic nations of our days, it might assume a different character; it would be more extensive and more mild; it would degrade men without tormenting them.
The first thing that strikes the observation is an innumerable multitude of men, all equal and alike, incessantly endeavoring to procure the petty and paltry pleasures with which they glut their lives.
Builders are notorious for leaving one of these despotic forms of government behind, even when there is no real "community property" to maintain.
home.satx.rr.com /cdma/alexis.htm   (914 words)

 Which road to despotism? | Ask MetaFilter   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
If I was to put money on a scenario that would move USA into the realms of true despotism I think I would go with a multisituational scenario involving changes in oil availability/pricing and resultant economic hardships/unemployment together with some extreme terrorist/national attack on American interests.
With the precedents of the last few years, it would not be too far a shift in public policy for a government faced with national security and economic disaster sequences to gain widespread qualified support for suspension of the normal check and balance system.
Once such a state of emergency was declared, it would be a simple matter for the powers that be, to merely tweak press statements and policing/food rationing/economic/curfew policies and fear monger to entrench their despotic power network.
ask.metafilter.com /mefi/19369   (2509 words)

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