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Topic: Destroyer escort


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  The Destroyer Escort
The capability of submarines to interdict their enemy's supply lines and to destroy his ability to wage war was the single reason for the inception of the destroyer escort.
Since the destroyer was the only surface fleet unit that could effectively locate, attack and destroy a submarine, it was logical that we should develop a destroyer type that would concentrate on the submarine and thereby release destroyers for fleet assignment.
Astern waited another escort ready to move into the fueling position as soon as it was clear and also to act as a rescue ship in case of a man overboard during the hazardous evolution.
www.desausa.org /destroyer_escort.htm   (2591 words)

  
 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Destroyer escort
A Destroyer Escort (DE) is classification for a small, comparatively slower warship designed to be used to escort convoys of merchant marine ships, primarily of the United States Navy in World War II.
The Royal Navy also used destroyer escorts but classified them as the Captains class frigate, although somewhat confusingly they referred to the Hunt class and similar ships as "escort destroyers".
The destroyer escorts played a major role in breaking the back of the German and Japanese submarine fleets and, together with APDs, contributed heavily to the defense against the kamikaze corps.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Destroyer-escort   (440 words)

  
 Destroyer Escort
Of the 563 Destroyer Escorts built during and shortly after WW 2, 78 were for England, 6 for France, and 8 for Brazil.
The first Destroyer Escort that was commissioned was the USS Brennan DE 13 on Jan 20, 1943, at Mare Island, Vallejo, Calif. the DEs would supply the United States Navy with the economical destroyer type ship which could be mass produced using less expensive material.
The slow escort carriers launched all planes to attack the Japanese cruisers and battleships, and JOHN C. and her sisters laid heavy smoke to confuse enemy batteries.
www.sunwestmonograms.com /wiseman/destroyer_escort.htm   (3060 words)

  
 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Destroyer escort
A Destroyer Escort (DE) is classification for a small, comparatively slower warship designed to be used to escort convoys of merchant marine ships, primarily of the United States Navy, Royal Navy and the Free French Navy in WWII.
Full size destroyers must be able to keep up with and exceed the speed of fast capital ships, typically needing better than 25-35 knot speeds (dependent upon the era and navy) and carrying torpedoes and a relatively smaller caliber of cannon to use against enemy ships, as well as anti-submarine detection equipment and weapons.
A destroyer escort need only be able to maneuver relative to a slow convoy, which in World War II would travel at 10 to 12 knots, defend itself against aircraft, and detect, chase down and attack a submerged (3 to 6 knot speed) or surfaced (22 knot speed) submarine.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Destroyer_escort   (1310 words)

  
 Destroyer Escorts of World War II
Destroyer Escorts of World War II In World War II as in World War I, the United States and its allies faced a threat from German submarines, whose numbers and effectiveness threatened to close Atlantic sea lanes, which would have jeopardized the war effort in Europe.
That the Battle of the Atlantic was decisively won was due in no small measure to specialized ships built for this purpose, destroyer escorts, and the “hunter-killer” task forces they formed with small aircraft carriers, which in two short years nearly eliminated the U-boat threat.
The evolution of destroyer escort design stems from 1939, when basic characteristics were established for ships that could be built rapidly and in large numbers without interfering with production of powerplants and armament for other types.
www.destroyerhistory.org /de/index.html   (602 words)

  
 Haze Gray & Underway Photo Feature: A Destroyer Escort at War
As a result, the smaller ships, although they too play a vital role in naval operations, are often neglected.
The photos here are from Jones' year-long deployment to the Mediterranean, where she escorted convoys and defended invasion fleets off the Italian and French coasts.
The destroyer in the foreground is a Benson/Gleaves class ship.
www.hazegray.org /features/de137   (1006 words)

  
 Destroyer Escort USS Slater DE-766 - Albany, NY
The Destroyer Escort Slater is a Cannon Class Destroyer Escort.
For an idea of what life aboard a Destroyer Escort during the World War Two was like, have a look at my Dad's photos from his time serving on the Destroyer Escort Bangust during WWII in the Pacific Theater as an Electrician's Mate.
In December of 2006 Tim Rizzuto, the Destroyer Escort's superintendant invited me up for another visit to the USS Slater as she was tied up at her winter berth.
www.williammaloney.com /Dad/WWII/DestroyerEscortSlater   (518 words)

  
 Destroyer Escort USS Bangust DE-739 in WWII
The Destroyer Escort Bangust was a Cannon Class Destroyer Escort.
When dad replied that he served on a Destroyer Escort the airman lit up and yelled "I was rescued by a DE after being shot down!" and suddenly became dad's best friend...
Dad also volunteered back in the 1980s to help with the painting and scraping of another Destroyer Escort that is still surviving, DE-766 USS Slater when it was berthed at the Intrepid museum.
www.fourfold.ca /billm/Dad/WWII/DadWWII/DadWWIIindex.html   (635 words)

  
 GRANHOLM - Destroyer Escort Day
Whereas, During World War II, Destroyer Escorts were a special class of fighting ships capable of performing an impressive variety of duties even though they were lightly armed and had little protection from enemy fire; and,
Whereas, Destroyer Escorts were successful in completing a wide range of combat assignments, including anti-submarine duty, convoy escorts, shore bombardments, and search and rescue missions; and,
Whereas, Today, the Destroyer Escorts are remembered for being one of the most versatile and useful ships in current history; and,
www.michigan.gov /gov/0,1607,7-168-23442_25488_32104-121258--,00.html   (161 words)

  
 uboat.net - Allied Warships - Destroyer Escort USS Bronstein of the Cannon class
The German submarine U-603 was sunk in the North Atlantic, in position 48º55'N, 26º10'W, by depth charges from the US destroyer escort USS Bronstein.
The German submarine U-709 was sunk north of the Azores, in approximate position 49º10'N, 26º00'W, by depth charges from the US destroyer escorts USS Thomas, USS Bostwick and USS Bronstein.
The German submarine U-801 was sunk in the mid-Atlantic near the Cape Verde Islands, in position 16º42'N, 30º28'W, by a Fido homing torpedo from 2 Avenger aircraft (VC-9) of the US escort carrier USS Block Island and depth charges and gunfire from the US destroyer USS Corry and the US destroyer escort USS Bronstein.
www.uboat.net /allies/warships/ship/1459.html   (191 words)

  
  Destroyer Command - History
Destroyers at first could only attempt to ram submarines or destroy them with gunfire, but since the early submarine made its attacks while surfaced there was a good chance of success with these methods.
While the destroyer remained the chief defense of the battle fleet against submarines, naval planners realized that the destroyer's high speed and slender shape did not lend themselves to the anti-submarine struggle.
Destroyer combat did not always prove that deadly, but the intense involvement of destroyers in all types of naval action caused severe losses.
www.destroyercommand.com /campaigns.html   (3127 words)

  
  The Destroyer Escort   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The capability of submarines to interdict their enemy's supply lines and to destroy his ability to wage war was the single reason for the inception of the destroyer escort.
Destroyer escorts customarily went alongside a designated merchant marine or navy tanker in the convoy to fuel, although some preferred to fuel astern of the tanker.
Astern waited another escort ready to move into the fueling position as soon as it was clear and also to act as a rescue ship in case of a man overboard during the hazardous evolution.
desausa.org /destroyer_escort.htm   (2591 words)

  
 Destroyer escort   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Full size destroyer s must be able to keep up with and exceed the speed of fast capital ship s, typically needing better than 35 knot speeds and carrying torpedo s to use against enemy ships, as well as anti-submarine detection equipment and weapons.
A destroyer escort need only be able to maneuver relative to a slow convoy, which in World War II would travel at 10 to 12 knots, to defend itself against aircraft, and to detect, chase down and attack a submerged or surfaced submarine.
Destroyer escorts are also useful for coastal anti-submarine and radar picket ship duty.
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-Destroyer_escort.html   (296 words)

  
 WWII US Navy anti-submarine warfare destroyer operations and tactics
In short, a successful escort effort was measured in the amount of merchants who arrived to their destination safely rather then by the number of enemy submarines sunk.
As an approaching Destroyer drew closer to the sub the echo impulses became shorter and it could easily be rationalized that the ASW unit on the surface was beginning an attack run and evasive action was necessary.
Attackers (escorts) were often baffled by a standard submarine escape tactic of getting inside the turning circle of the attacker in such a manner as to force her sound operator to take ranges on its wake rather than its hull or on "knuckles" in the water caused by the sharp turn of the U-Boat's propellers.
www.valoratsea.com /destroyer.htm   (3920 words)

  
 DESTROYER ESCORTS - Greyhounds of the Fleet
The capability of submarines to interdict their enemy's supply lines and to destroy his ability to wage war was the single reason for the inception of the destroyer escort.
Since the destroyer was the only surface fleet unit that could effectively locate, attack and destroy a submarine, it was logical that we should develop a destroyer type that would concentrate on the submarine and thereby release destroyers for fleet assignment.
Destroyer Escorts varied from 1140 to 1450 tons unloaded displacement, 300 tons more when fully loaded, and 290 to 308 feet in length.
www.palletmastersworkshop.com /tincans.html   (1075 words)

  
 Destroyer escort
A Destroyer Escort (DE) is a small, fast warship designed to be used to escort convoys of merchant marine ships.
Full size destroyers must be able to keep up with and exceed the speed of fast capital ships, typically needing better than 35 knot speeds and carrying torpedoes to use against enemy ships, as well as anti-submarine detection equipment and weapons.
The 1975 ship reclassification changed ocean escorts to frigates (FF) to bring the USN's nomenclature into line with the rest of the world.
www.xasa.com /wiki/en/wikipedia/d/de/destroyer_escort.html   (308 words)

  
 Destroyers OnLine - Destroyer Escorts
The destroyer escort class of ship came into existence as a less expensive ocean escort against the submarine threat.
When opportunity provided, the destroyer escort could itself fulfill the mission of the destroyer by attacking surface ships with guns and torpedoes and serving as scout ships of the fleet.
The Bronstein, Garcia and Knox destroyer escort classes were later redesignated as Frigates.
www.destroyersonline.com /usndd/detypes.htm   (164 words)

  
 Wesson
On 20 March, she got underway to escort SS Meteor to the Gilbert Islands and arrived at Tarawa on the 31st.
The destroyer escort screened Sitkoh Bay as the escort carrier headed back to the Admiralty Islands for repairs to her catapult.
On 20 December, the destroyer escort received orders to escort Kwajalein (CVE-98) to Guam and, after completing that task, returned to Ulithi and spent the remainder of 1944 in drydock for repairs to her sonar gear.
www.history.navy.mil /danfs/w5/wesson.htm   (2156 words)

  
 USS Whitehurst
Underway for the Solomons on the 7th, the destroyer escort sailed via Majuro and Funafuti in company with James E. Craig (DE-2011 and SC-502—escorting SS George Ross, SS George Constantine and SS Robert Lucas— and arrived on 23 February at Espiritu Santo in the New Hebrides.
The destroyer escort soon was relieved by Stockton (DD-646) and Swanson in covering LCI- 34, and then protected LCT 260 as that landing craft embarked casualties from the beachhead.
Three days later, the escort vessel was relieved of her escort duties off Kerama Retto, and she shifted to Okinawa to operate off the southwest coast of that island.
www.multied.com /NAVY/DE/Whitehurst.html   (2265 words)

  
 Ahoy - Mac's Web Log - Destroyer Escort USS England, Japanese Submarine Killer Supreme
The three escort destroyers were all having a field day against the Japanese Submarines, at 0122 (1.22 AM) on the 24th.
At 0550 (5.50 AM) England and Spangler joined the hunt, with England using her HH to attack almost an hour later, Raby, Spangler, and England, all made separate attacks, but it was the attack by England that drew results, 9.2 seconds after her projectiles were sent off 6/10 explosions were heard.
In a sustained series of attacks, she destroyed six hostile ships within twelve days effecting this devastating blow to enemy operations during a particularly crucial period and disrupting attempts by the enemy to supply or evacuate key units.
ahoy.tk-jk.net /macslog/DestroyerEscortUSSEngland.html   (1842 words)

  
 Destroyer escort now a museum on Albany's waterfront
Floyd, a volunteer who helps care for the USS Slater, was recently taking an afternoon break on a dock near the retired destroyer escort -- now a museum -- on the Albany waterfront, sharing the details of his duties that day.
The 306-foot ship, the only known destroyer escort still afloat in the United States, was commissioned May 1, 1944, and was manned by 200 Naval reservists, including Frank Slater's brother, Elam.
After a date with the scrap heap, destroyer escort veterans raised $275,000 to bring the Slater back to the States in 1993.
cityguide.pojonews.com /fe/DayTrips/stories/dt_uss_slater.asp   (637 words)

  
 Zhdits class Destroyer Escort
Comments: The Zhdits class destroyer escort is an old Zhodani design based on an outdated concept.
Imperial fighters were able to handle the escorts while the escorts could not protect their destroyers.
Of the estimated one thousand Zhdits class destroyer escorts built by the Zhodani navel yards, only about 200 are still in service, mainly near the Consulate border with the Vargr extents.
www.jtas.net /travelleratlas/Ships/Zhodani/Zhdits.html   (158 words)

  
 combatindex.com - US Sea Systems: DE 706 (HOLT)
HOLT (DE-706), a destroyer escort, was laid down 28 Nov 1943, launched by Defoe Shipbuilding Co. of Bay City, Mich., 15 February 1944; sponsored by Mrs.
The escort and her division transited the Panama Canal 23 October and arrived Hollandia, New Guinea via the Galapagos and Society Islands 21 November.
HOLT served as an escort to and from the harbor entrance until she steamed from Subic Bay 27 March to aid in one of the final operations for the securing of Luzon.
www.combatindex.com /hardware/detail/sea/vintage/destroyers/de/701-800/de706.html   (812 words)

  
 Lou Coatney: FREE BUTLER (USS Samuel B. Roberts, DE413) class U.S. Destroyer Escort
At 1:700 scale, the Destroyer Escort with a GLEAVES class fleet destroyer in the background.
The 1:400 Hull Plan, 12Mar97 of your cardstock BUTLER class Destroyer Escort, for you to print off (and photocopy) onto cardstock, for assembly.
The 1:400 Superstructure Plan, 12Mar97 of your cardstock BUTLER class Destroyer Escort, for you to print off (and photocopy) onto cardstock, for assembly.
members.tripod.com /~LCoat/depage.htm   (465 words)

  
 USS Rich DE695 Survivors Association Website   (Site not responding. Last check: )
As she rounded the crippled destroyer, a mine exploded approximately 50 yards off the Rich's starboard beam sending a huge geyser of murky, green water high into the air.
A third explosion delivered the final blow to the already dying ship two minutes later, buckling what was left of her forward section.
By 0940, the proud Destroyer Escort USS Rich was gone, and with her, the lives of 89 of her crew...
www.informediate.com /USSRichDE695   (164 words)

  
 [No title]
Hundreds of flush deck destroyers were built during and just after World War One but only coastal subchasers and the failed Eagle Boats were purpose built ASW craft.
In June 1941 the USN destroyer escort design was revived by the Royal Navy, as they requested 100 such vessels.
Of course a model of a destroyer escort in 1:700 scale is not a large model.
www.steelnavy.com /NikoGendreau.htm   (4596 words)

  
 Joyce
The Coast Guard-manned destroyer escort USS Joyce (DE-317) was built by the Consolidated Shipbuilding Corporation in Orange, Texas, and was commissioned under the command of LCDR Robert Wilcox on 30 September 1943.
Her first Pacific mission was the escorting of troop carriers for the initial occupation landing at Sasebo, Japan, on 22 September 1945.
While engaged in her second Pacific mission, the escort of troops from Manila to Wakayama, Japan, the Joyce was ordered home and sailed from Leyte Gulf on 1 November 1945 for New York, where she arrived on December 10th.
www.uscg.mil /history/WEBCUTTERS/Joyce.html   (2517 words)

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