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Topic: Development aid

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In the News (Fri 24 May 19)

  Asia Times: European support for development aid waning
The questionnaire included queries on the importancerespondents accorded development aid, their knowledge of theextent of such aid, how they would like to see assistance to thedeveloping world evolve in the future, and the relationship betweenaid and a range of European and global issues.
Other arguments against development assistance were that itconstituted too heavy a burden for Europe, it was a waste of fundsbecause it failed to improve the situation in developingcountries, the contribution by the respondent's own country orEurope was already too high, or rich and poor countries wouldalways exist.
Twenty-four percent of respondents correctly estimated that theaid extended by their governments to developing nations (explicitly excluding emergency aid) was less than 4.0 percent of the budget.
www.atimes.com /global-econ/AF22Dj04.html   (756 words)

  Development aid - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Development aid (also development assistance, international aid, overseas aid or foreign aid) is aid given by developed countries to support international development in developing countries.
It is distinguished from humanitarian aid as being aimed at alleviating poverty in the long term, rather than alleviating suffering in the short term (Foreign aid, on the other hand, includes both development aid and humanitarian aid.
Aid effectiveness refers to the degree to which development aid works, and is a subject of significant disagreement.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Development_aid   (1396 words)

 Trends in U.S. Development Aid and the Current Budget Debate -- 4/25/00
The term "development aid" is used as shorthand throughout though it covers a range of development, economic and humanitarian aid.
In the developing world, reflecting the inadequate food intake and poor health conditions, an estimated two or every five children are stunted (i.e., have significantly low height for their age), and one in three is underweight.
Based on the U.S. data, U.S. "Economic Assistance" (the category AID uses that is somewhat analogous to the definition of development aid this paper uses) averaged 1.75 percent of GDP from 1946 to 1948.
www.cbpp.org /4-25-00bud.htm   (4776 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
External development assistance, to reconstruct a country's infrastructure, institutions, and economy, is often a key part of the peace accord in the aftermath of war.
Aid leakage, or 'political taxation' of aid, refers to situations in which a portion of the aid goes directly to the fighting parties, who then use it themselves or sell it to buy weapons.
Aid is fungible; because populations and troops are being fed by aid, fighting parties no longer have to worry about providing for this need themselves and are thus able to put more resources into fighting.
www.beyondintractability.org /m/humanitarian_aid.jsp   (5047 words)

 Aid for development
This paper deals with aid, trade, and development in the context of present quest to the perception of 'aid for development'.
Development aid (also development assistance, international aid, overseas aid or foreign aid) is aid given by the developed countries for sustainable development in the developing countries.
Developed countries spend $365b a year on agricultural subsidies, which is around five times higher than the total aid of 2004 to the LDCs.
nation.ittefaq.com /artman/publish/article_24137.shtml   (1315 words)

 AID (Association for India's Development, Orissa Chapter).   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
AID believes that community participation and organization is essential for comprehensive and holistic development.
AID supports people’s movements that develop the capacity in communities to seek their own, local solutions to problems that exist at grassroots’ level.
In the deep interior district of Nuapada, AID is funding the construction of several structures to hold precious rainwater.
www.aidindia.org /orissa   (467 words)

 OECD Observer: Development aid
In practice, aid flows have reflected two principles: that aid must be a moral obligation that takes the form of a commitment commensurate with a donor’s resources; and that, in turn, the resulting flows must be used efficiently.
When the earliest aid proponents, such as the Swedish economist and intellectual Gunnar Myrdal and the pioneering development economist Paul Rosenstein-Rodan, proposed in the 1950s that aid be given out of altruistic motives, this was considered to be a pie in the sky.
The phrase “foreign aid” encourages this notion; it is time to revert to the older phrase: “development assistance”, with aid to be spent for, as well as in, recipient countries.
www.oecdobserver.org /news/fullstory.php/aid/1579   (1775 words)

 The Role of Foreign Aid in Development   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Aid is wasted in countries that do not have the technical or administrative ability to absorb and use it properly.
Aid is generally transferred to the government of those countries, which tends to increase the government's power, resources, and patronage relative to the rest of society and, consequently, the stakes in any struggle for control of that power.
Developing countries seem to realize in increasing numbers that the more they liberalize trade, privatize state industry, and adopt open, market-oriented economic policies that encourage integration in the world economy, the more likely they are to see sustained economic growth.
web.nps.navy.mil /~relooney/cbo_4.htm   (5274 words)

 EUROPA - Development - Homepage   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
DG Development mandate is to enhance the development policies in all developing countries world-wide.
DG Development provides policy guidance on development policy and oversees the programming of aid in the ACP countries (Africa, Caribbean and Pacific) and the Overseas Countries and Territories (OCT).
The Cotonou Agreement provides the framework for a 20-year partnership for development aid to 77 ACP countries, funded mainly by the European Development Fund.
ec.europa.eu /comm/development/index_en.htm   (504 words)

 Statistics Norway: ODA-figures from OECD, 2005 - Sharp increase in development aid in 2005
The level of development aid is usually measured as a percentage of gross national income (GNI) and is often used to compare countries’ expenditure on foreign aid.
Norway’s development aid was 0.94 per cent of GNI in 2005, while the percentage in 2004 was 0.87.
The expenditure on development aid increased by USD 0.6 billion to 2.8 billion in 2005.
www.ssb.no /uhjelpoecd_en/main.html   (374 words)

 How Can Foreign Aid Foster Development?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
As a second complementary step, the approach developed by Heller (1975), Gang and Khan (1986, 1991), and Khan (1994, 1996), and applied by Khan to the MIT economies (Khan 1995a, b, c) is also adopted in order to examine the macroeconomic impact of aid on the investment, consumption and revenues of the recipient governments.
In this framework development and fiscal targets may not be known with certainty and are the outcomes of a complex negotiation process.
Since aid funds pass through policy-maker's hand prior to reaching their destination, understanding where these funds are allocated by policy-makers is a prerequisite to understanding the long-term effects of aid.
www.unu.edu /hq/academic/Pg_area4/Khan2.html   (10447 words)

 Economist's View: Jeffrey Sachs: Depoliticize Development Aid
Jefferey Sachs argues that development aid and political goals should be separated, aid should not be contingent upon the attainment of political objectives set by donor countries:
Development Aid for Development’s Sake, by Jeffrey D. Sachs, Project Syndicate: Almost daily, the United States and Europe brandish threats to impose economic sanctions or cut off development assistance unless some vulnerable government accepts their political strictures.
If development aid can be directed to real needs, then it should be given to poor and unstable countries, knowing that it will save lives, improve economic performance, and thus also improve the long-term prospects for democracy and good governance.
economistsview.typepad.com /economistsview/2006/03/jeffrey_sachs_d.html   (3561 words)

 OECD Observer: Water aid and development : Improving the flow
The Development Assistance Committee (DAC) based at the OECD – a committee whose member countries oversee 95% of total world bilateral development aid – nonetheless has specific programmes to improve international water supplies and sanitation.
In fact, only 12% of total aid to the water sector in 2000-2001 went to countries where less than 60% of the population had access to an improved water source, including most of the least-developed countries.
The share of aid for water supply and sanitation in total ODA by sector is above the DAC average of 9% for Austria, Denmark, France, Germany, Japan and Luxembourg.
www.oecdobserver.org /story.php/eid/127/aid/936   (950 words)

 Open Directory - Society: Issues: Global: Aid and Development   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Global Development Network (GDN) - Supporting and linking research and policy institutes involved in the field of development, and whose work is predicated on the notion that ideas matter.
Intermediate Technology - A sustainable development corporation whose mission is to build the technical skills of poor people in developing countries, enabling them to improve the quality of their lives and that of future generations.
Readings on Poverty, Hunger, and Economic Development - Fits lots of webpages together to present a coherent picture about the amount of food in the world, the role it plays in a capitalist economy, why people are poor, and what measures can be taken to eliminate poverty and hunger.
dmoz.org /Society/Issues/Global/Aid_and_Development   (819 words)

 Aid and Development
Heaping aid on countries regardless of their economic promise rarely gets results, and according to the World Bank's own assessments, the strategy really hasn't produced results—particularly in Africa, where poverty is increasing.
Studies of the international development machinery have shown that for every dollar of international aid, only about 30 cents are invested in extreme poverty, hunger, and disease.
The demand for developed countries to do their part by investing a mere.7% of their GDP is also on target.
www.motherjones.com /news/dailymojo/2005/02/un_development.html   (1525 words)

 U.S. Agency for International Development
USAID Administrator Nomination - President George W. Bush has nominated Henrietta H. Fore to serve as Administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development as well as designated her to be the Acting Administrator.
Somalia Emergency Aid - USAID is working to address emergency needs of conflict-affected populations especially health and food requirements.
South Asia Earthquake - A magnitude 7.6 earthquake struck Pakistan, India, and Afghanistan, on October 8, 2005 and USAID is helping in the relief and recovery efforts.
www.usaid.gov   (563 words)

 Finding a job in aid work   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Most major aid agencies list information about recruitment or vacancies on their website.
Recruitment consultancy covering management and specialist posts in the areas of development aid, emergency relief, environmental conservation, and ethical business sectors.
Specialist Service Overseas - is a short-term consultancy programme for organisations in the developing world that draws on the strengths of highly qualified and experienced personnel who are willing to make their expertise available on a non-commercial basis.
www.aidworkers.net /personal/jobsites.htm   (786 words)

 Development Co-operation Directorate (DAC):Department   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Development Assistance Committee (DAC, www.oecd.org/dac) is the principal body through which the OECD deals with issues related to co-operation with developing countries.
Furthermore, the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness is increasing mutual accountability between donor and recipient countries for achieving the development results committed by members.
New figures released today show that aid dropped in 2006 for the first time since 1997 and aid to Africa stalled, despite commitments made by the G8 to double aid to Africa by 2010.
www.oecd.org /department/0,2688,en_2649_33721_1_1_1_1_1,00.html   (436 words)

 Eldis - Aid and debt   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The election of Hamas as the new government of Palestine has been met with consternation by Western leaders, particularly where the distribution of aid is concerned.
In the context of Palestine's grinding poverty and reliance on Western aid, donors' decision to first suspend development aid and then to siphon it around the elected Hamas government, highlights some key questions for the aid community.
Argues that by enhancing mutual accountability the aid community and recipient governments can:begin to address the power imbalances intrinsic in aid relationshipsfocus aid resources on co....
www.eldis.org /aid   (628 words)

 UAE Government: Development Aid - UAEinteract
Since the establishment of the United Arab Emirates, the country has played an active role in the provision of financial aid to developing countries and has been a major contributor of emergency relief to regions affected by conflict and natural disasters.
The philosophy behind the aid policy is two-fold – first, a belief that help for the needy is a duty incumbent on all Muslims and, second, that part of the country’s wealth from oil and gas should be used to help other countries that have been less well-endowed.
The focus of the country’s emergency relief programme during 2006 was, not surprisingly, on Lebanon, following the outbreak of the devastatingly destructive conflict in July and August, which caused up to a quarter of the country’s population to flee from their homes.
www.uaeinteract.com /government/development_aid.asp   (1567 words)

 Amazon.com: Angels of Mercy or Development Diplomats: Ngos & Foreign Aid: Books: Terje Tvedt   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
About 4,000 development NGOs in OECD member countries, dispersing billions of dollars a year, were working with about 10,000 to 20,000 'Southern' NGOs (from developing countries) who assisted, it has been estimated, between 100 and 250 million people.
NGOs in aid are, of course, an aspect of the history of the country or region in which they work, but they are also an important but often neglected part of the donor country's modern history.
This book therefore analyses NGOs not only in development aid in the narrow sense, but also as reflecting and impacting on the donor countries' history, because it is thought useful to try to understand the role of the NGO channel as a whole.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0865436754?v=glance   (1716 words)

 International Development Expert Discusses U.S. Foreign Aid - US Department of State
U.S. military aid contributes to peacekeeping units and conflict resolution throughout the world which create a stable environment for governments and civil society to flourish.
Despite Europeans and other countries giving foreign aid more through their governments, private giving is on the rise in Europe, with the number of foundations increasing significantly.
Our imports from developing countries totaled $309 billion in 2003, and our tariffs on manufactured goods from developing countries are lower than other developed countries.
usinfo.state.gov /eur/Archive/2005/Jul/27-997226.html   (2516 words)

 Powell's Books - Contributions to the Study of World History #108: U.S. Development Aid--An Historic First: ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The first comprehensive account of U.S. development aid policies and implementation operations in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, this work is a unique contribution to world history and to the extensive literature on "Third World" development.
Butterfield, a retired officer in America's development aid program and a former advisor on sustainable resource management in the Third World, reviews the history of US economic development assistance to the Third World, from 1949 to the current administration.
He details how and why the US government provided development aid on a global scale, and analyzes the evolution of economic development aid policies and operations as one of America's foreign policy instruments, describing the program's successes as well as its failures.
www.powells.com /biblio?isbn=0313319103   (1280 words)

 US and Foreign Aid Assistance - Global Issues
However, there was also a sharp decline in aid for agricultural development, and a rising share in total aid outlays of humanitarian aid in response to emergencies as opposed to long-term development and aid to the poorest countries.
The European Union is linking aid to fighting terrorism as well, with European ministers warning countries that their relations with the economically powerful bloc will suffer if they fail to cooperate in the fight against terrorism.
An EU official is quoted as saying, “aid and trade could be affected if the fight against terrorism was considered insufficient”, leading to accusations of “compromising the neutrality, impartiality and independence of humanitarian assistance”.
www.globalissues.org /TradeRelated/Debt/USAid.asp   (13850 words)

 Friends of the Earth: Press Releases: : Speakers in London to Call for End to Abuse of UK Development Aid   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
May to explain how government aid for fossil fuel and mining projects is exacerbating poverty and fuelling climate change [2].
Friends of the Earth is calling on the UK Government to end public investment in oil, mining and gas projects, which, the environmental campaign group argues, do not meet the aims of development aid but subsidise the profits of multinational oil and mining companies.
In Guatemala, for example, development aid money is being used to finance a gold mine development, operated by the Canadian company Glamis.
www.foe.co.uk /resource/press_releases/speakers_in_london_to_call_16052005.html   (752 words)

 Community Development Aid Eastern Europe: Romania and Moldova - charity organization Urgenta Foundation
We've run numerous development projects in hospitals and sometimes in orphanages, aids homes and schools.
In May, the medical-technical recommendation report concerning development of the 4 hospitals was presented to the Local Healthcare Department Utrecht, the provence and municipal of Utrecht and the University of Utrecht.
We consider this to be community development aid in a broader perspective.
www.stichtingwerkgroepurgenta.nl /english   (546 words)

 Electronic Iraq: Aid & Development   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Local aid agencies warn that families displaced immediately following the US-led invasion of Iraq in 2003 still remain homeless."We urge international aid agencies to help us support the displaced, especially in terms of food and shelter," said Waleed Rashdi, a spokesman for the Aid Agencies Association in Iraq.
About six million households have suffered regular power shortages since 30 April when insurgents attacked a major power plant supplying the capital, causing serious problems for families without access to private generators.
Nearly 100,000 Iraqis have now been displaced by sectarian violence, an increase of about 20,000 from previous figures, according to government officials and aid agencies.
electroniciraq.net /news/aiddevelopment.shtml   (664 words)

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