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Topic: Devolution


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  Devolution - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Devolution or home rule is also often practiced in many counties.
Devolution for Scotland and Wales was justified on the basis that it would aid in bringing government closer to the people in these nations.
Devolution strengthened Labour in its competition for votes with nationalists in Scotland and Wales.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Devolution   (1169 words)

  
 Devolution (fallacy) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The term Devolution, which normally means a delegation of powers, is sometimes erroneously used to refer to the evolution of a species into more "primitive" forms.
Opponents of evolution use the Teleological argument for the existence of God, and seek to displace evolution as the central organizing concept in biology.
Devolution is the sequence toward greater simplicity or disappearance or degeneration."
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Devolution_(fallacy)   (831 words)

  
 devolution - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about devolution
Devolution referendums were approved by Scottish and Welsh voters in September 1997 and elections to the new Scottish Parliament and Welsh assembly were held on 6 May 1999.
Devolution was briefly suspended 10–11 August, when the Ulster Unionists rejected an IRA scheme to put its weapons completely and verifiably beyond use, but without specifying timing.
In theory, devolution is the division of power among central and regional authorities which can be legally altered by the central authority without the consent of the regional authorities.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /devolution   (1228 words)

  
 Devolved government - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Devolution in the United Kingdom and especially within the context of the Celtic nations, is sometimes called Home Rule.
Devolution in the United States usually refers to the decentralization of state governments and the preference for local control.
This phenomenon is typically reserved for the U.S. region of New England, where cities and towns practice limited home rule and, for the most part, govern themselves in a directly-democratic fashion known as the New England town meeting.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Devolved_government   (378 words)

  
 Devolution Defined
Devolution is defined as shifting program and financial responsibility from the federal government to state and local governments, which in the 1990s has created tension between federal restrictions and funding reductions; and local flexibility.
This paper uses a broader definition of devolution that includes transfers of revenues and program responsibility from a central to decentralized level of government, program initiatives that grant significant flexibility to states and localities, and increased waiver authority that allows states and localities to tailor programs and funding structures to meet local needs.
The fundamental conflict in devolution, as practiced during the 1990s, is the desire on the part of federal officials to combine an activist policy agenda with a vision of smaller, more decentralized government.
www.tcwf.org /pub_reflections/2000/jan/pages/devolution_defined.htm   (254 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Devolution
Devolution is the right of an ecclesiastical superior to provide for a benefice, when the ordinary patron or collator has failed to do so, either through negligence or by the nomination of an improper candidate.
In some ecclesiastical provinces of Germany and of Holland and Belgium, it is expressly stipulated that in the event of an uncanonical election of an archbishop or bishop, the chapters are to be allowed to proceed to another election.
Historically, the law of devolution does not seem to be more ancient than the Third Council of the Lateran (1179) for benefices, and the Fourth Council of the Lateran (1215) for elective prelacies.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/04768a.htm   (557 words)

  
 Devolution   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Devolution became one of the key issues in the build up to the 1997 election when the Labour Party promised devolution as one of its manifesto pledges and to introduce a devolved form of government for Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland (though Stormont had already provided Northern Ireland with a degree of self-rule).
Devolution is where power is transferred from a superior governmental body (such as central power) to an inferior one (such as at regional level).
Devolution essentially involves the setting up of an elected regional assembly whose powers are carefully and clearly defined by national government.
www.historylearningsite.co.uk /devolution.htm   (383 words)

  
 Scottish Affairs, N McEwen; Is Devolution at Risk?
Devolution was primarily a political response to increased demands for Scottish self-government.
Whereas the data from 1997 and 1999 indicates expectations of what would be achieved under devolution in the future, later surveys ask respondents to consider their expectations of the Parliament in light of what they had 'seen and heard so far'.
While disappointment with devolution has coincided with a reduction in the perceived status of the Scottish Parliament in the eyes of the people, there is little evidence to suggest that it has undermined the credibility of devolution as a political project.
www.scottishaffairs.org /onlinepub/sa/mcewen_sa44_sum03.html   (5720 words)

  
 Devolution
Devolution means nothing more than decentralisation and the recognition of regional autonomy.
But since, in English, this term is mostly used only in connection with the European Union and has negative connotations, (see Euro-sceptics), the British prefer to call the enhancement of rights for the regions 'Decentralisation'.
However, if it is one day found that devolution works well, the distrust of the federalist ideas of the European Union could also be overcome.
www.neues-gymnasium.de /neue_medien/surf/sen/devolutionfornet.htm   (697 words)

  
 Devolution of Farm Programs Could Broaden States' Role in Ag Policy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Devolution, or the transfer to States of Federal funds and/or control of those funds, is one way of adapting national policies to suit local preferences more closely and of recognizing that program delivery costs can vary geographically.
Devolution is worth considering whenever it has the potential to make program delivery more cost effective and to better satisfy citizens.
Devolution would not mean the Federal Government had lost interest in the broad aims of farm, rural development, and natural resource policy.
www.ers.usda.gov /AmberWaves/november04/features/devolutionofprograms.htm   (3061 words)

  
 Catfish in the Memepool: Devolution in the Air   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Devolution can be seen in the decline in the impulse towards Linguistic Imperialism, the cooling of the language wars, the increasing irrelevance of Utopian Linguistic Monocultures, and the grudging acceptance that ours is a heterogeneous polyglot world, where applications are increasingly expected to be able to cooperate.
Devolution has two somewhat conflicting connotations, both of which, in the right context, in the right light, fit this discussion to a tee.
Devolution also connotes decentralization, a surrender to local control, a process of increasing federation, a spinning-off of constituent parts, as seen in the establishment of a Scottish Parliament, or the refactoring of the Soviet Union into Russia and friends.
www.laputan.org /catfish/archives/000109.html   (1442 words)

  
 Chapter 1 - Introduction to Problems with devolution of PNG Education (on education policy development) by Gabriel ...
An examination of this legacy is thus essential for researching the problems of devolution in PNG education, for it is this legacy which constitutes the parameters of reform in PNG.
Much of the recent research on the problems of devolution in education has focused on the "micro" issues concerning such matters as the number and range of people in decision-making, the intensity and scope of their involvement, the actual impact of their involvement and so on (Seddon, et al 1990).
In recent years, one of the reasons for promoting the policies of devolution has been the desire of the PNG government to ensure that educational decisions are responsive and relevant to what the people at the local levels regard as "meaningful development".
www.pngbuai.com /300socialsciences/education/policy/development/kul-devolution-chap1.html   (7758 words)

  
 LLRX.com - Devolution in the United Kingdom: A Revolution in Online Legal Research
Devolution refers to the ‘transfer and subsequent sharing of powers between institutions of government within a limited framework set out in legislation.’ The process of devolution in the United Kingdom is neither new nor necessarily complete.
Although the cries for welsh devolution were never as strong as the scottish, the Labour party in the 1990's recognized the need for a limited amount of welsh empowerment.
While the term 'devolution' has been used throughout this article in describing the recent constitutional changes in the U.K., the term 'revolution' would be more appropriate for describing the changes in online legal research witnessed by law librarians and legal researchers.
www.llrx.com /features/devolution.htm   (4207 words)

  
 Scotland and Devolution   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Scotland was promised a referendum on devolution by the Labour Party in the build up to the 1997 election.
This manifesto promise was carried out in 1997 just four months after the general election and a process of devolution was started for Scotland which lead to a Scottish Parliament based in Edinburgh coming into being in 1999.
That there was support for devolution should have come as no surprise, as research by Marshall in 1994 indicated that 75% of Scots have wanted some form of devolved parliament since 1945.
www.historylearningsite.co.uk /scotland_and_devolution.htm   (1444 words)

  
 Devolution and the New Legislative Bodies in the UK
COLE, A. Devolution and decentralization in Wales and Brittany : a framework for evaluation.
Devolution and the gatekeeping role of the core executive: the struggle for European funds.
Devolution and social capital in the British regions.
www.inf.aber.ac.uk /academicliaison/devolution.asp   (6789 words)

  
 The Potential Impacts of Devolution on State Government Programs and Finances: Testimony Finances before the House ...
Less attention has been devoted to the potential disadvantages of devolution, most of which are tied to diminished federal aid.
Devolution will have impacts on most state programs, including those that are not affected directly by large reductions in federal aid.
It is difficult to discuss devolution for several reasons: First, it is inherently complicated, with numerous important effects on states and citizens and major differences in how various states will be affected.
www.urban.org /testimon/goldtest.htm   (3888 words)

  
 Devolution, War of on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The devolution revolution in intergovernmental relations in the 1990s: changes in cooperative and co...
DEVOLUTION, WAR OF [Devolution, War of] 1667-68, undertaken by Louis XIV for the conquest of the Spanish Netherlands.
Devolution in the United Kingdom: statehood and citizenship in transition.
encyclopedia.infonautics.com /html/D/Devoluti.asp   (421 words)

  
 Devolution Package   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
What alarms critics of the current proposals, which go very much further than the already significant devolution, is that the proposals allocate so much power to Regions that they amount not merely to devolution of power but virtually to abdication of power to Regions.
Opponents of the devolution proposals fear that the proposals, which have already overstepped the bounds of prudence, will be subject to still more pressure.
Devolution to districts was statutorily recognised by the District Development Councils Act Of 1980.
www.sinhaya.com /devolution.htm   (3442 words)

  
 Scottish Devolution:  A Historical and Political Analysis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
This devolution of legislative and executive powers to an elected assembly in Scotland is a response to hundreds of years of Scottish nationalist sentiment.
The devolution of power from Westminster to Scotland and Wales were an important part of their proposal, though the issues were eventually split up.
As Archie Brown theorized in his article, Asymmetrical Devolution: the Scottish Case, "membership in the European Union means that a break with England would not be absolute."<16> With Scotland’s striving economy and claims to the North Sea oil, the EU may be the larger entity needed to replace the UK and give Scotland stability.
www.loyno.edu /history/journal/1998-9/Rivera.htm   (3340 words)

  
 BBC NEWS | Scotland | 'Frustration' felt over devolution   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Devolution has done little to improve the speed and efficiency of public services in Scotland, a survey suggests.
Its survey was "largely positive" about the devolution settlement but there were reservations about the delivery of services.
Four out of five believed that devolution had resulted in a better quality of public engagement and discussion, while 56% rejected the suggestion that the system made Scottish politics more parochial.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/scotland/2185161.stm   (366 words)

  
 Devolution - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
It differs from federalism in that the powers devolved are temporary and ultimately reside in central government, thus the state remains unitary.
In the United Kingdom, devolved government was created in 1999, when the Scottish Parliament, National Assembly for Wales, Northern Ireland Assembly and Greater London Assembly were established.
The governing Labour Party continues to possess no coherent plans for devolution in England (albeit a referendum for a regional assembly in the North East of England resulted in a 'no' vote in 2004).
www.lakejackson.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Home_rule   (605 words)

  
 Welfare Reform and Devolution   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Unless one is in favor of devolution for its own sake, the reason for promoting devolution is that it is seen as a better way to advance goals.
But it is important to acknowledge that devolution has entailed real losses in information about state policies, practices, use of funds, and provision of benefits and services.
An essential point, though, is that the story of the past four years is not about devolution per se, but about state and local flexibility amidst ample resources—at least for the goals articulated in 1996.
www.brook.edu /press/REVIEW/summer2001/greenberg.htm   (2969 words)

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