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Topic: Diagnoses

  Diagnosis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The list of most likely and possible diagnoses based on available information is called a differential diagnosis; the final diagnosis is only arrived at after other diseases on this list have been eliminated through further investigations or consultations.
The history of medical diagnosis began in earnest from the enlightened days of Hippocrates in ancient Greece but is far from perfect despite the enormous bounty of information made available by medical research including the sequencing of the human genome.
Occam's razor is then invoked to attempt to simplify the number of provisional diagnoses and it is only with some reluctance that a physician will make several provisional diagnoses to explain the symptoms elicited.
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Diagnosis   (1037 words)

 MH/AODA FS Module 7: Diagnoses
The "other" diagnoses are included on the MH/AODA FS to improve, at all levels from practitioners' awareness to county and state systems, the well-being and access to quality health care for people with mental illness and/or substance use problems.
Diagnoses do not have to be from within the past year if they still seem applicable.
Diagnoses preceded with "history of" or "status post" that are not also listed as current diagnoses.
www.dhfs.state.wi.us /LTCare/FunctionalScreen/mhaoda/mod7.htm   (1653 words)

 Cancer Diagnoses and Deaths Decline -- Mostly in Men
From 1992 through 1998, the number of colorectal cancer diagnoses decreased by 1.3% per year for white men, and stayed the same for white women and for fls of both sexes.
Although most cancer cases and deaths are decreasing -- aside from lung cancer deaths in women -- the number of diagnoses or deaths for 10 other cancers noted in the report are increasing in some population subgroups.
These increases are being seen in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, a cancer of the lymph system; the potentially deadly skin cancer melanoma; acute myeloid leukemia, a cancer of the white blood cells; and cancers of the liver, esophagus, heart, thyroid, small intestine, and vulva.
my.webmd.com /content/Article/16/1728_81029.htm   (947 words)

 Fad Diagnoses
Today's "fad" diagnoses used to explain various common symptoms are chronic fatigue syndrome, hypoglycemia, food allergies, parasites, "environmental illness," "candidiasis hypersensitivity," "Wilson's Syndrome," "leaky gut syndrome," and "mercury amalgam toxicity." The first four on this list are legitimate conditions that unscientific practitioners overdiagnose.
The only way to reliably diagnose hypoglycemia is to prove that blood sugar is low whenever symptoms occur during the patient's usual living pattern.
Clinical ecologists base their diagnoses primarily on the results of "provocation" and "neutralization" tests, which are performed by having the patient report symptoms that occur within ten minutes after suspected substances are administered under the tongue or injected into the skin.
www.quackwatch.org /01QuackeryRelatedTopics/fad.html   (1953 words)

These guidelines have been developed and approved by the Cooperating Parties to assure both the physician and the coder in identifying those diagnoses that are to be reported in addition to the principal diagnosis.
Diagnoses that relate to an earlier episode which have no bearing on the current hospital stay are to be excluded".
When the physician has documented what appears to be a current diagnosis in the body of the record, but has not included the diagnosis in the final diagnostic statement, the physician should be asked whether the diagnosis should be added.
www.eicd.com /Guidelines/AdditionalDx.htm   (488 words)

 CLTS FS Module 3 Instructions: Diagnoses
Reliable diagnoses are difficult to obtain even from health care professionals; obtaining accurate diagnoses is even more challenging for screeners to ascertain while completing a home visit.
As an infant, she was diagnosed with Failure to Thrive, but that was resolved by the time she was 3 years old.
Diagnoses of developmental or physical conditions can be accepted without documentation if the parent can recall when the diagnosis was made and which qualified professional made the diagnosis.
www.dhfs.state.wi.us /LTCare/FunctionalScreen/cltsfs/mod3.htm   (1439 words)

 Osteoporosis diagnoses, doctors' visits surge with new drugs | ajc.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
CHICAGO — The number of Americans diagnosed with osteoporosis surged sevenfold over the past decade, coinciding with the development and marketing of new drugs to treat the bone-thinning condition, a study found.
As of 2003, there were an estimated 3.6 million people who had been diagnosed with osteoporosis, compared with half a million in 1994, according to the study by Stanford University researchers.
Getting calcium and vitamin D — either through diet or supplements — and exercising "are part of the package" for preventing osteoporosis, she said.
www.ajc.com /news/content/health/0704/27osteo.html   (443 words)

 Most Frequent Diagnoses and Procedures for DRGs, by Insurance Status   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
It helps to answer questions such as "What diagnoses appear for the top ranking DRGs?" and "What procedures are performed for these DRGs?" The five most common principal diagnoses and the five most commonly performed principal procedures are listed for each DRG.
Examine the variety of diagnoses that fall under a particular DRG.
Compare and contrast resource use among the top five diagnoses for each DRG to discern particularly resource-intensive applications of each DRG that can be targeted for further investigation.
www.ahcpr.gov /data/hcup/rn4.htm   (592 words)

 Increases in HIV Diagnoses --- 29 States, 1999--2002
Recent estimates of HIV diagnoses suggested a leveling of the downward trend in HIV infections nationally and increases in HIV infections among certain populations (2).
Among racial/ethnic populations, the majority (56,872 [55.4%]) of HIV diagnoses were among non-Hispanic fls, accounting for 71.8% of all diagnoses in female and 48.6% of all diagnoses in males.
During 1999--2002, the number of persons in whom AIDS was diagnosed along with HIV did not change significantly (Figure 2); however, the number of persons with HIV diagnosis and no AIDS diagnosis during the same calendar month increased by 9.3%, from 18,712 (95% CI = 18,554--18,870) to 20,443 (95% CI = 19,925--20,961).
www.cdc.gov /mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5247a2.htm   (1577 words)

 The Body: HIV Diagnoses Among Injection-Drug Users in States With HIV Surveillance -- 25 States, 1994-2000
The findings indicate that HIV diagnoses among IDUs have leveled in the majority of demographic groups during this period in the 25 states for which HIV surveillance data are available*.
Among women, diagnoses declined 41%, from 1,407 in 1994 to 835 in 1999, and leveled to 886 in 2000 (Figure).
Among Hispanics, IDU-related HIV diagnoses decreased 43%, from 409 in 1994 to 238 in 1999, and leveled to 243 in 2000 (Table 2).
www.thebody.com /cdc/idus_aids.html   (1544 words)

 Incidence of fatigue symptoms and diagnoses presenting in UK primary care from 1990 to 2001 -- Gallagher et al. 97 ...
all fatigue diagnoses in 1990 to 60% in 2001.
diagnosed in children and were uncommonly diagnosed in the elderly.
Diagnoses were made clinically and were not independently confirmed.
www.jrsm.org /cgi/content/full/97/12/571   (2646 words)

 Aidsmap | New HIV diagnoses in Germany soar by 20%
Diagnoses of new HIV infections in Germany rose by 20% in the first half of 2005 compared with the first half of 2004, according to the latest figures from the Robert Koch Institute, Germany's centre for public health and disease control.
In contrast, in the UK in 2003, a total of 26% of new HIV diagnoses were in gay and bisexual men, although they remain the group most at risk of acquiring HIV within the UK.
However, 169 (14.5%) of heterosexual men and women born in Germany were also diagnosed with HIV for the first time in the first half of 2005: 58% were men.
www.aidsmap.com /en/news/C8E1D657-31A5-4C39-B632-FF0CA1B77006.asp   (766 words)

 Increases in HIV Diagnoses - 29 States, 1999 - 2002   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Recent estimates of HIV diagnoses suggested a leveling of the downward trend in HIV infections nationally and increases in HIV infections among certain populations.
During 1999--2002, the number of HIV diagnoses increased 26.2% among Hispanics, from 2,622 (95% CI = 2,566--2,678) to 3,308 (95% CI = 3,106--3,510) and 8.1% among non-Hispanic whites, from 7,716 (95% CI = 7,618--7,814) to 8,341 (95% CI = 8,016--8,665).
The increase in total HIV diagnoses during 1999--2002 reflects increases primarily among males, particularly MSM, and among non-Hispanic whites and Hispanics.
www.hivdent.org /cdc/cdcnIHDS122003.htm   (1215 words)

 Bayesian Classification of Triage Diagnoses for the Early Detection of Epidemics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The most direct source of data for construction of such a distribution is the final diagnoses of patients being seen in the emergency departments, but the delay in their availability impinges on the requirement that detection be timely.
Free-text descriptions of patients' symptoms, called triage diagnoses, and ICD-9 values that encode the symptoms are entered when patients are admitted and, consequently, are timelier sources of data.
An experiment to evaluate the accuracy of Bayesian classification of triage diagnoses into syndromes (i.e., illness categories) was performed, resulting in areas under the ROC curve (AUC) between.80 and.97 for the various syndromes.
www.cs.cmu.edu /People/bobski/pubs/flairs03.html   (189 words)

 Discrepancies between clinical and postmortem diagnoses in Jamaica: a study from the University Hospital of the West ...
Discrepancies between clinical and postmortem diagnoses in Jamaica: a study from the University Hospital of the West Indies -- Gibson et al.
Discrepancies between clinical and postmortem diagnoses in Jamaica: a study from the University Hospital of the West Indies
diagnoses are often made in situations of uncertainty.
jcp.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/57/9/980   (2612 words)

 New Study Shows Overall Increase in HIV Diagnoses   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The new analysis of 102,590 people diagnosed with HIV in the 29 states between 1999 and 2002 shows that African-Americans continued to account for more than half (55%) the new diagnoses.
The study is based on reported new HIV diagnoses, which is the point at which an individual learns of his/her HIV infection, not necessarily the point at which a person became infected.
Increases in HIV diagnoses do not always reflect increases in new infections because numbers showing new diagnoses include individuals who were recently infected as well as those who were infected long ago but only recently tested and diagnosed.
www.immunecentral.com /infotemplate.cfm-7358-77-6   (727 words)

 HIV diagnoses up in U.S. men   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - The number of HIV diagnoses is increasing among men, particularly those who have sex with men (MSM), and among non-Hispanic whites and Hispanics, investigators at Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta report.
Hall and colleagues at the National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention analyzed trends in HIV diagnoses in 29 states for the period between 1999 and 2002.
Among approximately 102,000 diagnosed individuals, 70.5% were male.
www.aidsmeds.com /news/20031126epid001.html   (372 words)

 Rates of US HIV/AIDS Diagnoses Are Steady; Racial Disparities Persist
HIV testing rates are higher among CDC-recommended groups than general population - Rates of HIV/AIDS diagnoses in the United States stayed steady for the years 2000-2003, but sharp racial disparities remain, according to an analysis of data from 32 states, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced today.
Rates of HIV/AIDS diagnosis-the number of new diagnoses of HIV per 100,000 population regardless of whether infection has progressed to AIDS-among non-Hispanic African-Americans in the United States were significantly higher than among other racial and ethnic groups.
More than half of diagnoses (51 percent) were among African Americans, although they account for only 13 percent of the population of the 32 states.
www.medicalnewstoday.com /medicalnews.php?newsid=17271&nfid=rssfeeds   (998 words)

 Diagnoses associated with self-injury   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In the DSM-IV, the only diagnoses that mention self-injury as a symptom or criterion for diagnosis are borderline personality disorder, stereotypic movement disorder (associated with autism and mental retardation), and factitious (faked) disorders in which an attempt to fake physical illness is present (APA, 1995; Fauman, 1994).
BPD diagnoses are sometimes used as a way to "flag" certain patients, to indicate to future care givers that someone is difficult or a troublemaker.
A person who felt she had alternate personalities but in whom those personalities were not fully developed or autonomous or who was always the personality in control might be diagnosed DDNOS, as might someone who suffered depersonalization episodes but not of the length and severity required for diagnosis.
www.palace.net /%7Ellama/psych/diag.html   (3162 words)

 CDC Media Relations: Press Release: HIV Diagnoses Climbing Among Gay and Bisexual Men
HIV diagnoses for gay and bisexual men have increased by 17.7 percent since the lowest point in 1999.
Jaffe cautioned that the new data reflect the number of people newly diagnosed, regardless of when they were infected, and increases may reflect increases in HIV testing as well as potential increases in new infections.
The lack of continued progress in reducing AIDS diagnoses is likely due to several factors, Dr. Jaffe said, including treatment failure, difficulty adhering to complex regimens, and late HIV diagnoses delaying initiation of treatment.
www.cdc.gov /od/oc/media/pressrel/r030728a.htm   (419 words)

 Most Common Diagnoses and Procedures in U.S. Community Hospitals, 1996   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Some diagnoses increased significantly during this period, such as substance-related mental disorders, which increased from the 75th ranked position in 1992 to the 40th in 1996.
Analyses limited to principal diagnoses and procedures will produce an underestimate of diagnoses that tend to appear in secondary positions such as hypertension, osteoporosis, and Alzheimer's disease (May, Kelly, Mendlein et al., 1991).
The most common diagnoses (liveborn, pneumonia, congestive heart failure, affective disorders and coronary atherosclerosis and other heart disease) reflect conditions that are treated medically without surgical interventions or other invasive procedures.
www.ahcpr.gov /data/hcup/commdx/commdx.htm   (4192 words)

 Nursing Diagnosis: Processes and methodologies for research validation of nursing diagnoses
In addition, Gordon suggested epidemiological studies designed to document the baserate occurrence of diagnoses in the population; diagnostic process studies designed to investigate how nurses collect, interpret, cluster, and name their diagnostic judgments; and diagnosis-based process and outcome studies.
In 1989 an invitational conference on research methodologies for validating nursing diagnoses was held with two purposes: (a) to analyze existing research methodologies for the development and validation of nursing diagnosis, and (b) to generate new research methodologies for the development and validation of nursing diagnosis (Chang, Kim, Jones, & McFarlane, 1989).
These articles consisted of 103 studies of existing diagnoses, 108 studies of potential diagnoses, and 31 studies of a general investigative nature on the overall topic of nursing diagnoses (Whitley, 1996).
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_qa3836/is_199901/ai_n8838273   (1177 words)

 Nursing Diagnosis: Diagnoses for community nursing
This issue highlights community diagnoses and features the work of the NDEC Community DWG, which is chaired by Carolyn M. Crowell, MN, RN, Assistant Professor, of the community nursing course at the University of Iowa College of Nursing.
The definition of community used by the DWG is "a group of people living in the same locale under the same government." Examples of community include neighborhoods, cities, census tracts, and populations at risk.
Indicators (defining characteristics) for community diagnoses also are different from those for individuals and families because they must be observable and verifiable in the aggregate.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_qa3836/is_199907/ai_n8866693   (1176 words)

 HIV Diagnoses Increase in US Men   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The number of HIV diagnoses is increasing among men, particularly those who have sex with men (MSM), and among non-Hispanic whites and Hispanics, investigators at Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta report.
H. Hall and colleagues at the National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention analyzed trends in HIV diagnoses in 29 states for the period between 1999 and 2002.
Non-Hispanic fls accounted for 71.8% of all diagnoses in females and 48.6% of all diagnoses in males.
www.hivandhepatitis.com /recent/statistics/120103a.html   (247 words)

 Music Therapy and Individuals with Diagnoses on the Autism Spectrum   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
For individuals with diagnoses on the autism spectrum, music therapy provides a unique variety of music experiences in an intentional and developmentally appropriate manner to effect changes in behavior and facilitate development of skills.
Individuals with diagnoses on the autism spectrum may display "qualitative impairments in social interaction and communication" and often manifest "restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests and activities." Delays and/or abnormal functioning usually occur before age 3 and may be marked by a lack of symbolic or imaginative play as well.
Music therapy allows individuals with diagnoses on the autism spectrum the opportunity to develop identification and appropriate expression of their emotions.
www.musictherapy.org /factsheets/autism.html   (1658 words)

 AEGiS-MMWR: HIV Diagnoses Among Injection-Drug Users in States with HIV Surveillance --- 25 States, 1994--2000
Annual proportions of HIV diagnoses among IDUs during 1994--2000 were compared by age, sex, and race/ethnicity, and 95% confidence intervals were computed for percentage differences.
The finding of overall declines in new HIV diagnoses among IDUs in the 25 states with HIV infection reporting is consistent with studies that suggest a decline in new HIV infections among IDUs in other areas of the United States (6).
The finding that IDU-related HIV diagnoses occurred disproportionately in males and fls is consistent with the disproportionate impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on minority communities and the concentration of IDUs among males (2).
www.aegis.com /PUBS/mmwr/2003/MM5227-634.html   (1879 words)

 New study shows overall increases in HIV diagnoses: African Americans, Latinos, Gay and Bisexual Men most affected; ...
HIV diagnoses increased 17 percent among gay and bisexual men, and 7 percent among men overall.
In the analysis of HIV diagnoses from 29 states, the addition of data from Florida and New Mexico – two states with sizeable Latino populations – provides a better, though still incomplete, picture of the epidemic among Latinos than previous reports.
Over the four-year period 1999 to 2002, 43,144 new HIV diagnoses among gay and bisexual men were reported in 29 states, accounting for 42 percent of all new cases.
www.natap.org /2003/nov/113003_2.htm   (1632 words)

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