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Topic: Dialectic


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  CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Dialectic
dialectic should be again extended from function to object, from thought to thing; and so, even as early as Plato, it had come to signify the whole science of reality, both as to method and as to content, thus nearly approaching what has been from a somewhat later period universally known as metaphysics.
dialectic, of Aristotle's "Organon"--the science and art of (mainly deductive) reasoning--found its proper application in exploring the domain of purely natural truth, but in the early Middle Ages it began to be applied by some Catholic theologians to the elucidation of the supernatural truths of the Christian Revelation.
dialectic, theology has again been drawing, for a century past, abundant and powerful aid from a renewed and increased attention to the historical and exegetical studies that characterized the earlier centuries of Christianity.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/04770a.htm   (2320 words)

  
  dialectic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Dialectic was the study of the use of logic in debates.
The fundamental rationale for logic (or dialectic) is the theory that argument and debate are part of the learning process--i.e., the ability to raise questions enables a person to further the horizons of her/his knowledge.
In the Christian era,the use of dialectic came to be supported by the church as a strategy for countering doctrines that were considered to be heretical.
www.csupomona.edu /~plin/ls201/dialectic.html   (189 words)

  
  dialectic
Indeed, dialectic was the cornerstone of his philosophy, and he conceptualized systems as diverse as the history of the world and the journey of the human spirit as operating according to dialectical structures.
The polymorphous dialectical formulations of Frankfurt School theory anticipated the multifarious interpretations of dialectic in the contemporary sphere vis-à-vis semiotics and the philosophy of language.
Dialectic allows us to break down the bifurcated model of spectator/artwork so that, for example, it becomes possible for both the reader and writer to create meaning in a poem, and for an abstract (see abstraction) painting to reveal something intrinsic to both artwork and beholder.
humanities.uchicago.edu /faculty/mitchell/glossary2004/dialectic.htm   (1580 words)

  
  Dialectic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In the mid-nineteenth century, the concept of "dialectic" was appropriated by Marx (see, for example, Das Kapital, published in 1867) and Engels and retooled in a non-idealist manner, becoming a crucial notion in their philosophy of dialectical materialism.
Hegel's dialectic, which he usually presented in a threefold manner, was vulgarized by Heinrich Moritz Chalybäus as comprising three dialectical stages of development: a thesis, giving rise to its reaction, an antithesis which contradicts or negates the thesis, and the tension between the two being resolved by means of a synthesis.
For Hegel, the whole of history is one tremendous dialectic, major stages of which chart a progression from self-alienation as slavery to self-unification and realization as the rational, constitutional state of free and equal citizens.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Dialectic   (2146 words)

  
 Hegel - Nature of the Dialectic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Dialectic is thus the transition of things, and of knowledge, from potentiality or abstraction to actuality and content, but in such a way that the arising of a fuller determination points beyond itself to a further determination.
Dialectic is thus the very process of thinking, where thought "loses itself in" and becomes "entangled in the contradiction" of its nonidentity with its object, [56] and yet where this very negativity urges thought to "persevere," to "work out in itself the solution to its own contradiction" (SL -11).
The interesting point is that the employment of dialectic by the understanding dialectically overcomes itself and points beyond itself to the "higher sense of dialectic," dialectic as employed by reason.
www2.pfeiffer.edu /~lridener/courses/HEGEL.HTML   (3316 words)

  
 Dialectic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
For Hegel, the whole of western history is one tremendous dialectic, the largest moments of which chart a progression from self-alienation as slavery to self-unification and realization as the rational, constitutional state of free and equal citizens.
Dialectical method came to be seen as the vital foundation for any Marxist politics, through the work of Karl Korsch, Georg Lukacs and certain members of the Frankfurt School.
Under Stalinism, Marxist dialectics developed into what was called "diamat" (short for dialectical materialism), a system of thought which became increasingly dogmatic and thus intellectually bankrupt due to the overpowering influence of its attendant political ideology.
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-Dialectic.html   (666 words)

  
 Universal dialectic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In short, the universal dialectic is envisioned as a single fundamental creative principle of inherent complementarity (see Heraclitus).
Accordingly, the term "universal dialectic" can be seen as part of an attempt to Westernize the concept of taiji in regard to the fundamental role and nature of complementary opposites in the ongoing process of creation.
Proponents of the universal dialectic concept maintain that the discovery of shared metaphysical ground may be of benefit to students of both Eastern and Western philosophy.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Universal_Dialectic   (202 words)

  
 Ancient Greece and You   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Kant used dialectic as the criticism of the logic of illusion, showing the contradictions into which reason falls in trying to go beyond experience to deal with transcendental objects, (showing that there is no human knowledge without human experience).
Although this might not originally be considered dialectic, he claimed that it was stating that his logic developed as a result of reflecting on Plato's method of division.
According to Aristotle, there were numerous benefits to the use of dialectic including: the intellectual training, its use for discussions with others based on their own premises, and for examining unprovable principles in science.
ablemedia.com /ctcweb/showcase/greenwaldgreece11.html   (873 words)

  
 Dialectic
Dialectical motion can be far more complicated than this simple example reveals.
But the mind generally moves from one side of an opposition to another, finally discovering a deeper unity from which the two sides are derived.
Dialectical motion does not just end when the synthesis is reached.
www.wpunj.edu /cohss/philosophy/courses/hegel/DIALECTX.HTM   (347 words)

  
 what is the hegelian dialectic? by niki f. raapana and nordica m. friedrich
The dialectic pits A against B in a constant conflict and resolution, which eventually creates an outcome that may or may not have any resemblance to A and B. According to modern social scientists, C does not have to be a reasonable conclusion, since Hegel's dialectic takes pure reason out of the reasoning.
The dialectical method of reasoning is based on the premise of constant conflicts of opposites, or ongoing tension between two or more commonly acknowledged truths.
The Hegelian dialectic cannot be not a conspiracy theory, because it is well-documented, and the concept of Conspiracy Theories is a cruel joke.
nord.twu.net /acl/dialectic.html   (5944 words)

  
 Dialectic: European and Asian Varieties
Existentialist dialectic is definitely dysfunctional and disjunctive in its alleged capacity to jolt us out of complacent modes of thought, including the confidence we have in logic as a solution to human problems.
The key to synthetic dialectic is the rejection of the law of contradiction and the belief that opposites coincide or are reconciled (Hegel’s aufgehoben) in the higher synthesis.
The effect of the dialectic is to utterly destroy the idea of an enduring object called the soul in which a continuous personal identity resides.
www.class.uidaho.edu /ngier/dialectic.htm   (4160 words)

  
 The Dogmatic Dialectic and the Critical Dialectic
Dialectical Reason transcends the level of methodology; it states what a sector of the universe, or, perhaps, the whole universe is. It does not merely direct research, or even pre-judge the mode of appearance of objects.
Dialectical Reason legislates, it defines what the world (human or total) must be like for dialectical knowledge to be possible; it simultaneously elucidates the movement of the real and that of our thoughts, and it elucidates the one by the other.
The possibility that a dialectic exists is itself dialectical; or, to put it another way, the only possible unity of the dialectic as law of historical development and the dialectic as knowledge-in-movement of this development is the unity of a dialectical movement.
www.marxists.org /reference/archive/sartre/works/critic/sartre2.htm   (8298 words)

  
 International Catholic University: 32.10
Dialectic is a power to discuss any subject at all, but, as we shall see, only to reason about it with probability, not certainty.
And since dialectic is part of the discovering part of logic, it is clear that the purpose of dispute is to prepare the mind for a further, more perfect knowledge about the subject under discussion, if such a knowledge is possible.
The dialectical problem about whether the world had a beginning in time has been resolved by syllogizing from premisses which are answers to the questions called dialectical propositions.
home.comcast.net /~icuweb/c03210.htm   (3397 words)

  
 Bertell Ollman / Dance of the Dialectic
Marx made extremely creative use of dialectical method to analyze the origins, operation, and direction of capitalism.
Unfortunately, his promised book on method was never written, so that readers wishing to understand and evaluate Marx's theories, or to revise or use them, have had to proceed without a clear grasp of the dialectic in which the theories are framed.
In putting Marx's philosophy of internal relations and his use of the process of abstraction--two little-studied aspects of dialectics--at the center of this account, Ollman provides a version of Marx's method that is at once systematic, scholarly, clear, and eminently useful.
www.press.uillinois.edu /f03/ollman.html   (326 words)

  
 Modern History Sourcebook: G. W. F. Hegel: The Dialectic of History, 1812 - 1820
Among the ancients Plato is termed the inventor of Dialectic; and his right to the name rests on the fact that the Platonic philosophy first gave the free scientific, and thus at the same time the objective, form to Dialectic.
Dialectic gives expression to a law which is felt in all other grades of consciousness, and in general experience.
Thus, the march of reason through history is a complex dialectical process, in which both individuals and nations are mere tools, unaware of the import and significance of their own deeds.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/mod/hegel-summary.html   (1482 words)

  
 Inner Dialectic
In previous studies we've discovered that Plato's mystical science of dialectic was an extraordinary kind of shared mystical experience in which Socrates served as a psychagogic midwife, overseeing the process of the divulgence of, the bringing into being of new elements: ideas, feelings, inspirations, and images.
Dialectic is interchange focused on specific issues or questions, engaged in deliberately with the goal of increasing understanding, investigating issues, and examining thoughts and actions.
Dialectic differs from debate, in which two points of view vie with each other to prove the correctness or superiority of one viewpoint over the other.
www.new-enlightenment.com /inner_dialectic.htm   (2252 words)

  
 Dialectic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
He juggled this dialectic as he balanced all his appetites: by indulging them simultaneously and exhaustively.
The entire album is built out of this tottering dialectic, so make no mistake: this is music that a semi-sadistic DJ plays at two in the morning to freak you...
So far the dialectic is firmly embedded within the academic paradigms of development and gender, but the boundaries are being pushed and will eventually reach...
www.wikiverse.org /dialectic   (602 words)

  
 dialectic from FOLDOC
Dialectic is questioning and conversation for Socrates, but Plato regarded it as a systematic method for studying the Forms of suprasensible reality.
Thus, Kant's "Transcendental Dialectic" is an attempt to show the general futility of abstract metaphysical speculation, but dialectic is, for Hegel, the fundamental process of development - in both thought and reality - from thesis to antithesis to synthesis.
Marxian dialectical materialism holds that society progresses through a series of stages -- from Feudalism to Capitalism to Communism -- by a dialectical progression fueled by class conflict between the owners or ruling class (under Capitalism, the bourgeois) the excluded (ruled or dispossessed) class (under Capitalism, proletarians).
www.swif.uniba.it /lei/foldop/foldoc.cgi?dialectic   (332 words)

  
 Dialectic
dialectic (Greek: διαλεκτική) is an exchange of propositions (theses) and counter-propositions (antitheses) resulting in a synthesis of the opposing assertions, or at least a qualitative transformation in the direction of the dialogue.
In ancient and medieval times, both rhetoric and dialectic were understood to aim at being persuasive (through dialogue).
The aim of the dialectical method, often known as dialectic or dialectics, is to try to resolve the disagreement through rational discussion.
www.buzznet.com /tags/dialectic   (249 words)

  
 AMPP: Introduction - Part 2, A Theory, and the Hegelian Dialectic
The methodological basis of the critical theory of society is the dialectical logic of George F. Hegel (1956).
For each dialectic, I identify the commonality between the ostensible extremes (undermining the precept of opposition), the intended synthesis, and the solution by which the dialectic trap can be escaped.
Dialectically, ``pro-life'' is the stance that abortion must be prosecuted as first degree homicide except when the child is sure not to survive the pregnancy.
www.mega.nu:8080 /ampp/intro2.html   (9320 words)

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