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Topic: Diarrhoea

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  What is diarrhoea
Diarrhoea is an intestinal disorder characterized by abnormal fluidity and frequency of fecal evacuations.
Diarrhoea can be caused many different factors such as: food poisoning, anxiety, excess alcohol, inflammation of the bowels, hormonal changes, poor absorption of food, antibiotics, and bowel infections.
The main symptom of diarrhoea is experiencing repeated bowel movement with watery stools and sometimes excess gas.
www.mc.edu /campus/users/jvincent/diarrhoea.htm   (364 words)

 Management of Acute Diarrhoea in Clinical Practice   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Mucoid diarrhoea cases are largely caused by the same organisms as watery diarrhoea.
Diarrhoea leads to compromise in nutritional status due to a variety of factors viz., decreased intake (anorexic), increased catabolism and decreased nutrient absorption.
But continued diarrhoea (increased frequency) should not be a matter of worry as long as the child is maintaining hydration and nutrition.
www.indegene.com /Ped/FeatArt/indPedFeatArt2.html   (3873 words)

 Diarrhoea and aging. Ratnaike RN J Postgrad Med
Diarrhoea is a common illness of diverse aetiology in the elderly.
Diarrhoea is a common side-effect of radiation therapy for malignancies in the elderly such as carcinoma of the cervix, uterus, rectum and prostrate.
Diarrhoea or diarrhoea alternating with constipation associated with rectal blood loss, are prominent symptoms of carcinoma of the colon, which is the most common malignancy in old age after carcinoma of the prostate.
www.jpgmonline.com /article.asp?issn=0022-3859;year=1999;volume=45;issue=2;spage=60;epage=6;aulast=Ratnaike   (2056 words)

 Living well with HIV/AIDS
Diarrhoea is a problem for many people with HIV/AIDS; it leads to loss of water and minerals from the body.
Diarrhoea is the body's way of removing poisonous materials from the gut.
In severe cases of diarrhoea this may be increased to up to three litres a day.
www.fao.org /DOCREP/005/Y4168E/y4168e08.htm   (2381 words)

 Medicdirect - Comprehensive UK Health Information
Diarrhoea is the passage of loose, watery motion.
Diarrhoea can be acute which is of sudden onset and lasting only a few days or chronic when it can go on for many weeks or months.
Causes of chronic diarrhoea also include reactions to drugs, parasitic and fungal infections; malabsorption; bowel tumours; as a consequence of endocrine disorders such as thyrotoxicosis; secondary to diabetes; and as a problem with overflow in a patient who is actually constipated.
www.medicdirect.co.uk /clinics/default.ihtml?step=4&pid=98   (521 words)

 Diarrhoea   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Diarrhoea is the frequent passing by the bowel of semi-formed or liquid stools.
Diarrhoea is usually caused by an infection or by a particular food.
Chronic diarrhoea should always be investigated by a physician lest the sufferer has a severe, underlying bowel disorder or other illness.
www.burnhambucks.co.uk /diarrhoea.htm   (392 words)

 Facts for Life - Diarrhoea
Diarrhoea kills children by draining liquid from the body, thus dehydrating the child.
As soon as diarrhoea starts, it is essential that the child be given extra fluids as well as regular foods and fluids.
To prevent diarrhoea, all faeces should be disposed of in a latrine or toilet or buried.
www.unicef.org /ffl/07/key_messages.htm   (207 words)

 Diarrhoea remedies, diarrhoea treatments, Causes Diarrhoea, diarrhoea medicine   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
In the case of diarrhoea, water is either not absorbed or is excreted in excess.
The main causes of diarrhoea are overeating or eating of wrong foods, putrefaction of food in the intestinal tract, fermentation caused by incomplete carbohydrate digestion, nervous irritability, use of antibiotic drugs, and excessive intake of laxatives.
Other useful methods for the treatment of diarrhoea are the application of cold compress at 15.6°C on the abdomen and a cold hip bath at 4.5degree C-1Odegree C. The procedure for cold compress is to wring a folded cloth from cold water and apply it on the abdomen.
www.home-remedies-for-you.com /remedy/Diarrhoea.html   (1219 words)

 Vetcare Update bulletin - Diarrhoea in Dairy Cattle
Specific causes result in diarrhoea by varied mechanism, the recognition of which is useful in understanding and managing diarrhoeal problems.
Diarrhoea induced by such epitheliotrophic viruses may often be associated with malabsorption.
Among the various disorders of Dairy cattle, the infections of GIT leading to diarrhoea is one of the common clinical manifestation ever encountered in routine clinics.
www.vetcareindia.com /DIARRHOEA_BULLETIN.htm   (725 words)

 WHO | Water-related diseases   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Severe diarrhoea may be life threatening due to fluid loss in watery diarrhoea, particularly in infants and young children, the malnourished and people with impaired immunity.
Diarrhoea is a symptom of infection caused by a host of bacterial, viral and parasitic organisms most of which can be spread by contaminated water.
Diarrhoea is a rare occurrence for most people who live in developed countries where sanitation is widely available, access to safe water is high and personal and domestic hygiene is relatively good.
www.who.int /water_sanitation_health/diseases/diarrhoea/en   (567 words)

 Diarrhoea, Diarrhea, Diarrea - What Is Diarrhoea and How to Prevent It   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Diarrhoea: 19% of the cause of all children's deaths
Diarrhoea is an intestinal disorder characterized by abnormal fluidity and frequency of fecal evacuations, generally the result of increased motility in the colon; may be an important symptom of such underlying disorders as dysenteric diseases, lactose intolerance, GI tumors, and inflammatory bowel disease.
Diarrhoea is the passage of watery stools, usually at least three times in a 24 hour period.
rehydrate.org /diarrhoea   (2721 words)

 Indiachildren - DIARRHOEA
Diarrhoea occurs when the food residue passes through the colon too quickly or the fluid is not absorbed because intestinal infection or any intestinal disease.
Diarrhoea and vomiting is a common complaint in children.
Diarrhoea results in loss of nutrients and children often lose weight during an episode.
www.indiachildren.com /Growing/cmp/diarrhoea.htm   (979 words)

 BBC - Health - Conditions - Diarrhoea in children
Diarrhoea and constipation are both changes in the normal toilet/bowel habit.
Diarrhoea may be caused by infection (for example, gastroenteritis), or malabsorption problems where food isn't taken in through the gut properly (such as food intolerance, coeliac disease, cystic fibrosis).
In diarrhoea, give a rehydrating solution until it settles, especially if your child is not drinking or eating, or is becoming dehydrated.
www.bbc.co.uk /health/conditions/diarrhoeaconstipation2.shtml   (558 words)

 Probiotics for antibiotic-associated diarrhoea [October 2002; 104-2]
The definition of diarrhoea was as presented in studies, except that difference in daily stool discharge was not accepted.
The rates of diarrhoea with probiotic and with placebo for nine individual trials are shown in Figure 1, where open circles represent Lactobacillus and filled circles Saccharomyces.
The relative risk for diarrhoea with probiotic was 0.4 (0.3 to 0.6) for the original meta-analysis and 0.6 (0.4 to 0.7) for the extended analysis with nine trials.
www.jr2.ox.ac.uk /bandolier/band104/b104-2.html   (633 words)

 Home Remedies - Natural treatment for diarrhoea   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Diarrhoea is the passing of frequent, watery stools, which occurs when the bowels are loose, and frequent bowel motions take place.
Some of the symptoms felt during diarrhoea are pain in the tummy, nausea, high temperature and loss of appetite.
Diarrhoea can either be acute (short term) or chronic (long term say for more than 2 weeks).
wap.medindia.net /HomeRemedies/Diarrhoea.asp   (226 words)

 Aidsmap | Diarrhoea
Diarrhoea has been reported as a side-effect of all the protease inhibitors as well as ddI and abacavir in the NRTI class and with some antibiotics.
Severe diarrhoea, involving several trips to the toilet each day, large, uncontrollable liquid bowel movements, and feelings of weakness and dizziness as a result of the loss of fluids and electrolytes is experienced by about a quarter of people starting treatment with nelfinavir and a fifth of people starting saquinavir.
As diarrhoea may result in excessive loss of salts and water from the body it is important to drink plenty of fluids or special rehydration drinks.
www.aidsmap.com /en/docs/C7DE3098-BDBB-4BC4-B039-BD363E52EF62.asp   (715 words)

 British Medical Journal: Persistent diarrhoea and occult vipomas in children - Lesson of the Week - Statistical Data ...
The diarrhoea persisted during a 48 hour fast, and the stool sodium concentration was grossly raised (120 mmol/l).
The diarrhoea continued, and after three weeks she was transferred to the department of gastroenterology, by which time she was seriously malnourished.
Originally it was believed the watery diarrhoea was caused by catecholamine hypersecretion, a well recognised phenomenon with neural crest tumours.[7 8] In five of the children reported here the 24 hour urinary excretion of catecholamine metabolites was measured and was raised.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m0999/is_7248_320/ai_62918842   (1085 words)

 BabyCentre | Diarrhoea   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Diarrhoea occurs when the inner lining of the intestine is injured, usually by an infection.
Diarrhoea can also be caused by food poisoning, allergies or enzyme deficiencies, and may also accompany teething — the reason is unclear, but it may be because teething promotes increased production of saliva, which can loosen the stool.
It was once believed to be sensible to do so, but doctors now advise continuing to feed solids to a baby who's already made the transition to finger or table food, unless she is vomiting frequently.
www.babycentre.co.uk /refcap/82.html   (902 words)

Diarrhoea is not a disease; rather, it can be a sign of many different diseases or conditions.
Some of the minor causes of diarrhoea include stomach or intestinal bacteria or viruses, intestinal parasites, and dietary sensitivities or indiscretions (such as scavenging rubbish or other offensive materials).
Even diarrhoea caused by mild illnesses may become life-threatening if treatment is not begun early enough to prevent severe fluid and nutrient losses.
www.penstone-vets.co.uk /diarrhoea_dog.htm   (374 words)

 Coliform Infections and Post-Weaning Diarrhoea - ThePigSite.com
Post-weaning diarrhoea is a common cause of mortality and morbidity.
Diarrhoea will not necessarily be seen but in less acute cases the first signs are often slight loss of condition, dehydration and a watery diarrhoea.
The diarrhoea varies in consistency from very watery to a paste with a wide range of colour from grey white, yellow and green.
www.thepigsite.com /PigHealth/article.asp?ArticleID=320   (572 words)

 What should I do? - Diarrhoea   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Diarrhoea will make you feel weak because important body fluids and salts are lost.
Diarrhoea is caused by various viral infections (gastro-enteritis) or by eating food that has gone off (food poisoning).
Baby diarrhoea is recognised by an increase in the number of motions which become more and more liquid.
www.whatshouldido.com /diarr.shtml   (516 words)

 Diarrhoea   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
This is not true diarrhoea and occurs when the rectum is irritable as in the irritable bowel syndrome or inflamed as in colitis.
When diarrhoea goes on for a long time, the most likely cause is the irritable bowel syndrome.
In most cases, chronic diarrhoea is not serious and can be controlled by medicines, but this is best done under medical supervision.
www.bdf.org.uk /leaflets/diarrhoe.html   (849 words)

 BBC NEWS | Travel Health
Traveller’s diarrhoea is one of the most common illnesses for tourists going to tropical climates.
All patients with traveller's diarrhoea are advised to ensure they replace lost fluids with fluids and rehydration tablets.
Infections may be asymptomatic, or may cause diarrhoea, nausea, abdominal cramps, fever, vomiting and headaches.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/shared/spl/hi/health/03/travel_health/diseases/html/diarrhoea.stm   (454 words)

Diarrhoea is the frequent passing of loose, watery and unformed faeces.
Acute diarrhoea may be a harmless (though unpleasant) experience for adults, but it can be life threatening to babies and young children.
Diarrhoea is the frequent passing of loose, watery faeces.
www.disability.vic.gov.au /dsonline/dsarticles.nsf/pages/Diarrhoea?OpenDocument   (794 words)

Diarrhoea is the passing of increased amounts (more than 300g in 24 hours) of loose stools.
Diarrhoea is mainly caused by bacterial and viral infections and food poisoning.
Diarrhoea occurs when the micro-organisms irritate the mucous membrane of the small or large intestine resulting in an abnormally large quantity of water in the motions.
www.netdoctor.co.uk /diseases/facts/diarrhoea.htm   (757 words)

 The Hindu : New Delhi News : Guidelines on diarrhoea management
Prepared after an year's deliberations, the guidelines break three major myths about paediatric diarrhoea, besides talking about the vaccines against diarrhoea, probiotics in diarrhoea, HIV and diarrhoea, micronutrients in diarrhoea, intractable or protracted diarrhoea of infancy, nutrition in diarrhoea and paediatric nutrition.
Speaking about the most common mistakes that parents commit when their child has diarrhoea, the Head of Paediatrics at Max Hospital in Pitampura, S.K. Mittal, said: "Non-use of the ORS solution and in some cases inadequate use, doctors not prescribing the solution are common place.
The publication of the diarrhoea guidelines has been supported by an educational grant from India's pharma major Dr. Reddy's Laboratories Limited and the guidelines would be distributed free of cost to all paediatricians across the country.
www.hinduonnet.com /2005/01/21/stories/2005012114150400.htm   (374 words)

 Peter Gurney's Guinea Pig Pages - Diarrhoea   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The number one rule is that if the diarrhoea is fluid and has the added symptoms of the guinea pig's coat being fluffed up and it is sitting in a corner looking thoroughly miserable then it is a major problem.
If the diarrhoea is fluid but the guinea pig is alert and though not eating as well, at least interested, the first thing to do is give it half a tablet of Diocalm, powdered down and given mixed with a small amount of water.
In cases where this kind of diarrhoea lingers or is spasmodic, the powered astringent and delmucent herbs such as Slippery elm, Carob, and Shepherds purse can be used more long term.
www.oginet.com /pgurney/diarrhoea.htm   (508 words)

 aeromedicine diarrhoea   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Most diarrhoea is caused by ingesting food or water contaminated with faeces or chemicals, such as alcohol or chlorine.
Bacteria are the commonest bugs to cause diarrhoea, which can affect half of all travellers, many of whom end up as serious visitors to the toilet and 1% even in the Krankenhaus.
Diarrhoea tablets such as Loperamide (Immodium or Arret) may be used if the diarrhoea persists, but the theory of "let it all come out" still hold favour with many doctors.
www.aeronet.co.uk /diarrh.html   (891 words)

 Diarrhea - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Diarrhea (AmE) or diarrhoea (CwE) is a condition in which the sufferer has frequent and watery or loose bowel movements (from the ancient Greek word διαρροή = leakage; lit.
The high acid content of pineapple may make this food a bad choice for people suffering from chronic diarrhea.
Reducing deaths from diarrhoea through oral rehydration therapy.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Diarrhoea   (1483 words)

 Diarrhoea - Diarrhea - Dehydration - Oral Rehydration - Water - Sanitation - Hygiene  - Rehydration Project
Dehydration caused by diarrhoea is one of the biggest single killers of children in the modern world and diarrhoea itself is one of the major causes of nutritional loss and poor growth.
Most often, diarrhoea kills a child by dehydration, which means that too much liquid has been drained out of the child's body.
The challenge now is to place that knowledge in the hands of parents so that they themselves can protect their children against the dehydration and malnutrition caused by childhood's most common disease.
www.rehydrate.org   (673 words)

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