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Topic: Digraph (orthography)


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In the News (Sun 21 Apr 19)

  
  Digraph (orthography)   (Site not responding. Last check: )
A digraph or bigraph is a pair of letters used to write one sound.
This is often, but not necessarily, a sound (or more precisely a phoneme) which cannot be expressed using a single letter in the alphabet used for writing.
Sometimes, when digraphs do not represent a new phoneme, they are a relic from an earlier period in the language's history when they did.
encyclopedia.codeboy.net /wikipedia/d/di/digraph__orthography_.html   (314 words)

  
 Mracian orthography of Slevan - FrathWiki
The digraph Iu iu denoted the vowel /i/; when preceding one of the consonants c, d, g, l, n or t with its unpalatalized value (/k, d, g, l, n, t/.
The digraph Qu qu was used for the sound sequence /kv/.
The digraph Ui, ui was used for the sound /ɨ/, and Û û for the corresponding long vowel /ɨː/ when followed by one of the palatalized consonants c /tʃ/, d /ɟ/, g /ʒ/, l /ʎ/, n /ɲ/ or t /c/.
wiki.frath.net /Mracian_orthography_of_Slevan   (1286 words)

  
 D. W. Cummings | Short Articles | A site for spellers, teachers of spelling and reading, and students of english words
Frequency of Occurrence of Vowel Digraph, Trigraph, and Diphthong Spellings
This table was prepared in answer to a question concerning the frequency of vowel digraph and trigraph and diphthong spellings.
Explication, Evolution, and Orthography (Revised and expanded October, 2006)
www.dwcummings.com /articles   (733 words)

  
 Digraph (orthography) . Enpsychlopedia
A digraph, bigraph or digram is a pair of letters used to write one sound or a combination of sounds that does not correspond to the written letters combined.
In some languages, for example Hungarian, digraphs and trigraphs are counted as distinct letters in themselves, and assigned to a specific place in the alphabet, separate from that of the sequence of characters which composes them, in orthography or collation.
In some cases, letters should not be interpreted as a digraph, notably in (English) compounds.
enpsychlopedia.org /psypsych/Digraph_(orthography)   (1070 words)

  
  Digraph_(orthography) LANGUAGE SCHOOL EXPLORER
A digraph, bigraph or digram is a pair of letters used to write one sound or a sequence of sounds that does not correspond to the written letters combined.
In some languages, digraphs and trigraphs are counted as distinct letters in themselves, and assigned to a specific place in the alphabet, separate from that of the sequence of characters which composes them, in orthography or collation.
On the other hand, the digraphs mh, nh, and the trigraph ngh, which stand for voiceless consonants, but only occur at the beginning of words as a result of the nasal mutation, are not included in the alphabet.
www.school-explorer.com /info/Digraph_(orthography)   (1066 words)

  
  Digraph (orthography)   (Site not responding. Last check: )
A digraph, bigraph or digram is a pair of letters used to write one sound or a sequence of sounds that does not correspond to the written letters combined.
In some languages, digraphs and trigraphs are counted as distinct letters in themselves, and assigned to a specific place in the alphabet, separate from that of the sequence of characters which composes them, in orthography or collation.
On the other hand, the digraphs mh, nh, and the trigraph ngh, which stand for voiceless consonants, but only occur at the beginning of words as a result of the nasal mutation, are not included in the alphabet.
www.syzygytech.info /en/Digraph_(orthography).htm   (1053 words)

  
 A New Standard Orthography (NSO)
The Onwu Orthography allowed Igbo to be written entirely in the Roman script, with only the exception of the three closed vowels— i*, o*, and u*—with subscript dots under them.
Moreover, by using the sub-dot, the Onwu Orthography consigned Igbo, unintentionally, to a script group to which, by the very nature of its sound system, it did not belong.
The New Standard Orthography (NSO) resolves this difficulty by replacing the digraph "ch" through with a simple "c." It is a modest but important change.
www.kwenu.com /uwandiigbo/echeruo_nso.htm   (538 words)

  
 Orthography - ToseekA Search Results
It forgives the orthography, but it is because I am Brazilian, and I want to know its age and its opinion on the men.
An example of an orthographic rule describing how letters are used is i before e except after c; another is that the plural is written with the letter s regardless of whether it is pronounced as an [1], as in cats, or as a [2], as in dogs.
The orthography of a language is the set of symbols (glyphs and diacritics) used...
www.toseeka.com /subject/Orthography   (1000 words)

  
 Nahuatl Pronunciation Lesson 1   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Orthography is defined by Webster's College Dictionary as "the art of writing words with the proper letters according to accepted usage" or "a method of spelling, as by the use of an alphabet or other writing symbols" (955).
Consequently, Nahuatl orthography was based on nonstandard Spanish orthography, including its historical variations present in the early 16th and 17th century literature of New Spain (México).
The Nahuatl orthography that is based on conventional Spanish orthography is comprised of these alphabetic items which include several digraphs.
www.nahuatl.info /lesson1.htm   (991 words)

  
 Digraph
A digraph or bigraph is a pair of letters used to write one sound.
Sometimes, when digraphs do not represent a new phoneme, they are a relic from an earlier period in the language's history when they did.
Examples from other languages include French's ch, which has the value of the English sh, ou, which is the W sound, gn, which is the palatalized n /nj/, and Spanish's ch, which has the same value as in English.
www.teachersparadise.com /ency/en/wikipedia/d/di/digraph.html   (323 words)

  
 ORTHOGRAPHY
The argument of those who advocate the new orthography is naturally its easiness, and those supporting the return to the classical spelling system substantiate their opinion by the fact that by rejecting the classical orthography we severed ties with our classical culture.
That classical orthography is more difficult and does not correspond to the current two Armenian languages is not new: it was not without reason that its reform became an agenda issue still at the beginning of the 20th century.
The advocates of classical orthography will tell him: so that you maintain ties with your forefathers' high culture, from now on you must remember that the sound [e] in this word must be written with the use of `e', the 7th letter of the Armenian alphabet.
www.armeniadiaspora.com /conference2002/htms/docs/khachatrian.htm   (2477 words)

  
 Digraph (orthography) information - Search.com   (Site not responding. Last check: )
A digraph or bigraph is a pair of letters used to write one sound or a combination of sounds that does not correspond to the written letters combined.
This is often, but not necessarily, a sound (or more precisely a phoneme) which cannot be expressed using a single letter in the alphabet used for writing.
Sometimes, when digraphs do not represent a new phoneme, they are a relic from an earlier period in the language's history when they did (or remain phonemic only in certain dialects, e.g.
c10-ss-1-lb.cnet.com /reference/Digraph_(orthography)   (896 words)

  
 Voiceless palatal fricative - CompWisdom
However, there are no minimal pairs for /hj/ and /ç/, so the voiceless palatal fricative is not a separate phoneme in English.
The French Basque varieties also have aspirated plosives /ph th kh/; these are not represented in the standard orthography.
The voiceless palatal fricative is indicated with a digraph sh.
www.compwisdom.com /topics/Voiceless-palatal-fricative   (2508 words)

  
 Digraph (orthography) Information
A digraph or bigraph is a pair of letters used to write one sound or a combination of sounds that does not correspond to the written letters combined.
Many writing systems, like Cyrillic and Devanagari, have no digraphs, and so transliterations into languages using them also cannot use digraphs.
Therefore, doubled letters are not considered as digraphs in Czech.
www.bookrags.com /wiki/Digraph_(orthography)   (830 words)

  
 ortho
Late 14th century (Cummins terms this the “Younger Digraph Orthography”) is distinguishable from the earlier period (“Older Digraph Orthography”) by:
The legend of St. Catherine is comprised of 129 pages of octaves from what Cummins describes as the “Younger Digraph Period,” which was copied around 1400 and is representative of both the “Later Digraph Period” and the Moravian school.
He noted the problems of inconsistency in the language, the seemingly chaotic use of digraphs and trigraphs to express modifications on base sounds.
members.shaw.ca /eliska_vraba/ortho.html   (973 words)

  
 The Dispatch - Serving the Lexington, NC - News   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In modern English orthography Æ is not considered an independent letter but a spelling variant, for example: "encyclopædia" versus "encyclopaedia" or "encyclopedia".
Digraphs, such as ij in Dutch and ll in Castillian or Welsh, are not ligatures as the two letters still are separate glyphs: although written together, when they are joined in handwriting or italic fonts the base form of the letters is not changed and the individual glyphs remain separate.
Like some ligatures discussed above, these digraphs may or may not be considered individual letters in their respective languages.
www.the-dispatch.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=Ligature_(typography)   (1422 words)

  
 Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In German orthography, the umlaut vowels, ä ö ü historically arose from ae, oe, ue ligatures (strictly, from superscript e, viz.
It was introduced by philologists around 1900 to replace the digraph hv formerly used to express the phoneme in question, e.g.
A number of ligatures have been employed in the Greek alphabet, in particular a combination of omicron (Ο) and upsilon (Î¥) which later gave rise to one of the letters of the Cyrillic alphabet — see Ou (letter).
www.goupstate.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=ligature_(typography)   (1430 words)

  
 Digraph
Digraph (orthography) - A digraph or bigraph is a pair of letters used to write one sound.
De Bruijn digraph - The vertices of the de Bruijn digraph B(n,m) are all possible words of length m-1 chosen from an alphabet of size n.
Th (digraph) - Th is a digraph in the Roman alphabet.
www.tmadata.com /Digraph.html   (507 words)

  
 Languagegeek Typography — Apostrophes
Many Native languages have orthographies where the apostrophe is used as a letter of the alphabet.
The apostrophe can also be used in a digraph or trigraph (a single sound written with more than one letter).
In some languages, one of the letters of the digraph or trigraph is an apostrophe.
www.languagegeek.com /typography/apostrophes.html   (2074 words)

  
 Traditional English Orthography - History
This article reveals some of the absurdities of the spelling system used in English speaking countries since 1800, explains the difference between a language, a script, and a spelling system, and chronicles some of the attempts to "break the spell"* advanced by advocates of simplified and regularized spelling.
In addition to the pattern identified by New Spelling and its variants there is the pattern referred to as IPA YuroSpell which are based on continental sound values rather than the most frequent sound values found in TO.
By adding new characters for digraphs in addition to the regularizing the orthography, a new alphabet for English could also be easier to type and quicker to write.
www.fortunecity.com /victorian/vangogh/555/Spell/spelng.htm   (6085 words)

  
 Orthography
Orthography is neither the law of Moses nor of the Medes and Persians, but it does have much to commend it, especially in certain technical circumstances.
"Orthography as a fundamental impediment to online information retrieval" (Feb19,1998) by Terrence A. Brooks for the Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Washington, may be found here, and is still available free as a downloadable PDF document (you need the free Acrobat Reader to open and peruse this document).
Orthography is the branch of linguistics that studies the elements of language such as letters, punctuation, and spelling.
homepage.mac.com /owlhoot/blog/Orthography2.html   (9469 words)

  
 Nuirn - Langmaker   (Site not responding. Last check: )
to indicate which vowel in a digraph receives stress: for example, ie is pronounced /i:ə/ while iè is pronounced /je/.
H is also used in the digraphs hl, hr, and hv.
Nuirn orthography usually requires that all the vowels of a root and its inflections must harmonize and belong to the same umlaut class; this reflects the fundamental application of umlaut in the language.
www.langmaker.com /db/Nuirn   (972 words)

  
 Digraph (orthography) - guideofcasinos.com
Sometimes, when digraphs do not represent a new phoneme, they are a relic from an earlier period in the language's history when they did (or remain phonemic only in certain dialects, e.g.
To avoid ambiguity, transliteration based on diacritics is generally preferred in academic circles.
Many writing systems, like Cyrillic and Devanagari, have no digraphs, and so transliterations into languages using them also cannot use digraphs.
www.guideofcasinos.com /Digraph_%28orthography%29.html   (628 words)

  
 [No title]
Many sounds are spelled using different letters or multiple letters, and for those words whose pronunciation is predictable from the spelling, the sounds denoted by the letters depend on the surrounding letters.
For example, the digraph "th" represents two different sounds (the voiced interdental fricative and the voiceless interdental fricative) (see Pronunciation of English th), and the voiceless alveolar fricative can be represented by the letters "s" and "c".
There was also a period when the spellings of words were altered in what is now regarded as a misguided attempt to make them conform to what were perceived to be the etymological origins of the words.
www.bibliodata.com /article/orthography.htm   (1365 words)

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