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Topic: Dingley tariff

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In the News (Thu 21 Mar 19)

 1866-1900: Reconstruction to the Spanish-American War
In the latter half of the 19th century, tariff revenue and excise taxes underwrote the Republican regime’s state-building endeavors, funding such federally supported programs as southern reconstruction, western pacification, social insurance for Civil War veterans and their families, and internal improvements.
The call for tariff reform had come from Democrats, commercial and industrial groups, western agriculturists, and nonpartisan reformers alike who believed the time was ripe for revision.
The tariff of 1897 enjoyed the most extended tenure of any general tariff act in U.S. history (the Walker Tariff of 1846 was second).
www.tax.org /Museum/1866-1900.htm   (5952 words)

 History of the Tariff
Tariffs were originally created as a source of revenue for countries.
As far as the tariffs in the United States are concerned, the very first tariff was created in 1789 primarily for revenue.
There are still tariffs today all around the world, though free trade advocates have been actively urging governments to enter into free trade agreements since world war two.
www.angelfire.com /nc3/steel/history.html   (355 words)

 North Carolina History Project : Tariffs
President John Tyler vetoed several tariff bills so protectionists called his impeachment and tried to change the rules to provide that only a majority was required to override a presidential veto.
Advocates of high tariffs claimed that the Walker tariff would ruin the country, but its low duties on iron actually allowed for the railroad boom of the 1850s.
This became the highest tariff in the nation’s history and also one of the biggest blunders in American history since it inaugurated a series of trade wars in the middle of a severe economic crisis.
www.northcarolinahistory.org /encyclopedia/81/entry   (1856 words)

 Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Supported by the Democrats, this attempt at tariff reform was important because it imposed an income tax of two percent to make up for revenue that would be lost by tariff reductions.
President Grover Cleveland, who had campaigned on tariff reform and supported Wilson's version of the bill, was devastated that his program had been ruined.
The tariff provisions of Wilson-Gorman were superseded by the Dingley Tariff of 1897.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Wilson-Gorman_tariff   (424 words)

 How Can Big Business Make Money from Tariffs?: Economics Lesson
Tariff revenues were the main source of revenue to the federal government at this time; they were used to pay government expenses and to protect businesses from foreign competition.
Students investigate the impact of tariffs on businesses and consumers during the 1880s by looking at a political cartoon, solving a short math problem, and comparing protectionism in the 1980s to protectionism in the 1880s.
The tariff must be paid by the foreign company to the importing government for each product imported to and sold in the country in question.
ecedweb.unomaha.edu /lessons/feus1.htm   (1942 words)

 Unit One: 1600-1763
The Dingley tariff of 1879 increased rates to an all-time high levels while the Currency Act of 1900 officially changed the U.S. gold standard.
Wilson-Gorman Tariff: In order to increase the sight of the governments role in an age of towering fortunes, this tariff became a law without the signature of approval from Cleveland.
Dingley tariff: The McKinley administration furthered its conservative platform through the Dingley Tariff of 1897, which increased rates to all-time high levels.
www.priorlake-savage.k12.mn.us /sh/social/mestnik/id22.htm   (1281 words)

 Tariff Table
President received authority to negotiate tariff reductions up to 50 percent; aimed primarily at European Economic Community (later European Union); (Kennedy administration).
Tariffs are taxes placed on foreign goods by federal governments.
In 1828 a new revision of the tariff was made in favor of protection.
www.u-s-history.com /pages/h963.html   (569 words)

 Dingley Act - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Under the Act, tariff rates reached a new high, averaging 46.5%, and in some cases up to 57%.
The Dingley Act remained in effect until the Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act of 1909.
Tariffs: 1789: Hamilton I • 1790: Hamilton II • 1792: Hamilton III • 1816: Dallas • 1824: Sectional • 1828: Abominations • 1832 • 1833: Compromise • 1842: Black • 1846: Walker • 1857 • 1861: Morrill • 1872 • 1875 • 1883: Mongrel • 1890: McKinley • 1894: Wilson-Gorman •
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Dingley_tariff   (185 words)

 WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT: Defense of a Higher Tariff
The manufacturers were prone to exaggerate the injury which a reduction in the duty would give and to magnify the amount of duty that was needed; while the importers, on the other hand, who were interested in developing the importation from foreign shores, were quite likely to be equally biased on the other side.
This is a substantial achievement in the direction of lower tariffs and downward revision, and it ought to be accepted as such.
I am not saying that the tariff does not increase prices in clothing and in building and in other items that enter into the necessities of life, but what I wish to emphasize is that the recent increases in the cost of living in this country have not been due to the tariff.
www.mtholyoke.edu /acad/intrel/taft1.htm   (1546 words)

 Committee on Ways and Means, Nelson Dingley, Jr. (R-ME)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Destitute of humor but soundly versed in finance, Nelson Dingley, Jr., of Maine accepted the post of Ways and Means chairman in 1895 and again in 1897.
He studiously put his Republican high-tariff philosophy to work by framing a tariff bill to counter the lower rates set forth in the Democratic Wilson-Gorman legislation.
The Dingley Tariff of 1897 granted the President authority to invoke reciprocity when negotiating trade treaties.
waysandmeans.house.gov /legacy/portraits/1789-1898/dingley.htm   (77 words)

 Phil Hart -- Constitutional Income: The Purpose of the 16th Amendment. Part1
With monopolies in place and a high protective tariff to keep foreign competition out, the wealth class of businessmen, who didn’t work but lived off of "incomes," were in effect placing a tax on the goods they sold payable by the American people.
The tariff was so high that the percentage of foreign goods sold in America represented only 5%, or one twentieth, of the total goods sold.
The Government in 1907 collected only $3,600 in revenue (tariff collected on imported agricultural implements), but according to admissions of Republican Senators the 20 per cent Dingley rate was levied in favor of the manufacturer on the $25,000,000 consumed at home, amounted to a tax of $5,000,000.
www.newswithviews.com /money/money4.htm   (5581 words)

 HarpWeek | Elections | Issues
Trade protectionists argued that high tariff rates discouraged the importation of foreign goods, thereby allowing American industry to expand and prosper, the American economy to strengthen, and jobs to be created and maintained for Americans.
Most tariff reformers advocated lowering tariff rates so that they were only high enough to raise revenue for the federal government.
It lowered the overall tariff rate by only five percent (to 41%) and raised rates on crucial resources like coal and iron ore. Although not as substantial as Taft had hoped, it was the first successful attempt at tariff reform in 15 years.
elections.harpweek.com /issues-2.htm   (2409 words)

 Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
It was the first change in tariff laws since the Dingley Act of 1897; the issue had been ignored by President Theodore Roosevelt.
After a sustained attack on the Aldrich Bill by a group of insurgent Republicans in the Senate, a compromise bill was adopted, which somewhat moderated the high rates of the Aldrich bill; the measure was immediately signed by Taft.
Although the Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act was less aggressively protectionist than the McKinley Tariff Act (1890) and the later Dingley Act, it was, nevertheless, protectionist.
www.bartleby.com /65/pa/PayneAld.html   (211 words)

 Channing's Short History of the United States
One set of reformers proposed to reform the tariff by doing away with as much of it as possible.
The other set of reformers proposed to readjust the tariff duties so as to make the protective system more consistent and more perfect.
Representative Dingley of Maine was chairman of the committee of the House that drew up the new bill, and the act as finally passed goes by his name.
www.americanhistory.com /history/ShortHistory/shorthistory14.html   (3460 words)

 Utah History Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
He spoke in favor of a constitutional amendment providing for the direct election of senators, and he called for food and drink laws to be reviewed and for trusts and combinations to be investigated.
He voted against the Dingley Tariff Bill, much to the dismay of church leaders, who favored high tariffs on imported sugar in order to provide a stimulus for the Utah sugar industry.
Primarily because of his vote against the Dingley tariff, Cannon failed in his bid to win reelection to the Senate.
www.media.utah.edu /UHE/c/CANNON,FRANK.html   (585 words)

 Dingley Lodge Hotel: bed and breakfast accommodation in Dingley, near Market Harborough.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Dingley Lodge Hotel: bed and breakfast accommodation in Dingley, near Market Harborough.
Dingley Lodge Hotel offers bed & breakfast accommodation in Dingley, near Market Harborough, in the Midlands on the Leicestershire / Northamptonshire borderin England.
If you are coming to stay in Britain, you will find that Dingley provides easy access to Leicester and to the towns of Corby, Kettering and Northampton and is a perfect base from which to explore Midland attractions and the whole of the UK.
www.dingleylodge.com   (180 words)

 Tariff of 1897
Their munificence was rewarded in 1897, when re-elected William McKinley summoned a special session of Congress to revisit the tariff issue.
Nelson Dingley, the House Ways and Means Committee chairman from Maine, helped to craft a measure in line with the manufacturers' desires.
The new tariff measure raised the rates above those of the Wilson-Gorman Tariff, arriving at an average rate of 49 percent—with some rates pegged as high as 57 percent.
www.u-s-history.com /pages/h812.html   (344 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Upon recommendation of the Tariff Commission, President authorized to alter rates for products of individual foreign countries.
By 1951, average tariff rates were down to less than 15%.
Agreement among 28 nations to settle tariff rates among themselves by negotiation.
www.uscsumter.edu /~tpowers/hist112/tariffs2.html   (246 words)

 Modern Economic Problems eBook
#Prevalence of protective tariffs.# For a century and a half most serious students of economics have favored a larger measure of freedom, if not absolute freedom, in foreign trade.
Great Britain alone among the larger countries has, since 1846, steadily pursued a low tariff policy for revenue only, and her example has been most nearly followed by Holland and Denmark.
The changes have been determined in most cases by motives of temporary partisan advantage or by the political activity of the immediate beneficiaries rather than by clear knowledge and consistent purpose of the electorate as a whole.
www.bookrags.com /ebooks/12217/143.html   (383 words)

 TIME.com: Light on Lobbying, Cont. -- Feb. 3, 1930 -- Page 1
The American Tariff League, pledged to protection, had a six-week alliance with the Republican National Committee during the 1928 campaign.
Expert Dingley is the son of the late Nelson Dingley Jr., for 18 years a representative from Maine and chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee which framed the Tariff Act of 1897 that bears his name.* Clerk Moore is the son of Joseph Hampton Moore, onetime Mayor of Philadelphia.
Moore $1,866, in four years for contributing unsigned tariff articles to the league's American Economist, for supplying "research information" and for generally keeping the league informed as to what was going on within their respective committees.
www.time.com /time/magazine/article/0,9171,738511,00.html   (602 words)

 Side Note to Lecture 12: Policemen of the World   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
In American politics, the "tariff question" was a major, often passionate, political issue from the dawn of the Republic until modern times.
A tariff can serve several purposes: like all taxes, it can raise money to pay the costs of government; it can protect domestic goods from foreign competition; and it can seek to force a foreign country to change a policy....
[In 1897], the tariff was raised to an average of 57 percent on the value of imported goods in the Dingley Tariff of 1897, the highest in the nation's history.
us.history.wisc.edu /hist102/lectures/lectu12a.html   (199 words)

 Group 11, 2006 DBQ project
In July 1897, the Dingley tariff passed the House and Senate.
It raised average tariff duties to a record level, and as the final burst of the nineteenth century protectionism, it caused trouble for the Republican Party.
Arthur worked to lower the tariff, and in 1883, with his backing, Congress passed the Pendleton Act to reform the civil service, in part a reaction to Garfield’s assassination, the act created a bipartisan Civil Service Commission to administer competitive examinations and appoint officeholders on the basis of merit.
www.mury.k12.ut.us /MHS/apus/dbq/2006/group11.htm   (2286 words)

 Brigham Young High School History from 1931 to 1940
At that time the nation was operating under the Dingley Tariff of 1897, at the time the highest in the nation's history.
While Smoot saw this legislation as the culmination of his protectionist career, most economists then and since have assailed the tariff's disastrous effect on world trade, at a time when the U.S. domestic economy was already suffering.
By the time the Democrats took power in 1932 and lowered the tariffs under the Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act in 1934, the world economy was in a tailspin.
www.byhigh.org /History/HistoryDecades/From1931to1940.html   (1877 words)

 eHistory at OSU | Multimedia Histories   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Although the tariff normally provided an emotional issue in American politics, the Panic of 1907 led to widespread concern that the high, protectionist duties put in place in the Dingley tariff of 1897 were contributing to high prices and dampening the nation's prosperity.
Thus during the 1908 presidential campaign, both Democrats and Republicans pledged a thorough revision of the tariff schedules.
Voters generally assumed this rhetoric meant a reduction, not an increase, in the protective tariff.
ehistory.osu.edu /osu/mmh/1912/tariffs/TryYourStrength.cfm   (126 words)

 DeLima v. Bidwell
Rights were involved which depended upon the legality of the war tariff both before and after cession, and that legality was intended to be and was passed upon and sustained.
Speaking of the duties which were collected under the war tariff after the cession, it was observed, 'but after the ratification of the treaty, California became a part of the United States, or a ceded, conquered territory.
Harrison held that the tariff laws of the United States were immediately operative in California without regard to the exercise of the President's discretion putting them in force.
www.tourolaw.edu /patch/DeLima/McKenna.asp   (5654 words)

 Books in Review: The Great Betrayal   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
For generations of perplexed schoolchildren, distinguishing between the Dingley Tariff (1897) and the Payne-Aldrich Tariff (1909) or between the Underwood Tariff (1913) and the Fordney-McCumber Tariff (1922) numbered among the fundamentals of civic literacy, not to mention the prerequisites for advancing to the next higher grade.
By fostering a robust manufacturing sector at home, it had created an immense middle class composed largely of traditional, God-fearing families in which Dad was the sole breadwinner and Mom stayed home to raise the kids.
Indeed, his insistence that a protective tariff will pave the way for moral and political revitalization is analogous to the fervor of populists a century ago who believed that the coinage of Free Silver would correct the inequalities produced as a byproduct of industrialization.
www.firstthings.com /ftissues/ft9808/reviews/bacevich.html   (1210 words)

 Advanced Placement United States History: Lesson Plans and Lecture Notes - Tariffs
tariff reduced (every four years) until reduction reaches 1816 level by 1848
Cleveland's first term effort to reduce tariff fails to pass the Senate
Dingley Tariff highest ever/completely stifles trade and hurts national treasury
www.perno.com /ah/lectures/tariff.htm   (264 words)

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