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Topic: Dionysius II of Syracuse


  
  Syracuse
Dionysius perfected the science and technic of war, favoured poets and philosophers, and was a wise ruler, but he was suspicious and cruel.
Of Marcianos II it is related that he was consecrated not at Rome, but at Syracuse, since the Emperor Leo the Isaurian (726) had removed Southern Italy from the jurisdiction of Rome, and had then elevated Syracuse to the dignity of a metropolitan see, over the thirteen other dioceses of Sicily.
In 1816 the Diocese of Caltagirone was detached from Syracuse.
www.catholicity.com /encyclopedia/s/syracuse.html   (2098 words)

  
 Syracuse (Italy) - MSN Encarta
Syracuse (Italy) (Italian Siracusa; ancient Syracusa), city and port of Italy, capital of Syracuse Province, on the south-east coast of the island of Sicily.
The reigns of Dionysius the Younger and of Dion were unsettled.
The Romans captured Syracuse in 212 bc, although the defences of the city had been strengthened by the machines of the Greek inventor Archimedes.
uk.encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761573550/Syracuse_(Italy).html   (463 words)

  
 Columbia Encyclopedia- Syracuse - AOL Research & Learn
After the death of Dionysius there followed a period of bitter internal struggle in which Dionysius the Younger, Dion of Syracuse, and Timoleon were the chief protagonists.
Hiero's reign was relatively peaceful and prosperous, but after his death Syracuse suffered catastrophically when it abandoned its traditional ally Rome in favor of Carthage, in the second of the Punic Wars.
The mathematician and physicist Archimedes, born (287 B.C.) in Syracuse, directed the defense of the city against the Romans and was killed during the sack of the city.
reference.aol.com /columbia/_a/syracuse/20051207141009990008   (531 words)

  
 Dionysius II of Syracuse - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dionysius was able to regain power in Syracuse due only to its great political instability, as he was still very unpopular among the Syracusans.
Dionysius, out of respect for Timoleon and quite aware he no longer had a chance at victory, arranged the surrender of the citadel and was given safe passage to Corinth, Greece.
Dionysius figures prominently in Mary Renault's historical novel The Mask of Apollo.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Dionysius_II_of_Syracuse   (503 words)

  
 Dionysius II of Syracuse at AllExperts
Dionysius sailed back to Syracuse immediately, and upon his return he attempted attacks from the citadel and tried to negotiate peace treaties.
Dionysius was able to regain power in Syracuse due only to its great political instability, as he was still very unpopular among the Syracusans.
Dionysius, out of respect for Timoleon and quite aware he no longer had a chance at victory, arranged the surrender of the citadel and was given safe passage to Corinth, Greece.
en.allexperts.com /e/d/di/dionysius_ii_of_syracuse.htm   (522 words)

  
 Syracuse, city, Italy. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
B.C. Hiero’s reign was relatively peaceful and prosperous, but after his death Syracuse suffered catastrophically when it abandoned its traditional ally Rome in favor of Carthage, in the second of the Punic Wars.
B.C. and was sacked; Syracuse thence was reduced to the status of a provincial town.
B.C.) in Syracuse, directed the defense of the city against the Romans and was killed during the sack of the city.
www.bartleby.com /65/sy/SyracuIt.html   (516 words)

  
 Dion - The Savior of Syracuse
Dionysius was not unhappy to hear of Dion's prosperity because he thought that it would enhance his own prestige to show the Greeks how rich even an exile from Syracuse might be.
Dionysius was tortured by ambivalence, and Plato had to be patient through his student's storms of jealous love and suspicion.
The people of Syracuse were angry at Heraclides' negligence, so he got one of their public speakers to change the subject to land reform, arguing that without equality of wealth there could be no liberty, and that poverty meant slavery.
www.e-classics.com /dion.htm   (6666 words)

  
 Damocles   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Damocles, it seems, was an excessively flattering courtier in the court of Dionysius II of Syracuse, a 4th Century BC tyrant of Syracuse, Italy.
He exclaimed that, as a great man of power and authority, Dionysius was truly fortunate.
Dionysius offered to switch places with him for a day, so he could taste first hand that fortune.
www.seattleluxury.com /encyclopedia/entry/Damocles   (670 words)

  
 Hellenistic World   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
(Hellenic League) was established by Philip II and agreed on war against Persia to avenge the wrongs of Xerxes.
Hieron II of Syracuse became an ally of Rome.
242 -- Leonidas II was deposed as king by Agis IV 241 -- Attalus I became ruler of Pergamum.
idcs0100.lib.iup.edu /WestCivI/hellenis.htm   (2179 words)

  
 Dionysius I of Syracuse - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Like Pisistratus, tyrant of Athens, Dionysius was fond of having distinguished literary men about him, such as the historian Philistus, the poet Philoxenus, and the philosopher Plato, but treated them in a most arbitrary manner.
A fictional version of Dionysius is a character in Mary Renault's historical novel The Mask of Apollo.
Sprague de Camp's historical novel The Arrows of Hercules, as a patron of inventors on the island of Ortygia near Syracuse.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Dionysius_I_of_Syracuse   (596 words)

  
 A Warhammer Ancient Battles Site
Syracuse was reduced to a minor Roman provincial town, ending its illustrious 500-year history as an independent Greek city-state.
The Athenian wall, known as "the Circle", was meant to blockade Syracuse from the rest of the island, while the Syracusans built a number of counter-walls from the city to their various forts.
Agathocles is defeated by the Carthaginians at Licata and besieged in Syracuse
www.home.zonnet.nl /richardevers2000/History1.htm   (5067 words)

  
 Ethics of Philip, Demosthenes, and Alexander by Sanderson Beck
Dionysius II succeeded his father Dionysius I as tyrant in Sicily in 367 BC by preventing Dion from arranging with his dying father that his half brothers Hipparinus and Nysaeus share power.
Jealous of the friendship between Plato and Dion, Dionysius II sent Dion into exile for writing a letter to Carthaginian commanders in Sicily even though he was their usual diplomatic contact; so Plato returned to Athens.
Dionysius II was now ready to give up the fortress if he could leave with his property and privileges; Dion advised acceptance, but the Syracusans wanted to force the tyrant to surrender by siege.
www.san.beck.org /EC22-Alexander.html   (14797 words)

  
 Monuments of Syracuse
Hieron II had it built on the site of a pre-existing theatre whose history is associated with Aeschylus of Eleusis (c 524-456 BC), the first of the great Greek tragedicians, Epicharmus (6C-5C BC), the Syracusan father of Greek comedy, and their contemporaries Phormides and Deinolochus.
During the reign of Charles V, the ancient stones of the theatre, amphitheatre and the Altar of Hieron II were used to build the fortifications on the island of Ortygia, suffering the same fate as many other noble monuments of ancient Sicily.
Furthermore, the men of Syracuse proved to have the gift of leadership, with the result that when the Syracusans were ruled by tyrants they lorded it over the rest, and when set free themselves they set free those who were oppressed by the barbarians”.
www.sicilytourist.com /incominginsicily/syracuse/monuments.htm   (1572 words)

  
 Dionysius II of Syracuse
397 BC - 343 BC) ruled Syracuse, Sicily from 367 BC to 357 BC and from 346 BC - 344 BC, he was the son of Dionysius the Elder.
Dion invited Plato to visit Syracuse, but he was unsuccessful in his attempts to educate Dionysius.
Dionysius returned in 346 BC, after Dion had been assassinated, and took up his second period of rule until he was expelled by Timoleon.
www.mlahanas.de /Greeks/Bios/DionysiusIIOfSyracuse.html   (207 words)

  
 Dionysius II * People, Places, & Things * Greek Mythology: From the Iliad to the Fall of the Last Tyrant
Dionysius II became the tyrant of Syracuse on the island of Sicily after the death of his father and ruled for a brief ten years, i.e.
He is portrayed as a sensitive man with an extensive education; he was taught and encouraged by his uncle/brother-in-law, Dion, and the well respected philosopher, Plato; his court was soon divided into factions which led to the banishment of Dion.
In 357 BCE, while Dionysius II was away from the city, Dion returned and took control of Syracuse; Dionysus was confined to the fortress on the island of Ortygia for a short period and then retreated to Italy until he could attempt to recapture Syracuse.
www.messagenet.com /myths/ppt/Dionysius_II_1.html   (329 words)

  
 343 BC - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
With Nectanebo II's flight, all organised resistance to the Persians collapses, and Egypt once again is reduced to a satrapy of the Persian Empire.
King Philip II of Macedon again marches against Cersobleptes, King of Thrace, and defeats him in several battles, and reduces him to the condition of being a tributary.
After his surrender to the Corinthian general Timoleon, who takes over as ruler of Syracuse, the former tyrant, Dionysius II, is allowed to retire to Corinth to live in exile, although he dies within the year.
www.browser9.com /index.php?q=aHR0cDovL2VuLndpa2lwZWRpYS5vcmcvd2lraS8zNDNfQkM=   (399 words)

  
 Dion of Syracuse: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library
Learning that Dionysius the Younger had taken measures against him, Dion assembled an armed force and sailed to Sicily.
SYRACUSE (24-8) With John Wallace and Otis Hill in the middle, the Orangemen have one of the best frontcourts in the nation.
b.c., Sicilian Greek...brother-in-law of Dionysius the Elder, tyrant of Syracuse.
www.questia.com /library/encyclopedia/dion_of_syracuse.jsp   (1149 words)

  
 Dionysius I of Syracuse
Dionysius was regarded by the ancients as a type of the worst kind of despot--cruel, suspicious and vindictive.
The Ear of Dionysius in Syracuse is named after Dionysius.
The name of his son Dionysius II is most well known for the legends of Damocles
www.mlahanas.de /Greeks/Bios/DionysiusIOfSyracuse.html   (471 words)

  
 Island ortigia Photo syracuse   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
There were several decades of democratic government until tyranny was reestablished by Agathocles and Hiero II (4th-3d cent.
After a long siege by the Roman consul Marcellus, the city fell in 212 BC and was sacked; Syracuse thence was reduced to the status of a provincial town.
The period from Dionysius the Elder to 212 BC was brilliant in terms of culture.
www.infioratadinoto.it /syracuse.htm   (351 words)

  
 Pythagoreanism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Dionysius cancelled the execution and asked to become a partner in their friendship but was refused (Iamblichus, VP 234; Porphyry, VP 59-60; Diodorus X 4.3).
On the other hand, Dionysius' eagerness to join in their friendship, which occurs in both versions, is harder to understand if there really had been a plot (see Burkert 1972a, 104).
They were persecuted by the tyrant Dionysius II of Syracuse, but Timycha showed her loyalty and courage by biting off her tongue and spitting it in the tyrant's face, rather than risk divulging Pythagorean secrets under torture.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/pythagoreanism   (19482 words)

  
 Nossis and Women’s Cult at Locri
Its governing class maintained close ties with Syracuse in Sicily; when Dionysius II, tyrant of Syracuse, was expelled in 356, he was given asylum by the Locrian aristocracy.
Dionysius’ subsequent seizure of political power at Locri was followed by a popular revolt and the establishment of a democracy.
As I mentioned earlier, in the mid-fourth century, or approximately fifty or so years before Nossis was born, Dionysius II of Syracuse withdrew to Locri after being deposed in a coup d’état led by his uncle Dion.
www.stoa.org /diotima/essays/fc04/Skinner.html   (3287 words)

  
 Ethics of Greek Politics and Wars 500-360 BC by Sanderson Beck
Dionysius marched his army to Leontini, which now belonged to Syracuse, and claiming that his life was in danger, he got the Syracusan assembly meeting in Leontini to vote him a bodyguard of 600 that he soon increased.
Dionysius was attempting to conquer Sicel tribes in the interior with his army at Herbessus in 403 BC when Syracusan troops killed their commander Doricus, and the mutiny spread among the army and the exiles at Aetna.
Dionysius gained Catane and Naxos with gold and betrayal by bribing their generals; their people, who had opposed Syracuse in the Peloponnesian War, were sold as slaves; Naxos was destroyed, and its territory was given to the native Sicels.
www.san.beck.org /EC19-GreekWars.html   (19828 words)

  
 List of Classical Writers: THE TRAGIC POETS 2
He is in all probability the same as the one who spent a great part of his life at the court of Dionysius II.
This supposition agrees with the statement of Suidas, according to whom Carcinus the son of Xenocles lived about B.C. 380; for Dionysius was expelled from Syracuse in B.C. The tragedies which are referred to by the ancients under the name of Carcinus, probably all belong to the younger Carcinus.
Of Syracuse or Athens, or rather, according to Suidas, of Alexandreia in the Troad, was a distinguished tragic poet, one of the Tragic Pleiad, and the antagonist of the tragic poet Homer: he flourished about Ol.
www.theoi.com /Text/ListTragedians2.html   (2870 words)

  
 CalendarHome.com - 346 BC - Calendar Encyclopedia
Philip II of Macedonia ends the war between the Boeotian cities of Phocis and Thebes.
The Phocians are expelled from the Great Amphictyonic League, and their votes are transferred to Macedonians.
Dionysius II of Syracuse is restored to power in Syracuse.
encyclopedia.calendarhome.com /346_BC.htm   (137 words)

  
 Eponymous Archons, Greek Dialects, and Syracuse
Syracuse was the greatest Greek city in Sicily, the scene of a number of epic events in Greek history.
Associated with Dionysius II we also have the story of Damocles, whom Dionysius had sit under a suspended sword to show him that a tyrant lived in constant apprehension of assassination.
The fate of Syracuse would ultimately be settled by Rome.
www.friesian.com /archon.htm   (1501 words)

  
 Archytas
After the Peloponnesian War, Tarentum appears to have avoided direct involvement in the conflict between the tyrant of Syracuse, Dionysius I, and a league of Greek cities in southern Italy headed by Croton.
After Dionysius crushed the league, Tarentum emerged as the most powerful Greek state in southern Italy and probably became the new head of the league of Italiot Greek cities (A2).
This relationship was probably established on Plato's first visit in 388/7, since Plato uses it as a basis to establish a similar relationship between Archytas and Dionysius II during his second visit in 367 (338c).
www.seop.leeds.ac.uk /archives/win2003/entries/archytas   (13128 words)

  
 Chronology of Greek History After the Peloponnesian War
Athenians and Boeotians were defeated by Sparta under Agesilaus II at the battle of Coronea.
Philip II was prevented from marching south at Thermopylae by Phocian troops and allies.
Hieron II of Syracuse became an ally of Rome.
www.1stmuse.com /frames/greek-chronology.html   (2315 words)

  
 Chronology of Greek History After the Peloponnesian war   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Death of Dionysius I. Dionysius II became tyrant of Syracuse.
Revolt of Alexander of Corinth against Antigonus II Gonatas on the death of Craterus the Younger.
Leonidas II was deposed as king by Agis IV Attalus I became ruler of Pergamum.
historiwars.narod.ru /Index/Drev/GreecCron.htm   (1770 words)

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