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Topic: Dissolution of the Monasteries


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  Dissolution of the Monasteries - MSN Encarta
Introduction; Henry VIII and the English Reformation; The Monasteries of England; Thomas Cromwell and the End of the Monasteries; Economic and Social Consequences of the Dissolution; Long-Term Repercussions
Dissolution of the Monasteries, plunder and suppression of monasteries, nunneries, abbeys, friaries, and other institutions of monasticism in England, carried out on the orders of Henry VIII between 1536 and 1540, one of the greatest social and religious changes in English history.
To understand the Dissolution, and the concerns of men and women who were opposed to it, it is necessary to consider why Henry, working through his chief minister Thomas Cromwell, decided to cut England's ties with the papacy in Rome and introduce the Reformation into the kingdom.
uk.encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761580398/Dissolution_of_the_Monasteries.html   (1021 words)

  
 The dissolution of the monasteries
The dissolution of the monasteries, and other government intervention in ecclesiastical affairs, met with opposition in a series of uprisings in Lincolnshire and Yorkshire and other northern counties between October 1536 and February 1537.
When the larger monasteries were dissolved in 1538, their total worth was 140,000 pounds a year, almost half the annual revenue of the church.
The Blackfriars had been a monastery, and thus was still considered outside the jurisdiction of the City of London, even though it was within the city walls: thus plays could be performed there despite the opposition of the puritan city fathers.
internetshakespeare.uvic.ca /Library/SLT/ideas/monasteries.html   (338 words)

  
 Online - Dissolution, Dissolution Dissolution, Dissolution
the dissolution of the monasteries, referred to by roman catholic writers as the suppression of the monasteries, was the formal process during the english...
annulment is a court-ordered dissolution of an invalid marriage.
henry viii and the dissolution of the monasteries of england and wales.
www.topnow.com /online-search/Dissolution.html   (472 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Suppression of English Monasteries Under Henry VIII
From any point of view the destruction of the English monasteries by Henry VIII must be regarded as one of the great events of the sixteenth century.
matter given in the preamble of the first Act of dissolution: namely that the measure was passed on the strength of the king's "declaration" that the charges against the smaller houses were true, and on that alone.
For a year after the "Pilgrimage of Grace" few dissolutions of houses, other than those which came to the king by the attainder of their superiors, are recorded.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/10455a.htm   (4181 words)

  
  Suppression of English Monasteries under Henry VIII
The rules and regulations of the monastery were set by the prior and chapter, the head of the monastery and his chosen council.
The monastery offered these poor people a few nights stay for free within their rooms, while the monastery infirmary was used as a hospital for sick people from the towns as well as for poorly monks.
Monasteries were looked upon in England, at the time of Henry's breach with Rome, as one of the great bulwarks of the papal system; the monks had been called "the great standing army of Rome".
www.tudorplace.com.ar /Documents/suppression_of_english_monasteri.htm   (7560 words)

  
  Dissolution of the Monasteries - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The monks and nuns in the monasteries were sinful "hypocrites" and "sorcerers" who were living lives of luxury and engaging in every kind of sin.
Many of the dismantled monasteries and friaries were sold for nominal amounts (often to the local townspeople), and some of the lands the King gave to his supporters; there were also pensions to be paid to some of the dispossessed clerics.
The rebels called for an end to the dissolution of the monasteries, for the removal of Cromwell, and for Henry's daughter, and eldest child, the Catholic Mary to be named as successor in place of his younger son Edward.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Dissolution_of_the_Monasteries   (1560 words)

  
 Dissolution - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In music dissolution is the separation of an inter-parametric unit into its component parts, where usually each part is developed independently.
In English history, dissolution refers to the Dissolution of the Monasteries.
Dissolution is also the term for the legal process by which an adoption is reversed.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Dissolution   (285 words)

  
 English Benedictine Congregation - History and Mission
The oldest monasteries of that congregation claimed continuity with the monasteries restored by Ss Dunstan, Ethelwold and Oswald in the tenth century.
These monasteries in turn claimed moral continuity with the monasteries founded by Ss Wilfrid and Benet Biscop in the seventh century, who in turn were inspired by what they saw at St Augustine’s monastery at Canterbury.
Under King Henry VIII the congregation nearly came to extinction with the dissolution of the monasteries in the 1530s.
www.benedictines.org.uk /history.htm   (671 words)

  
 Dissolution of the Monasteries information - Search.com
The Dissolution of the Monasteries, (referred to by Roman Catholic writers as the Suppression of the Monasteries), was the formal process by which King Henry VIII confiscated the property of the monastic institutions in England between 1538 and 1541.
Many of the dismantled monasteries and friaries were sold for nominal amounts (often to the local townspeople), and some of the lands the King gave to his supporters; there were also pensions to be paid to some of the dispossessed clerics.
The rebels called for an end to the dissolution of the monasteries, for the removal of Cromwell, and for Henry's daughter, and eldest child, the Catholic Mary to be named as successor in place of his younger son Edward.
www.search.com /reference/Dissolution_of_the_Monasteries   (1997 words)

  
 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Monastery
Dissolution of the Monasteries (1536–40) Abolition of English monasticism in the reign of Henry VIII.
Monasteries, Dissolution of the (1536–40) The systematic abolition of English monasticism and transfer of monastic property to the Tudor monarchy, part of the English REFORMATION.
Portraits, the cult of relics and the affirmation of hierarchy at an early medieval monastery: San Vincenzo al Volturno.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Monastery   (898 words)

  
 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for dissolution   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Partial dissolution is a divorce from bed and board, a decree of judicial separation, leaving the parties officially married while forbidding cohabitation.
In psychoanalysis, a period of development from the dissolution of the Oedipus complex at the end of the phallic stage around 5 or 6 years of age until the genital stage at puberty.
Marriage, cohabitation and marital dissolution in New Zeland.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=dissolution   (896 words)

  
 The Staveleys of Aysgarth, Yorkshire - Monastic Dissolution
The Staveleys of Aysgarth, Yorkshire - Monastic Dissolution
The spirit in which this visitation was made, clearly indicated that the reports were meant to form the groundwork for the dissolution of those institutions, and the consequent appropriation of their lands and revenues to the use of the crown.
According to Fuller, "ten thousand persons were by this dissolution sent to seek their fortunes in the wide world; some had twenty shillings given them at their ejection, and a new gown, which needed to be of strong cloth, to last till they got another.
people.ucsc.edu /~possum/monastic_dissolution.htm   (620 words)

  
 Dissolution of the Monasteries
Monasteries were also usually built in remote country areas, not in the centres of towns.
The closure of the monasteries was initiated by the Suppression Act of 1536, which transferred to the Crown all the lands and property of any religious house with an income less than 200 pounds per year.
The Act also stated that 'The idle and dissolute monks and nuns who live in these little dens of vice should be dispersed amongst the greater abbeys where they will, by discipline and example, be brought to mend their ways.
www.peterwestern.f9.co.uk /monasteries2.htm   (2184 words)

  
 The dissolution of the monasteries
The dissolution of the monasteries, and other government intervention in ecclesiastical affairs, met with opposition in a series of uprisings in Lincolnshire and Yorkshire and other northern counties between October 1536 and February 1537.
When the larger monasteries were dissolved in 1538, their total worth was 140,000 pounds a year, almost half the annual revenue of the church.
The Blackfriars had been a monastery, and thus was still considered outside the jurisdiction of the City of London, even though it was within the city walls: thus plays could be performed there despite the opposition of the puritan city fathers.
ise.uvic.ca /Library/SLT/ideas/monasteries.html   (338 words)

  
 Dissolution of the Monasteries
At the beginning of the 16th century monasteries owned well over a quarter of all the cultivated land in England.
Monastery land was seized and sold off cheaply to nobles and merchants.
When Henry made up his mind to destroy the monasteries and nunneries, it was not hard for him to find out many bad things which could truly be said of the monks and nuns, and which he could use as an excuse for taking away their property.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /TUDmonasteries.htm   (622 words)

  
 New Catholic Dictionary: suppression of monasteries   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
About 1833 the monasteries of Portugal suffered similar treatment, with the exception of those of the Franciscans who ministered in the Portuguese colonies.
With the establishment of Italian unity there came a general dissolution of the monasteries, those not charged with the care of souls being confiscated and sold.
The fate of the monasteries, however, had been sealed before, and not as a result of, this visitation, designed to bring charges against the inmates.
www.catholic-forum.com /SAINTS/ncd05540.htm   (549 words)

  
 Shropshire Routes to Roots | Sources and Collections | Dissolution of the Monasteries
The Dissolution of the Monasteries began in 1536 and continued on until 1540.
Unfortunately very few sources relating to the Dissolution of the Monasteries in Shropshire remain, which means that we have to rely on secondary, written after the time, rather than primary sources to discover more.
There was very little violence and opposition to the Dissolution, except for the Pilgrimage of Grace, a northern rebellion in 1536, which had as much to do with social and economic discontent, as it did with the Dissolution of the Monasteries.
www3.shropshire-cc.gov.uk /roots/packages/src/src_d01.htm   (281 words)

  
 The Tudor Project - Religion and Reform - Dissolution of the Monasteries
Those monasteries that were smaller in size did manage to maintain such austerity but often suffered from declining numbers, with some housing only a few monks.
Four inspectors were hand-picked by Cromwell and sent out to visit each monastery and nunnery in turn, compiling a report on the levels of corruption and abuse found.
As soon as the monasteries were confiscated or surrendered their buildings were either given away to courtiers, demolished so that the stones and furnishings could be used for other palaces, or sold off for profit.
www.angelica1.freeserve.co.uk /tudors/religion/dissolution.htm   (703 words)

  
 Dissolution Of Corporation   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Dissolution can have the following meanings: In music dissolution is the separation of an inter-parametric unit into its component parts, where usually each part is developed independently.
The Prime Minister may ask the Queen for a dissolution of Parliament at any time, though it must be dissolved five years after the last general election as that is the maximum term a parliament may sit.
A dissolution can only happen if the Chancellor loses a vote of confidence, although in 1982, Helmut Kohl deliberately lost one in order that there could be fresh elections.
www.wwwtln.com /finance/63/dissolution-of-corporation.html   (755 words)

  
 BBC - History - The Dissolution of the Monasteries 1536 - 1540   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
This proved very unpopular, as despite individual abuses, monasteries still played a major role both in the spiritual life of the population and in local economies.
The rebels called for an end to the dissolution of the monasteries, for the removal of Cromwell, for the restoration of papal authority and for the Catholic Mary Tudor to be named as successor.
Henry's promise of pardon and concessions led the rebels to disband, but the king reneged on his promise and the rebel leaders were executed in 1537.
www.bbc.co.uk /history/timelines/britain/tud_dissolution.shtml   (312 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Books: Dissolution   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Dissolution is as much an investigation of personal faith as it is an investigation of a murder.
Dissolution refers to not only the process by which the monasteries were dissolved, but the process by which lives in England were irrevocably changed by the reformation.
The dissolution of the monasteries left monks without a home, severed from the life most had known their entire lives.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0670032034?v=glance   (2410 words)

  
 The Later Middle Ages and the Dissolution of the Monasteries
The Later Middle Ages and the Dissolution of the Monasteries
Dissolution of the monasteries and chantries: sources in the public records office; see also Sources of history for religious houses and their lands
Dissolution of the Monasteries on the Continent: Zwingli's Reformation
www.faculty.de.gcsu.edu /~dvess/ids/medieval/dssolut.html   (334 words)

  
 Chester Cathedral - Cathedral Church of Christ
All who visit will be made most welcome, and encouraged to share in the rich beauty of this, the most complete medieval monastic complex still standing in the UK.
In 1541, following the dissolution of the monasteries, it was rededicated as the Cathedral Church of Christ and the Blessed Virgin Mary in Chester, the mother church of the Church of England Diocese of Chester.
Throughout all of this time its ministry has continued without interruption through periods of adversity such as the Dissolution of the Monasteries, the English Civil War and the two world wars.
www.chestercathedral.com   (217 words)

  
 Houston's Mystery Book Store Since 1980 - Murder by the Book
The Dissolution of the Monasteries was a major event in English history, transforming the religious atmosphere of the country, removing a major feature of society and altering the very landscape as monasteries were left to go to ruin or replaced by country houses.
One of Cromwell’s commissioners is brutally murdered in the monastery at Scarnsea on the south coast of England, and he enlists his fellow reformer, lawyer Matthew Shardlake, to travel there to unravel the mystery.
Dissolution is a fascinating, beautifully written historical crime novel, and I hope that Sansom brings Matthew Shardlake back for further adventures in crime-solving in Tudor England.
www.murderbooks.com /inter4.php   (683 words)

  
 The Dissolution of the Monasteries
It is difficult for them to see the monasteries, abbeys and nunneries of medieval Britain as communities full of people, affecting the daily lives of people who lived in the surrounding town or countryside.
Now we know how important the monastery is, tell everyone that there is a rumour that the King is going to close all the monasteries in the country – or get a colleague to appear as Thomas Cromwell, brusquely ordering the closure on the orders of King Henry VIII.
Students could investigate the reality of the situation, either nationally or by looking at a case-study of a local monastery, looking into the reports of monastic visitations and the arguments of Thomas Cromwell and others about the condition of the monasteries.
www.thinkinghistory.co.uk /resources/dissolutionofthemonasteries.htm   (1973 words)

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