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Topic: Dissolution of the Soviet Union

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 Soviet Union   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Russia was by far the largest Republic the Soviet Union dominating in nearly all land area population economic output and political The territory of the Soviet Union also and in its most recent times approximately to that of the late Imperial Russia with notable exclusions of Poland and Finland.
The disintegration of Communist allies in Eastern heralded the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Soviet foreign policy played a major role the tenor of international relations for nearly four decades and the Union had official relations with the majority the nations of the world by the 1980s.
www.freeglossary.com /Soviet_Union   (1862 words)

 Informat.io on Union Of Soviet Socialist Republics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Soviet Union was created and expanded as a union of Soviet republics formed within the territory of the Russian Empire abolished by the Russian Revolution of 1917 followed by the Russian Civil War of 1918-1920.
The Soviet Union, founded three decades before the Cold War, became a primary model for future Communist states; the government and the political organization of the country were defined by the only permitted political party, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
After the dissolution of the Soviet Union on December 25, 1991, the Russian Federation claimed to be the legal successor to the Soviet state on the international stage.
www.vacilando.eu /?title=union-of-soviet-socialist-republics   (6310 words)

 Soviet Union Biography,info
Soviet troops intervened in the 1956 Hungarian Revolution and cited the Brezhnev Doctrine, the Soviet counterpart to the U.S. Johnson Doctrine and later Nixon Doctrine, and helped oust the Czechoslovak government in 1968, sometimes referred to as the Prague Spring.
After the dissolution of the Soviet Union on December 25, 1991, Russia claimed to be the legal successor to the Soviet state on the international stage.
The Soviet Union occupied the eastern portion of the European continent and the northern portion of the Asian continent.
www.danceage.com /biography/sdmc_Soviet_Union   (7256 words)

 History of the Soviet Union (1985-1991) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
2 Yeltsin and the dissolution of the USSR
Following the death of the elderly Konstantin Chernenko, the Politburo elected Mikhail Gorbachev to the position of General Secretary of the Soviet Union in March 1985, marking the rise of a new generation of leadership.
On March 17, 1991, in a Union-wide referendum 78 % of all voters voted for the retention of the Soviet Union in a reformed form.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_the_Soviet_Union_(1985-1991)   (2949 words)

 Soviet Union Foreign Policy 1981-1991
During the Cold War period, the Soviet Union maintained its superpower status until the mid 1980’s when Mikhail Gorbachev was elected General Secretary and began initiating a restructuring plan, known as perestroika.
Consequently, the Soviet Union’s primary foreign policy focus was with the United States and directed primarily towards the Soviet defence budget and technological advancements.
The collapse of the Soviet Union not only affected the union itself, but also was the process that led to the disintegration of the international socio-political system.
pages.cpsc.ucalgary.ca /~carman/courses/Soviet_Union_FP.html   (2753 words)

 Review of "Dissolution" by Edward Walker   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Walker argues that the answer is the Soviet Union's curious federal structure, in which each ethnic group was given its own homeland whose status varied with respect to the size and importance of the titular nationality.
The most important nationalities were given 'Union' republics - the 15 constituent members of the USSR - with "sovereignty" and an official (though meaningless for nearly all of Soviet history) right to secede from the Union.
Walker discusses their fears that the breakup of the Soviet Union would be accompanied by a series of civil wars similar to those that later plagued the former Yugoslavia - with the added complication, of course, that the USSR had huge stockpiles of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons and materials.
www.amherst.edu /~daschaich/writings/amazon/dissolution.html   (415 words)

 The coup that failed: 10 years ago a plot to save the Soviet Union led to its dissolution   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The president of the Soviet Union, their president, was destroying the one-party state, its central economy, its totalitarian institutions of social control.
The reaction to the hardline coup of August 18-22 in the streets of Moscow, where thousands of politicians and everyday people protested in the face of overwhelming military force, proved the Soviet Union and everything it stood for were, in a sense, already dead.
While most Soviet citizens, and most Russians today, retreat to bare-bones bungalows whose vegetable gardens provide vital sustenance, the Soviet leader was entitled to the most modern of amenities and a beautiful beachfront on the Crimean Peninsula.
www.post-gazette.com /headlines/20010812soviet0812p3.asp   (2391 words)

 TDS; Passports, Visas, Travel Documents
Although an ally of the Soviet Union in World War II, the United States was not a signatory to this treaty because it had not been at war with Finland.
This agreement was renewed for 20 years in 1955, in 1970, and again in 1983 to the year 2003, although the subsequent dissolution of the Soviet Union led to the agreement's abrogation.
Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Finland has moved steadily toward integration into Western institutions and abandoned its formal policy of neutrality, which has been recast as a policy of military nonalliance coupled with the maintenance of a credible, independent defense.
www.traveldocs.com /fi/foreign.htm   (989 words)

 Matlock, Jack F. Jr., Autopsy on an Empire:...
Autopsy focuses on the rise of Mikhail Gorbachev to the leadership of the Soviet Union, his consolidation of power, his reform policies, the changes in Soviet relations with the U.S., and the many internal and external elements leading to the decline of the Soviet empire.
Yeltsin's role in the transformation and dissolution of the Soviet Union is highlighted.
The January, 1991 attack by Soviet troops on Vilnius is shown as a turning point late in the downfall of the Soviet Union.
www.lituanus.org /1996/96_2_09.htm   (1214 words)

 Free Essay Collapse of the Soviet Union   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 was undoubtedly one of the great transforming events of the twentieth century.
The Soviet Union was a global superpower, possessing the largest armed forces on the planet with military bases from Angola in Africa, to Vietnam in South-East Asia, to Cuba in the Americas.
In reality, a democratised Soviet Union was incompatible with denial of the Baltic states' independence for, to the extent that those Soviet republics became democratic, their opposition to remaining in a political entity whose centre was Moscow would become increasingly evident.
www.echeat.com /essay.php?t=26229   (1141 words)

 Soviet Space History
The Soviet Union was a planned economy, and space projects were developed in co-ordination with Soviet five year plans.
Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union the Russian Federation conducted space operations at a reduced level basically using assets and systems that were 'in the pipeline' before the end of the Communist government.
Soviet Space History - Era of the Chief Designers (1950 to 1960) - The first concrete studies for spacecraft and launch vehicles were initiated in 1956.
www.astronautix.com /articles/sovstory.htm   (1263 words)

 Soviet nuclear testing, August 29, 1949-October 24, 1990 | thebulletin.org
With regard to yield ranges, 453 of the 715 Soviet tests were less than 20 kilotons, a percentage similar to U.S. and French practices, suggesting that many of the tests were of primaries.
Explosions: The Soviets, like the Americans, had a practice of conducting simultaneous explosions; that is, placing more than one device in the same shaft, or firing two or more devices at the same time.
Also of note is the fact that the Soviets conducted about 100 hydronuclear tests, which use plutonium or highly enriched uranium.
www.thebulletin.org /article_nn.php?art_ofn=mj98norris   (1591 words)

 Language Policy in the former Soviet Union
Before the dissolution of the Soviet Union in the early 1990's, the population of the USSR was approximately only half Russian-speaking, and the percentages of Slavic speakers was declining.
By the late 1930's mass illiteracy was gone, mass opposition to sovietization was overcome, and cultural proletarianization had become wedded to russification, partly to pacify segments of the Russian population.
Soviet linguistics cannot be advanced on the basis of an incorrect formula.” (Stalin 1950:196-9, 203, 229).
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /~haroldfs/540/handouts/ussr/soviet2.html   (2762 words)

 War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity
Vladimir Putin's recent remark that the dissolution of the Soviet Union was "the greatest geopolitical catastrophe of the century" reminds us that Russia is not just another country in transition from the communist past.
The greatest catastrophe of the 20th century was not, in fact, the dissolution of the Soviet Union, but its creation.
As for the Soviet Union itself, the experiment resulted in the deaths of tens of millions and, in the end, destitution.
www.christusrex.org /www1/news/ft-5-11-05a.html   (1033 words)

 ParEcon.org -- Goodbye Soviets?
The demise of the Soviet Union is the demise of communism and all economic planning.
The participatory economic claim that the demise of the Soviet Union is the demise of an authoritarian, exploitative system—including central planning—is so self evident from the historical record that it ought not be controversial.
What has been lost in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe is Stalinism in the polity, coordinatorism in the economy, and, hopefully, cultural homogenization in the community/cultural sphere of society.
www.parecon.org /writings/oldalbert3.htm   (2464 words)

 History & Culture of Russia / Overview
ith the dissolution of the Soviet Union there has been an enormous resurgence of interest in Russia's pre-Soviet past, as well as a great deal of debate and reconsideration of the Soviet era itself.
This shift has not resulted in a simple vilification of everything Soviet or a naive embrace of all that preceded it, but it has spurred an unprecedented effort to regain the ancient Russian national heritage.
Churches are being restored all across the country, great Russian writers and artists whose works were banned are once again being honored, and the individual character of ancient cities and communities is once again becoming established.
www.geographia.com /russia/rushis01.htm   (216 words)

 Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
The Soviet Union emerged from a Russia that was experiencing many difficulties.
In the Soviet Union the Cold War also resulted in heavy censoring of artistic work such as painting, literature and music.
The Soviet economy was not doing well and Gorbachev saw this as a way to help the economy.
www.mnsu.edu /emuseum/history/russia/ussr.html   (1130 words)

 When the Soviet Union Entered World Politics
The dissolution of the Soviet Union has aroused much interest in the USSR's role in world politics during its 74-year history and in how the international relations of the twentieth century were shaped by the Soviet Union.
Jon Jacobson examines Soviet foreign relations during the period from the end of the Civil War to the beginning of the first Five-Year Plan, focusing on the problems confronting the Bolsheviks as they sought to promote national security and economic development.
He demonstrates the central importance of foreign relations to the political imagination of Soviet leaders, both in their plans for industrialization and in the struggle for supremacy among Lenin's successors.
www.ucpress.edu /books/pages/6257.html   (208 words)

 BBC News | Europe | Analysis: The Soviet nuclear legacy
After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Russia and its former Soviet neighbours were left to deal with the legacy of the Soviet nuclear programme.
Chernobyl was not the first accident of the Soviet nuclear programme.
In Soviet times, Russia's nuclear specialists were among the privileged who had access to special shops and luxury items, but now their families are going hungry.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/world/europe/197295.stm   (769 words)

 Points Regarding Section 233 of the National Defense Authorization Act for FY1997 concerning the ABM Treaty and the ...
Further, in the case of the dissolution of the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia, both the Bush and Clinton Administrations operated on the principle that the treaty rights and obligations of the predecessor passed to the successors, unless the terms or the object and purpose of the treaty required a different result.
The following Treaties were concluded by the U.S. and the former Soviet Union and later based on principles of treaty law and states succession, adjusted in light of the dissolution of the Soviet empire.
The INF Treaty eliminates all US and former Soviet ground-launched ballistic and cruise missiles with a range capability of between 300 and 3400 miles (500 and 5500 km).
www.fas.org /spp/starwars/offdocs/s960626s.htm   (675 words)

 [No title]
Russia: The Soviet Union Survives in Belarus: Current 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Lukashenko has been in charge since 1994, when he consolidated power  in the wake of the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, and the creation of Belarus.  Lukashenko is a Soviet era official, who runs Belarus like the Soviet Union still existed.
Belarus is a police state, where elections, and everything else, is manipulated to keep the politicians in power.
www.strategypage.com /qnd/russia/articles/20060320.aspx   (201 words)

 Communist party, in Russia and the Soviet Union: Dissolution and Revival
Communist party, in Russia and the Soviet Union: Dissolution and Revival
By 1992, however, the new Communist Party of Russia had been legally established, and several other descendent parties remain politically important in Russia and some of the other nations that emerged from the former Soviet Union.
The Communist Party of Russia, the largest and most well-financed of the new parties, won the largest bloc of seats in the 1995 parliamentary elections, and in the first round of the 1996 Russian presidential election, Communist candidate Gennady
www.factmonster.com /ce6/history/A0857497.html   (408 words)

 Soviet collection. Treasures from a Bygone Era. Feel a sense of adventure.
Sovietski collection (USA, San Diego, CA) was founded in 1992 after the dissolution of the USSR.
Sovietski collection, headquartered in San Diego, CA, was founded in 1992 shortly after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
According to report from Commission Junction (CJ) we have to inform you: Soviet collection (url: sovietski.com) as an Advertiser in CJ system has been deactivated for unknown reason.
www.usa2017.com /collection/soviet.html   (672 words)

 Communist party, in Russia and the Soviet Union: Dissolution and Revival
In Aug., 2004, opponents of Zyuganov within the party attempted unsuccessfuly to oust him, but the following month the dissidents broke with the party and formed the All-Russia Communist party of the Future.
The return to history: the breakup of the Soviet Union.
The dissolution of Yugoslavia and the fate of its financial obligations.
www.infoplease.com /ce6/history/A0857497.html   (534 words)

 U.S. Should Support Georgian Democracy and Independence
Shevardnadze rose in the ranks of the Soviet Communist Party since joining in 1948 at the height of Stalin’s rule and then played a key role in the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Help restore the territorial integrity of Georgia by maintaining dialogue with all local parties and Moscow and promote the reintegration of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, by assisting in the development of cultural autonomy models for them, as well as the return of Adjara back under Tbilisi’s full control.
The United States should acknowledge the historic role Eduard Shevardnadze played in the dissolution of the Soviet Union, while supporting the new Georgian democratic leadership.
www.heritage.org /Research/RussiaandEurasia/wm376.cfm   (887 words)

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