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Topic: Documentary hypothesis


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In the News (Wed 24 Jul 19)

  
  Documentary Hypothesis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The view that is persuasive to most of the critical scholars of the Pentateuch is called the Documentary Hypothesis, or the Graf-Wellhausen Hypothesis, after the names of the 19th-century scholars who put it in its classic form.
Briefly stated, the Documentary Hypothesis sees the Torah as having been composed by a series of editors out of four major strands of literary traditions.
Here is a concrete example of analysis using the Documentary Hypothesis: The Flood Story in J and P.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /rs/2/Judaism/jepd.html   (466 words)

  
  NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Documentary Hypothesis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The documentary hypothesis proposes that the Five Books of Moses (the Torah, or first five books of the Old Testament) represent a combination of documents from four major identifiable sources dating from various periods between the early 8th and late 5th centuries BCE.
The hypothesis proposes that a redactor (referred to as R) composed the Torah by combining four earlier source texts (J, E, P and D), specifically: Diagram of the documentary hypothesis.
The hypothesis then goes on to state that after the fall of Israel to the Assyrians (ca 720 BCE), the refugees from Israel brought E to Judah, and in the interests of assimilating those refugees into the general population, an unknown scribe combined the text with J to produce JE.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Documentary-Hypothesis   (9722 words)

  
 Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > Documentary hypothesis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Originally set forth by Julius Wellhausen in the late 19th century, the Documentary Hypothesis (also known as the JEPD Theory), holds that the five books of Moses (or Torah) are a combination of four older, distinct documents, conventionally labeled J, E, P, and D.
The Documentary Hypothesis is a specific model proposed to account for the what its proponents consider evidence of multiple authorship in the Torah.
The documentary understanding of the origin of the five books of Moses was immediately seized upon by other scholars, and within a few years became the predominant theory.
www.kids.net.au /encyclopedia-wiki/do/Documentary_hypothesis   (2202 words)

  
 News | Gainesville.com | The Gainesville Sun | Gainesville, Fla.
The Documentary Hypothesis is the idea that the five books of Moses (the Torah) were edited together from a number of early sources long after the time of Moses.
He furthermore presupposes that internal disagreements within the Documentary Hypothesis camp (such as whether P is the latest stratum or D) point toward the instability of the theory over all.
The documentary hypothesis and the composition of the Pentateuch: eight lectures by Umberto Cassuto, with an introduction by Joshua A. Berman.
www.gainesville.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=Umberto_Cassuto   (1014 words)

  
 Science Fair Projects - Documentary hypothesis
The documentary hypothesis is a theory held by many historians and academics in the field of linguistics that the five books of Moses (the Torah) are a combination of documents from different sources.
The secondary hypothesis of the documentary hypothesis is that there were two schools of writers who created the biblical text of the Old Testament, the Priests of Shiloh, and the Aaronid priesthood.
Fundamentalist Jews and Christians reject the documentary theory entirely, and accept the traditional view that the whole Torah is the work of Moses.
www.all-science-fair-projects.com /science_fair_projects_encyclopedia/Documentary_Hypothesis   (4268 words)

  
 Documentary hypothesis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Documentary Hypothesis is one of the most prevalent ideas among Historians and Biblical scholars concerning the origin and organization of the Pentateuch, or Old Testament.
In addition, critics of the Documentary Hypothesis point out that there are unresolved points that the theory does not explain.
For example, there are themes and motifs that seem to cross boundaries of authorship and the final compilation of the text seems to have occurred without regard to contradictions or inconsistencies.
humwww.ucsc.edu /gweltaz/courses/israel/encyclopaedia/docu.htm   (550 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Synoptics
The documentary hypothesis is the prevalent theory among non-Catholics.
The last general form of the documentary hypothesis which remains to be examined is the "Two Document theory", according to which two large works form the main sources of the Synoptics.
The satisfactory hypothesis, yet to be formulated, must be a combination hypothesis gathering and uniting, in due proportions, all the truths presented by the various opinions, and also a more thorough theory taking fully into account both the data of Patristic tradition and those disclosed by literary analysis.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/14389b.htm   (4176 words)

  
 Did Moses Write the Pentateuch?
Those who accept the documentary or Graf-Wellhausen theory argue that the content of these books should be seen as a mixture of credible historical events and religious poetry sparked by man's religious imagination.
This established the first principle of what would become known as the documentary hypothesis, the assumption that different divine names must mean different authors or sources.
Documentary scholars have felt free to amend the text by substituting more common words for rare or unusual words that they do not understand or do not expect to see in a given context.
www.leaderu.com /orgs/probe/docs/moses.html   (2014 words)

  
 The Documentary Hypothesis - Old Testament - Tanakh Quiz
The Documentary Hypothesis - Old Testament - Tanakh Quiz
The Documentary Hypothesis is one popular way of describing the authorship of the Torah.
Whether or not we agree with it, it would behoove us to be familiar with it.
www.funtrivia.com /quizdetails.cfm?quiz=183042   (39 words)

  
 Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
JE is an intermediate source text postulated by the documentary hypothesis for the Torah.
For the purpose of this article we accept the documentary hypothesis; see documentary hypothesis for disputes of the theory as a whole.
The documentary hypothesis asserts that this occurred shortly after biblical Israel was destroyed by the Assyrians (c.
www.goupstate.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=JE   (296 words)

  
 Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The documentary hypothesis proposes that the Five Books of Moses (the Torah, or first five books of the Old Testament) represent a combination of documents from four major identifiable sources dating from various periods between the early 8th and late 5th centuries BCE.
The hypothesis then goes on to state that after the fall of Israel to the Assyrians (ca 720 BCE), the refugees from Israel brought E to Judah, and in the interests of assimilating those refugees into the general population, an unknown scribe combined the text with J to produce JE.
Biblical archaeologist W.F. Albright stated that even the most ardent proponents of the documentary hypothesis must admit that, like the Book of Jasher, and the Book of the Wars of the Lord, no tangible, external evidence for the existence of the hypothesized J, E, D, P sources exists.
www.goupstate.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=documentary_hypothesis   (6103 words)

  
 Aaron - ExampleProblems.com
A clue to the seemingly contradictory delineations of Aaron is found in the framework of documentary analysis (see also Hexateuch), which is accepted by some but not all scholars.
According to those who accept the documentary hypothesis, the following portions of text belong to (1) E, (2) J, (3) D, and (4) P sources, respectively, with the fifth item being from Ezekiel.
Documentary Hypothesis - theories on the alternate meaning of Aaron's presence in the Torah.
www.exampleproblems.com /wiki/index.php/Aaron   (1282 words)

  
 The Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod - Christian Cyclopedia
Eichhorn (see Eichhorn, 2) is regarded by many as the father of modern higher criticism; he elaborated Astruc's documentary hypothesis by applying and broadening its principles to the whole Pentateuch; in the last ed.
The main thesis of this theory was later discarded, but its defenders contributed one of the permanent features of modern documentary theory: identification of the core of Dt, now called the Deuteronomic code, as part of the reform movement of Josiah and attributed to Moses as a literary device.
Cassuto, The Documentary Hypothesis and the Composition of the Pentateuch, tr.
www.lcms.org /ca/www/cyclopedia/02/display.asp?t1=h&word=HIGHERCRITICISM   (1353 words)

  
 [No title]
In a series of eight lectures Cassuto destroys the Documentary Hypothesis, the theory that the text of the Pentateuch was edited from four independent source-documents.
Cassuto describes the development of the theory, and the evidence on which it is based: the use of different names for God in the Pentateuch, variations of its language and style, apparent contradictions and divergences, duplications and repetitions and signs of composite structure in the text.
If the Documentary Hypothesis is not true, we would find precisely the usage of divine names that we do find.
www.kingsnake.com /books/bookdetail.php?ASIN=9657052351   (712 words)

  
 B
The development of the Documentary Hypothesis is a fascinating chapter in intellectual history from the pre-critical observations of certain rabbis and philosophers concerning anomalies in the text to the rigorous studies of modern Bible scholars over the last several centuries.
As the Mormon encounter with the Documentary Hypothesis has for all practical purposes been a 20th-century experience, it seems proper at the end of the century to reflect on where we have been and where we might go with respect to the issue of Mosaic authorship of the Pentateuch.
Further, while the Documentary Hypothesis was no doubt the first fruits of higher criticism, higher criticism has had a much broader reach than that theory alone.
www.members.shaw.ca /mschindler/B/doc_hyp.htm   (1646 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The documentary hypothesis is an attempt to identify the basic sources behind the text of the Torah.
The documentary hypothesis and much of modern higher critical theories derive from the inherent complexity and odd structuring of the Hebrew narrative as found in the Bible.
The absurdity of the documentary hypothesis becomes evident when it is applied to documents which are known to have one author.
www.lycos.com /info/documentary-hypothesis.html   (697 words)

  
 Documentary Hypothesis
It is difficult to either defend or destroy the documentary hypothesis in a debate such as this.
The documentary theory says that the Torah is like a long thread on the newsgroup, in which at least four people have participated, and where someone has edited the whole thread, removing the attributions.
This highlights one of the deficiencies of the documentary hypothesis as it was originally presented by Wellhausen and co. Today, although the various literary strands may be discerned in the text, scholars acknowledge that we can really only speak with confidence about the intentions and outlook of the final editors.
jmm.aaa.net.au /articles/9092.htm   (2021 words)

  
 The Documentary Hypothesis
Briefly, the Documentary Hypothesis is a theory about the authorship of the Torah, or the Pentateuch -- the first five books of the Hebrew Bible, often known as Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy.
According to the Documentary Hypothesis, there were four authors (or groups of authors) together with a redactor or editor, who were responsible for the Pentateuch.
The evidence, broadly speaking, is the repetition of the same stories in different forms, with apparent biases of various sorts about how the history should be told, variations in style, inconsistencies of one sort or another, the details of historical references in various parts of the text and analysis of the language.
brindedcow.umd.edu /236/documentary_hypothesis.html   (916 words)

  
 Synoptic Problem FAQ
About a hundred years ago, the case for the Markan priority hypothesis was thought to rest as a consequence of the observation that Mark is the middle term between Matthew and Luke.
The FH adopts the Markan priority hypothesis for the triple tradition and the Lukan posteriority hypothesis for the double tradition.
The AH adopts the Matthean priority hypothesis for the triple tradition and the Lukan posteriority hypothesis for the double tradition.
www.mindspring.com /~scarlson/synopt/faq.htm   (2315 words)

  
 Society of Biblical Literature
I tried to show that the great theologian, whom von Rad saw at work in the Pentateuch, could not be understood as one of several authors of "sources" according to the Documentary Hypothesis, but that he was a theological author of a special kind.
But they leave open the question whether research should continue with the old methods, in particular with the documentary hypothesis or, more precisely, with the torso of this method that would be left after the Yahwist would have passed away.
A documentary hypothesis with just one single document cannot work like an hypothesis that was originally established and developed with four or at least three documents or sources, whose interrelations are a basic element of the method of working in the framework of this theory.
sbl-site.org /Article.aspx?ArticleId=553   (3238 words)

  
 Documentary hypothesis
In general, the authorship of all the books of the Bible is still an open topic of research.
While many of Wellhausen's specific claims have since been dismissed, the general idea that the five books of Moses had a composite origin is now fully accepted by historians.
Some scholars assert that the Documentary Hypothesis does make testable predictions that have been verified, such as Professor Jeffrey H. Tigay.
www.xasa.com /wiki/en/wikipedia/d/do/documentary_hypothesis.html   (3196 words)

  
 Documentary hypothesis Totally Explained
The documentary hypothesis (DH) proposes that the first five books of the Old Testament (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy, known collectively as the Torah or Pentateuch), represent a combination of documents from four originally independent texts dating from various periods between the early 8th and late 5th centuries BCE.
The hypothesis postulates that various collections of remembered traditions took written form both in biblical Israel (producing E) and in Judah (producing J) shortly after their separation into two kingdoms (ca 930 BCE).
The secondary hypothesis of the documentary hypothesis suggests that two schools of writers put together the biblical text of the Old Testament: the priests of Shiloh and the Aaronid priesthood.
documentary_hypothesis.totallyexplained.com   (3491 words)

  
 What is the documentary hypothesis?
Remember, the documentary hypothesis is only a hypothesis, it has never been proven, because it cannot be, no matter how many liberal theologians claim that it has been.
Were it to have been conclusively proven to be correct, in spite of the witnesses that say otherwise, it would no longer be called an hypothesis, but would be referred to as a proven fact.
Beware of those who hold to the documentary hypothesis, they have the distinction of calling Jesus a liar.
www.gotquestions.org /documentary-hypothesis.html   (724 words)

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