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Topic: Doric order

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  Doric order - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Doric order was one of the three orders or organizational systems of Ancient Greek or classical architecture; the other two orders were the Ionic and the Corinthian.
The Greek Doric order was the earliest of these, known from the 7th century BC and reaching its mature form in the 5th century BC.
Early examples of the Doric order include the temples at Paestum, in southern Italy, a region called Magna Graecia, which was settled by Greek colonists and retained a strongly Hellenic culture.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Doric_order   (877 words)

 ORDER - LoveToKnow Article on ORDER   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The architrave, frieze and cornice are adaptations from the Ionic order.
The order of the temple of Castor (fig.
The Five Orders; Iialian.The two Italian architects whose text-books with illustrations of the five orders have been accepted generally as the chief authorities on the subject are Vignola and Palladio, the former in France and the 1*tter in England, the dates of the publication of their works being 1563 and 1570 respectively.
14.1911encyclopedia.org /O/OR/ORDER.htm   (6349 words)

 Classical order - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Tuscan is the Doric in its earliest state, and the Composite is the Corinthian, enriched with the Ionic.
This means that the Doric order was the order of the ground floor, the Ionic order was used for the middle storey, while the Corinthian or the Composite order was used for the top storey.
It is a simplified adaption of the Doric order by the Romans.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Classical_orders   (2388 words)

 AllRefer.com - Doric order (Architecture) - Encyclopedia
Doric order, earliest of the orders of architecture developed by the Greeks and the one that they employed for most buildings.
The proportions, heavy in the earliest Doric columns, became more slender in the perfected type, the entasis became less sharp, and the echinus projection was diminished.
The 16th-century Italians established as a Tuscan order a form of simplified Doric in which the column had a simpler base and was unfluted, while both capital and entablature were without adornments.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/D/Doricord.html   (457 words)

 MSN Encarta - Greek Art and Architecture
The Doric order was the simplest and sturdiest of the three orders.
Whereas at first Doric columns were only about four times as high as their width at the base, by 450 bc the columns were about five and a half or six times as high as their width at the base.
The Ionic order is distinguished from the Doric primarily by its column and frieze.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761561691_3/ancient_Greek_sculpture.html   (2437 words)

The Doric Order was established by a group called the Dorians who invaded from the north at about 1100 B.C..
The Doric Order which is the oldest, plainest and most sturdy of the three Greek Orders, reflects the culture of its inventors: they are known to have been militant, disciplined people with a strong sense of tribal order.
Interestingly, Doric steps were proportioned to the temple, not to the visitor: their steepness often made it difficult to climb (necessitating the insertion of smaller steps on the front).
www.sinc.sunysb.edu /Stu/apalm/temples/Doric.html   (570 words)

 The Orders in Text
The very concept of orders was not a tangible law to be physically applied to the process of building, but rather a standard by which the architecture was crafted and the elements of the building were conjoined.
The Ionic Order existed in pre-Classical times only in the small treasuries of Greek states located at Delphi, and began on a large scale with its use on the inner columns of the parthenon and naos of the Parthenon in Athens in 447 BC.
The Erechtheum is an example of a the Ionic order used on a larger scale, located on the northern edge of the Acropolis across from the Parthenon.
www.tufts.edu /programs/mma/fah189/2003/david_noah/orderstext.html   (541 words)

 Doric Greek Temples In Sicily   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Doric order of Greek temple architecture arose in mainland Greece in the 7th century BC.
The Doric column is defined by the rounded "pincushion" shape of its capital, or echinus.
The Doric frieze consists of alternate triglyphs and metopes.
www.art-and-archaeology.com /doric/doric.html   (134 words)

 The Doric Order   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The entablature of the Doric temple has a frieze made up of triglyphs (which means "three-grooves") and metopes--the spaces between the triglyphs.
Order, proportion, and symmetry are important in the plan.
The Doric order appears massive, especially during the Archaic period.
www.bluffton.edu /~humanities/art/grk/archtctr/doric.htm   (352 words)

 AllRefer.com - orders of architecture (Architecture) - Encyclopedia
Each order comprises the column with its base, shaft, and capital and the supported part or entablature, consisting of architrave, frieze, and cornice.
For the Doric order, the Ionic order, and the Corinthian order, originally developed by the Greeks, the Roman writer Vitruvius attempted to formulate the proportionings of their parts.
In Greece the Doric was the earliest order to develop, and it was used for the Parthenon and for most temples.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/O/ordersar.html   (457 words)

 Doric   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Doric order was developed in the lands occupied by the Dorians, one of the two principal divisions of the Greek race.
In the Roman Doric order, the columns are more slender, usually have bases, and the fluting is sometimes altered or omitted.
A common form of ornamentation used on Doric temples is the fretwork known as Greek key design.
ah.bfn.org /a/DCTNRY/d/doric.html   (185 words)

 Greek Architecture - Crystalinks
The Ionic order originated in the mid-6th century BC in Ionia, the southwestern coastland and islands of Asia Minor settled by Ionian Greeks, where an Ionian dialect was spoken.
The Corinthian order is one of the Classical orders of Greek and Roman architecture, although it was seldom used in Greek architecture.
The Corinthian order was said to have been invented by an architect, Callimachus, who was inspired by the sight of a votive basket that had been left on the grave of a young girl.
www.crystalinks.com /greekarchitecture.html   (2964 words)

 Classical Orders of Architecture
Doric, like most Greek styles, works well horizontally on buildings, that's why it was so good with the long rectangular buildings made by the Greeks.
Unlike the Doric and Ionian cornices, which are at a slant, the Corinthian roofs are flat.
The Composite order is a combination of the Ionic and Corinthian orders.
www.cmhpf.org /kids/dictionary/ClassicalOrders.html   (608 words)

 Greek Architecture - The Doric Order
According to this attractive theory, which is convincing to many people, the triglyphs represent the ends of beams resting on the architrave, the mutules the ends of sloping rafters, and the gutter the wooden pegs which held the timbers together.
He observed that the form of the entablature of the Doric Order could be adapted with unimportant variations to stone as well as to wood, without falsifying the form of the structure, and he could not admit that the Doric Order was evolved from a timber prototype.
Both pronaos and opisthodomos were used as treasuries, and, in order to render them secure, lofty metal grilles extending from floor to roof were fixed between the columns, with the entrance gates in the central intercolumniation.
www.oldandsold.com /articles22/architecture-15.shtml   (3374 words)

 Classical Ionic Order
The Ionic Order evolved in and takes its name from Ionia, the Greek name for those parts of Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey) which were settled by people of Greek origin, and although the style appears more developed than the Doric Order, its origins cannot be very much later in date.
To the Greeks, the elegance and slimmer proportions of the Ionic Order represented the female, as the sturdiness and plainness of the Doric Order represented the male.
In discussing the uses of the Orders in the second part of Volume I of The Works, Adam expresses the view that the Ionic capital should be used with the volutes square to the front rather than projecting diagonally when at the corner of a building.
sites.scran.ac.uk /ada/documents/general/orders/classical_ionic1.htm   (484 words)

 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2002.08.30
In sum, the first element of the Doric order does not occur before the last decade of the 7th century, but thereafter the order evolves rapidly and is fully established by 580-570 B.C., in the Temple of Artemis at Korkyra.
This process occurs over roughly two to three generations: in the case of the Doric order this transpires from the end of the 7th century to the beginning of the second quarter of the 6th century, while the Ionic order evolves slightly later and takes slightly longer to firm up.
This conclusion has particular significance for the Doric order because it discards the idea that the order was "invented" in the Corinthia and that it may have been the creation of a single architect or school of architects working over the course of essentially one generation.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /bmcr/2002/2002-08-30.html   (2045 words)

 Hellenism.Net - Bringing Greeks Together
The Doric order is an unique expression of a geometrically based Architecture relying on juxtaposition and stacking.
The specific traits of the the Doric order are shown to the left.
Though the structure of the Doric is beautiful, the Greeks had a problem with the placement of the triglyph.
www.hellenism.net /cgi-bin/display_article.html?a=21&s=22   (521 words)

The Parthenon is a Doric peripteral temple, which means that it consists of a rectangular floor plan with a series of low steps on every side, and a colonnade (8 x 17) of Doric columns extending around the periphery of the entire structure.
As a shortcut, the orders may be distinguished most easily by their capitals (the tops of the columns).
Doric is not only a type of column, but an "order"; this means that temples of the Doric order not only have this type of column, but also have a certain structure at the upper levels.
academic.reed.edu /humanities/110Tech/Parthenon.html   (1141 words)

 Greek Architecture
The Doric order is characterized by a slightly tapered column (fig.
The Doric entablature, usually about one-quarter the height of the order, is supported by the columns, and has three main divisions: the architrave, or principal beam, the frieze, and the cornice, or the upper or crowning part.
In place of the triglyph/metope pattern of the Doric frieze, the Lincoln Memorial substitutes dedallions composed of a double wreath of leaves for the triglyphs, with the names of the 36 states carved in the metope area.
www.geocities.com /CollegePark/1070/greekarchitecture.html   (1727 words)

 Tarbell : The Ionic order
The Ionic shaft is much slenderer than the Doric, the height of the column (including base and capital) being in different examples from eight to ten times the lower diameter of the shaft.
Furthermore, Ionic columns were sometimes employed in the interior of Doric temples, as at Bassae in Arcadia and (probably) in the temple built by Scopas at Tegea.
After what has been said of the gradual changes in the Doric order, it will be understood that the Ionic order was not the same in the sixth century as in the fifth, nor in the fifth the same as in the third.
www.ellopos.net /elpenor/greek-texts/ancient-greece/history-of-ancient-greek-art-11.asp   (1515 words)

 Tarbell : The Doric order
The term "order," it should be said, is commonly restricted in architectural parlance to the column and entablature.
Our typical example of the Doric order is taken from the Temple of Aphaia on the island of Aegina – a temple probably erected about 480 B.C. The column consists of two parts, shaft and capital.
It is greatest at about one third or one half the height of the shaft, and there amounts, in cases that have been measured, to from 1/80 to 1/140 of the lower diameter of the shaft.
www.ellopos.net /elpenor/greek-texts/ancient-greece/history-of-ancient-greek-art-10.asp   (1495 words)

The Doric order is the first and boldest of all the orders.
The ancient Roman architect Vitruvius thought of the Doric order as male, with the proportions, strength, and beauty of a muscular man's body.
Using the principle that a man's foot imprint was one sixth of his height, ancient architects applied the same proportion to the base width and height of the column.
carlos.emory.edu /ODYSSEY/GREECE/Doric.html   (170 words)

 Ancient Greek Art & Architecture
Greek life was dominated by religion and so it is not surprising that the temples of ancient Greece were the biggest and most beautiful.They also had a political purpose as they were often built to celebrate civic power and pride, or offer thanksgiving to the patron deity of a city for success in war.
The Greek orders are: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian.
The Greeks made little use of the order; the chief example is the circular structure at Athens known as the choragic monument of Lysicrates (335 B.C.).
www.ancientgreece.com /art/art.htm   (832 words)

 Carthage - Classics - Greek Architecture
Relationship between the lower diameter of the column and the height of the column moved from 1:4.7 in the temple of Zeus at Olympia, and 1:6.4 on the temple of Zeus at Nemea (330 BCE) and 1:6.2 in the temple of Athena Alea at Tegea (Peloponnesos)
Doric was traditional on mainland Greece until the fourth century BCE, but in Ionia (Asia Minor, that is, modern day Turkey) Ionic had been undergoing its own development.
The column bases are Attic, with the spreading of the concave member of the bottom; this is also seen in the temple of Athena Nike on the Akropolis and the temple of Apollo at Bassai, with the upper part of the column base having torus, scotia, then another torus.
www.carthage.edu /outis/grarchitect.html   (1068 words)

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