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Topic: Doric temple

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In the News (Fri 24 May 19)

  Temple of Athena, Paestum (Photo Archive)
The Temple of Athena, often called the Temple of Ceres, is an archaic Doric temple in the ancient city of Paestum.
The Temple of Athena, though smaller that the older Temple of Hera I, is equally remarkable.
In front of the temple, to the east, are the remains of the main altar, extending almost the full breadth of the temple.
sights.seindal.dk /sight/87_Temple_of_Athena.html   (988 words)

  Greek Architecture - The Doric Order
Temple of Zeus, Olympia B.C. The Theseion, Athens B.C. Temple of Aphaia, AEgina B.C. The Parthenon, Athens B.C. Temple of Poseidon, Sunium B.C. Temple of Apollo Epicurius B.C. Temple of the Mysteries B.C. The Tholos, Epidauros B.C. 4th century
The Temple of Poseidon, Paestum (B.C. 500) (pp.
The Temple of Zeus Olympius, Agrigentum (Girgenti) (B.C. 480) (pp.
www.oldandsold.com /articles22/architecture-15.shtml   (3374 words)

 ORDER - Online Information article about ORDER   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
the Doric in Greece and Magna Grecia, and the Ionic in
The whole structure of the Doric temple (which consisted of the columns, subdivided into shaft and capital, and the entablature, subdivided into architrave, frieze and cornice) rested on a platform of three steps, of which the upper step was the stylobate or column base (fig.
In the principal and rear front of the temple the lines of the cornice were repeated up the slope of the pediment, which coincided with that of the roof, and the tympanum, which they enclosed, was enriched with sculpture.
encyclopedia.jrank.org /ORC_PAI/ORDER.html   (5070 words)

 MSN Encarta - Greek Art and Architecture
The oldest well-preserved Doric temple is the Temple of Hera at Olympia (590?
The temple is richly adorned with sculpture—two pediments filled with statues, 92 carved metopes, numerous sculpted roof-ornaments, and a continuous Ionic frieze atop the cella walls of this otherwise Doric building.
The new Temple of Artemis at Ephesus (begun after the 6th-century temple on the same site was destroyed by fire in 356 bc) became known as one of the so-called Seven Wonders of the World for its monumental size and luxurious decoration.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761561691_3/ancient_Greek_sculpture.html   (2385 words)

 Doric order
The Greek Doric order was the earliest of these, known from the 7th century BC and reaching its mature form in the 5th century BC.
The Temple of the Delians (illustration right) is a "peripteral" Doric temple, the largest of three dedicated to Apollo on the island of Delos.
The contemporary Parthenon, the largest temple in classical Athens, is also in the Doric order, although it has some Ionic elements, for the Greeks were never as doctrinaire in the use of the Classical vocabulary as Renaissance theorists or neoclassical architects..
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /encyclopedia/d/do/doric_order.html   (532 words)

Consequently, according to his theory, the temples were so placed that on the day settled on the calendar as the birthday and feast day of the god the rays of the rising sun fell along the axis of the temple and thus also on his statue.
The architecture of the temple was in harmony with the obscure, mysterious, and sensual religious conceptions of the Egyptians.
Although the temple contained several chambers within, yet this fact exercised no actual influence on its external construction, while in the Christian church, either of the Romanesque or of the Gothic style, the interior arrangement is easily recognized from the external construction.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/14495a.htm   (4049 words)

 Temple of Hera I, Paestum (Photo Archive)
The Temple of Hera I is the first known temple to be build in Poseidonia, where it was constructed within a century after the foundation of the city.
The temple was a part of a larger enclosed sanctuary to Hera, a Heraion, that also encompassed the later Temple of Hera II and several minor temples and altars.
The Cretan temples are the oldest Greek temples known, so this similarity confirms the dating of the Temple of Hera I. The reason for this division of the central room of the temple is disputed.
sights.seindal.dk /sight/91_Temple_of_Hera_I.html   (1085 words)

 Neue Seite 1   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
The Doric peripteral temple, the work of the Elean architect Libon is dated at 470-456 B.C. It was erected on the southern part of the Altis, on a free section of land.
On the same level as the Heraion, the Temple of Zeus was dominating the sanctuary due to its size, the stone columns on its sides and the magnificent pediments with sculptured compositions in the severe style, featuring Zeus and Apollo as its central figures.
A Doric temple dated to the end of the 7th century B.C. The Heraion is one of the oldest examples of monumental dimensioned temples in Greek architecture.
www.camping.gr /fournia-beach/area.htm   (1714 words)

 Greek Architecture
The spiral of the Ionic volute, the curve of the Doric capital, the depth and breadth of the flutes were varied endlessly for effect.
The two pediments of the temple are decorated with mythological scenes: the east, above the building's main entrance, shows the birth of Athena, and the west, the fight between Athena and Poseidon for the name of the city of Athens.
It consists of three almost independent sections (the main temple, the north extension and the porch of the caryatids) with three separate roofs, and is built at four different levels.
www.crystalinks.com /greekarchitecture.html   (2894 words)

 Paestum, Campania [Introduction - part 1 of 8] (Photo Archive)
Temple of Athena - Archaic Doric Temple, c.
Temple of Hera I - Archaic Doric temple, c.
Temple of Hera II - Archaic Doric temple, c.
sights.seindal.dk /sight/86_Paestum.html   (524 words)

 Valley of the Temples - Italiansrus.com
Of all of the temples in the valley this is the only one to remain relatively intact and it is considered one of the best preserved Doric style temples.
The reason the temple remained intact is due in part to it being converted to a Christian church in the 6th century.
Built in 480 BC this temple was dedicated to the goddess of the grain and harvest.
www.italiansrus.com /articles/temples.htm   (791 words)

 American Journal of Archaeology / Article Abstract
The Doric temple is one of the great archetypes of architectural history.
The 5th century temple form in particular has been a highly influential source for the later practice of classical architecture - few major European and North American cities lack a church, town hall, museum or bank directly inspired by the Parthenon or the Hephaisteion.
This lack of resolution reflects to some extent lapses of regularity and symmetry in Doric temple plans, lapses which Vitruvius called "the faults and incongruities" that flowed from the notorious problem associated with the configuration of the peristyle and its frieze at the corner.
www.ajaonline.org /archive/105.4/wilson_jones_mark.html   (425 words)

 GRS 22: Forum: Quiz 1: Best Answers
Many of the features of Temple of Zues at Olympia are features typical to most Doric temples dating to just before the middle of the 5th century B.C. The front of the temple is facing east, towards the rising sun.
Not as common to all Doric temples but still pretty typical was the use of angle contraction at the Temple of Zues.
This temple was the biggest in Greece at the time, which spoke of the importance of its location at Olympia and its dedication to Zues, the most important god in the Greek pantheon.
www.dartmouth.edu /~grs4/forum/quiz2/best.html   (2010 words)

 Sanctuary of Poseidon and Athena at Sounion   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
At the end of the Archaic period an imposing temple was constructed in the position of the Classical one seen today, but it was slightly smaller in dimensions.
It was Doric, made of poros, with an external colonnade of 6 x 13 columns, and an internal one which supported the roof.
Its construction was interrupted by the Persian invasion and the temple remained unfinished.
www.culture.gr /2/21/211/21102a/e211ba07.html   (1038 words)

 Athens Architecture: Information about the architectural orders in Athens and Greece
Acropolis with its central temple, the Parthenon, a brilliant Doric temple.
Another important Doric example is the Temple of Hera in Olympia, built in the 6th century BC.
It is a peripteral temple situated toward the northwest corner of the Sanctuary of Zeus, east of Philippeion and north of the Temple of Zeus.
www.athens-360.com /architecture.htm   (1261 words)

 Divinity Expressed through Mainland Temple Architecture
Temple architecture is only one creation through which religion and divinity are expressed, but it is potentially a powerfully persuasive medium, which can support tremendous intricacy of expression.
The notion of permanence is expressed in emerging Doric and canonical Doric temple architecture through the use of the monumental material of stone and the terra cotta tiled roof.
Further articulated on a massive, monumental scale in emerging Doric temple architecture is the notion of inaccessibility to the temple-proper and the cult image housed within.
homepage.mac.com /apephotep/academic/Greek/ConceptionofDivinity.html   (3472 words)

 ARHI4010/6010 - Study Guide
Metopes, Temple of Zeus, from friezes of pronaos and opisthodomos
Parthenon on Athenian Acropolis, a Doric and Ionic temple from
Temple of Apollo at Bassae, Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian temple from
www.arches.uga.edu /~fvankeur/classical/temples/temples.html   (725 words)

 [No title]
Segesta's temple is situated in a pristine countryside, standing alone in tranquil beauty amidst nature.
This idyllic setting is nothing like that of the temples of Agrigento, which, magnificent though they are, are located on the edge of town amidst creeping urban sprawl and illegally constructed villas.
The temple of Segesta is 61 meters long (190 feet) and 26 meters wide, built upon 4 steps, with a total of 36 Doric columns supporting the stone roof-frame of the structure.
web.tiscali.it /trapani/seg-tp2.htm   (1265 words)

 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2002.08.30
Thus, the number of certain examples of early peripteral temples is reduced to a very few: the 8th-century Temple of Artemis at Ephesos, the hekatompedon at the remote site of Ano Mazaraki in Achaia, and the Old Temple of Hera at the Argive Heraion, the latter two both of the 7th century.
Although the temples of Apollo at Corinth and Poseidon at Isthmia mark the introduction of monumental stone architecture in the first half of the 7th century, neither can be called Doric; the Temple of Poseidon has a stone geison, but there is no reason to presume it displayed Doric traits.
This conclusion has particular significance for the Doric order because it discards the idea that the order was "invented" in the Corinthia and that it may have been the creation of a single architect or school of architects working over the course of essentially one generation.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /bmcr/2002/2002-08-30.html   (2045 words)

Hepheastus was worshiped mainly in Athens, where the Temple of Hephaestus and Athena (the Hephaesteum, also known as the Theseum) still stands.
It is the most complete example of a "Doric" temple (one of the three orders in Greek architecture).
It was built in 449 BCE and stands on a hill close to the Agora at the foot of the Acropolis.
www.pantheon.org /articles/h/hephaestus.html   (957 words)

 The Museum of the Goddess Athena - Main
his Great Doric Temple, also known as the Old Temple or the Hekatompedom (100 footed) was built between 529 and 520 BCE in the Doric order with 142.5 ft. x 70 ft. (43.44 m x 21.34 m) surrounded by a single exterior colonnade with 6 columns at each end and 12 columns at each side.
The buildings and the Temples on the Acropolis were burned and the statues' remains were spread in the ground.
www.goddess-athena.org /Museum/Temples/Athens_m.htm   (1073 words)

 ARCL2001: Lecture 23
Subsequently, the Oath of Plataia (479 BC) determined that the destroyed temples should be left in their ruinous state as a monument to the Persian sacrilege: only the opisthodomos of the Old Temple of Athena Polias was repaired in order to house the ancient wooden cult statue of Athena.
The temple was built both as a celebration of the Athenian defeat of the Persians and also to underscore Athens' supremacy as an imperial power.
On the west side of the temple, a second chamber was accessed via a second porch (opisthodomos) of six Doric columns: originally only this second chamber was referred to as the 'Parthenon', though this term soon came to be applied to the whole building.
teaching.arts.usyd.edu.au /archaeology/arcl2001/lecture_23.htm   (980 words)

 Greek Architecture
The architectural orders, Doric on the mainland and Ionic in the eastern Aegean, were developed in the archaic temples, and their lasting example tended to make Greek architecture conservative toward changes in design or in building technology.
White the Doric order became the standard for mainland Greece, the Ionian colonies in the eastern Aegean were developing a very different system of columns and entablature based on Egyptian and Near Eastern architecture.
The Parthenon, Propylaea, Temple of Athena Nike, and the Erechtheum were built entirely of marble and elaborately decorated with carved moldings and sculpture.The architects were Callicrates and Iotinus, and the chief sculptor was Phidias.
www.studyworld.com /basementpapers/papers/stack41_4.html   (1018 words)

 Classical Archaeology: Greek Architecture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Before the seventh century, temples were built entirely of wood with the exception of mud brick walls standing on stone footings (base) (e.g., the first temple of Apollo at Thermon.
Relationship between the lower diameter of the column and the height of the column moved from 1:4.7 in the temple of Zeus at Olympia, and 1:6.4 on the temple of Zeus at Nemea (330 BCE) and 1:6.2 in the temple of Athena Alea at Tegea (Peloponnesos)
The column bases are Attic, with the spreading of the concave member of the bottom; this is also seen in the temple of Athena Nike on the Akropolis and the temple of Apollo at Bassai, with the upper part of the column base having torus, scotia, then another torus.
www2.carthage.edu /outis/grarchitect.html   (1057 words)

 Doric Temple
At the Doric Temple, the river valley turns through an astonishing 300 degrees, so that the temple appears to sit on a promontory and here you will discover another great terrace setting off westwards and providing a south facing limestone slope, the ideal habitat for wild flowers.
One of the first things Lord and Lady Feversham decided to do in the garden after moving back to Duncombe Park was to revert to a more traditional laissez faire policy for cutting this slope in order to encourage once again the establishment of the flora.
From the Doric Temple you may elect to set off along the curved terrace returning you to the Ionic Temple, or you can return towards the house along the South Terrace.
www.duncombepark.com /doric_temple.shtml   (362 words)

 doric ionic or corinthian columns on a greek temple (doric ionic or colinghyan columns on a greek temple) information.
doric ionic or corinthian columns on a greek temple (doric ionic or colinghyan columns on a greek temple) information.
Ancient Greek Architecture : Temples and the Doric, Ionic and.
They were the Doric, Ionic, and the Corinthian.
www.tag-generator.com /d/doric_ionic_or_corinthian_columns_on_a_greek_temple.html   (258 words)

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