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Topic: Downing Street Declaration

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  Downing Street Declaration - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Downing Street Declaration was a joint declaration issued on December 15, 1993 by the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, John Major and Albert Reynolds, the Taoiseach (prime minister) of the Republic of Ireland.
The declaration, after it was 'clarified' sufficiently by the Northern Ireland Office, was considered sufficient by the Provisional IRA to announce a ceasefire on August 31, 1994 which was then followed on October 13, by an announcement of a ceasefire from the Combined Loyalist Military Command.
The most vociferous opponent of the Declaration has been Ian Paisley of the DUP, saying that it was a betrayal of the loyalists by the British government.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Downing_Street_Declaration   (242 words)

 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Downing Street Declaration   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The Downing Street Declaration was a joint declaration issued on December 15, 1993 by the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, John Major and Albert Reynolds, the Prime Minister of Ireland.
The declaration, after it was 'clarified' sufficiently by the Northern Ireland Office, was considered sufficient by the Provisional IRA to announce a ceasefire on August 31, which was then followed on October 13, by an announcement of a ceasefire from the Combined Loyalist Military Command.
The term "Downing street memo" is also used to generally describe a larger body of associated or related documents leaked to the public from November 2004 onwards, which date from March 2002 through July 2002—the DSM being the most important.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Downing-Street-Declaration   (1025 words)

 Downing Street Declaration - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Downing Street Declaration
The Declaration was warmly welcomed by mainstream politicians in both the UK and the Republic of Ireland, but the reception by Northern Ireland parties was more guarded.
However, after initial hesitation, republican and Loyalist cease-fires were declared in 1994 and an Ulster framework document, intended to guide the peace negotiations, was issued by the UK and Irish governments in February 1995.
The Declaration, which took its name from the fact that it was formally announced by the two prime ministers in Downing Street, London, reportedly went through 20 drafting stages before the final form was agreed.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Downing+Street+Declaration?p   (191 words)

 Downing Street memo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Created in late May, After Downing Street is a coalition of organizations that support an official inquiry into the DSM, pre-war intelligence, and the planning and execution of the Iraq war.
The Downing Street Minutes was a major story in the British press during the last few days of the 2005 general election campaign and was also covered in other countries.
Michael Smith, the journalist who first reported on the Downing Street Memo, has said that he protected the identity of his source by photocopying the original and returning the original document to the source.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Downing_Street_memo   (5677 words)

 Anglo Irish Policy - Department of Foreign Affairs - Government of Ireland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
This Joint Declaration is a charter for peace and reconciliation in Ireland.
The Joint Declaration provides from everyone's point of view a noble means of establishing the first step towards lasting peace with justice in Ireland.
The central idea behind the Peace Declaration is that the problems of Northern Ireland, however deep and intractable, however difficult to reconcile, have to be resolved exclusively by political and democratic means.
foreignaffairs.gov.ie /angloirish/jointdeclaration/default.asp   (1765 words)

 Peace in Northern Ireland? -
UNITED STATES--Good news, in the form of a joint statement from 10 Downing Street, was announced by British Prime Minister John Major and his Irish counterpart, Albert Reynolds.
The two leaders have agreed on a framework for peace, an outline of proposals to end the violence in Northern Ireland and to settle, by a vote of the people concerned, the political fate of the province.
Its principles are not new, but in proposing a framework for peace, the declaration breaks fresh ground.
www.worldandi.com /specialreport/1994/March/Sa12138.htm   (211 words)

 [No title]
Article 2 of the Irish Constitution, declares that "the national territory consists of the whole island of Ireland, it's islands and the territorial seas." In 1990, this claim was reaffirmed by the Irish Supreme Court in McGimpsey v.
Perhaps the most important aspect of the Declaration for Republicans was the British government’s declaration that it had no "selfish strategic or economic interest in Northern Ireland." This statement marked a fundamental shift in British policy toward Northern Ireland.
Their unwillingness to declare a permanent ceasefire indicates that the ceasefire is a tactic in much the same way that armed struggle was a tactic.
www.gmu.edu /academic/pcs/SAPONE71PCS.html   (13026 words)

 CAIN: Events: Peace: Joint Declaration on Peace: The Downing Street Declaration, 15 December 1993
The following is the text of the 'Joint Declaration on Peace' also known as 'The Downing Street Declaration'.
This declaration was issued on 15 December 1993 by John Major, then British Prime Minister, and Albert Reynolds, then Taoiseach (Irish Prime Minister), on behalf of the British and Irish Governments.
Albert Reynolds, on the Joint Declaration on Peace, 15 December 1993.
cain.ulst.ac.uk /events/peace/docs/dsd151293.htm   (1577 words)

 CAIN: Chronology of the Conflict 1994
Hutton declared that the conviction was "unsafe and unsatisfactory".
A statement was released by Downing Street which indicated that a full acceptance of the Downing Street Declaration (DSD) was not a necessary condition for Sinn Féin (SF) involvement in talks.
He is reported to have said that the DSD "suggests a potentially significant change in the approach of the [two] governments to resolving the conflict in Ireland, and we welcome this.
cain.ulst.ac.uk /othelem/chron/ch94.htm   (10353 words)

 Irish peace process - The agreement viewed from Dublin (June 98)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The Downing Street Declaration, in a key passage inspired by John Hume, stated that: 'Both governments accept that Irish unity would be achieved only by those who favour this outcome persuading those who do not, peacefully and without coercion or violence'.
The British government are now fulfilling the binding obligation accepted in the Downing Street Declaration to give effect to any measure of agreement on future relationships in Ireland which the people living in Ireland may themselves freely so determine without external impediment'.
Apart from prisoners, the reform of policing, and especially its composition reflecting the make-up of the population is vital for future stability.
www.poptel.org.uk /scgn/articles/9806/page6.html   (960 words)

 House of Commons Hansard Debates for 20 Jan 1994
No. The Downing street declaration is a statement, as I have just suggested to the House, of the fundamental realities and principles that govern relationships in Northern Ireland, the future of Northern Ireland and the future of the island of Ireland in the view of the two Governments.
In the joint declaration, the Taoiseach says that the Government would then bring forward and support proposals that reflect the principle of consent in Northern Ireland, and that is a clear reference to articles 2 and 3.
The Prime Minister has said that the Downing street declaration is a balanced document and is fair to each section of the community, and I agree with him.
www.parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk /pa/cm199394/cmhansrd/1994-01-20/Orals-1.html   (5297 words)

 History guide for Ireland by Hostelbookers
Loyalist reprisals in Northern Ireland, featuring their old speciality, the random attack, were so widespread that, for the first time since 1975, deaths from their activities were more numerous than those resulting from the actions of Republican paramilitaries.
They were repeatedly assured of their place at a negotiating table if they embraced the Downing Street Declaration and if the violence stopped.
In a rare example of liberal leadership to Britain, the Irish Government decided not to renew the ban, and was subsequently followed by the British Government.
www.hostelbookers.com /guides/ireland/117988   (474 words)

 Dáil Éireann - Volume 438 - 01 February, 1994 - Private Members' Business. - Broadcasting Authority Legislation: ...
To show the British Government that the Downing Street Declaration is not enough, to break the will of the British and to preserve the principle of majority determination in Northern Ireland.
In the euphoria of the public reception [224] for the Downing Street Declaration the Government made a decision that it would make a gesture of goodwill to the Provos, an indication, perhaps, of what would happen if they were to give up violence in the expectation that that is what they were about to do.
In the process leading to the Downing Street Declaration I am sure many things were worried about but I am fairly confident that section 31 was the least of these, if it figured at all.
www.oireachtas-debates.gov.ie /D/0438/D.0438.199402010109.html   (11101 words)

 A Declaration of Peace | AfterDowningStreet.org
The Declaration of Peace is a commitment people are making across the United States to support bringing the US troops home now; to establish a comprehensive, concrete, and rapid withdrawal plan; and to take bold, loving and powerful steps to help make the dream of peace in Iraq a reality.
The Declaration of Peace is a pledge to take nonviolent action for the immediate withdrawal of US troops – and to engage in concerted nonviolent action if a concrete withdrawal plan is not established and begun by September 23, 2006, just days before Congress adjourns for the fall elections.
The Declaration is a commitment to take one or more steps between now and September to bring the troops home now and to create momentum for a concrete withdrawal plan.
www.afterdowningstreet.org /declarationofpeace   (1330 words)

 House of Commons Hansard Debates for 21 Jan 1994
We have a Downing street declaration because the Hume-Adams talks took place, and those talks were the womb from which the declaration came.
Member for Foyle went to Downing street and, when he left, said that he was going back to have further meetings with the IRA.
Once that is settled, we can begin to build, not on the sinking sands of the Downing street declaration, but on the firm rock of a democratic vote in which everyone has a say in what they want to do in future and in where their citizenship lies.
www.parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk /pa/cm199394/cmhansrd/1994-01-21/Debate-4.html   (5764 words)

 Washingtonpost.com: Northern Ireland Special Report
In a seven-page "joint declaration," British Prime Minister John Major and Irish Prime Minister Albert Reynolds agreed that Britain will not block Northern Ireland from leaving the United Kingdom and joining the Irish Republic, but that it will be up to the people of Northern Ireland themselves to decide on such a step.
The declaration -- the latest major development in a tentative, on-again, off-again peace process that began last February -- was timed to encourage the IRA to transform its traditional Christmas cease-fire, which normally lasts a few days, into a permanent cessation of violence.
The declaration was hailed as the most significant step taken by the two governments on Northern Ireland since the Anglo-Irish Agreement of 1985, which for the first time recognized that the Irish Republic has a consultative role in some matters concerning the northern Irish province of Ulster.
www.washingtonpost.com /wp-srv/inatl/longterm/nireland/stories/timeline931216.htm   (911 words)

 The Peace Process in Northern Ireland 3
The Declaration was welcomed by nationalists, although some of them viewed it as not going far enough.
This revelation helps to understand why the Downing Street declaration is considered to be a very important victory for republican circles.
The IRA and republican circles pondered the Downing Street Declaration and its consequences through much of the spring of 1994, "seeking clarification".
www2.arts.gla.ac.uk /Slavonic/staff/Rybar5.html   (4950 words)

 Building a Permanent Peace in Ireland
In the Downing Street Declaration, for example, the British government committed itself to encourage, facilitate and enable agreement through a process of dialogue and co-operation and said that the people of Ireland were free to determine the nature of such an agreement `without external impediment'.
Their initial response to the IRA cessation was to call for a declaration that it was `permanent', for a period of `decontamination' for Sinn Féin, followed by the `decommissioning' precondition to which they still adhere.
The British government's commitment, two years ago in the very first paragraph of the Downing Street Declaration, ``to remove the causes of conflict, to overcome the legacy of history and to heal the divisions which have resulted'', when set alongside their hostility to the peace process has proven to be an empty formula of words.
sinnfein.org /documents/ibsub.html   (12203 words)

 Newshound: Links to daily newspaper articles about Northern Ireland
The Provos, it must never be forgotten, were born out of the ashes of Bombay Street in August 1969; their initial appeal thirty years ago was to the deep atavistic fear in Belfast's working class Catholic population of a Loyalist pogrom.
The leadership did not accept the DSD but neither did they reject it and by refusing to reject it out of hand they ensured that the Declaration became the only game in town.
So by August of 1994 the republican grassroots had arrived at a point of acquiescence in the DSD rather similar to a footballer who disapproves of the offside rule but agrees to play all the same.
www.nuzhound.com /articles/ma111-7.htm   (1327 words)

 [No title]
Until now, one line of defense for the Bush administration and its apologists has been to argue that the leaked documents, such as the Downing Street Memo, may reflect the British government's views of the Iraq situation but cannot be used to reconstruct what Bush was doing or saying in private.
As for Bush's declaration that religious and ethnic struggles were unlikely to break out in a liberated Iraq, that is yet another mark of how clueless this administration has been from the earliest stages of planning this war.
In his mind, a brief military conquest could quickly be chalked up as a "mission accomplished." In the Downing Street Memo in July 2002, the British already were sweating about the almost total absence of planning by the White House.
www.downingstreetmemo.com /1BlogArchive/2006_02_01_dsmemo_archive.html   (1123 words)

 WashingtonPost.com: N. Ireland Special Report
Violence escalated as the Irish Repubican Army, led by Michael Collins, fought Britain in a bloody war for independence – one that ended with the partitioning of the northern and southern parts of the island by the Government of Ireland Act in 1920.
The IRA, which was declared illegal in the Irish Free State by 1936, continued its underground campaigns into the 1940s and 1950s.
The talks broke down in 1992, but the next year, leaders of Britain and Ireland would announce the "Downing Street Declaration," a deal which invited Sinn Fein and Democratic loyalist parties to join the talks on the future of Northern Ireland if both groups renounced violence.
www.washingtonpost.com /wp-srv/inatl/longterm/nireland/overview.htm   (1535 words)

 BBC News | Northern Ireland | Understanding Northern Ireland
On 15 December, the UK Prime Minister John Major and the Irish Prime Minister Albert Reynolds delivered the outlines of a plan that both hoped would lead to peace and multi-party talks including Sinn Fein and representatives of loyalist paramilitaries.
It argued that any agreement had to be based on the right of people on both parts of the island to "exercise the right of self determination on the basis of consent freely and concurrently given, North and South, to bring about a united Ireland if that is their wish."
It said it would seek clarification of elements of the Declaration before approaching the IRA Army Council - though many analysts interpreted this as an attempt to begin actual negotiations.
news.bbc.co.uk /hi/english/static/northern_ireland/understanding/events/downing_street.stm   (422 words)

 The Damning Downing Street Memo - by Gordon Prather
The meeting was held at Downing Street on July 23, 2002, and the leaked minutes were first published by the Sunday Times of London on May 1, 2005.
So Bush and Blair have discounted the Downing Street memo, claiming that most of those plans and decisions were never implemented.
As a result of the revelations contained in the Downing Street memo, constitutional lawyer John Bonifaz has established AfterDowningStreet.org and called for a "Resolution of Inquiry"; a formal congressional investigation into whether President Bush committed impeachable offenses in the run-up to — and launching of — Operation Iraqi Freedom.
www.antiwar.com /prather/?articleid=6351   (810 words)

 Yearning for Peace in Ireland, Sojourners Magazine/May 1994
The recent Irish-British Downing Street Peace Declaration, coupled with the extravagant American media-hype of Sinn Fein’s Gerry Adams, has encouraged a revolution of rising peace expectations worldwide and, especially, in the United States.
Irish people (91 percent in the most recent poll) believe that the Downing Street Declaration—the peace initiative from the prime ministers of Britain and Ireland that calls for separate votes in the north and the south and for the Irish Republican Army to renounce violence—is a fair basis for immediate peace.
In addition, the peace declaration recognizes that a decisive majority of all religions in Northern Ireland look now to the creation of a united Northern community based on parity of esteem between the main traditions, so that they can get on with the primary task of rebuilding their battered community.
www.sojo.net /index.cfm?action=magazine.article&issue=soj9405&article=940541c   (726 words)

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