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Topic: Dual Monarchy


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  Austro-Hungarian Monarchy - Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The agreement to establish the Dual Monarchy, which was worked out primarily by the Austrian foreign minister, Count Beust, and two Hungarians, the elder Count Andrássy and Francis Deak, divided the Hapsburg empire into two states.
The greatest danger to the monarchy probably was Pan-Slavism, spreading from Serbia and encouraged by Russia among the South Slavs.
The breakup of the Dual Monarchy fulfilled the 19th-century liberal ideal of national self-determination.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-AustroHu.html   (1716 words)

  
 Austro-Hungarian Monarchy — Infoplease.com
Austro-Hungarian Monarchy: Destruction of the Monarchy - Destruction of the Monarchy The internal weakness of the empire became immediately obvious.
Austro-Hungarian Monarchy: The Nature of Austria-Hungary - The Nature of Austria-Hungary The reorganization of Austria and Hungary was made possible by the...
Austro-Hungarian Monarchy: Domestic Policy: Divide and Rule - Domestic Policy: Divide and Rule The strength of the Dual Monarchy lay in its vastness, its virtual...
www.infoplease.com /ce6/history/A0805394.html   (208 words)

  
  Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The agreement to establish the Dual Monarchy, which was worked out primarily by the Austrian foreign minister, Count Beust, and two Hungarians, the elder Count Andrássy and Francis Deak, divided the Hapsburg empire into two states.
The strength of the Dual Monarchy lay in its vastness, its virtual economic self-sufficiency, and its opportunities for commercial intercourse from the Swiss border to the Carpathians.
The greatest danger to the monarchy probably was Pan-Slavism, spreading from Serbia and encouraged by Russia among the South Slavs.
www.bartleby.com /65/au/AustroHu.html   (957 words)

  
 Austria-Hungary - LoveToKnow 1911   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The unity of the monarchy is expressed in the common head of the state, who bears the title Emperor of Austria and Apostolic King of Hungary, and in the common administration of a series of affairs, which affect both halves of the Dual Monarchy.
The development of this small mark into the AustroHungarian monarchy was a slow and gradual process, and falls into two main divisions, which almost coincide with the periods during which the dynasties of Babenberg and Habsburg have respectively ruled the land.
These reforms were practically confined to the central provinces of the monarchy; for in Hungary, as well as in the outlying territories of Lombardy and the Netherlands, it was recognized that the conservative temper of the peoples made any revolutionary change in the traditional system inadvisable.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /Austria-Hungary   (16524 words)

  
 Search Results for "Monarchy"   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
monarchy, form of government in which sovereignty is vested in a single person whose right to rule is generally hereditary and who is empowered to remain in office...
...constitutional monarchy A form of national government in which the power of the monarch (the king or queen) is restrained by a parliament, by law, or by custom.
The July Monarchy The monarchy was marked by continued dissension on the Left and its overwhelming bourgeois character.
www.bartleby.com /cgi-bin/texis/webinator/sitesearch?FILTER=&query=Monarchy   (260 words)

  
 Monarchy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Monarchies are one of the oldest forms of government, with echoes in the leadership of tribal chiefs.
The economic structure of such monarchies is that of concentrated wealth, with the majority of the population living as agricultural serfs.
In constitutional monarchies the rule of succession is generally embodied in a law passed by a representative body, such as a parliament.
monarchy.iqnaut.net   (1347 words)

  
 CalendarHome.com - - Calendar Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Monarchy or Dual State, was a dual-monarchic union state in Central Europe from 1867 to 1918, dissolved at the end of World War I.
The dual monarchy was the successor to the Austrian Empire (1804–1867) on the same territory, originating in the compromise between the ruling Habsburg dynasty and the Hungarians.
In particular, Magyar leaders demanded and received the Emperor's coronation as King of Hungary as a re-affirmation of Hungary's historic privileges, and the establishment of a separate parliament at Budapest with the powers to enact laws for the historic lands of the Hungarian crown (the lands of St.
encyclopedia.calendarhome.com /cgi-bin/encyclopedia.pl?p=Austria-Hungary   (4416 words)

  
 The History Cooperative | Conference Proceedings | Seascapes, Littoral Cultures, and Trans-Oceanic Exchanges | The ...
During the dual monarchy that linked Spain and Portugal, their imperial administrations remained largely separate bodies, but they were joined to the same head, so to speak, for sharing information and coordinating action.
During the dual monarchy, Portuguese and Spanish colonies in the Americas faced serious threats from enemy fleets and privateers in wartime and from pirates in peacetime.
The aggrieved wives appealed to the monarchy as the enforcing arm of the church, as well as the ultimate patron of family and community life on both sides of the ocean.
www.historycooperative.org /proceedings/seascapes/phillips.html   (7951 words)

  
 Monarchy Online, World Encyclopedia, India encyclopedia, Featured Articles, Cover Stories, World wide Informations @ ...
Monarchy is one of the oldest forms of government, with echoes in the leadership of tribal chiefs.
In an absolute monarchy, the monarch has absolute power over every aspect of the state, if not of social life in general, and a constitution may be granted or withdrawn, while a constitutional monarch is subject to it as well as any citizen (though it may grant him such privileges as inviolability).
The economic structure of such monarchies is often of concentrated wealth, with the majority of the population living either as agricultural serfs, or, as in Gulf monarchies, a paternalistic model showering benefits on the citizens (while politically they may remain subjects) and importing cheap foreign labor.
www.chennaivision.com /windex.php?title=Monarchy   (3467 words)

  
 Czechoslovakia - Hapsburg Rule - The Dual Monarchy
Moravia had accepted the hereditary right of the Austrian Hapsburgs to rule it and thus escaped the intense struggle between native estates and the Hapsburg monarchy that was to characterize Bohemian history.
The Compromise of 1867 established the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary (also known as the Austro-Hungarian Empire).
It made permanent the dominant position of the Hungarians in Hungary and of the Germans in the Austrian parts of the monarchy.
www.porges.net /HapsburgRule.html   (675 words)

  
 Main Street Architecture and Real Words vs. a “Living” Constitution
Christian II was crowned King of Denmark in 1513 and King of Norway in 1514, the last separate Norwegian coronation under the Danish-Norwegian dual monarchy.
Once there were many monarchies which had written constitutions, but constitutions which clearly defined and gave a strong, in cases even “sacred, absolute and inviolable” position and authority to the monarch.
In a monarchy taxes may be increased, because the moderation of the government is capable of procuring opulence: it is a recompense, as it were, granted to the prince for the respect he shows to the laws.
www.royaltymonarchy.com /opinion/articles/baltzersen1.htm   (9973 words)

  
 The Annexation of Bosnia-Herzegovina, 1908
Under the leadership of Count Aehrenthal, Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Government of the Dual Monarchy found in the Turkish revolution of 1908, a convenient, opportunity for annexation.
The Government of the Dual Monarchy alleged that the Turkish Revolution in 1908 made it necessary for Austria-Hungary to define her position in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
The constitutional reforms announced by the Young Turks required that Turkey grant a degree of autonomy to the provinces and representation in the Turkish Parliament.
www.mtholyoke.edu /acad/intrel/boshtml/bos127.htm   (867 words)

  
 Austria-Hungary at AllExperts
Monarchy or Dual State, was a dual-monarchic union state in Central Europe from 1867 to 1918, dissolved at the end of World War I.
In an effort to shore up support for the monarchy, Emperor Franz Joseph began negotiations for a compromise with the Magyar nobility to ensure their support.
A monarchist revival in Hungary after a short-lived communist revolution and the Romanian intervention of 1919 resulted in the restoration of the Hungarian monarchy (March 1920), with the royal powers entrusted to a regent, the naval hero Admiral Miklós Horthy.
en.allexperts.com /e/a/au/austria-hungary.htm   (3993 words)

  
 THE BLANKET * Index: Current Articles
Indeed, with the exception of the miniscule Reform Movement, the British monarchy is regarded as an anachronism.
Of course, at present such a dispensation is premature at present with the enduring popularity of the monarchy in Britain under the direction of Queen Elizabeth II remaining intact.
The dual presidency idea is one such idea, as it will guarantee the slaughter of a few ethnic nationalist sacred cows and will provide the means of attracting the widest possible support for a United Ireland across the island as a whole.
lark.phoblacht.net /ND1308063g.html   (701 words)

  
 christensen06.html
Szabó presents a picture of the Dual Monarchy in which Redl backs up the Emperor Franz Joseph's half-century of promotion of a policy of peace (1866-1914) in the years after two different wars had lost Austria her possessions of Veneto and Lombardy.
The second issue, the Dual Monarchy's approach to ethnic minority issues, is as obscured by the film as the real Redl's life.
Through the figure of Schorm, the film implies that the Army corruption and inefficiency are major causes of problems in the Dual Monarchy, switching the issues away from the Czech-German bitterness and severe problems in implementing parliamentary government.
clcwebjournal.lib.purdue.edu /clcweb06-1/christensen06.html   (6067 words)

  
 World War I - nationalism
The Dual Monarchy ruled over a large empire consisting of many nationalities, but only the Austrians (racially they were German) and the Hungarians had the right to rule.
Thus the policy of the Dual Monarchy was to suppress the nationalist movements both inside and outside the empire.
The particular object of the Dual Monarchy was to gain political control over the Balkan Peninsula, where nationalist movements were rife and were always giving encouragement to the nationalist movements within the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
www.thecorner.org /hist/wwi/national.htm   (817 words)

  
 The Hapsburg Monarchy (Henry Wickham Steed) - ELibraryAustria
It seemed to indicate that the Monarchy is a useful lumber-room or scrap-heap for broken or detached fragments of other peoples, and gave no hint of the truth that the main thing in the Monarchy is the living force of the dynasty.
The Magyar conception of the Dual System is that of a constitutional pact between the King of Hungary and the Magyar Nation, to which a counterpart was created by the Monarch in his capacity as Emperor of Austria, who granted to his Austrian subjects a Constitution containing analogous though by no means identical provisions.
The Dual System thus rests upon two parallel arrangements, of which the one is a bilateral agreement between the Crown and the Magyar Nation as represented in the Hungarian Parliament, and the other is a unilateral Constitutional Statute promulgated by Imperial authority in Austria and accepted by the Austrian Parliament.
www.literature.at /elib/www/wiki/index.php/The_Hapsburg_Monarchy_(Henry_Wickham_Steed)   (13053 words)

  
 Czechoslovakia - THE DUAL MONARCHY, 1867-1918   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The Compromise of 1867 established the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary (also known as the Austro-Hungarian Empire).
It made permanent the dominant position of the Hungarians in Hungary and of the Germans in the Austrian parts of the monarchy.
This inability to come to terms with its nationalities contributed to the ultimate collapse of the Dual Monarchy.
www.country-data.com /cgi-bin/query/r-3643.html   (326 words)

  
 Denmark's history - Denmark - VisitDenmark: The official guide to Denmark with Danish tourism and travel information ...
At the same time, the loss of Norway in 1814 meant that the former dual monarchy, which geographically had stretched from the North Cape to the Elbe, was reduced to include only Denmark itself and the German duchies.
Conversely, liberal circles in Copenhagen demanded a democratic constitution for the monarchy and the inclusion within it of Schleswig in it, which conflicted with a long-standing promise that the duchies would never be separated.
This triggered a revolt in the duchies, and in Copenhagen led to Frederik VII declaring himself constitutional king, thereby paving the way for a democratic constitution which was codified in The Constitution of the Kingdom of Denmark of 5 June 1849.
www.visitdenmark.com /uk/en-gb/menu/turist/turistinformation/historie/historie.htm   (2287 words)

  
 The Avalon Project : The Dual Alliance Between Austria-Hungary and Germany - October 7, 1879
The Avalon Project : The Dual Alliance Between Austria-Hungary and Germany - October 7, 1879
The Dual Alliance Between Austria-Hungary and Germany - October 7, 1879
Should one of the High Contracting Parties be attacked by another Power, the other High Contracting Party binds itself hereby, not only not to support the aggressor against its high Ally, but to observe at least a benevolent neutral attitude towards its fellow Contracting Party.
www.yale.edu /lawweb/avalon/dualalli.htm   (272 words)

  
 Österreichisch-ungarische Monarchie, Doppelmonarchie   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Austro-Hungarian Monarchy (Austria-Hungary, Dual Monarchy): With the conclusion of the
The Austro-Hungarian monarchy was the second biggest state (following Russia) in Europe and one of the decisive Great Powers.
The peace treaties of Saint-Germain (1919 with Austria) and Trianon (1920 with Hungary) confirmed the distribution of the lands of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy to the
aeiou.iicm.tugraz.at /aeiou.encyclop.o/o818181.htm;internal&action=_setlanguage.action?LANGUAGE=en   (575 words)

  
 Austro-Hungarian Monarchy — FactMonster.com
Austro-Hungarian Monarchy: Destruction of the Monarchy - Destruction of the Monarchy The internal weakness of the empire became immediately obvious.
Austro-Hungarian Monarchy: The Nature of Austria-Hungary - The Nature of Austria-Hungary The reorganization of Austria and Hungary was made possible by the...
Austro-Hungarian Monarchy: Domestic Policy: Divide and Rule - Domestic Policy: Divide and Rule The strength of the Dual Monarchy lay in its vastness, its virtual...
www.factmonster.com /ce6/history/A0805394.html   (132 words)

  
 Istria on the Internet - Heraldy - Austria-Hungary
The monarchy was very often called unofficially the Dual Monarchy and consisted of two independent states: the kingdoms and lands represented in the council of the empire (Reichsrat), unofficially called Austria (q.v.) or Cisleithania; and the “lands of St Stephen’s Crown,” unofficially called Hungary (q.v.) or Transleithania.
The unity of the monarchy was expressed in the common head of the state, who bore the title Emperor of Austria and Apostolic King of Hungary, and in the common administration of a series of affairs, which affected both halves of the Dual Monarchy.
In 1901, the monarchy had a population of 45,405,267 inhabitants, comprising therefore within its borders, about one-eighth of the total population of Europe.
www.istrianet.org /istria/heraldry/austria-hungary   (4057 words)

  
 The Nationalism Project: Book Review of The Dissolution of the Hapsburg Monarchy
Jaszi highlights the anachronistic nature of the Austro-Hungarian Dual Monarchy as contributing to the three key causes of its dissolution.
Jaszi stresses the importance of the monarchy's historical development for the formation of certain basic social norms.
Jaszi focuses on the Empire's internal incoherencies, structural contradictions and the monarchy's inability (or unwillingness) to undertake crucial changes in either domestic or foreign policy (6).
www.nationalismproject.org /books/bookrevs/Jaszi.html   (818 words)

  
 The Ultimate Austria-Hungary - American History Information Guide and Reference
Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy or as the k.u.k.
monarchy), was a dualistic state (1867 –1918) in which the Kingdom of Hungary enjoyed self-government and representation in joint affairs (principally foreign relations and defence) with the western and northern lands of the Austrian Empire under the Austrian Emperors (who also reigned as Kings of Hungary) of the Habsburg dynasty.
Austria-Hungary originated in 1867 in a compromise between the Hungarian nobility and the Habsburg monarchy in an attempt to maintain the old Austrian Empire of 1804.
www.historymania.com /american_history/Austria-Hungary   (3079 words)

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