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Topic: Duchy of Courland and Semigalia


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  YourArt.com >> Encyclopedia >> Courland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
Courland's northeastern boundary was the river Daugava (Dvina), which separated it from the districts of Latgale (part of Vitebsk province in the times of Imperial Russia) and Livonia.
To the north, Courland's boundary was the Gulf of Riga.
Courland during World War II At the start of Operation Barbarossa in 1941, Courland, along with the rest of the Baltic area belonging to the Soviet Union, was overrun by Army Group North headed by Field Marshal Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb.
www.yourart.com /research/encyclopedia.cgi?subject=/Courland   (2560 words)

  
 Courland info here at en.90of100b.info   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
Courland's northeastern boundary was the river Daugava (Dvina), which separated it from the districts of Latgale (part of Vitebsk province in the times of Imperial Russia) 'n Livonia.
With the manifestationing of the hindmost paraphernalia on March 28, 1795, the Duchy of Courland ceased to exist.
Courland meanwhile World War II At the fling of Operation Barbarossa in 1941, Courland, on with the forty winks of the Baltic belonging to the Soviet Union, was overrun by Army Group North supremed by Field Marshal Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb.
en.90of100b.info /Courland   (2667 words)

  
 Kids.Net.Au - Encyclopedia > Livonia
Courland was also involved into this war, but had no severe damage.
Under the next duke, Jacob Kettler[?], the Duchy reached the peak of its prosperity.
Thus, Duchy of Courland had 2 dukes simultaneously since then.
www.kids.net.au /encyclopedia-wiki/li/Livonia   (1333 words)

  
 Courland info here at en.my-widgets.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
Those days have long since been abandoned by Courland who are so busy with their activities, meetings and their childrens schedules that they have to carry Courland a day timer instead of a Courland of Courland coke.
WASA to refurbish Courland Plant Coming on the heels of the commissioning of two water wells at Arnos Vale two weeks ago, the Water and Sewerage Authority (WASA) is now making arrangements for the refurbishment of the nearby Courland...
Duchy of Courland, 1561–1795 Outline of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth with its major subdivisions as of 1619 superimposed on present-day national borders
en.my-widgets.com /Courland   (2704 words)

  
 The Duchy of Courland, 1561-1795
In addition to that Poland, the higher superior of Duchy of Courland, was supporting these landowners.
Jacob established the merchant fleet of Duchy with main harbours in Ventspils, Liepaja.
However, all this time Duchy of Courland was the point of interest for both Sweden and Poland.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Olympus/5539/courland/courland.html   (1268 words)

  
 Portable Apps
Courland (Polish: Kurlandia), a northern fief of the Commonwealth.
Such a Duchy, as proposed in the 1658 Treaty of Hadiach, would have been a full member of the Commonwealth, which would thereupon have become a tripartite Polish-Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth or Commonwealth of Three Nations, but due to szlachta demands, Muscovite invasion, and division among the Cossacks, the plan was never implemented.
Duchy of Samogita (principality of Samogitia, księstwo żmudzkie, Varniai-Medininkai)
portable-apps.subiectiv.com /portable.php?title=Polish-Lithuanian_Commonwealth   (5049 words)

  
 Informat.io on Courland
Courland (Latvian: Kurzeme, Lithuanian: Kuršas, German: Kurland, Russian: Курляндия, Polish: Kurlandia, Latin: Curonia / Couronia) is a historical Baltic province now part of Latvia.
Entrance to the Rundale Palace, the seat of the sovereign Dukes of Courland.
When Anna Ivanovna, the wife of Ferdinand, became the Empress of Russia, her candidate, Ernst Johann von Biron became the duke of Courland in 1737.
www.informat.io /?title=Courland   (2502 words)

  
 Courland - Gurupedia
During the Livonia Wars (1558-1582), under the increasing pressure of Russia (Muscovy), the Livonia Confederation was dissolved.
Netherlands, Portugal, etc. Jacob established the merchant fleet of the Duchy of Courland, with its main harbours in Ventspils, Liepaja.
In fact, the further fate of Courland was decided, when Russia with its allies began the 3rd division of Poland.
www.gurupedia.com /c/co/courland.htm   (2004 words)

  
 Past and Present Regions of Poland
Lithuania is a name that has a strong historical association with Poland, because from the 14th until the late 18th century the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was joined with Poland in, first a dynastic and then a federal union.
Courland was part of Inflanty until 1561, when it became an independent duchy of Poland.
The Duchy, by virtue of the 1386 marital union of the Grand Duke, Jagiełło, with Polish Queen Jadwiga (Hedwig) was joined to Poland in a dynastic union.
info-poland.buffalo.edu /classroom/regions.html   (4149 words)

  
 Livonian Brothers of the Sword
Between 1288 and 1290 they managed to conquer all of Courland and Livonia.
In 1346 the united orders bought the rest of Estonia from Valdemar IV Atterdag[?], king of Denmark.
In the south part of the Brothers' lands he created a Duchy of Courland and Semigalia.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/sw/Sword_Brethren.html   (325 words)

  
 Duchy of Livonia, 1561-1621, 1772
The Governor of this territory was also Gotthard Kettler, until it was declared as the Duchy of Livonia (Pardaugavas hercogiste) in 1566, according to the Treaty of Union between the landowners of Livonia and authorities of Poland.
The Governor of the Duchy of Livonia became Jan Chodkiewicz (1566-1578).
The official coat of arms of the Duchy of Livonia was the family shield of Jan Chodkiewicz - the silver griffin on red field.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Olympus/5539/dole/dole.html   (419 words)

  
 Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth - Free net encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
Originally, the two official languages of the Commonwealth were Polish (in the Kingdom of Poland) and Ruthenian (in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, inhabited in majority by Ruthenians).
Duchy of Samogita (principality of Żmudź, księstwo żmudzkie, Miedniki-Wornie)
Duchy of Warmia (Księstwo Warmińskie, episcopal principality of Warmia, Lidzbark Warmiński)
www.netipedia.com /index.php/Polish-Lithuanian_Commonwealth   (5053 words)

  
 Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth - cruise-ship-employment.info   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
While the Commonwealth's first century was a golden age for both Poland and Lithuania, the second century was marked by military defeats, a return to serfdom for the peasants, and growing anarchy in political life.
These and a third province, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, were the only three regions that were properly termed "provinces." The Commonwealth was further divided into smaller administrative units known as voivodships (województwa).
Such a Duchy, as proposed in the 1658 Treaty of Hadiach, would have been a full member of the Commonwealth, which would thereupon have become a tripartite Polish-Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth, but due to szlachta demands, Muscovite invasion, and division among the Cossacks, the plan was never implemented.
cruise-ship-employment.info /Polish-Lithuanian_Commonwealth   (4535 words)

  
 Wikinfo | Courland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
Courland or Kurland formerly named a Baltic province of the Teutonic Order state in Livonia (ca.
3 The dukes of Courland and their coinage.
Images, some of which are used under the doctrine of Fair use or used with permission, may not be available.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Courland   (2165 words)

  
 Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
Originally, the official languages of the Commonwealth were Polish, and Latin (in the Kingdom of Poland) and Ruthenian, Latin, and Lithuanian [2] (in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania).
While the Commonwealth's first decades were a golden age [9] [10] for both Poland and Lithuania, the second century was marked by military defeats, a return to serfdom for the peasants (the second serfdom phenomena[13]), and growing anarchy[7] [14]in political life.
Royal Prussia Duchy of Warmia (Księstwo Warmińskie, episcopal principality of Warmia, Lidzbark Warmiński) Chełmno Voivodship (województwo chełmińskie, Chełmno) Malbork Voivodship (województwo malborskie, Malbork) Pomeranian Voivodship (województwo pomorskie, Gdańsk) Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Duchy of Livonia (Inflanty)
pc-tv.needsuchspare.info /Polish-Lithuanian_Commonwealth   (5269 words)

  
 Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth jerak.org   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
These and a third province, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, were the only three regions that were properly termed "provinces." The Commonwealth was further divided into smaller administrative units known as voivodship s (województwa).
- Duchy of Courland (Polish: Kurlandia), a northern fief of the Commonwealth.
- Duchy of Warmia (Księstwo Warmińskie, episcopal principality of Warmia, Lidzbark Warmiński)
polish.lithuanian.commonwealth.en.jerak.org   (6208 words)

  
 Informat.io on Polish Lithuanian Commonwealth
Polish, Latin, Lithuanian and Ruthenian (the latter in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania)
The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, actually called the "Republic of the Two Nations" or "Commonwealth of Both Nations" (Polish: Rzeczpospolita Obojga Narodów; Lithuanian: Abiejų tautų respublika) was a federal aristocratic republic that was formed in 1569 by the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and lasted until its final partition in 1795.
Originally, the two official languages of the Commonwealth were Polish and Latin (in the Kingdom of Poland) and Lithuanian Ruthenian (in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, inhabited in majority by Ruthenians).
www.informat.io /?title=polish-lithuanian-commonwealth   (4400 words)

  
 Miasta partnerskie
In 1795 together with the duchy of Courland and Semigalia incorporated in Russia.
In the 16th century the capital of the independent Ruthenian Duchy.
A Ruthenian village in the territory of the Halich and Vladimir Duchy, incorporated in Poland in the second half of the 14th century.
www.umelblag.pl /en/urzad_m/miasta_partnerskie.htm   (1962 words)

  
 Osmanlı Tarihi Kültürü Medeniyeti Edebiyatı Sanatı
) was a federal monarchy-republic formed by the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1569, lasting until 1795.
Together with the third province, Grand Duchy of Lithuania, those were the only three regions that could be properly referred to as provinces.
The creation of Duchy of Ruthenia, proposed in the 1658 Treaty of Hadiach was intended to be a full member of the Commonwealth, which would thereupon become a tripartite Polish-Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth, but due to szlachta demands, Muscovy invasion and division among the Cossacks the plan was never implemented.
www.osmanlimedeniyeti.com /wiki/Polish-Lithuanian_Commonwealth_.html   (4551 words)

  
 Jedi Council Forums - The Quality of this forum is astonishingly poor - This is the remedy. The Time is now. Hoo-Ha ...
The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (or the Republic of the Two Nations: in Polish, Rzeczpospolita Obojga Narodów; in Lithuanian, Žeand#269;pospolita; in Latin, Regnum Serenissima Poloniae; in Belarusian, and#1056;and#1101;and#1095; and#1055;and#1072;and#1089;and#1087;and#1072;and#1083;and#1110;and#769;and#1090;and#1072;and#1103;) was a federal monarchy-republic formed by the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1569, lasting until 1795.
Silesia (Polish: and#346;land#261;sk) was not part of the Commonwealth, but small parts belonged to various Commonwealth kings; in particular, the Vasa kings were dukes of Opole from 1645 to 1666.
Lithuanian-Ruthenian CommonwealthA Duchy of Ruthenia was planned at various times, particularly during the 1648 Cossack insurrection against Polish rule in Ukraine.
boards.theforce.net /Your_Jedi_Council_Community/b10008/18306952/p1   (6505 words)

  
 Gmane -- Mail To News And Back Again
Masters of the order include: Volquin Vilhelm von Schuborch Johann Wolthuss von Herse, See also Courland, Livonia, Latvia, Estonia, Teutonic Knights, Order of Dobrin http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sword_Brethren http://www.stgt.com/stuttgart/historye.htm http://www.geocities.com/fir_y/stg.htm http://www.history.ee/cgi-bin/ono/tabel?q=Stutenmeister http://www.history.ee/cgi-bin/ono/tabel?q=Stutenmeister http://www.vinland.org/heathen/pagancee/#Estonia http://www.vinland.org/heathen/pagancee/#Estonia Latvians have resided in their present geographical area for more than 2,000 years.
Their closest ethnic relatives are the ancient Prussians, the Galinds, the Jatvings, and the Lithuanians.
This ended up providing the colors for the Duchy and then Kingdom of Prussia, and fl became characteristic of the German Empire.
article.gmane.org /gmane.culture.templar.rosemont/1037   (2329 words)

  
 Paradox Interactive Forums - Ducal Court of Kurland
Esthonia submitted to Sweden, and Livonia to Poland; Courland, though nominally a Polish fief, became practically an independent duchy under Gottard Kettler, the last Master of the Livonian/Teutonic Religious Order in Livonia.
The map is spread over the table and the Sultan and some of his advisors peer over it, searching for the tiny Duchy.
While many small duchies and margraves cower at the might of the Sultan, you stand tall and firm against the Satanic darkness in the south.
www.europa-universalis.com /forum/showthread.php?s=&threadid=41408   (2367 words)

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