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Topic: Duchy of Warsaw

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In the News (Wed 21 Aug 19)

  Duchy of Warsaw - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
The Duchy of Warsaw (Polish: Księstwo Warszawskie; French: Duché de Varsovie; German: Herzogtum Warschau) was a Polish state established by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1807 from the Polish lands ceded by the Kingdom of Prussia under the terms of the Treaties of Tilsit.
In fact, the duchy was heavily militarised, bordered as it was by Prussia, the Austrian Empire, and Russia, and it was to be a significant source for troops in various campaigns of Napoleon.
Poles expected in 1812 that the duchy would be upgraded to the status of a kingdom and that during Napoleon's march on Russia, it would be joined with the liberated territories of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Poland's historic partner in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Duchy_of_Warsaw   (1755 words)

 Warsaw, Poland
Warsaw is still one of Europe's most underrated cities, with a string of things to see, an impressive cultural scene and an increasingly lively nightlife.
The tourist epicenter of Warsaw is the Royal Route, which runs north-south from the New and Old Towns, past the fashionable shops of Nowy Swiat, the palaces that survived the war and the royal gardens of Lazienki Park, before reaching Wilanow Palace to the south of the city centre.
Warsaw is still Poland's largest city and the nation's economic, cultural and educational hub.
www.warsaw-hotels.net /eng/guide/cityfacts   (796 words)

 Wikinfo | Warsaw
Warsaw (Polish: Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city.
Warsaw remained the capital of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth until 1795, when it was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia, to become the capital of the Province New East Prussia.
Warsaw is notable among Europe's capital cities not for its size, its age, or its beauty but for its indestructibility.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Warsaw   (1081 words)

 Warsaw. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
It fell temporarily to the Swedes under Charles X (1655–56) and Charles XII (1702), was occupied by the Russians in 1792 and 1794, and passed to Prussia in 1795.
Liberated by Napoleon I in 1806, it became (1807) the capital of the grand duchy of Warsaw (see Poland) and was the scene in 1812 of a diet that proclaimed the reestablishment of Poland.
Warsaw was the principal center of unsuccessful Polish uprisings against Russian domination in 1830 and 1863.
www.bartleby.com /65/wa/Warsaw.html   (620 words)

 glbtq >> social sciences >> Warsaw
Warsaw was liberated in January 1945, and by 1948 a Communist regime firmly controlled Poland.
Warsaw was a center for the Polish workers' movement, Solidarity, in 1980 and 1981.
The Code Napoleon, in force during the period of the Duchy of Warsaw, was silent on the issue of homosexuality, and this treatment came to be considered Poland's legal norm.
www.glbtq.com /social-sciences/warsaw.html   (858 words)

 Warsaw's history
Between 1939 and 1944 over 84% of Warsaw was completely destroyed, with the city centre bearing the brunt of the damage.
Warsaw, thanks to its convenient location, experienced a period of rapid development and became the leading city of the entire state.
The part of Mazovia, with Warsaw, fell to the Prussians and the town was relegated to the status of a provincial centre.
www.e-warsaw.pl /miasto/historia.htm   (951 words)

 Welcome Poland - Informations about Warsaw in Poland.
Although the panorama of the city is dominated by sky-scrapers, the symbol of the capital city is the rebuilt Royal Castle which, along with the Old City, the Royal Track and castle and park residences in the Łazienki and Wilanów constitutes the aim of domestic and foreign excursions.
Suppressed by the invader, the Warsaw Uprising (August 1st - October 2nd, 1944) gave rise to the extermination of the population and actual crossing out of Warsaw from the list of European cities, which the invader was aiming at.
Warsaw is entering today, along with many other Polish cities, the list of European leading centres, its economic functions are developing, it is a place of meetings for business and scientists from all over the world, streets are becoming increasingly beautiful, enriched by elegant shops, galleries and department stores.
www.welcomepoland.com /warsaw   (1132 words)

 Warsaw : Exploring Essential Information, Data and Explanation.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Warsaw is a municipal powiat and is further divided in 18 distinct entities (called dzielnice) with their own administrative bodies.
Although Warsaw has been utterly destroyed during the World War II and the reconstruction in the fifties widened many streets in the city centre, Warsaw is currently battling with a plague of traffic jams.
Following the Warsaw Uprising the tramway net was consistently destroyed by the Germans until the liberation of the ruins in January 1945.
www.llpoh.org /Styles_and_Architecture_2/Warsaw.html   (3345 words)

 Warsaw - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
It fell temporarily to the Swedes under Charles X (1655-56) and Charles XII (1702), was occupied by the Russians in 1792 and 1794, and passed to Prussia in 1795.
Warsaw: the orthopedic-products manufacturing capital of the world.
Lights over Warsaw: A constellation of crackshot directors is reanimating Polish theatre--and Grzegorz Jarzyna is their leading luminary.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-warsaw.html   (811 words)

 History of Warsaw's Coat of Arms
During the 16th century, the male torso on the Warsaw arms was replaced with a female torso, the helmeted head disappeared, and there appeared dragon wings at the hips and a lizard tail.
The City of New Warsaw and remaining districts had separate arms, for example the arms of New Warsaw were a maiden with a unicorn.
In 1811, during the period of the Duchy of Warsaw, the seals of the city adopted the official emblem of the Duchy, the Saxon-Polish Arms.
www.e-warsaw.pl /miasto/herb.htm   (650 words)

 Revolution and Rebirth   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
In 1815 at the Congress of Vienna the Duchy was partitioned and a large part went to Russia.
Warsaw was taken in September 1831, followed by terrible persecution; over 25,000 prisoners were sent to Siberia with their families and the Constitution of the "Congress Kingdom" was suspended.
The University of Warsaw and all schools were closed down, use of the Polish language was forbidden in most public places and the Catholic Church was persecuted.
www.kasprzyk.demon.co.uk /www/Revolution.html   (2268 words)

 WHKMLA : History of Poland - Duchy of Warsaw, 1807-1813
In 1809, Austria had to cede it's acquisition in the 3rd Polish Partition, and the Duchy of Warsaw doubled in size; the duchy had 2,400,000 inhabitants.
Duchy of Warsaw : the Army, from Histofig; Uniforms, from Histofig
Constitution of the Duchy of Warsaw, 1807, from Verfassungen.de, in German
www.zum.de /whkmla/region/eceurope/duchywar.html   (584 words)

 INS Scholarship 1998: Polish Projects of Napoleon Bonaparte
The Tilsit treaty of 1807 declared the creation of the Duchy of Warsaw from "provinces that were part of Prussia" and their switch into "complete ownership and possession of his royal highness, the king of Saxony." The creation of the Duchy of Warsaw undoubtedly gave some advantages to Napoleon.
The creation of the grand Duchy of Warsaw did not resolve the Polish problem - it was a temporary, shaky structure, of the same sort that had arisen several times during that tumultuous epoch.
On the eve of, and in the period of the war of 1812 with Russia, the Duchy of Warsaw became a military bastion of France, and the 100,000 Polish Army fought bravely for his interests.
www.napoleon-series.org /ins/scholarship98/c_polish.html   (2901 words)

 In the Aftermath of the Partitions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
As part of the Army of the Duchy of Warsaw, Dabrowski fought against the Austrians in 1809, the Russians in the campaign of 1812, and at the battle of Leipzig (1813).
Warsaw was taken in September 1831, followed by terrible persecution; over 25,000 prisoners were sent to Siberia with their families and the Constitution of the “Congress Kingdom”; was suspended.
Prus is buried in the Powazki Cemetery, Warsaw.
www.kasprzyk.demon.co.uk /www/Aftermath.html   (6708 words)

 :: future :: :: Warsaw :: June :: 2006   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Its population as of 2004 was estimated at 1,692,900, with an urban agglomeration of approximately 2,760,000.
Warsaw is a municipal powiat (county) and is further divided into 18 boroughs, each one known as a dzielnica (map), each one with its own administrative body.
Warsaw is seen as the heart of Poland by foreign investors, whose financial participation in the city’s development was estimated in 2002 at over 650 million euro.
fiucer.blogsome.com /2006/06/10/warsaw   (5362 words)

 City of the month: Warsaw
The Warsaw Chamber Opera’s repertoire spans a wide variety of musical styles and genres: from medieval mystery plays to the operas of the Baroque and Classical periods, 18th century pantomimes, the operas by Rossini and Donizetti, as well as works by contemporary composers.
The Warsaw Philharmonic, which celebrated its centenary in 2001, is one of the oldest musical institutions in Europe.
Warsaw found itself under the Prussian rule and its role was diminished to that of a small provincial town.
www.music-opera.com /site_english/ville_warsaw_e.htm   (4120 words)

The same regulations were introduced in the Grand Duchy of Poznan which had been part of the Duchy of Warsaw before the former was joined to Prussia.
The overwhelming majority of Jews in the Duchy of Warsaw were poor and made their living from petty trade and crafts.
The legal norms from the period of the Duchy of Warsaw were kept in force.
members.core.com /~mikerose/history2.htm   (6313 words)

 Poland - XIX century flags
The Grand Duchy of Warsaw was founded in 1807 (under the King of Saxony; Napoleon became Grand Duke in 1809, if I recall correctly).
Grand Duchy of Warsaw was Napoleon's satellite state 1807-1815, but Napoleon never had been the Duke of it.
It is very hard to tell what exactly flag was used in the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, but this could be rather red flag with white (silver) coat of arms - white eagle (like this one shown in Kingdom of Poland).
flagspot.net /flags/pl-xix.html   (800 words)

 Napoleon and the Duchy of Warsaw
Meanwhile Murat pursuing the Prussians and Russians entered Warsaw on November 28, 1806, and was received amidst tears of emotion and cries of exultation of the populace, which greeted him and his troops as the redeemers of Poland.
The first session of the Diet of the Duchy of Warsaw met on March 9,1809, in the same building where the Four Years Diet had sat, under the same president, Stanislav Malachowski, and in the presence of the Duke whom, in 1791 they had chosen to succeed Poniatowski as King.
One of the causes of the war of 1812 was the existence of the Duchy.
www.butschal.de /pisarski/poniatowski.htm   (7577 words)

 Grange ghetto home page
On 8th April 1861 Michal Landy, a rabbinical seminary student born in Warsaw in 1844, was shot dead by Russian troops during a demonstration in Plac Zamkowy (Castle Square).
Warsaw's Jewish population rose when Prussian Jews came to the city before the Napoleonic Wars.
In 1939 there were 375,000 Jews in Warsaw (nearly one third of the city's population).
warsawghetto.epixtech.co.uk /HistI.htm   (737 words)

In 1809, under Józef Poniatowski, nephew of Stanislaw II Augustus, the duchy reclaimed the land taken by Austria in the second partition.
In the subsequent peace settlement of the Congress of Vienna, the victorious Austrians and Prussians swept away the Duchy of Warsaw and reconfirmed most of the terms of the final partition of Poland.
This conviction was simply expressed in a fighting slogan of the time, "for your freedom and ours." Moreover, the appearance of the Duchy of Warsaw so soon after the partitions proved that the seemingly final historical death sentence delivered in 1795 was not necessarily the end of the Polish nation.
countrystudies.us /poland/12.htm   (2116 words)

 AllRefer.com - Warsaw : History, Poland (Polish Political Geography) - Encyclopedia
The city was the scene in 1926 of a military coup that established Marshal Joseph Pilsudski's dictatorship.
From Aug. to Oct., 1944, the Polish nationalist underground and German troops battled for Warsaw; while the battle was raging, the Soviet army, across the Vistula, remained inactive.
The Germans, following their victory, expelled Warsaw's inhabitants and deliberately demolished the city.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/W/Warsaw-history.html   (503 words)

 Grand Duchy of Warsaw - 1/3 Talara
The Grand Duchy of Warsaw was an example of Napoleon's pragmatism in action.
Always a man to tap available sources of manpower, he encouraged Polish nationalists to believe that he would re-establish the ancient Kingdom that had been partitioned in the 1790s by Austria, Russia and Prussia.
The royal Saxon house had ancient claims on the Polish throne, so, as Napoleon saw it, establishing the Grand Duchy served the aims of legitimacy, Polish nationalism and, somewhat, the status quo of the Polish partitions.
www.napoleonicmedals.org /coins/warsaw14-1.htm   (313 words)

 The Order of Saint Stanislas - Grand Masters
This new annexation of Poland was known as the Grand Duchy of Warsaw.
Frederick Augustus was King of Saxony in 1806, and Duke of Warsaw from 1807-1813.
The future of the Duchy of Warsaw was contigent on Napoleon's relationship with Russia.
www.angelfire.com /realm/StStanislas/SSMasters.html   (3020 words)

 Poland 1807-1813 quiz -- free game
In the spring of 1809 Austrian forces invaded the Duchy.
In the spring of 1812, Napoleon's Grande Armee was reorganized in the preparation for the invasion of Russia.
Although the Duchy of Warsaw practically ceased to exist in the spring of 1813, two of its fortresses did not surrender to the Russians until late December.
www.funtrivia.com /playquiz.cfm?qid=106897   (332 words)

 Columbia Encyclopedia- Warsaw - AOL Research & Learn
Columbia Encyclopedia- Warsaw - AOL Research & Learn
After Kraków burned, Warsaw replaced it (1596) as Poland's capital.
The city was the scene in 1926 of a military coup that established Marshal Joseph Piłsudski's dictatorship.
reference.aol.com /columbia/_a/warsaw/20051207172009990019   (585 words)

 Grand Duchy of Warsaw - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Grand Duchy of Warsaw - Search Results - MSN Encarta
acquisition by Russia, city in Grand Duchy, creation by Napoleon I, French administrator
Search for books about your topic, "Grand Duchy of Warsaw"
encarta.msn.com /Grand_Duchy_of_Warsaw.html   (114 words)

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