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Topic: Dungan language


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In the News (Thu 23 May 19)

  
  Dungan language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Dungan language (autonym: Хуэйзў йүян [Huėyzŭ yüyan]; 东干语 [東干語] in Chinese) is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken by the 50,000 Dungan or (Hui) of Central Asia.
Dungan is most akin to the dialects of Mandarin spoken in the provinces of Shaanxi and Gansu.
Dungan alphabet: А/а, Б/б, В/в, Г/г, Д/д, Е/е, Ё/ё, Ж/ж, Җ/җ, З/з, И/и, Й/й, К/к, Л/л, М/м, Н/н, Ң/ң, Ә/ә, О/о, П/п, Р/р, С/с, Т/т, У/у, Ў/ў, Ү/ү, Ф/ф, Х/х, Ц/ц, Ч/ч, Ш/ш, Щ/щ, Ъ/ъ, Ы/ы, Ь/ь, Э/э, Ю/ю, Я/я
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Dungan_language   (357 words)

  
 Dungan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dungan (Chinese: 東干族; Pinyin: dōng gān zú; Дунгане) is a term used in territories of the former Soviet Union to refer to a Muslim people of Chinese origin.
Dungan are found in parts of the former Soviet Union, especially in Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Russia (mostly in Tatarstan).
The Dungan language is essentially a Shaanxi dialect of Mandarin Chinese but uses the Cyrillic script and has only three tones instead of four.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Dungan   (303 words)

  
 Dungan language, alphabet and pronunciation
Dungan is a variety of Chinese spoken in Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.
There are two main dialects of Dungan: one with four tones which originates in Shaanxi province in China, and one with three tones, which serves as the standard form of the language and comes from the Chinese province of Gansu.
Dungan's three tones are not normally indicated in writing, except in children's primers and dictionaries, where the tones are marked either ма, маъ, маь or ма I, ма II, ма III.
www.omniglot.com /writing/dungan.htm   (230 words)

  
 Chinese language: Encyclopedia topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Although Chinese is often regarded for cultural reasons as a single language (language: A systematic means of communicating by the use of sounds or conventional symbols), its range of regional variation is comparable to that of the Romance language (Romance language: The group of languages derived from Latin) s.
Though India has historically not been as unified as China, parts of it speaking multiple languages have long been united in various states, and many of its languages (languages: A systematic means of communicating by the use of sounds or conventional symbols) have not been standardized until the last few decades through political centralization.
Haner language (Haner language: the haner language () was a chinese language heavily...
www.absoluteastronomy.com /reference/chinese_language   (7068 words)

  
 Chinese language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Chinese language (汉语/漢語, 华语/華語, or 中文; Pinyin: Hànyǔ, Huáyǔ;, or Zhōngwén) is a tonal language and a member of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages.
The Chinese language, spoken in the form of Standard Mandarin, is the official language of the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China on Taiwan, as well as one of four official languages of Singapore, and one of six official languages of the United Nations.
The Dungan language, thought to be a dialect of Mandarin, is also written, though the Dungan people live outside of China.
chinese-language.ask.dyndns.dk   (5425 words)

  
 Chinese_language information. LANGUAGE SCHOOL EXPLORER   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Cantonese is unique among non-Mandarin regional languages in having a written colloquial standard, used in Hong Kong and by non-Standard Mandarin speaking Cantonese speakers overseas, with a large number of unofficial characters for words particular to this variety of Chinese.
The Dungan language, considered a dialect of Mandarin, is also nowadays written in Cyrillic, and was formerly written in the Arabic alphabet, although the Dungan people live outside China.
Old Chinese (T:上古漢語S:上古汉语P:ShànggÇ” HànyÇ”), sometimes known as "Archaic Chinese," was the language common during the early and middle Zhōu Dynasty (1122 BC - 256 BC), texts of which include inscriptions on bronze artifacts, the poetry of the ShÄ«jÄ«ng, the history of the ShÅ«jÄ«ng, and portions of the YìjÄ«ng (I Ching).
www.school-explorer.com /Kantonese   (6243 words)

  
 Dungan Script and Chinese Language Reform
The Dungans insist that SD is an independent language, not a dialect of Mandarin, and, indeed, even deny vehemently that they are Chinese at all.
From the Dungan point of view, we must concur that there are many features of SD which set it apart from MSM, not the least of which is its extensive borrowing from Arabic, Persian, Kazakh, Kirghiz, Uighur, Uzbek, Turkish, and latterly Russian.
Surely, Han languages preceded the tetragraphs and, while the latter indubitably had an impact on the former during the more than three millennium in which they interacted, it is obvious that speech has always been primary and script secondary.
www.pinyin.info /readings/texts/dungan.html   (8356 words)

  
 Chinese language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Although [[Dungan languageDungan]] is very closely related to Mandarin, not many people consider it "Chinese", because it is written in Cyrillic and spoken by [[Dunganpeople]] outside [[China]] who are not considered [[Overseas ChineseChinese]] in any sense.It is common for speakers of Chinese to be able to speak several varieties of the language.
Although India was historically not as unified as China, parts of it speaking multiple languages have long been united in various states, and many of its [[List of Indian languages by total speakerslanguages]] were not standardized until the last few decades through political centralization.
Furthermore, for some, suggesting that Chinese is more correctly described as multiple languages implies that the notion of a single Chinese language and a single Chinese state or nationality is backward, oppressive, artificial, and out of touch with reality.However, the links between ethnicity, politics, and language can be complex.
chineselanguage.quickseek.com   (1133 words)

  
 Chinese language - Chinese Language - Chinese
The Chinese language (汉语/漢語, 华语/華語, or 中文; Pinyin: H?nyǔ, Hu?yǔ;, or Zhōngw?n) is a tonal language and a member of the Sino-Tibetan languagesSino-Tibetan family of languages.
The terms and concepts used by Chinese to separate spoken language from written language are different from those used in the West, because of differences in the political and social development of China in comparison with Europe.
Old Chinese (上古漢語), sometimes known as 'Archaic Chinese', was the language common during the early and middle Zhou Dynasty (1122 BC - 256 BC)Zhou Dynasty (11th to 7th centuries B.C.), texts of which include inscriptions on bronze artifacts, the poetry of the Shijing, the history of the Shujing, and portions of the Yijing (I Ching).
www.famouschinese.com /virtual/Chinese_language   (5021 words)

  
 Central Asian Dungan Peoples of | www.30-days.net   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Dungans are a people group of about 110,000 people in the three Central Asian countries Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.
The Dungans do not yet have the habit of praying or worshipping in their native tongue, and the Gospel of Mark is the only portion of the Bible currently available in their language.
Dungan believers and the foreign Christians living in the area have suffered many hardships, including beatings, arthritis, brain tumours, and marriage problems.
www.30-days.net /ebook7/day24.htm   (510 words)

  
 Chinese language -   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Regional variation between different variants/dialects is comparable to the Romance language family; many variants of spoken Chinese are different enough to be mutually incomprehensible.
From a purely descriptive point of view, "languages" and "dialects" are simply arbitrary groups of similar idiolects, and the distinction is irrelevant to linguists who are only concerned with describing regional speeches scientifically.
With languages that use similar orthography, the temptation to pronounce words just as in one's mother tongue can lead to great misunderstanding.
psychcentral.com /psypsych/Chinese_language   (6339 words)

  
 U.S.ENGLISH Foundation Official Language Research - Kyrgyzstan: Language in everyday life
Language in everyday life: The use of language in everyday life, e.g.
There are two radio channels: the first channel broadcasting 17 hours a day also programs in the Uigur, Dungan and Ukrainian language, and news in German and the second channel (Radio of the 21st Century) broadcasting 16 hours a day.
Monthly Dungan language programs on the state television channel have a long tradition in Kyrgyzstan.
www.us-english.org /foundation/research/olp/viewResearch.asp?CID=48&TID=6   (530 words)

  
 The Unreached Peoples Prayer Profiles   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Dungan originated in the Kansu and Shensi provinces of northwestern China.
Dungan settlements are concentrated in the river valleys.
The Dungan in Kazakstan are more conservative than are those in Kyrgyzstan and do not permit their girls to marry Dungan from any other place.
www.ksafe.com /profiles/p_code5/305.html   (790 words)

  
 Dungan language - China History Forum, online chinese history forum
The Dungan language (autonym: khueuzwu yuuyan; 东干语 [東干語] in Chinese) is a language spoken by the 50,000 Dungan or (Hui) of Central Asia, including Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan, Russia.
Although in vocabulary and structure, the language is not very different from Mandarin Chinese, it is unique in that it is the only variation of the Chinese language which is not normally written using Chinese characters.
Also, their language is obviously not the Mandarin of the 14th century, but very much CONTEMPORARY Mandarin.
www.chinahistoryforum.com /index.php?showtopic=6075   (1929 words)

  
 Speech and Writing
  Chinese language does not have 5000 years of history; Chinese writing does; the history of the Chinese language should be many times longer than 5000 years.
languages without speech are dead languages (Latin, for example).
Given the primacy of speech, then it follows that however we represent Chinese, be it with characters or alphabetic writing, the Chinese language will remain Chinese.
www-rohan.sdsu.edu /dept/chinese/aspect/speechwriting.html   (406 words)

  
 AIMS - Unreached People Group Profies   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Dungan (Hui) are usually farmers who grow vegetables and then transport their products to cities to sell them at large city markets.
Language: The Soviets have tried to get them to develop a written Dungan language, however, most of them have a hard time reading it.
Need: To win the Dungan people to Christ, it is important that properly trained, long-term workers dwell with them, learning their language and culture, becoming their friends.
www.aims.org /huiofcentraasia.html   (423 words)

  
 CENTRAL ASIA AND THE CAUCASUS Journal of Social and Political Studies
The systems of writing were no exception: some of the languages lost their systems three times, many peoples had to learn how to write in their own language from scratch.
Stabilization came when the Cyrillic alphabet was introduced (1937-1941) for a considerable number of languages in the Soviet Union; later in 1953 the Dungan language received Cyrillic script, in 1957, the Gagauz language, in 1954 the Abkhazian and the Ossetian language of South Ossetia were transferred from the Georgian to Cyrillic script.
In the 1940s through to 1980s the written languages of nearly all nations and ethnic groups were based on the Cyrillic alphabet.
www.ca-c.org /journal/eng-02-2002/15.alprimen.shtml   (466 words)

  
 Xiang language resources
...�干語] in Chinese) is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken by the 50,000 Dungan or (Hui) of Central Asia...
Yụet (Guangdong) language") is one of the major dialect groups or languages of the Chinese language or...
language Lanzhou dialect Urumqi dialect of Chinese Xining dialect Yinchuan dialect Southwestern Mandarin...
www.mongabay.com /indigenous_ethnicities/languages/languages/Xiang.html   (1321 words)

  
 Arabic alphabet: Encyclopedia topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Arabic alphabet is the script used for writing the Arabic language (Arabic language: The Semitic language of the Arabs; spoken in a variety of dialects).
Bashkir (Bashkir: the bashkir language is a turkic language, a member of the kyphchak group of languages....
Chaghatai (Chaghatai: the chagatai language is an extinct turkic language spoken in central asia....
www.absoluteastronomy.com /reference/arabic_alphabet   (4519 words)

  
 Etymologie, Étymologie, Etymology - UZ Usbekistan, Republik Usbekistan, Uzbekistan - Sprache, Langue, Language
ethnologue - Crimean Turkish - Language of UZ (E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=crh
ethnologue - Korean - Language of UZ (E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=kor
ethnologue - Lithuanian - Language of UZ (E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=lit
www.etymologie.info /~e/u_/uz-sprach.html   (756 words)

  
 The Dungan people of Central Asia - Asia Finest Discussion Forum
The Dungan people have their origins in China, where they were originally Hui Muslims, who led rebellions against the Qing Empire in the second half of the 19th century.
What's special about the Dungan people is that although they speak a dialect of Mandarin (similar to Gansu and Shaanxi dialects), they don't use Hanzi for their writing system.
Although their language has 3 tones, none of these tones are indicated in their writing.
www.asiafinest.com /forum/index.php?showtopic=22446   (480 words)

  
 Chinese www.Chinese101.com
The Chinese language (汉语/漢語, Pinyin: Hànyu, 华语/華語, Huáyu or 中文, Zhōngwén) forms part of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages.
The standardized form of spoken Chinese is based on the Beijing dialect, a member of the Mandarin group; it is described in the article "Standard Mandarin".
Standard Mandarin is the official language of the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China on Taiwan, as well as one of four official languages of Singapore (together with English, Malay, and Tamil).
chinese101.com   (488 words)

  
 Writing System Links
The Chinese Language and Culture Forum has a long discussion on the proposition that 'Chinese characters are objectively harder, even for Chinese'.
Languages in Contact: Implications for Literacy has some comments on the Japanese writing system.
Languages in Contact: Implications for Literacy has some interesting comments on the Vietnamese writing system.
cjvlang.com /Writing/writlinks.html   (1573 words)

  
 New Jersey Division of Consumer Affairs State Board of Physical Therapy Minutes
Dungan is applying for licensure as a physical therapist by endorsement in the State of New Jersey.
She was educated in the Philippines and received her professional as well as undergraduate education in the English language.
Dungan a waiver of the TOEFL requirement based upon the fact that her professional as well as her undergraduate education was conducted in the English language and she demonstrated proficiency.
www.state.nj.us /oag/ca/pt/minutes/pt1227.htm   (1294 words)

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