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Topic: Duodenum


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In the News (Sun 19 Nov 17)

  
  BioMed Central | Full text | Dieulafoy's lesion of duodenum: a case report
In one large series from a tertiary care centre in India, of 900 cases of upper GI bleeding, DL was the cause in only six (0.67%) cases with the lesion being located within 6 cms of the GE junction in all cases [2].
Duodenum was the commonest location(18%) of extragastric DLs followed by colon(10%) and jejunum(2%) and esophagus(2%) [6].
The pathology of the lesion is essentially the same throughout the gastrointestinal tract and it is caused by an abnormally large calibre persistent tortuous submucosal artery [7].
www.biomedcentral.com /1471-230X/3/2   (1906 words)

  
  Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Duodenum
The duodenum wall is composed of a very thin layer of cells that forms the muscularis mucosae.
The pancreatic duct and common bile duct enter the descending duodenum, commonly known together as the hepatopancreatic duct (or pancreatic duct in the United States), through the major duodenal papilla.
The third (inferior/horizontal) part of the duodenum begins at the inferior duodenal flexure and passes transversely to the left, crossing the inferior vena cava, aorta and the vertebral column.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Duodenum   (433 words)

  
 MUSC DDC - Stomach & Duodenum
The stomach and duodenum have a rich blood supply, derived from the aorta (the main artery in the body) and are also supplied by nerves from the spinal cord.
Once food enters the duodenum, its acidity is neutralized by mixing with alkaline juices from the pancreas and bile in preparation for further digestion and absorption lower down the small intestine.
Disorders of the stomach and the duodenum are extremely common and a considerable source of suffering in the population.
www.ddc.musc.edu /ddc_pub/digestiveOrgans/stomach.htm   (1103 words)

  
 CT of the Duodenum: An Overlooked Segment Gets Its Due -- Jayaraman et al. 21 (Supplement 1): 147 -- RadioGraphics
The duodenum arises from the embryonic midgut and is composed
manifest with metastatic disease to the duodenum (41) (Fig 21).
The limb was obstructed owing to recurrent gastric carcinoma at the gastrojejunostomy anastomosis.
radiographics.rsnajnls.org /cgi/content/full/21/suppl_1/S147   (5181 words)

  
 Lab Manual - Duodenum, Pancreas, Liver, & Gallbladder
Explain the discrepancy between the external lobulation of the liver and the true internal segmentation of the liver based on the branching of the intrahepatic arteries, veins, and ducts.
Reflect the duodenum and pancreas toward the mid-line in the plane of the fusion fascia (explain).
Carefully trace the common bile duct as it courses behind the first part of the duodenum and the head of the pancreas to the medial wall of the second part of the duodenum.
www.med.umich.edu /lrc/coursepages/M1/anatomy/html/abdomen/duodenum.html   (1665 words)

  
 Urban Dictionary: duodenum
It is at the end of the ileum, which is connected to the jejunum, which is connected to the duodenum.
The science's third and final wing is not that of such birds as the Archipecteronamicakszethe ramicpon Seljuk Turk, but the denouncement of the nation of Sweden as the land of the Thorax and the Herabic Lactaid.
Journeys there may result in your loss of your duodenum, and I wouldn't recommend that as it is a crucial organ.
www.urbandictionary.com /define.php?term=duodenum   (435 words)

  
 Prelab Images - Duodenum, Pancreas, Liver, & Gallbladder
Plate 270 shows the mesentery attaching to the fourth part of the duodenum and the superior mesenteric artery crossing the third part of the duodenum.
Plate 270 labels the four parts of the duodenum and plate 260 shows the vertebral level of the duodenum.
Plates 299, 301, and 302 show the veins of the duodenum and pancreas that roughly travel with the arteries of the same name.
www.med.umich.edu /lrc/coursepages/m1/anatomy/html/gastrointestinal_system/duodenum_pre.html   (1448 words)

  
 eMedicine - Duodenum, Ulcers : Article Excerpt by: Isaac Hassan, MBChB, DMRD, FRCR
The second part consists of the descending duodenum, where the duodenal papilla and ampulla of Vater are located.
The ampulla of Vater contains the outlet of the conjoined or separate pancreatic and bile ducts.
The third part consists of the horizontal duodenum and extends from the second part to the arteriomesenteric bundle, where the superior mesenteric artery crosses anterior to the duodenum.
www.emedicine.com /radio/byname/duodenum-ulcers.htm   (680 words)

  
 Small Intestine: Biology of the Digestive System: Merck Manual Home Edition
The stomach releases food into the duodenum, which is the first segment of the small intestine.
The duodenum receives pancreatic enzymes from the pancreas and bile from the liver and gallbladder.
In the duodenum, food is diluted with pancreatic enzymes and bile, which decrease stomach acidity.
www.merck.com /mmhe/sec09/ch118/ch118d.html   (359 words)

  
 Nikon MicroscopyU: Fluorescence Microscopy Digital Image Gallery - Rat Duodenum Tissue Sections
The region closest to the stomach is the duodenum, which is separated from that structure by the pyloric sphincter.
Once matter is passed from the stomach to the duodenum, it is exposed to bile and digestive juices.
The layered structure of the duodenum is similar to that of the stomach.
www.microscopyu.com /galleries/fluorescence/ratduodenum/index.html   (392 words)

  
 Duodenum   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The duodenum, into which the stomach opens, is about 25 cm long, C-shaped and begins at the pyloric sphincter.
The fourth part of the duodenum terminates at the duodenojejunal flexure DJF with the jejunum.
The ligament of Treitz is a musculofibrous band that extends from the upper aspect of the ascending part of the duodenum to the right crus of the diaphragm and tissue around the celiac artery.
mywebpages.comcast.net /wnor/duodenum.htm   (180 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The correct answer is: Duodenum The superior mesenteric artery crosses over the third part of the duodenum, and the aorta is posterior to the third part of the duodenum.
When food enters the duodenum from the pyloric sphincter, it enters the ampulla, which is a smooth area of the duodenum containing a high percentage of mucosal cells.
The descending, horizontal, and ascending portions of the duodenum all have circular folds.
www-personal.umich.edu /~benwei/cgi-data/shared/linked/DPLG(PQ).doc   (2675 words)

  
 Wikinfo | Duodenum
Two very important ducts open into the duodenum, namely the bile duct and the pancreatic duct.
The second part of the duodenum is where the pancreatic duct (and sometimes, separately, the common bile duct) empty into the gastrointestinal tract.
The duodenum makes another sharp ~90 degree turn into the third part of the duodenum before joining with the jejunum.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Duodenum   (266 words)

  
 Olympus MIC-D: Brightfield Gallery - Human Lower Duodenum
The duodenum joins the jejunum and ileum as one of the three major sections of the human small intestine in the lower gastrointestinal (GI) system.
Characteristic of the duodenum or upper small intestine, Brunner's glands are situated in the submucosa as are Meissner's nerve plexuses.
External to this muscular layer, the duodenum is covered by the outermost layer of connective tissue known as the adventitia.
www.olympusmicro.com /micd/galleries/brightfield/humanlowerduodenum1.html   (286 words)

  
 Duodenum, Duodenal Cap & Ampulla of Vader
The duodenum is the portion of the small bowel just beyond the stomach.
Image 1 shows the normal cap with the duodenum continuing through the opening on the right.
The slight mound of tissue on the left of Image 3 is the opening from the bile and pancreatic duct.
www.gicare.com /pated/eidunmdu.htm   (136 words)

  
 Conditions By Organ: Duodenum - WrongDiagnosis.com
Duodenum: The first part of the small intestine that connects to the stomach.
Duodenum: the part of the small intestine between the stomach and the jejunum
Duodenum : first part of the small intestine extending from the pylorus to the jejunum.
www.wrongdiagnosis.com /organ/duodenum.htm   (200 words)

  
 Dorlands Medical Dictionary
(doo”o-de´no-ko-lan”je-i´tis) inflammation of the duodenum and common bile duct.
(doo”o-de”no-ko”led-o-kot´ə-me) surgical incision of the duodenum and common bile duct.
(doo”o-də-not´ə-me) [duodeno- + -tomy] incision of the duodenum.
www.mercksource.com /pp/us/cns/cns_hl_dorlands.jspzQzpgzEzzSzppdocszSzuszSzcommonzSzdorlandszSzdorlandzSzdmd_d_30zPzhtm   (1633 words)

  
 Duodenum Information
In anatomy of the digestive system, the duodenum is a hollow jointed tube connecting the stomach to the jejunum.
The pancreatic duct and common bile duct enter the descending duodenum, commonly known together as the hepatopancreatic duct, through the major duodenal papilla.
The third (inferior/horizontal) part of the duodenum begins at the inferior duodenal flexure.
www.bookrags.com /wiki/Duodenum   (380 words)

  
 YourSurgery.ComĀ®-Surgery of the Duodenum
The duodenum is the first part and "central processing unit" of the small bowel.
The duodenum connects the stomach to the jejunum, which is the second part of the small bowel (Figure 1)
The duodenum is retroperitoneal (has peritoneum, the thin layer of tissue that lines the abdominal cavity) only on the anterior (front) side; fixed in location; wraps around the head, neck and body of the pancreas; and the superior mesenteric artery and vein (major blood vessels for the bowel) pass anterior to the 3rd portion
www.yoursurgery.com /ProcedureDetails.cfm?BR=1&Proc=48   (264 words)

  
 Duodenal Ulcer - Patient UK
In the duodenum and the rest of the small intestine, food mixes with enzymes (chemicals).
The duodenum makes chemicals and mucus which covers the surface and protects the tissues from the acid.
This bacterium (bug) affects the lining of the duodenum in some way which allows the acid to cause inflammation and ulcers.
www.patient.co.uk /showdoc/23069184   (1168 words)

  
 Duodenum
The duodenum is the first part of the small intestine.
It is located between the stomach and the jejunum.
After foods combine with stomach acid, they descend into the duodenum where they mix with bile from the gall bladder and digestive juices from the pancreas.
www.umm.edu /ency/article/002347.htm   (233 words)

  
 Duodenum definition - Medical Dictionary definitions of popular medical terms
The duodenum extends from the pylorus at the bottom of the stomach to the jejunum, the second part of the small intestine.
For decades, this writer knew the duodenum as a short but troubled sector of the small intestine.
Only today did I learn that the duodenum began as the dodeka-daktulon, twelve fingers to the Greeks, who astutely observed that the duodenum is about 12 finger-breadths long.
www.medterms.com /script/main/art.asp?articlekey=3132   (298 words)

  
 Duodenum   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Three features appear at the level of the duodenum: 1) goblet cells, 2) submucosal Brunner's glands and 3) plicae circulares (spiral folds formed by the submucosa and mucosa that are also called the valves of Kerckring.
Adherent to the wall of the duodenum is another digestive organ.
These function to neutralize the acids of the stomach as digested food is passed from the stomach to the duodenum.
www3.umdnj.edu /histsweb/lab20/lab20duodenum.html   (779 words)

  
 duodenum   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Lactase-phlorizin hydrolase and aminopeptidase N are differentially regulated in the small intestine of the pig.
Effect of age on calcium uptake in isolated duodenum cells: role of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3.
Transition from neurogenic to myogenic receptivity for thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) in the duodenum of the neonatal rat.
www.arclab.org /node_pages/617.html   (737 words)

  
 duodenum
The duodenum receives chyme from the stomach through the pyloric sphincter.
It also receives fluids from the pancreas and gall bladder via the common bile duct.
The duodenum neutralizes the acidic chyme and mixes it with pancreatic, biliary, and intestinal secretions before passing it on to the jejunum.
www.daviddarling.info /encyclopedia/D/duodenum.html   (139 words)

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