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Topic: EOKA

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  EOKA biography .ms (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab2.cs.unc.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
EOKA (Ethniki Organosis Kyprion Agoniston, in English National Organisation of Cypriot Fighters) was a Greek Cypriot nationalist organisation that fought for the expulsion of United Kingdom troops from the island, for self-determination and for union with Greece in the mid to late 1950s.
EOKA's activity lasted until December 24 1959 where a cease-fire was agreed when the British government proposed the Zurich agreement on the future of the country.
Whereas EOKA (1955-59) was seen by the majority of the Greek Cypriots as anti-colonialist freedom fighters, EOKA-B did not have the overwhelming support of the Greek Cypriot population who where sceptical over the organisations involvement with the unpopular Greek dictatorship and did not want to swap their newly found independence with direct rule from Athens.
www.biography.ms.cob-web.org:8888 /EOKA.html   (571 words)

EOKA (Εθνική Οργάνωσις Κυπρίων Αγωνιστών, Ethniki Organosis Kyprion Agoniston (Greek National Organisation of Cypriot Fighters) was a Greek Cypriot nationalist organisation that fought for the expulsion of British troops from the island, for self-determination and for union with Greece in the mid to late 1950s.
EOKA's activity continued until December 1958 when a cease-fire was declared which paved the way for the Zurich agreement on the future of the country.
The EOKA aim to rid Cyprus of British rule was partially met when on 16 August 1960 Cyprus achieved independence from the United Kingdom with the exception of two "Sovereign Base Areas" (SBA) at Dhekelia and Akrotiri.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/EOKA   (796 words)

 War and Politics-Cyprus
In September 1955, sixteen EOKA terrorists escaped from Kyrenia Castle and this shattered public confidence in the Islands administration, the burning of the British institute in Metazas Square in Nicosia on 17th September persuaded the British Government of the seriousness of the situation.
While the EOKA inspired rioting in the urban areas to divert troops from hunting for the terrorists in the hills, the Royal Scots, Gordon highlanders and Commandoes combed the hillsides for the EOKA gangs.
The EOKA's cause was severely damaged, but the assault on the British armed forces continued with two RAF men killed on 11th November by a bomb in a NAAFI establishment.
www.britains-smallwars.com /cyprus/war.html   (1750 words)

EOKA (Ethniki Organosis Kyprion Agoniston, in English National Organisation of Cypriot Fighters) was a Greek Cypriot military resistance organisation that fought for self-determination and for union with Greece in the mid- to late- 1950s.
It has been claimed that part of EOKA's agenda was to attack the Turkish Cypriots, most of whom did not want to see Cyprus annexed by Greece, and that the EOKA campaign precipitated the deterioration of intercommunal relations.
EOKA's activity was officially suspended on March 9, 1959 in response to the signing of the Zurich - London agreements, February 19, 1959, which established an independent republic of Cyprus.
www.mlahanas.de /Cyprus/History/EOKA.html   (836 words)

 EOKA - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In October 1956 an EOKA leader Pilots Christofi was captured during Operation Sparrowhawk.
The settlement explicitly denied enosis - the union with Greece sought by EOKA.
because EOKA B engaged in the killing of civilians, this terminology is shared by President Makarios on his speech at UN following the coup.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/EOKA   (828 words)

 Cyprus, 1955-1973
The main weapon of EOKA insurgents became bombs: the Governor, Lord Harding, survived an attempt on his life when his servant, an EOKA agent, placed a bomb in his bed: it was one of 2.976 bombs placed by Cypriot Greeks that either failed to explode or were discovered and rendered ineffective by the security forces.
EOKA never expected to achieve a military victory over the British: it sought to neutralise the administration and police and eliminate the Special Branch, thereby depriving the British of vitally needed intelligence.
In light of such EOKA activity the demand for light aircraft increased, so that the 1915 Flight of British Army, equipped with Auster AOP.6s was also transferred to Nicosia, with the task of general reconnaissance and liaison work.
www.acig.org /artman/publish/article_454.shtml   (7102 words)

 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus :: www.trncgov.com ::   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
The first EOKA bombs exploded at 00.30 hours on 1st of April 1955 which lasted in 1959 and caused the death of more Greek Cypriot civilians than the total of British killed.
The climbing terrorist activities of EOKA and the fear that it would one day turn its guns towards Turkish Cypriots were among the causes of increasing tension.
The day Lennox Boyd arrived, EOKA exploded a large number of bombs in Nicosia, perhaps to warn both sides that it would not tolerate any further `concessions' which might block the way to its declared goal, uniting the island with Greece.
www.trncgov.com /history_10.htm   (3724 words)

 1955 - Phantis
January 13: The sailboat "Agios Georgios" transports weapons and ammunition from mainland Greece to Paphos, Cyprus in preparation for the EOKA struggle.
December 12 - The Battle of Spilia is fought in the EOKA struggle against the British in Cyprus.
December 15: The battle of Soloi is fought during the EOKA struggle against the British in Cyprus.
wiki.phantis.com /index.php/1955   (218 words)

 Anadolu Dergisi Special Edition No: 15 Janvier 2004 - 24
EOKA Understanding that they will not fulfil the Enosis in a peaceful way, the Greek-Cypriots launched on April 1st 1955 the terrorist organisation "EOKA", created two years before.
In a press release, the EOKA, which was under the commandment of Grivas, proclaim both Turks and British as enemies and their annihilation as EOKA' s goal.
The demonstrated goal of the EOKA was, in the first place, to drive the British out of Cyprus, then to annihilate the Turkish population and finally to unify Cyprus with Greece.
www.anadolu.be /2004-01/24.html   (1364 words)

 Turkey Cyprus Invasion 1974
During the spring of 1974, Cypriot intelligence found evidence that EOKA B was planning a coup and was being supplied, controlled, and funded by the military government in Athens.
EOKA B was banned, but its operations continued underground.
In the meantime, the notorious EOKA terrorist Nicos Sampson was declared provisional president of the new government.
www.onwar.com /aced/data/tango/turkeycyprus1974.htm   (1071 words)

 EOKA - National Organization of Cypriot Fighters
EOKA [Ethniki Organosis Kyprion Agoniston - National Organization of Cypriot Fighters] started a guerrilla campaign against British colonial rule aimed at self-determination and union with Greece (Enosis)on 01 April 1955.
The campaign, which started when the first EOKA bombs exploded at 00.30 hours on 1st of April 1955, lasted until 1959 and caused the death of more Greek Cypriot civilians than the total of British killed.
Greek-speaking Cypriots were awed by EOKA terrorists and subject to bombardment by Athens radio.
www.globalsecurity.org /military/world/para/eoka.htm   (206 words)

 Your Heading Goes Here
The first sector administrator of EOKA for the city and district of Famagusta was Pavlos Pavlakis from Ardhana.
EOKA members from Ardhana played a major role during the escape of Afxentiou team from Pentadaktylos Mountains – after it had been betrayed.
In February of 1957, members of EOKA from Ardhana set an ambush against two British cars that were passing through the village.
www.kypros.org /Occupied_Cyprus/ardhana/Agones-e.htm   (935 words)

 Hellenic Cyprus
Its aim was to drive the British forces from Cyprus by guerrilla action and to achieve enosis (union) with Greece.
Eoka disbanded when Cyprus became independent (1959), it was revived again with EOKA 'B by Georgios Grivas in 1971 to achieve his long life dream of ENOSIS (Union).
Below are photos of EOKA freedom fighters who lost their lives in fight for ENOSIS, 'Union' between Cyprus and Greece.
www.geocities.com /helleniccyprus/eoka.html   (187 words)

 Makarios III Summary
Makarios undoubtedly had common political ground with EOKA and was acquainted with its leader, the Greek soldier and politician George Grivas, but the extent of his involvement is unclear and disputed.
Makarios, characterised in the British press as a crooked Greek priest and viewed with suspicion by the British authorities, was exiled to the Seychelles on 9 March.
EOKA continued its campaign of protests and violence during this period.
www.bookrags.com /Makarios_III   (3735 words)

 Cyprus - The Emergency
Grivas circulated his first proclamation as leader of EOKA under his code name Dighenis (a hero of Cypriot mythology), and the fouryear revolutionary struggle was launched.
According to captured EOKA documents, Cypriot communists were not to be accepted for membership and were enjoined to stand clear of the struggle if they were sincerely interested in enosis.
The Zurich-London agreements which were ratified by the official participants of the London Conference and became the basis for the Cyprus constitution of 1960 were: the Treaty of Establishment, the Treaty of Guarantee, and the Treaty of Alliance.
countrystudies.us /cyprus/11.htm   (981 words)

 Nikos Sampson - Phantis
Joining EOKA, he became known to the British Army and police as one of its most feared and ruthless gunmen.
In 1971, EOKA head General Grivas returned to Cyprus and gave the campaign for enosis further momentum, forming EOKA-B.
But before he could do so, he was deposed by a military coup on July 15, 1974, which was led by Greek officers of the Cyprus National Guard.
wiki.phantis.com /index.php/Nikos_Sampson   (706 words)

 Interview with Salih
The aim of EOKA at first was actually towards the English but their real aim was to take the Turks under their control.
For this reason the Greeks formed EOKA and the Turks established Volkan union (later this was changed to T.M.T).
We heard all the news and happenings on the island from the radios of Turkey and Radio Bayrak that was established in 25 December 1963 in Nicosia.
www.mediaprof.org /tcvoices/faika2.html   (858 words)

 Cyprus War for Union with Greece, 1954-1959
In 1951 he secretly invited Cypriot-born retired Greek Army colonel Georgios Grivas to form EOKA (Ethniki Organosis Kyprion Aghoniston, National Organisation of Cypriot Fighters) as the military wing of the enosis movement.
Through a terrorist (aimed chiefly at British military targets) and propaganda campaign, EOKA sought to gain control of the local population, sway world opinion, and wear down the British.
In 1974 an EOKA coup d'etat declared enosis with the Colonels' regime in Greece.
www.regiments.org /wars/20thcent/55cyprus.htm   (901 words)

 George Grivas
Turkish and Turkish-Cypriot reaction to EOKA and enosis was expressed by the foundation of the underground organisation TMT and the rallying cry of taksim (division of the island into two separate Greek-Cypriot and Turkish-Cypriot parts).
The initial intention was to include EOKA B in the planning, but that was abandoned when, by a series of coincidences, on June 18th 1974 police discovered the hideout of EOKA B leader Lefteris Papadopoulos and a large amount of documents and other evidence.
This threw EOKA B into disarray and put paid to plans of its being used to overthrow Makarios, but most of the EOKA B plotters took active part in the military coup after it began.
www.mlahanas.de /Cyprus/Bios/GeorgeGrivas.html   (946 words)

 Cyprus History: British Period
Makarios was exiled, suspected of involvement in the EOKA campaign, but was released when EOKA, exhausted but still determined to fight, agreed to cease hostilities on the Archbishop's release free to return.
In April 1957, in the new conditions made obvious by the Suez debacle, the British government accepted that `bases in Cyprus' were an acceptable alternative to `Cyprus as a base'.
Violence was renewed in Cyprus by EOKA, but it increasingly drew in the Turkish community when the new Governor Sir Hugh Foot's plan (for unitary self-government) incited Turkish-Cypriot riots and produced a hostile response from the Turkish government.
www.cypnet.co.uk /ncyprus/history/british/index.html   (1234 words)

 The Anatolia Times
The activities in south Cyprus celebrating the 50th anniversary of EOKA is very disturbing, told Turkmen.
The attempts of EOKA members will continue until their goal is reached.
EOKA must be placed in the trash box in order to facilitate peace and solution in Cyprus.``
www.anatoliantimes.com /0401b.htm   (287 words)

 Cyprus History: Archbishop Makarios on the invasion of Cyprus by Greece
From the whole tenor of their attitude, I received the unmistakable impression that their standard response was a pretence of innocence.
I also requested him to recall the Greek officers serving with the National Guard, adding that my intention was to reduce the numerical strength of this force and to turn it into an organ of the Cyprus State.
Inside the camps of the National Guard, the Greek officers continually charged that while Enosis was feasible its realisation was undermined by me. When reminded that Greece had made its position clear on this and that it supported independence, their reply was that no attention should be given to the words of diplomats.
www.cypnet.co.uk /ncyprus/history/republic/makarios-speech.html   (3655 words)

 Cyprus bicommunal discussion and chat forum : What was EOKA B main aim in 1974?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-03)
EOKA, I believe, was originaly under the leadership of Makarios and the church, with Clerides as his political sidekick and Grivas doing the dirty work.
It is very clear that EOKA was a principal which Greek Cypriots held to be dear, as a part of their history, in representing their sense of self-determination, but EOKA B had very little support from this constituency, and they were feared.
Also, as a small note, EOKA died out after independance in 1960, the speach you give is given in 1962, two years after independance, and 7ish years after the formation of EOKA.
www.talkcyprus.org /forum/viewtopic.php?p=68951   (3257 words)

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