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Topic: Early Christianity


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In the News (Thu 25 Apr 19)

  
  Early Christianity   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Christianity arose some 2000 years ago among the Jewish communities in Palestine at a time when Palestine was occupied by the Roman empire.
The persecution of the Roman Christians represented the beginning of periods of persecution against the church during which times many Christians would bear witness to their faith through martyrdom.
This persecution came to an end with the conversion to Christianity of Constantine, the ruler of the western half of the empire, and the subsequent official recognition of Christianity as a legal religion.
philtar.ucsm.ac.uk /encyclopedia/christ/early/earlyessay.html   (1143 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Christianity   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Christianity is the name given to that definite system of religious belief and practice which was taught by Jesus Christ in the country of Palestine, during the reign of the Roman Emperor, Tiberius, and was promulgated, after its Founder's death, for the acceptance of the whole world, by certain chosen men among His followers.
It was the transference of Christianity from a Semitic to a Greek soil that explains, according to Dr. Hatch (Hibbert Lectures, 1888), "why an ethical sermon stood in the forefront of the teaching of Jesus, and a metaphysical creed in the forefront of the Christianity of the fourth century".
The early heresies —; Sabellianism, Arianism, and the rest — were but attempts to make Christianity one of a number of philosophies; the attempts failed, but the scattered truths that those philosophies contained were shown, as time went on, to exist and find their fulfilment in Christianity as well.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/03712a.htm   (8716 words)

  
 Early Christianity
From the dawn of Christianity, the apostles and first leaders of the Church were at pains to verify the origins of their faith and how radically, therefore, the Christian religion differs from the mythology of pagan Greece and Rome.
In the sub-apostolic and early patristic age, when the vested interest of the Roman Empire reacted against "the persons commonly called, who were hated for their enormities" (Tacitus), Christian apologists spent their energies proving the validity of the Gospel narrative of Christ.
By Catholic standards, such was the substantial judgment of believing Christians for ten centuries in the East and fifteen centuries in the West, and is still a cardinal dogma of Christianity.
www.catholiceducation.org /links/jump.cgi?ID=3967   (5423 words)

  
 Mithraism & early Christianity
Christianity spread all over the Roman empire and Eastern Europe by massive persecution and brought and end to a variety of religions that flourished there.
Christianity became a synthesis of Mithraistic thought on eternal life gained from the blood of the sacrificed saviour (like a bull), the ultimate sacrifice, and Jewish rituals of ritual animal sacrifice.
The cannabilistic elements of the Christian Communion, the Eucharist, and the imagery of the blood of Jesus washing away sins and granting eternal life (like Mithras), are all derived from this natural Roman merging of Judaism with Mithraism.
www.vexen.co.uk /religion/mithraism.html   (1885 words)

  
 History of Christianity - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Christianity continued to use the Jewish scriptures as the Old Testament and accepted such fundamental doctrines of Judaism as monotheism (and thus Judaism's sole deity Yahweh) and belief in a messiah.
Christianity also continued many of the patterns found in Judaism: the liturgical form of worship of the synagogue adapted to Christian church services, prayer, use of sacred scriptures, a priesthood, a religious calendar, use of sacred music in hymns and prayer, giving tithes, and ascetic disciplines such as fasting and almsgiving.
Christianity was not restricted to the Mediterranean basin and its hinterlands; at the time of Jesus a large proportion of the Jewish population lived in Mesopotamia outside the Roman Empire, especially in the city of Babylon, where much of the Talmud was developed.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/History_of_Christianity   (5300 words)

  
 Early Christianity - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Christianity began as a Jewish sect during the late Second Temple period of the 1st century.
Acceptance of these into the Christian community did not mean that the Jews in the community ceased to view themselves as Jews: the alleged Council of Jamnia that is supposed to have formally expelled "Nazarenes" from the synagogues of Rabbinic Judaism came some thirty years later.
For Christianity did not embrace Judaism, but Judaism Christianity", and in his Letter to the Romans 3: "Christianity is not a thing of silence only, but also of [manifest] greatness", however the authenticity of this section is disputed, for example [2] [3]: "The Christian is not the result of persuasion, but of power.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Early_Christianity   (2410 words)

  
 Christianity: Early Christianity
Following a trend of proselytization in the Judaism of that period Christianity was from its beginnings expansionist.
For 250 years it was a martyrs' church; the persecutions were fueled by the refusal of Christians to worship the state and the Roman emperor.
In 313, Constantine I and Licinius announced toleration of Christianity in the Edict of Milan.
www.factmonster.com /ce6/society/A0857335.html   (368 words)

  
 Early Christianity   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
The people realized that Christians were being put to death not for starting the fire but to cover Nero's crimes and to sate his appetite for cruelty.
By the fourth century, Christianity was the main religion of the Roman Empire; and it continued its phenomenon of growth throughout the world.
The most important center of early Baptist churches was in the area of Philadelphia, "the city of brotherly love." In 1684, Thomas Dungan started a church at Cold Springs which lasted until 1702.
www.christiangardenoftopics.com /early_christianity.htm   (6105 words)

  
 Barry's Early Christianity and Mormonism Page
This page is dedicated to the comparison of Early Christianity and Mormonism (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints).
The LDS Church claims to be neither Protestant nor Catholic, but a restoration of the early Christian Church, as it existed under the direction of the Apostles.
However, the historical study of early Christianity was really in its infancy at the time Smith claimed to receive his revelations, so merely copying what was known about the early Church at that time to set up his own church would have been pointless.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Parthenon/2671/EC.html   (3680 words)

  
 Early Christian - Early Christian Art
Most early religious artists worked in manner that was derived from Roman art, appropriately stylized to suit the spirituality of the religion.
The exteriors of Early Christian buildings were plain and unadorned and the interiors contrarily, were richly decorated with marble floors and wall slabs, frescoes, mosaics, metal works, hangings, and sumptuous altar furnishings in gold and silver.
Early Christian bas-reliefs survive in abundance in marble and porphyry.
www.huntfor.com /arthistory/medieval/earlychristian.htm   (551 words)

  
 Early Christianity/Primitive Christianity/Apostolic Christianity
Monasticism was unheard of in the early Christian church.
Salvation was believed to be offered to the chosen now by the early Church, with others being called later, though not all that taught that (or other doctrines) practiced "the faith which was once for all delivered to the saints" (Jude 3).
By early Christianity, this page is specifically referring to the beliefs originally held by true Christians through the fourth century that they received from Jesus, the Apostles, and the writers of the New Testament.
www.cogwriter.com /earlychristianity.htm   (2146 words)

  
 JESUS-PEOPLE : the advent of Early Christianity
Early Christianity should therefore be pictured as a loose patchwork quilt, uniform in its centre but increasingly diverse in its periphery.
Christianity has not been able to integrate the contradictions between the different patterns on the quilt : between Jerusalem and Rome, between West and East, between papacy and imperialism, between accepted and heretical Christologies and Trinitarisms, between Roman and other liturgies, between Reformed and Counter-Reformed, between Tridentine rituals and Vatican II practices, et j'en passe...
He is the first Christian theologian (blending the apologetic focus on the teachings of Jesus with the Paulinian view on the redemptoric power of Christ's Passion and Resurrection and the primacy of the bishops and the bishop of Rome as suggested by Clement I).
www.sofiatopia.org /equiaeon/jesus1.htm   (18443 words)

  
 Unity and Early Christianity
Unity School of Christianity, a New Thought denomination initiated by Charles and Myrtle Fillmore around the beginning of the twentieth century, is important because it recovers three critical pieces of early Christianity, as reflected in Jewish Christian Ebionism.
In early Christianity, the idea of "Christ" or "Messiah" refers to "the anointed one." The early kings of Israel were anointed; for example, Samuel anoints Saul as the first king of Israel, signifying that the king has divine sanction to rule.
To the early Christians, the answer to the question of whether the Christ has come, or even whether or not Jesus is the Christ, is superfluous: the believer is the Christ.
www.compassionatespirit.com /unity-and-early-christians.htm   (1445 words)

  
 Bruno Bauer and Early Christianity   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
The view that dominated from the free-thinkers of the Middle Ages to the Enlighteners of the 18th century, the latter included, that all religions, and therefore Christianity too, were the work of deceivers was no longer sufficient after Hegel had set philosophy the task of showing a rational evolution in world history.
Christianity, too, has pretty achievements to boast of in this respect from the very beginning, as Bauer shows in his criticism of the New Testament.
Secondly, Christianity struck a chord that was bound to echo in countless hearts.
www.marxists.org /archive/marx/works/1882/05/bauer.htm   (2736 words)

  
 THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION
There are probably thousands of different definitions of the word "Christian." We have chosen the same inclusive definition as is used by public opinion pollsters and government census offices: A "Christian" includes any group or individual who seriously, devoutly, prayerfully describes themselves as Christian.
Many Christians are aware of their own denomination's current beliefs, but are unfamiliar with the history of those beliefs, or of the teachings of other denominations.
Christians will become a minority in in Canada about 2023 and in the U.S. about the year 2042.
www.religioustolerance.org /christ.htm   (1007 words)

  
 Early Christianity, Primitive Christianity
Paul is the only original Christian writer credited with "inventing" this doctrine of Yeshua's blood sacrifice being required by the Father to "atone" for the world's sins.
His establishment came to be known as the Christian Church, yet, the church claiming his name scantily resembles that which his early message sought to promulgate.
In the history of the Christian church, this is not a laughing matter.
northernway.org /early.html   (4460 words)

  
 Chthonios Books : Esotericism in Early Christianity and Gnosticism
First of all, the religious situation of the Roman Empire is usually divided into Christianity and ‘paganism’, as the early Christians themselves saw it, with Judaism as a sort of sideline.
But one monumental effect of this view is that Christianity comes to be viewed as an essentially external and separate entity which irrupted into the Greco-Roman world, to transform it and be transformed by it.
Accordingly, I believe it would be much more fruitful to see Christianity as one of a number of what we could broadly characterise as ‘reformist’ movements in the early centuries of the Christian era.
www.esotericism.co.uk /earlychr.htm   (1259 words)

  
 From Jesus to Constantine: A History of Early Christianity
Hostility to the Christian mission from those who were not persuaded to convert and who considered Christianity to be dangerous or antisocial, leading to the persecutions of the 2nd and 3rd centuries
The five common myths about early Christianity, including that it was illegal in the early empire and that Christians were pursued and persecuted: It was not declared illegal until the middle of the 3rd century, and was tolerated in most places, just as other religions were.
The belief that early Judaism was exclusively monotheistic: Although Judaism was unusual in the Roman world in that Jews insisted on worshipping only one God, you learn that there is good evidence that at different periods in history, Jews—like others in those pagan times—believed in the existence of multiple gods.
www.teach12.com /ttc/assets/coursedescriptions/6577.asp   (1100 words)

  
 Early Christianity
Links to resources relating to the early church, including canonical documents, creeds, the writings of the apostolic fathers, and other historical texts relevant to church history.
Early works that didn't make it into the Bible, including the Nag Hammadi Codices.
Uncopyrighted English translations of the church fathers, acts of the Christian martyrs, proceedings of the councils, lives of the early saints, and more.
bullpup.lib.unca.edu /library/rr/early_xnty.html   (323 words)

  
 EARLY CHRISTIANITY
At the end of the nineteenth century, VAN MANEN argued in his university course on Early Christian Literature, that Paul’s letter to the Romans neither was a letter, nor by Paul, nor to the Romans.
All this is proof enough that the biblical letters were seen as written for all of Christianity and that it was not pride [31] but, quite the contrary.
Christian humility that stood behind the attribution to them of apostolic pseudonyms to the end of securing their contents,.
www.radikalkritik.de /early_christianity.htm   (9329 words)

  
 [No title]
The reinstitution of temple worship was an integral part of the "Restoration of All Things", and yet the content of these ordinances is so shocking to much of the rest of the Christian world that they are routinely labelled as satanic in anti-Mormon literature.
A large part of the information purveyed in these "exposes" is patently false, however, so perhaps the average Christian would be quite a bit less shocked by LDS temple ordinances if he could be disabused of his wild notions about what goes on in them.
Certainly this is the crux of the problem encountered by a site such as this, which seeks to present parallels to LDS beliefs and practices in ancient Christianity.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Parthenon/2671/ECLDSEn.html   (1336 words)

  
 Christian History
Many Christian denominations teach that they alone are the true church.
Eastern Orthodox Christians also write us; they maintain that it was the Roman Catholic church which broke away from the Eastern Orthodoxy in the 11th century.
If we write that the two wings of early Christianity simply drifted apart and finally split from each other, we are criticized by nearly everyone.
www.religioustolerance.org /chr_ch.htm   (741 words)

  
 Women, the Roman Empire, and Early Christianity Links   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
An annotated bibliography: there are many works on feminist theology and on early Christianity which include relevant sections; this list gives only some of the most useful recent publications.
A destination for both Christian and Muslim pilgrims, the monastery is named for an early Christian saint — Brikhta, or "the blessed" in Aramaic — who embraced Christianity after hearing of the words and deeds of St. Paul the Apostle.
According to ancient Syrian and Greek manuscripts, Saint Thekla was born into a prosperous pagan family in the Lycaonian city of Iconium (present-day south central Turkey) in A.D. Because of her many sufferings for the Faith the Orthodox Church counts her as a "Protomartyr".
gbgm-umc.org /umw/corinthians/womenlinks.stm   (1375 words)

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