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Topic: Early Renaissance painting

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  WebMuseum: La Renaissance: Italy
Central to the development of Renaissance art was the emergence of the artist as a creator, sought after and respected for his erudition and imagination.
The Early Renaissance was not, as was once maintained, merely an imperfect but necessary preparation for the perfection of High Renaissance art but a period of great intrinsic merit.
Leonardo is considered the paragon of Renaissance thinkers, engaged as he was in experiments of all kinds and having brought to his art a spirit of restless inquiry that sought to discover the laws governing diverse natural phenomena.
www.ibiblio.org /wm/paint/glo/renaissance/it.html   (1276 words)

  Painting - Printer-friendly - MSN Encarta
The development of the principles of linear perspective by various architects and sculptors early in the 15th century enabled painters to achieve in two-dimensional representation the illusion of three-dimensional space.
Many of the early Renaissance artists—such as Paolo Uccello, Piero della Francesca, and Andrea Mantegna—employed dramatic perspectives and foreshortening, a method of drawing so as to produce the illusion of the extension of an object or figure into space.
The influence of the Italian Renaissance affected northern Europe at the beginning of the 15th century, but this renewal of artistic and cultural activity was not based on classical antiquity.
encarta.msn.com /text_761575854___14/Painting.html   (1204 words)

  Painting - Search View - MSN Encarta
Frescoes painted by Ambrogio Lorenzetti from 1338 to 1339 in the Palazzo Pubblico (Town Hall) in Siena, portray 14th-century city and country life, and in the hall's Council Chamber, an equestrian portrait (1328) of a local military hero painted by Simone Martini, is set against a backdrop of his encampment in landscape background.
Painted during the last years of his life, these studies are the result of Cézanne's attempt to render the colour and volume of a mountain seen from a distance.
Painting itself came under attack by the late 1960s both on political grounds (it was a precious luxury object) and philosophical ones (that the essence of art was an idea rather than a medium).
uk.encarta.msn.com /text_761575854__1/Painting.html   (9889 words)

As a result, the painted surface was regarded as a window on the natural world, and it became the task of painters to portray this world in their art.
During the High Renaissance, artists tended to reduce their subjects to the bare essentials; few extraneous details or anecdotal features were permitted, ensuring that the viewer's attention would be focused on the essence of the theme.
The Flemish painter Jan van Eyck, however, was the founder of Renaissance painting in Flanders and the Netherlands.
www.history.com /encyclopedia.do?vendorId=FWNE.fw..re030800.a#FWNE.fw..re030800.a   (6544 words)

 Learn more about Early Renaissance painting in the online encyclopedia.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-30)
Early Renaissance painting bridges the period of art history between the art of the Middle Ages and the art of the Renaissance in Europe.
The Renaissance is considered to have reached northern Europe in the 16th century.
For instance, Early Renaissance artists sometimes used the theme of Adam and Eve as a way to represent female and male nudes in a then morally acceptable way.
www.onlineencyclopedia.org /e/ea/early_renaissance_painting.html   (327 words)

 Renaissance Art and Architecture
The two principal components of Renaissance style are the following: a revival of the classical forms originally developed by the ancient Greeks and Romans, and an intensified concern with secular life­interest in humanism and assertion of the importance of the individual.
His paintings are characterized by great skill in foreshortening; Mannerist rejection of classical balance that anticipated the art of the late Renaissance; silvery, sensuous colors; and a tendency to portray spiritual and physical ecstasy.
The main scene of the outer panels, the Crucifixion, is unforgettably grim, with a dead, horribly contorted Christ observed by the mourning Virgin Mary, Saint John the Evangelist, Saint John the Baptist as witness, and Mary Magdalene, all racked with grief and set in a barren, desolate landscape.
www.blackstudies.ucsb.edu /antillians/renart.html   (6146 words)

 History of Art:The Early Renaissance
The term Renaissance was first used by French art historians of the late 18th century in reference to the reappearance of antique architectural forms on Italian buildings of the early 16th century.
In this system all parts of the painting bear a rational relation to each other and to the observer, for the observer's height and the distance he is to stand from the painting are controlled by the artist in laying out his perspective construction.
In the painting he has lowered the vanishing point in order to make the figures appear to tower over the observer, with the result that the monumentality of the painting is enhanced at the expense of the observer's sense of participating in the painting.
www.all-art.org /history214.html   (5474 words)

Painting, branch of the visual arts in which color, derived from any of numerous organic or synthetic substances, is applied to various surfaces to create a representational or abstract picture or design.
Oil painting, which largely supplanted the use of fresco and tempera during the Renaissance, was traditionally thought to have been developed in the late Middle Ages by the Flemish brothers Jan van Eyck and Hubert van Eyck; it is now believed to have been invented much earlier.
Painted during the last years of his life, these studies are the result of Cézanne's attempt to render the color and volume of a mountain form seen from a distance.
www.springstun.com /painting.htm   (8052 words)

 Art Guild Lecture: Romanticism
Characteristics of the Renaissance were the rediscovery of art and literature of Ancient Greece and Rome, the scientific study of the human body and the natural world, and the reproduction of the forms of nature realistically in art.
During the Renaissance, such things as the exploration of new continents and scientific research boosted man's belief in himself, and for the first time in Europe, there was a focus on the study of the human being rather than the study of God.
The major techincal innovations in art were the change from tempera paint on wood panels and fresco on plaster walls to oil on panel or stretched canvas; the use of perspective, giving weight and depth to form; the use of light and shadow, as opposed to simply drawing lines; and pyramidal composition in paintings.
www.netserves.com /moca/lectures/skuzren.htm   (960 words)

 Early Renaissance painting - Definition, explanation
Early Renaissance painting bridges the period of European art history between the art of the Middle Ages and the art of the Renaissance.
The Renaissance is considered to have reached northern Europe in the 16th century.
For instance, Early Renaissance artists sometimes used the theme of Adam and Eve as a way to represent female and male nudes in a then morally acceptable way.
www.calsky.com /lexikon/en/txt/e/ea/early_renaissance_painting.php   (356 words)

 Painting - MSN Encarta
Baroque art of the 17th century is characterized by its dynamic appearance, in contrast to the relatively static classical style of the Renaissance (see Baroque Art and Architecture).
Typical of the baroque style are diagonal compositional lines, which give a sense of movement, and use of strong chiaroscuro (contrasts of light and shadow).
Many painters of the early 17th century also began to turn away from the artificiality of Mannerism in an attempt to emulate more closely the natural world.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761575854_4/Painting.html   (1197 words)

 Art and Optics : David G. Stork: van Eyck
If the painting is then shifted to the right (by 36 pixel-block steps in my electronic images, or about 4mm on the silverpoint), then the earlobes and collars match well.
If the painting is then shifted up by 18 pixel-block steps, the pinna (top of ear) matches well.
Consider the relative shifts in alignments between the silverpoint and scaled painting.
webexhibits.org /hockneyoptics/post/stork.html   (1653 words)

 module2 on Flickr - Photo Sharing!
Another reason this is an early Renaissance painting is because the human forms shown (although enlarged) are still a much more realistic form than the way they were being painted in the middle ages, which was much more free flowing and off scale.
Another reason why I think this painting is from the renaissance is the use of space- in the Renaissance the artists tried to make their paintings look much more 3D than in the middle ages, where figures in the paintings looked 2D.
Medieval paintings were almost always religious in their purpose being that most of Europe was illiterate at that time and used paintings to understand the stories in the Bible.
www.flickr.com /photos/ha112/234233755   (5074 words)

 Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL): Reflecting on Renaissance Painting: The link between optics and art
Shown on the screen is Lorenzo Lotto's, "Husband and Wife" from 1543, an example of Renaissance painting that shows how artists of this period may have employed optics in the creation of their artwork.
None of the subjects in the paintings were sideshow freaks, but the artists by virtue of the optics they employed had dramatically altered their perception of the real world.
"It's a painting of wealthy patrons and the tapestry may have cost $50,000 or more and therefore it would have been very important to the patron that the artist render it accurately so that those seeing the painting would be impressed by this couple's wealth and good fortune," he said.
www.lanl.gov /news/index.php/fuseaction/home.story/story_id/3441   (942 words)

 The Artists of the Renaissance | Early Renaissance
The main members of the first generation of Renaissance artists were Donatello in sculpture; Filippo Brunelleschi in architecture; and Massacio in painting.
Early Renaissance artists tried to create art forms which followed with the appearance of the natural world and with their experience of human personality and behavior.
The Early Renaissance was not, as was once believed, merely an imperfect but necessary preparation for the perfection of High Renaissance art, but rather a period of great worth.
library.thinkquest.org /15962/data/early.html   (573 words)

 A History of European Art
You begin by exploring the artistic riches of the Middle Ages, from the early architectural monuments of the Carolingian Empire to the massive cathedrals and exquisite sculpture of the French Gothic style.
Then you move into the Renaissance by examining Giotto's approach to the illusionistic creation of space and tracing this accomplishment through the works of some of the greatest artists in history, from Masaccio and Donatello to the geniuses of the High Renaissance, including Leonardo, Michelangelo, Raphael, Bellini, and Titian.
You conclude with a consideration of the early movements of the 20th century, including Fauvism, Cubism, German Expressionism, Dada, and Surrealism, and the pivotal role of the two towering geniuses of early modern art, Picasso and Matisse.
www.teach12.com /ttc/assets/coursedescriptions/7100.asp   (1315 words)

 ARH 343 Northern Renaissance Art: Bibliography
Châtelet, A. Early Dutch Painting: Painting in the North Netherlands in the Fifteenth Century.
Early Netherlandish Painting from Van Eyck to Bruegel.
Wilson, J. Painting in Bruges at the Close of the Middle Ages: Studies in Society and Visual Culture.
darkwing.uoregon.edu /~arthist/arh343/343biblio.html   (1128 words)

 Italian Painting Early Renaissance, 1400-1500
Fully three-quarters of all the fifteenth-century painting was done for the Church, at her command, and for her purposes.
This Perugino type, used in all his paintings, is well described by Taine as a "body belonging to the Renaissance containing a soul that belonged to the Middle Ages." The sentiment was more purely human, however, than in such a painter, for instance, as Fra Angelico.
His painting is of rather a harsh, exacting nature, and points to the influence of Padua, at which place he perhaps got his early art training.
www.oldandsold.com /articles08/art-10.shtml   (3355 words)

 Early Renaissance painting
Early Renaissance painting did not appear until the early 1420's, a decade later than Donatello's St.
Mark and some years after Brunelleschi's first designs for Saint Lorenzo, its inception is the most extraordinary of all; this new style was launched, single handedly, by a young genius name Masaccio, who was only twenty one at the time (born in 1401) and who died at the age of twenty seven.
Their discussions were inspired by Plato's school of philosophy which had been established in Athens in 387BC, where in a public garden philosophical interchange became the basis of Plato's Dialogues, a literary form revived in the Renaissance.
www.cartage.org.lb /en/themes/Arts/painting/renaiss-paint/early-rennais/earlyrenaiss/earlyrenaiss.htm   (709 words)

 Italian Painting Early Renaissance, 1400-1500 (Continued)
He was one of the severest nature students of the Early Renaissance, knew about nature, and carried it out in more exacting detail than was perhaps well for his art.
It was sincere in its way, and the early painters painted its subjects with honesty, but the Venetians were much too proud and worldly minded to take anything very seriously except their own splendor and their own power.
The latter showed in Giovanni Bellini's early work, which was rather hard, angular in drapery, and anatomical in the joints, hands, and feet ; but as the century drew to a close this melted away into the growing splendor of Venetian color.
www.oldandsold.com /articles08/art-11.shtml   (2857 words)

 Giotto to Dürer : early Renaissance pai… by Jill Dunkerton | LibraryThing
Giotto to Dürer : early Renaissance pai… by Jill Dunkerton
Paintings in the Musée d'Orsay by Robert Rosenblum (3/15)
The painting of modern life : Paris in the art of Manet and his followers by T.
www.librarything.com /work.php?book=9739013   (433 words)

 health-The Northern Renaissance- Painting, Sculpture, the Graphic Arts from 1350 to 1575
Many artists from the north specialized in landscape, and it became a manner so associated with them that it was not uncommon for Italian painters to hire Northern artists to fill in the 'less important' landscape backgrounds of their larger canvases.
The Italian Renaissance differed also in that it was singularly connected to the revival and reappreciation of ancient 'pagan' works of art.
Moreover, the Northern Renaissance is also an artistic universe filled with fresh new theories and a milieu profoundly effected by the great religious upheaval of the Reformation.
www.minihttpserver.net /z_health/A_the_northern_renaiss-0131505475.htm   (1406 words)

 Early Netherlandish painting - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In some languages (for example Dutch and Spanish) the 15th century painters are known as the Flemish Primitives, not so much because their art lacked sophistication, but because they were at the origin of a whole new tradition in painting with the use of oil paint, instead of tempera.
Van Eyck and the Founders of Early Netherlandish Painting.
From Flanders to Florence: The Impact of Netherlandish Painting 1400-1500.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Early_Netherlandish_painting   (832 words)

 CGFA- Bio: Giovanni Bellini
Giovanni Bellini was a Venetian painter who was the presiding genius of early Renaissance painting in Venice, and an artist of world rank.
These personal components of Bellini's style, which became fundamental to the character of Venetian Renaissance painting as a whole, found expanded scope and an altered form in his painting of the 1470s.
Flemish painting and, in 1475, Antonello da Messina's paintings, showed Bellini the possibilities of the oil medium, which he used from then on in place of tempera.
cgfa.dotsrc.org /bellini/bellini_bio.htm   (605 words)

 Brooklyn Museum: Renaissance Paintings
A group of panel paintings, most from the fifteenth century, or quattrocento, a term that refers broadly to the early Renaissance in Italy, represents a cross-section of religious art from the early Italian Renaissance.
The majority of the pictures on view were painted either in Florence or Siena, the two great centers of early Italian Renaissance painting.
In the Museum, we may admire the paintings' aesthetic qualities, but many original viewers—gazing upon them in a church or private chapel—also understood them to be imbued with spiritual power.
www.brooklynmuseum.org /exhibitions/renaissance_painting   (429 words)

 Renaissance Italian Painting Workshop - WetCanvas!
The Renaissance was a period in which Europeans rediscovered and built upon the ideas and aesthetics of classical antiquity (i.e., Greek and Roman civilization).
While iconic painting was beautiful (and this tradition continues with the practice of Orthodox and Russian icon painting), by the time of the Renaissance it did not fit with the new humanist ideas then being promulgated.
In his paintings, and the paintings of those who followed, there are modelled figures who interact in a space defined by perspective.
www.wetcanvas.com /forums/showthread.php?t=371286   (3286 words)

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