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Topic: Early modern warfare


  
  BOOKS ON EARLY MODERN WARFARE
Hughes then moves to a discussion of the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries (the pictorial section is seventeenth century musket drill).
[Modern Library War Series; John Keegan, intro.] Modern Library 1999 [Parkman marvelously chronicles the duel between General James Wolfe and the Marquis de Montcalm that saw its climax in the final battle on the Plains of Abraham outside the city of Quebec, 13 September, 1759.
The second section of the book details samurai warfare by topic, e.g., battlefield techniques, organization and communication, the role of castles, specialized units, samurai naval warfare, etc. The last section provides selected case studies of battles and other developments from 1560-1650.
members.aol.com /VonRanke/early.html   (0 words)

  
  Early modern Europe Information
The early modern period is a term used by historians to refer to the period in Western Europe and its first colonies which spans the time between the Middle Ages and the Industrial Revolution that has created modern society.
The early modern period is characterized by the rise to importance of science and increasingly rapid technological progress, secularized civic politics and the nation state.
At that time, the early modern religious movement, the Reformation was well under way: its opening is conventionally dated from Martin Luther's act in nailing his ninety-five theses to the door of the church in Wittenberg in 1517.
www.bookrags.com /wiki/Early_modern_Europe   (700 words)

  
 Bayonet Summary
Modern bayonets are often knife-shaped with handles and a socket, or permanently attached to the rifle as with the SKS.
The advent of modern warfare in the 1800s decreased the bayonet's usefulness and as early as the US Civil War (1861-65) the bayonet was ultimately responsible for a fraction of 1 percent of battlefield casualties.
In a modern context, bayonets are known to be particularly good for controlling prisoners, poking an enemy to see whether he is dead and for when the fighter is out of ammunition or so close to the enemy that firing a round is impossible.
www.bookrags.com /Bayonet   (2158 words)

  
 [No title]
The initiative in warfare lay with the siege artillery, however, the offensive weapon of the day: if the harquebus of the 16 th century was still an ineffectual popgun, the bombard had potential to do real damage to its natural target, the wall.
Siege warfare from the 14th century forward appears to be a hodgepodge of interfaces between guns and walls, culminating in the }{\i trace italienne}{, which survived, in geometric form at least, down to the Second World War when star-shaped earthen fortresses surrounded Antwerp.
The variety among mercenaries of the early modern period was great enough that the term \'93mercenary\'94 becomes somewhat misleading for a study that seeks to examine their role in military change.
www.ilstu.edu /~wmreger/docs/diss1.rtf   (8677 words)

  
 MODERN WARFARE: A French View of Counterinsurgency
The fact that modern warfare is not officially declared, that a state of war is not generally proclaimed, permits the adversary to continue to take advantage of peacetime legislation, to pursue his activities both openly and secretly.
Since the stake in modern warfare is the control of the populace, the first objective is to assure the people their protection by giving them the means of defending themselves, especially against terrorism.
Warfare operations, especially those of a police nature in a large city, take place in the very midst of the populace, almost in public, whereas formerly they occurred on a battlefield, to which only armed forces had access.
www-cgsc.army.mil /carl/resources/csi/trinquier/trinquier.asp   (18748 words)

  
 [No title]
Early modern Europe — defined approximately as the period between 1450 and 1750 — was a revolutionary era during which political, economic, social, and intellectual upheavals abounded.
Because one of the major obstacles to the spread of science during the Early Modern Era was the Catholic Church, the Scientific Revolution initially made a greater impact in Protestant areas than in Catholic areas.
Hugo Grotius was the first modern jurist to write of the law of nations (jus gentium) and of the rules of war.
www.usca.edu /polisci/ahst320/StudyGuide.doc   (21357 words)

  
 Guns of Santissimo Sacramento
Despite the recognized importance of guns and gunnery to early modern naval history and despite recognition of the importance of cannon recovered from wrecks of the 16th and 17th centuries, little effort has been made to apply the specialized study of ordnance to marine archaeology.
It is no exaggeration to assert that the application of marine archaeology broadens the study of early modern ordnance from a technical exercise of limited value to a potentially powerful source of evidence for the economic and social historian as well as for the student of naval architecture and weaponry.
These two men, highly informed students of early modern naval history and technology, were instrumental in the process of identification, a fascinating story in itself, which began with Carneiro's identification of the seven privately recovered cannon in a Salvador salvage yard.
www.angelfire.com /ga4/guilmartin.com/Santissimo.html   (13182 words)

  
 War   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The state is beginning to pass away as the principal actor in world politics and the world is starting to look more like it did before the rise of nationalism and the ascendancy of the state.
As warfare shift back to the time when civilizations, cultures and religions attempted to obliterate their opponents, soldiers will have to understand the complex nature of the conflicts that surround them and state-based armies will have to undergo massive changes.
Modern enemies include religious zealots and terrorists and, because they are not defined by the state, cannot be bombed or fought as the armies of Hitler or Napoleon.
abcworld.net /War   (3361 words)

  
 War for the Every Day — www.greenwood.com
Description: A study of operational warfare in the Habsburg old regime, 1683-1740, which recreates everyday warfare and the lives of the generals conducting it, this book goes beyond the battlefield to examine the practical skills of war needed in an agricultural landscape of pastures, woods, and water.
Early modern warfare had an operational component which required that soldiers possess or learn many skills grounded in the agricultural economy, and this requirement led to an "economy of knowledge" in which the civil and military sectors exchanged skilled labor.
Many features of "scientific warfare" thought to be initiated by Enlightenment reformers were actually implicit in the informal structures of armies of the late 1680-1740 period.
www.greenwood.com /catalog/GM1041.aspx?print=1   (308 words)

  
 The Myths of Medieval Warfare
The early modern period saw a new age in warfare, marked by the greater efficiency and tactics of the standing armies and by the prevalence of sieges.
This meant that medieval warfare confined itself to the achievement of known and limited aims, a concept different to the twentieth century's one of engagement and destruction of the enemy's forces and the unconditional surrender of the defeated.
He contends that medieval warfare should not be judged according to the capability of the foot-soldiers, as had been the case, 'but rather according to that of cavalry'.
www.deremilitari.org /resources/articles/mcglynn.htm   (3240 words)

  
 War   (Site not responding. Last check: )
For example, the United States Government referred to the Korean War as a "police action", and the British Government was very careful to use the term "armed conflict" instead of "war" during the Falklands War in 1982 to comply with international law.
As warfare shift back to the time when civilizations, cultures and religions attempted to obliterate their opponents, soldiers will have to understand the complex nature of the conflicts that surround them and state-based armies will have to undergo massive changes.
Modern enemies include religious zealots and terrorists and, because they are not defined by the state, cannot be bombed or fought as the armies of Hitler or Napoleon.
art.abcworld.net /War   (3371 words)

  
 Air Force Academy - Majors
Focuses on the evolving methods and theories of warfare in Europe and the United States and emphasizes how political, social, economic and technological factors have combined to shape both changes and continuities in the nature of western warfare.
Surveys early civilizations in the Middle East and North Africa from the dawn of civilization to the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Empire in 1453.
Emphasizes the classical empires of the Near East, developments and contributions of Judaism and Christianity, the birth and spread of Islam, the impact of the Crusaders and Mongols on the region and the rise to dominance of the "gunpowder" empires.
www.academyadmissions.com /academics/curriculum/majors/history_course.php   (2445 words)

  
 Canaan & Ancient Israel @ University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology
Most of the evidence for early warfare comes from "Warrior tombs" of the Middle Bronze Age.
Warriors were equipped with a bronze belt, a "duckbill" axe or a narrow, chisel-shaped axe, a spear and a leaf-shaped dagger with a wooden handle and a stone pommel.
It was during the period of the great catastrophe around 1200 BCE that chariot armies began to be defeated by hordes of raiders and city-sackers armed with the light javelin and slashing sword.
www.museum.upenn.edu /Canaan/Warfare.html   (547 words)

  
 Modern Warfare and Imperialism
The invention of the breech-loading rifle and of the machine gun, both of which were mass-produced, gave to soldiers in World War I the ability to take out enemy forces much quicker than they had ever been able to.
Due to the effective organization of the Euro-African armies, coupled with the more powerful weapons of the day, the concept of warfare was completely changed during the Age of Imperialism.
In this way, the methods of warfare which had been developed by around the time of the Austro-Prussian and Franco-Prussian wars, turned in on one another and forced one another to change.
www.pvhs.chico.k12.ca.us /~bsilva/projects/scramble/modern_war.htm   (697 words)

  
 Warfare at Sea, 1500-1650 - More Information
Early modern warfare at sea was an important part of the transformation of European societies and of Europe's impact on other parts of the world.
Warfare influenced trade, state formation, the economic and political rise and decline of regions and the life of seafaring populations.
Warfare at Sea, 1500-1650 is essential reading for those interested in early modern history in general and in economic and naval history in particular.
www.ebookstore.tandf.co.uk /html/moreinfo.asp?bookid=536878810&etailerid=19   (238 words)

  
 Powell's Books - Military-Early Modern
Fighting Techniques of the Early Modern World describes the combat techniques of soldiers in Europe and North America from 1500 to 1763.
On Sunday 23 May 1706, near the village of Ramillies in modern Belgium, the Anglo-Dutch army commanded by John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, inflicted a devastating defeat on the French army of the Duke de Villeroi.
The Art of Renaissance Warfare tells the story of the knight during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries - from the great victories of Edward III and the Black Prince to the fall of Richard III on Bosworth Field.
www.powells.com /subsection/MilitaryEarlyModern.html   (669 words)

  
 Modern Warfare
Zbigniew Petrovich, M.D., chair of the Department of Radiation Oncology and the Albert Soiland Professor in Radiation Oncology, describes the CyberKnife as "a technological marvel that is fit for the 21st century." Petrovich is director of radiation oncology at the USC/Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center.
In the early 1990s, those technologies had evolved sufficiently to engender the notion and development of the CyberKnife-and John Adler Jr., M.D., a Stanford University neurosurgeon and Apuzzo's colleague, created the device with input from his former mentor.
Early tests of the CyberKnife used human-like dummies packed with radiation sensors to prove its effectiveness, clearing the way for clinical trials to begin in 1997.
www.usc.edu /hsc/info/pr/ccr/03winter/warfare.html   (1723 words)

  
 EarlyUnderwaterWarfare
A number of submarine boats were constructed in the early years of the 18th century.
Although man had been tinkering with the idea of an underwater apparatus for some time, the first submarine to be used as an offensive weapon in naval warfare was the TURTLE during the American Revolution (1775-1783).
Facing to starboard, each man turned a single hand cranked shaft, which acted as a cylinder and piston to a modern day engine, which was the actual propeller shaft.
submarinehistory.homestead.com /EarlyUnderwaterwarfare.html   (440 words)

  
 War, Virtual War & the Challenges to Communities - Session 2
In contrast to medieval and early modern warfare, in which battles lasted hours or days and campaigns often only weeks or months, the development of money and people-management systems in western European states made possible 'total' wars lasting many years.
The Napoleonic Wars of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries were perhaps the earliest examples of this new type of warfare, but its apex was reached in the World Wars of the twentieth century.
Of all the major wars of the twentieth century, it is perhaps the trench warfare of 1914-18 that best demonstrates the importance of psychological endurance, particularly military psychological endurance.
www.inter-disciplinary.net /ptb/wvw/wvw1/wvw1s2.htm   (677 words)

  
 Stephen Morillo | A "Feudal Mutation"? Conceptual Tools and Historical Patterns in World History | Journal of World ...
But warfare was characterized by contests for prestige more than conquest, and shifting alliances made many large-scale political conquests or combinations unstable, which limited both the impact of war on society and the spread of warrior values to the rest of society.
Warfare was the near exclusive preserve of a particular class: bushi means "warrior class" and though they rode horses, the tactics of the bushi were even more flexible than those of European knights.
Keegan's study shows that horses in Napoleonic warfare and in World War I were just as capable of withstanding noise and terror as medieval horses—indeed, gunpowder battlefields must have been more noisy than medieval ones.
www.historycooperative.org /journals/jwh/14.4/morillo.html   (7158 words)

  
 Military History Courses   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Survey of the history of Western warfare from the age of gunpowder to the present.
Examines the relationship of technology to warfare on land, at sea, and in the air from antiquity to the present.
Moslem, Byzantine, Chinese, and Japanese forms of warfare are also addressed to complete a general survey of the roots of modern warfare.
www.usafa.af.mil /df/dfh/mil_hist_crs.cfm   (829 words)

  
 JMH Abstracts: Vol. 64, No. 3
A reinterpretation of Marlborough's campaigns highlights the limitations under which even the greatest early modern commanders were forced to operate.
During August and early September 1942, he possessed the means to inflict heavy damage on the Caucasus oilfields that produced almost all Soviet oil.
In the early 1960s, the Army began to deemphasize character education, and the religious orientation gave way to a secular, social-scientific approach.
www.smh-hq.org /jmh/volumes/jmh643/abs643.html   (738 words)

  
 Notes #1: Armies and Warfare in Early Modern Times: General Trends.
The development of gunpowder began the technological development of modern warfare and the beginning of the ascendency of missile weapons.
His treatise was not applicable and had no connection with real conditions again until early modern times.
Heavy armored cavalry of the knights is rendered ineffective by the coordination of missile and shock infantry in the late Medieval and early modern times.
www.shsu.edu /~his_ncp/594N01.html   (3794 words)

  
 Military History Bookstore with Book Reviews
Early Modern Warfare - Renaissance to the 19th Century The most interesting time period in history.
Warfare in Europe is neglected in favor of the rest of the world, but despite his PC smack talking about Eurocentrism, he clearly is more knowledgeable about European history.
He covers surface to surface warfare from Lissa to the present and aircraft carrier tactics from pre-World War II to the present.
johnsmilitaryhistory.com /books.html   (2572 words)

  
 Renaissance and Medieval Siege Warfare Tactics
The era commonly known as “Early Modern Warfare” began during the middle of the fifteenth century and lasted until the end of the eighteenth century.
In earlier times the Romans used the ballista to hurl large stones but during the Middle Ages the ballista was modified to throw arrows, which at the time were known as bolts.
The crossbow is believed to have been inspired by the early ballista.
www.all-about-renaissance-faires.com /warfare/siege_tactics.htm   (1962 words)

  
 BRILL
All those interested in early modern warfare, the dynastic state, state formation, Louis XIV, and war and society, as well as laymen interested in the tactical problems of seventeenth century warfare.
Louis XIV and his generals used partisan warfare to fit a strategy of exhaustion to ensure territorial conquest.
The French army's reliance on partisan warfare reveals the limitations of the war-making potential of Louis XIV's state; at the same time it leads to the emergence of a more modern practice of military operations to pursue theater-strategic objectives.
www.brill.nl /m_catalogue_sub6_id11377.htm   (651 words)

  
 Investigations of a Dog » Early Modern
Rich will be taking a critical look at late medieval and early modern warfare, and combining military history with his interest in philosophy.
Meanwhile I went to Cambridge on Saturday for a conference on “The Experience of Authority in Early Modern Britain”.
Another interesting aspect which the article doesn’t mention is that there was a long running feud between the Lucas family and the borough of Colchester, which makes it ironic that the town now has a memorial to Sir Charles.
www.investigations.4-lom.com /category/history/early-modern   (1619 words)

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