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Topic: East Prussia


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In the News (Wed 24 Apr 19)

  
  East Prussia
The territory of East Prussia was sparsely populated and colonized by the Germans and Poles (the southern parts).
East Prussia was in turn extended by the eastern districts (shown in green and in cyan) of the former Province of West Prussia which remained German after 1920.
German inhabitants of East Prussia either escaped in 1945 or were expelled from there afterwards.
www.polishroots.org /genpoland/eastpr.htm   (479 words)

  
  East Prussia - LoveToKnow 1911
EAST PRUSSIA (Ost-Preussen), the easternmost province of the kingdom of Prussia, bounded on the N. by the Baltic, on the E. and S.W. by Russia and Russian Poland, and on the W. by the Prussian province of West Prussia.
East Prussia is the coldest part of Germany, its mean annual temperature being about 44° F., while the mean January temperature of Tilsit is only 25°.
East Prussia is the headquarters of the horse-breeding of the country, and contains the principal government stud of Trakehnen; numerous cattle are also fattened on the rich pastures of the rivervalleys.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /East_Prussia   (596 words)

  
 PGSA - East Prussia
East Prussia has a variety of soils: frumentaceous on the Niemen, Pregola and Warmia, sandy on the seashores and sandbars and in the powiaty of Niborsk, Szczytno and Jansbork; and there are large marshes in Labiawa and Pilkally powiaty.
East Prussia does, however, possess large deposits of peat, mainly in the marshes on Kuryjska Bay and on the northern flank of the East Prussian heights.
The greatest defeat for the Polish population of Ducal Prussia was the division of Poland, by which Frederick II regained all the territories formerly ceded in the Peace of Torun [1466], except for the bishopric of Warmia, and Gdansk and Torun; he acquired those two cities in the second division.
www.pgsa.org /eprussia.htm   (1833 words)

  
  AllRefer.com - East Prussia, Germany (German Political Geography) - Encyclopedia
East Prussia, as the original Prussia came to be called, from 1701 to 1945 shared the history of Prussia.
East Prussia bordered on Poland and Lithuania in the south and east and stretched to Memel and the Baltic Sea in the north and northeast.
At the Potsdam Conference (1945), East Prussia was divided by two transfers; the transfers were made permanent by treaties between West Germany and Poland and the USSR that were signed and ratified between 1970 and 1972.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/E/EastPrus.html   (553 words)

  
  East Prussia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
East Prussia enclosed the bulk of the ancient ancestral lands of the Baltic Prussians.
In 1875 the ethnic make-up of East Prussia was 73.48% German speaking, 18.39% Polish speaking, and 8.11% Lithuanian speaking (according to "Słownik geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego").
The remaining German population of East Prussia was expelled by the Communist regime.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/East_Prussia   (1377 words)

  
 Prussia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Because Prussia was predominantly a northern and eastern German state, it had a large Protestant majority, although there were substantial Roman Catholic populations in the Rhineland, while a number of districts in Posen, Silesia, West Prussia, and the Warmia regions of East Prussia had populations of predominantly Catholic Poles.
Prussia greatly expanded its territories to the east during the collapse of the Kingdom of Poland,Partitions of Poland, between 1772 and 1795 (see New East Prussia and South Prussia), which brought territory as far east as Warsaw under Prussian rule.
Prussia's democratic constitution was suspended in 1932 as a result of a coup by Germany's conservative Chancellor Franz von Papen, marking the effective end of German democracy.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Prussia   (2509 words)

  
 PRUSSIA - LoveToKnow Article on PRUSSIA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-02)
The principal crop in Prussia is rye, of which the ordinary bread of the country is made; it grows in all parts of the kingdom, especially in the north and east, and occupies about one-fourth of the whole tilled surface.
Ilislory.The name of Prussia is derived from the dukedom of Prussia (the present province of East Prussia), which was raised into a kingdom by the emperor in favor of Frederick III., elector of Brandenburg, on the 18th of January 1701.
The indifference with which Prussia relinquished to France German lands on the left bank of the Rhine, compared with her eagerness to increase her Slavonic territories on the east, was certainly one of the great blunders of the reign.
93.1911encyclopedia.org /P/PR/PRUSSIA.htm   (14209 words)

  
 Prussia - Simple English Wikipedia
Ducal Prussia was part of the Kingdom of Poland until 1660, and Royal Prussia was part of Poland until 1772.
In 1618 the new Duke of Prussia was the Elector John Sigismund of Brandenburg.
The Duchy of Prussia was important to the Hohenzollern family because it was not in the Holy Roman Empire.
simple.wikipedia.org /wiki/Prussia   (1592 words)

  
 Prussia - Encyclopedia.com
In 1618 the duchy of Prussia passed through inheritance to the elector of Brandenburg, and in 1660, by the treaty of Oliva, full independence from Polish suzerainty was confirmed to Frederick William, the Great Elector.
Prussia was fortunate to possess, at this low ebb in its history, such able and energetic reformers as Karl vom und zum Stein, Karl August von Hardenberg, and Wilhelm von Humboldt.
Prussia was forced to send auxiliary troops for Napoleon's 1812 campaign in Russia, but late in the year Yorck von Wartenburg concluded a separate truce with Russia, and in 1813 Prussia joined the coalition against France.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-Prussia.html   (2272 words)

  
 Prussia. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
In 1618 the duchy of Prussia passed through inheritance to the elector of Brandenburg, and in 1660, by the treaty of Oliva, full independence from Polish suzerainty was confirmed to Frederick William, the Great Elector.
Prussia was fortunate to possess, at this low ebb in its history, such able and energetic reformers as Karl vom und zum Stein, Karl August von Hardenberg, and Wilhelm von Humboldt.
Prussia was forced to send auxiliary troops for Napoleon’s 1812 campaign in Russia, but late in the year Yorck von Wartenburg concluded a separate truce with Russia, and in 1813 Prussia joined the coalition against France.
bartleby.com /65/pr/Prussia.html   (1895 words)

  
 Prussia at AllExperts
Prussia began as a small territory in what was later called West and East Prussia, which is now Warmia-Masuria of northern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast exclave of Russia, and the KlaipÄ—da Region of Lithuania.
Prussia's reward in 1815 at the Congress of Vienna was the recovery of her lost territories, as well as the whole of the Rhineland, Westphalia, and some other territories.
Prussia was extended on 1 April 1937, for instance, by the incorporation of the Free and Hanseatic City of Lübeck.
en.allexperts.com /e/p/pr/prussia.htm   (4700 words)

  
 A Brief History of Prussia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-02)
Prussia was divided into Royal Prussia in the west and Ducal Prussia in the east.
Prussia's power grew and in 1772, under King Friedrich II (Frederick the Great), consisted of the provinces of Brandenburg, Pomerania, Danzig, West Prussia and East Prussia (modern day East Germany, northern Poland, and a small portion of the Soviet Union).
This caused the province of East Prussia to be separated from the rest of Germany.
www.kolpack.com /packnet/prussia.html   (425 words)

  
 Glossary of Places: Pr   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-02)
After World War I Prussia was split: the Western and Central portions remained with Germany, while Eastern Prussia was seperated from the mainland by the 'Polish corridor'.
East Prussia: A province of Prussia on the Baltic Sea.
Eastern Prussia was split from the German main land in 1919 by the 'Polish corridor' and Danzig was made a 'free city'.
www.marxists.org /glossary/places/p/r.htm   (263 words)

  
 preussen.html
East Prussia was unwisely and vindictively cut away from her ethnic and cultural roots with Germany
as Duke Albert of Prussia and a vassal of the Polish crown.
In 1875, the ethnic make-up of East Prussia
www.exulanten.com /preussen.html   (2019 words)

  
 ipedia.com: East Prussia Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-02)
East Prussia was a province of Kingdom of Prussia, situated on the territory of former Ducal Prussia.
3 Population of the East Prussia in 1890
The remaining population of East Prussia was during the years after the war expulsed by the communist Soviet and Polish regimes.
www.ipedia.com /east_prussia.html   (790 words)

  
 Northeast Prussia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-02)
In Königsberg, Elector Frederick III of Brandenburg is crowned as Frederick I, King in Prussia, against objections of the Pope.
East Prussia and West Prussia are combined as the Province of Prussia.
Treaty of Versailles: East Prussia is separated from the empire by the “Polish Corridor”.
www.euronet.nl /~jlemmens/prussia.html   (1040 words)

  
 prussia - Definitions from Dictionary.com
West Prussia was ceded to Poland in 1466, and East Prussia became a Polish fief that passed to Brandenburg in 1618.
The kingdom of Prussia was proclaimed in 1701 and was greatly expanded and fortified by Emperor Frederick II (reigned 1740-1786).
Prussia was instrumental in the unification of Germany, and in 1871 its king was declared Emperor William I of Germany.
dictionary.reference.com /browse/prussia   (399 words)

  
 Prussia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-02)
The lands along the Vistula, under Polish sovereignty, became known as Royal Prussia; thus a wedge of predominantly Polish-speaking territory came to be consolidated between German-speaking East Prussia and the German Reich to the west.
In 1850 Austria challenged this union, and Prussia was obliged to abandon its ambitions by the Punctation of Olmütz (Nov. 29, 1850).
Northern East Prussia was annexed by the Soviet Union; the rest of the Land east of the Oder-Neisse line was transferred to Poland; and the remainder was divided between the Soviet, British, and French zones of occupation.
www.hfac.uh.edu /gbrown/philosophers/leibniz/BritannicaPages/Prussia/Prussia.html   (2679 words)

  
 The East Prussian Horse - Trakehner - Breed
The breeding of East Prussian horse was closely tied to breeding in the state stud farm in Trakehnen that was established by Friederich the Great in 1732, were also came a herd of 70 Kladrubians stolen during the 7 year war at the battle of Cologne (Köln).
East Prussia was formally the largest region for breeding horses.
The East Prussian breed was founded on 8 stallion lines from which by the numbers most represented were; Perfectionist and his son a Trakehner stallion Tempelhueter as well as the line of the Trakehner stallion Dampfross from the Dingo line.
horsecare.stablemade.com /_articles/prussian.htm   (752 words)

  
 East Prussia - Britannica Concise
From 1815 it was known as East Prussia, part of the kingdom of Prussia, and in the 19th century it was a stronghold of Prussian Junkers, a military aristocracy.
East Prussia - former German province bounded, between World Wars I and II, north by the Baltic Sea, east by Lithuania, and south and west by Poland and the free city of Danzig (now Gdask, Poland).
Prussia - The Teutonic Order's last grand master in Prussia, Albert of Hohenzollern, became a Lutheran and, in 1525, secularized his fief, which he transformed into a duchy for himself.
concise.britannica.com /ebc/article-9363342   (517 words)

  
 EAST PRUSSIA Articles East Prussia (German: Ostpreußen ['
East Prussia was located along the southeastern coast of the Baltic Sea, where it enclosed the bulk of the ancestral lands of the now-extinct Old Prussians.
After the annexation of most of Polish Royal Prussia in the First Partition of Poland in 1772, the territory of the Duchy of Prussia was reorganized into the Province of East Prussia.
The East Prussian capital of Königsberg was renamed Kaliningrad in 1946.
www.amazines.com /East_Prussia_related.html   (615 words)

  
 FAQ.ostpreußen - East Prussia
The original (East and West) Prussia was cleansed of its ethnic German population and given to Poland and Russia.
In 1905 a third district of Allenstein was established from the southern parts of the districts of Königsberg and Gumbinnen comprising the Kreise of Allenstein (Stadt and Land), Johannisburg, Lötzen, Lyck, Neidenburg, Ortelsburg, Osterode, Rössel, and Sensburg.
The concept of Kreis was different in pre-1808 Prussia and referred to the districts of the noble families ("Die Adeligen Kreise") as well as the Immediatstädte and royal Domainen-Ämter.
users.foxvalley.net /~goertz/faqopr.html   (3974 words)

  
 Prussia --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Ducal Prussia and the Kingdom of Prussia, to 1786.
The electors of Brandenburg (who from 1701 were the kings of Prussia) considered a rigidly centralized government a means of ensuring stability and furthering dynastic objectives.
He was given the usual military training of a prince of Prussia and at the age of 18 took part in the final...
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9061665?source=RSSOTD   (541 words)

  
 East Prussia, Suwalki & Lithuania: A Winter Journey through Central Europe [Karl Brodowsky 2003]
Off course East Prussia had been known for its extremely cold winters and it is known that Lithuania is even further to the north and east, so probably at least not warmer.
And the real winter months in East Prussia are more like December, January and February, while November is more like the kind of winter that I know from areas further to the south and to the west.
Today East Prussia is divided between three countries: 60 % in the south are Polish, 30 % around Koenigsberg (German: Königsberg, Russian: Калининград) are Russian and 10 % in the North (Memelland) are Lithuanian.
www.velofahren.de /e_Litauen-2003.html   (7493 words)

  
 Counter offensive in East Prussia (February 1915) - Biografie Willy Brandt
Soon German troops are compelled to withdraw behind the Vistula and abandon East Prussia.
The „liberation of East Prussia“ is celebrated by the German public as a great triumph.
A major portion of the Russian units are therefore able to withdraw to the East and establish a new front line.
www.bwbs.de /bwbs_biografie/Counter_offensive_in_East_Prussia_B668.html   (236 words)

  
 East Prussia — FactMonster.com
conquered the region of East Prussia from the Borussi, or Prussians (a people related to the Liths), displaced the original population, and secured the territory as a fief for their order.
East Prussia, as the original Prussia came to be called, from 1701 to 1945 shared the history of
From 1919 to 1939 it was separated from the rest of Germany by the Polish Corridor and the Free City of Danzig (Gdańsk).
www.factmonster.com /ce6/world/A0816626.html   (422 words)

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