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Topic: East Rumelia

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  Bulgaria - LoveToKnow 1911
The walnut and chestnut are mainly confined to eastern Rumelia.
According to the census of the 12th of January 1906, the population of northern Bulgaria was 2,853,704; of Eastern Rumelia, 1,174,535; of united Bulgaria, 4,028,239 or 88 per sq.
In Eastern Rumelia during the same period the" militia "was instructed by foreign officers; after the union it was merged in the Bulgarian army.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /Bulgaria   (16374 words)

 Rumelia - LoveToKnow 1911
RUMELIA, or Roumelia (Turkish Rumili, " the land of the Romans," i.e.
the East Roman or Byzantine empire), a name commonly used, from the 15th century onwards, to denote that part of the Balkan Peninsula which was subject to Turkey.
Eastern Rumelia was constituted an autonomous province of the Turkish empire by the Berlin treaty of 1878; but on the 18th of September 1885, after a bloodless revolution, it was united with Bulgaria (q.v.).
www.1911encyclopedia.org /Rumelia   (190 words)

 Places of the World (R-S)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The terrain is central Transylvanian Basin is separated from the plain of Moldavia on the east by the Carpathian Mountains and separated from the Walachian Plain on the south by the Transylvanian Alps.
Rumelia was the former name for that part of European Turkey comprising ancient Thrace and part of Macedonia.
East Rumelia was united with Bulgaria in 1885.
www7.informatik.uni-erlangen.de /tree/IMMD-VII/Probert_Encyclopaedia/g9.htm   (6234 words)

 Wikipedia: Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman Empire was among the world's most powerful polities in the 16th and 17th centuries when the countries of Europe felt threatened by its steady advances through the Balkans.
Beyazid then turned his attention to the east, conquering the Turkish emirate of Karaman in 1397.
The Empire had suffered hard from the Interregnum; the Mongols were still at large in the east, even though Timur Lenk had died in 1405; many of the Christian kingdoms of the Balkans had broken free of Ottoman control; and the land, especially Anatolia, had suffered hard from the war.
www.factbook.org /wikipedia/en/o/ot/ottoman_empire.html   (6149 words)

 Qwika - similar:Anatolia
The Near East is a term commonly used by archaeologists and historians, less commonly by journalists and commentators, to refer to the region encompassing the Levant (modern Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon), Asia Minor (modern Turkey), Mesopotamia (Iraq and eastern Syria), and the Iranian Plateau (Iran, Afghanistan and western Pakistan).
The Levant Levant is an imprecise geographical term historically referring to a large area in the Middle East south of the Taurus Mountains, bounded by the Mediterranean Sea on the west, and by the northern Arabian Desert and Upper Mesopotamia to the east.
Map of Rumelia as of 1801 Rumelia (or Roumelia) (in Turkish Rumeli, the East Roman or Byzantine Empire), a name commonly used, from the 15th century onwards, to denote the part of the Balkan Peninsula subject to the Ottoman Empire.
www.qwika.com /rels/Anatolia   (1497 words)

 Central Europe
This is bounded on the north by the Danube, on the west by the Adriatic and Ionian Seas, on the south by the Aegean, and on the east by the Black Sea.
The Magyars determined to escape the turmoil of the steppes, and assembled east of the Carpathians for their invasion of the Hungarian Plain, which they had determined was very thinly populated with the remnants of Avars and Gepids.
The region of the Balkans extends from the Alps and the Adriatic Sea east to the Black Sea, and from the Danube south to the Ionic and Aegean Seas.
www.du.edu /~etuttle/misc/europe.htm   (23125 words)

 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Balkan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
It is bounded by the Black Sea on the east, by Romania on the north, by Serbia and Macedonia on the west, by Greece on
Rumelia RUMELIA [Rumelia] or Roumelia, region of S Bulgaria, between the Balkan and Rhodope mts.
Historically, Rumelia denoted the Balkan possessions (particularly Thrace and Macedonia, and excluding Bosnia) of the Ottoman Empire.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Balkan   (684 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
To the east, much of Turkey's cotton crop is grown in the Çukurova, a plain connected with the interior through the Taurus Mountains by a pass known since antiquity as the Cilician Gates (Külek Bogazï).
Southeastern Anatolia is a rolling plateau enclosed on the north, east, and west by mountains.
Regions of the east were shared with the Christian Armenians, who controlled the area around Lake Van, and the Georgians, whose kingdom extended into the Caucasus.
aris.ss.uci.edu /rgarfias/courses/ottoman/encarta.html   (8821 words)

 Turkey (country) - Search View - MSN Encarta
To the east, much of Turkey’s cotton crop is grown in the Çukurova, a plain connected with the interior through the Taurus Mountains by a pass known since antiquity as the Cilician Gates (Külek Boğazı).
South-eastern Anatolia is a rolling plateau enclosed on the north, east, and west by mountains.
With the conquest of Suleiman I, the Magnificent, the Ottoman Empire reached its peak, and the social, administrative, and governmental institutions that had been evolving since the 14th century were formalized in a series of codes that remained the basis of Ottoman law until the end of the empire.
uk.encarta.msn.com /text_761575380__1/Turkey_(country).html   (11154 words)

 Rumelia and Macedonia in Great East Crisis Between 1875-1878
These immigrants were settled in Anatolia, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Cyprus, Trablusgarb, Maeedonia, East Rumelia and Trace.
Maximillian Nepoleon, French Representative of the East Rumelia European Commission, reported that there were 60 Muslim-Turk immigrants only in Selaniko Province.
Rumelia Turks had to escape for the shelter of Ottoman Empire in Istanbul and Anatolia.
www.ozturkler.com /data_english/0008/0008_16_09_4.htm   (643 words)

 History of Macedonia. Creation of The Macedonian Question
East Rumelia became a province with a Christian
By the end of the nineteenth century the collapse of the Turkish Empire was well advanced and the national awakenings of Serbians, Roumanians, Greeks and Bulgarians led to establishment of their respective nation-states.
However in 1885 the Bulgarians of East Rumelia unified with the Bulgarian state, much to the annoyance of Serbia and Greece, and the anger of Russia which withdrew all its military advisers.
mak-truth.com /fe_mqest.htm   (431 words)

 Bulgaria   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
It borders the Black Sea to the east, Greece and Turkey to the south, Serbia and the Republic of Macedonia to the west, and Romania to the north, mostly along the Danube.
Most of Thrace was included in the autonomous region of Eastern Rumelia, whereas the rest of Thrace along with the whole of Macedonia was returned under the sovereignty of the Ottomans.
A country often described to lie at the crossroads linking the East and West, Bulgaria was the centre of Slavic Europe during much of the Middle Ages, exerting considerable literary and cultural influence over the Eastern Orthodox Slavic world by means of the Preslav and Ohrid Literary Schools.
www.infoforyou.org /input.php?title=Bulgaria   (4766 words)

 Castel di Morea
The fortress on the Peloponnesian coast was called Castello di Morea (as the Peloponnese was named during the Venetian conquest), while the fortress on the opposite side of the narrows was called Castello di Rumelia (a synonym for Europe, deriving from the association made by the Arabs between Rome and Europe).
The battle which ensued is known as the Battle of Lepanto, the Italian name for Nafpaktos, a port 5 miles to the east of Castello di Rumelia.
Castello di Rumelia is less impressive than its twin on the other side of the narrows because the Venetians dismantled it when they had to return it to the Turks.
members.tripod.com /romeartlover/Rio.html   (913 words)

 Center of Information and Documentation of Crimean Tatars
Escaped from there to Rumelia and Dobrudzha (9) emigrants found themselves in the bad conditions as well, or allotted the marshy plains for their settlement which were the constant center of bitterest malaria.
Thus, all east, southern and western coast of the Black sea was sown with graves of Tatars and Highlanders.
This is a distressful saga of the second mass emigration of Crimean Tatars, so brightly reflected the heartlessness of “domestic” administration and being a theme for one of emigrant songs with a refrain “I sing and sob”, brought in the appendix II (with translation in Russian).
www.cidct.org.ua /en/studii/2-3/14.html   (7786 words)

 Rumelia and Macedonia in Great East Crisis Between = 1875-1878
Subject: Rumelia and Macedonia in Great East Crisis Between 1875-1878 Date: Mon, 13 Oct 2003 01:27:25 +0200 MIME-Version: 1.0 Content-Type: multipart/related; boundary="----=_NextPart_000_0000_01C39129.28311DA0"; type="text/html" X-MimeOLE: Produced By Microsoft MimeOLE V6.00.2800.1106 This is a multi-part message in MIME format.
East Crises entered into a = new=20 phase in 1875.
Turkish armies defeated Serbians in August = 1876 near=20 Aleksinats and this brought East Crisis to a new dimension.
www.astrologywww.com /autor/Rumelia_and_Macedonia_in_Great_East_Crisis_Between_1875-1878.mht   (522 words)

 Ottoman Empire - Questionz.net , answers to all your questions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
After its defeat at the Battle of Vienna in 1683, however, the empire began a slow decline, culminating in the defeat of the empire by the Allies in World War I. Rise In the late 13th century the Seljuq empire had collapsed and Anatolia was divided into hundreds of small states.
In the Balkans, however, the Russian army, supported by rebels, had pushed the Ottoman army out of Bulgaria, Walachia, Rumania, and much of East Rumelia and by the end of the war the artillery firing in Thrace could be heard in Constantinople.
He did not go, for just days before he was to embark for the near east he proved himself useful to the directory by putting down a Parisian mob and was kept in France.
www.questionz.net /War/Cold_War/Ottoman_Empire.html   (5207 words)

 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for eastern   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Orthodox Eastern Church ORTHODOX EASTERN CHURCH [Orthodox Eastern Church] community of Christian churches whose chief strength is in the Middle East and E Europe.
Middle Eastern religions MIDDLE EASTERN RELIGIONS [Middle Eastern religions] religious beliefs and practices of the ancient inhabitants of the Middle East.
Little was known about the religions of the city-states of W Asia until stores of religious literature were uncovered by excavations in the 19th and 20th cent.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=eastern&StartAt=11   (523 words)

 LINNS.COM: The website of the world's largest weekly stamp newspaper-Linn's Stamp News
The Communist East China Liberation Area included the provinces of Shantung, Kiangsu, Chekiang, Anhwei and Fukien.
In 1935-36, Ethiopia was defeated by Italy, and in 1936, with Eritrea and Italian Somaliland, it was organized into the colony of Italian East Africa.
Italy's East African empire was short-lived, and in 1941, Ethiopia was liberated with the help of British forces, and independence was restored.
www.linns.com /reference/entities/entity_e.asp   (1302 words)

 Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Major institutions are the University of İstanbul (1453); Aegean University (1955), at İzmir; and the University of Ankara (1946) and Middle East Technical University (1956), at Ankara; in addition, an Academy of Fine Arts in İstanbul and three music conservatories exist.
Osman's conquests in Anatolia were crowned with the capture (1326) of the provincial capital Bursa by his son Orhan (1288–1360), which gave the Ottomans control over the Byzantine administrative, financial, and military systems in the area.
The success of the new constitutional regime was immediately undermined, however, by a series of disasters: Austria annexed Bosnia and Hercegovina, Bulgaria annexed East Rumelia, and terrorism in Macedonia and eastern Anatolia resumed with renewed fury.
history.com /encyclopedia.do?vendorId=FWNE.fw..tu103500.a#FWNE.fw..t...   (9242 words)

 Islamic History: The Ottoman Empire - ReligionFacts
After the Balkan front was secured, Murad turned east and defeated Timur Lenk's son, Shah Rokh, and the emirates of Candar and Karaman in Anatolia.
Two years later he moved upon the Venetian east coast of the Adriatic, annexing the city of Piavas and some Adriatic islands in a peace treaty.
He did not go, for just days before he was to embark for the Near East he proved himself useful to the directory by putting down a Parisian mob in the Whiff of Grape-Shot and was kept in France.
www.religionfacts.com /islam/history/ottoman.htm   (7049 words)

 RUMELIA, or ROUMELIA (... - Online Information article about RUMELIA, or ROUMELIA (...
Search over 40,000 articles from the original, classic Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th Edition.
Rumelia was constituted an autonomous province of the See also:
End of Article: RUMELIA, or ROUMELIA (Turkish Rumili, " the land of the Romans," i.e.
encyclopedia.jrank.org /RON_SAC/RUMELIA_or_ROUMELIA_Turkish_Rum.html   (291 words)

 Bulgarian Red Cross
After the Bulgaria’s liberation from Turkish rule and in accordance with the provisions of the Berlin Agreement from 1878 the Principality of Bulgaria (under the supreme rule of the Turkish sultan) and the autonomous region of East Rumelia within the empire.
The first Red Cross organizations was established in the Principality and in East Rumelia as early as 1878.
It organized sanitary trains and a hospital on the East front during the first stage of the Second World War.
www.redcross.bg /index.php?ladger=history&lang=en   (753 words)

 Kingdoms of Eastern Europe - Bulgaria
Proto-Bulgarians settled in the area of the Caucuses, north and east of the Black Sea, in the 4th-5th centuries, and mixed with Slavic groups which arrived in the 6th century.
A third group of Proto-Bulgarians under the tribal chieftain Asparouh headed for the West and reached the Danube at the beginning of the last quarter of the 7th century to found an independent kingdom that conquered land from the Byzantine Empire while it was fighting the Arabs in the east and south.
After the Russo-Turkish War, the Principality of Bulgaria is set up which includes Moesia and the Sofia region, but not southern Bulgaria (East Rumelia) or the Macedonian region.
www.kessler-web.co.uk /History/KingListsEurope/EasternBulgaria.htm   (349 words)

Sofia was conquered by the Ottoman Empire during the reign of Murad I in 1382, becoming the capital of the Ottoman province (beylerbeylik) of Rumelia for more than 4 centuries.
In 1610 the Vatican established the See of Sofia for Catholics of Rumelia, which existed until 1715 when most Catholics had emigrated.
Sofia was liberated by Russian forces in 1878, during the Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78, and became the capital of the autonomous Principality of Bulgaria in 1879, which became Kingdom of Bulgaria in 1908.
www.intergeo-east.com /messe/besucher-info/messestadt.php   (1011 words)

 Rumelia and Macedonia in Great East Crisis Between 1875-1878
The rest of the area would be an autonomous East Rumelia province.
Some places in East Anatolia would be given back to Ottoman Empire but Russia would continue keeping Kars, Batum and South Baserabia.
The rest of Bulgarian lands was divided into two parts On one of them, there founded an East Rumelia Province under Ottoman Government.
www.ozturkler.com /data_english/0008/0008_16_09_3.htm   (524 words)

 Rumelia — Infoplease.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The Ottoman province of Rumelia comprised much of present-day Serbia, Macedonia, Bulgaria, European Turkey, N Greece, and part of Albania.
Resentment at the partition of Bulgaria sparked a revolution at Plovdiv in 1885, and Prince Alexander of Bulgaria annexed Eastern Rumelia, thus incurring the wrath of Russia and Serbia.
This arrangement amounted to a tacit Turkish surrender of the province, which henceforth remained part of Bulgaria, although it was nominally under Ottoman rule until Bulgaria became officially independent in 1908.
www.infoplease.com /ce6/world/A0842664.html   (370 words)

 Southwest Asia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Southwest Asia or Southwestern Asia (largely overlapping with the Middle East) is the southwestern portion of Asia.
Unlike the Middle East, which is a vaguely-defined region generally meant to include the African country of Egypt, Western Asia is a purely geographical term that includes the southwestern extreme of Asia.
Southwest Asia is partly coterminous with the traditional European names the Middle East and the Near East, both of which describe the regions' geographical position in relation to Europe rather than their location within Asia.
www.a013.com /wiki/Southwest_Asia   (385 words)

 [No title]
Princes Also Governors General of East Rumelia 1886 - 1908 House of Battenberg 1879 - 1886 Aleksandur, (Alexander Joseph, Prinz von Battenberg), abdicated (1) 1857 - 1893 1886 - 1887 interregnum (2) Regency Council during the interregnum 1886 - 1887 -Stepan Nikolov Stambolov s.a.
The autonomous Vilayet of East Rumelia (Turk.: Rumeli Sharki) was created in 1878 out of the Sandjaks Filibe (Bulg.: Plovdiv) and Islimiye (Bulg.
In 1908 the Principality of Bulgaria and the Autonomous Vilayet of East Rumelia were formally merged into the Kingdom of Bulgaria, which declared its full independence of the Osmanli Empire.
www.geocities.com /CapitolHill/Rotunda/2209/Bulgaria.html   (3466 words)

 A General History of the Near East, Chapter 14
A series of agreements, mostly involving trade with the British East India Company, were signed, followed by an 1820 peace treaty that allowed Britain to suppress the Omani pirates, made Bahrein a British protectorate, and gave Britain control over commerce in the Persian Gulf.
The German-trained army was put to the test in a thirty-day war with Greece in 1897; the Turks won all the battles until the West intervened and demanded that the disputed territory (Crete) be made autonomous.
They wrote letters to the Jewish communities of the Middle East, announcing that the time had come when God would bring his people back to Jerusalem, and that Solomon ben Duji was Elijah, and his son was the Messiah.
xenohistorian.faithweb.com /neareast/ne14.html   (17759 words)

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