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Topic: Eastern Thrace


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In the News (Tue 18 Jun 19)

  
  Thrace. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Thrace was reduced to vassalage by Persia from c.512
In 1878, N Thrace was made into the province of Eastern Rumelia; after the annexation (1885) of Eastern Rumelia by Bulgaria (which had gained independence in 1878), the political meaning of the term Thrace became restricted to its southernmost part, which was still in Turkish hands.
By the Treaty of Sèvres (1920) Greece also obtained most of Eastern Thrace except the zone of the Straits and Constantinople; the treaty, however, was superseded by the Treaty of Lausanne (1923), which restored to Turkey all Thrace E of the Maritsa.
www.bartleby.com /65/th/Thrace.html   (753 words)

  
  Thrace - MSN Encarta
After the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878 and the Congress of Berlin, the northern part of Thrace became an autonomous district, under the Turkish government, and was called Eastern Rumelia; the southern portion became the Turkish vilayet of Adrianople, now Edirne.
The Conference of London in 1913, ending the Balkan Wars, gave Eastern Rumelia to Bulgaria, and by the Treaty of Bucharest, later in 1913, Bulgaria also acquired the region between the Mesta and Maritsa rivers, known as Western Thrace.
Turkey ceded Eastern Thrace to Greece under the terms of the Treaty of Sèvres (1920).
uk.encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761563568/Thrace.html   (271 words)

  
 Thrace - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
Thrace borders on three seas: the Black Sea, the Aegean Sea and the Sea of Marmara.
Thrace south of the Danube (except for the land of the Bessi) was ruled for nearly half a century by the Persians under Darius the Great who conducted an expedition into the region from 513 BC to 512 BC.
The region was conquered by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC and was ruled by the kingdom of Macedon for a century and a half.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Thrace   (596 words)

  
  ooBdoo
Thrace (Bulgarian: Тракия Trakiya, Greek: Θράκη Thrákē, Latin: Thracia or Threcia, Turkish: Trakya) is a historical and geographic area in southeast Europe.
Thrace borders on three seas: the Black Sea, the Aegean Sea and the Sea of Marmara.
Thrace south of the Danube (except for the land of the Bessi) was ruled for nearly half a century by the Persians under Darius the Great, who conducted an expedition into the region from 513 BC to 512 BC.
www.oobdoo.com /wikipedia/?title=Thrace   (1931 words)

  
 Thrace - All About Turkey
By 342 B.C. all Thrace was held by Philip II of Macedon, and after 323 B.C. most of the country was in the hands of Lysimachus, a general of Alexander the Great.
In 1878, Northern Thrace was made into the province of Eastern Rumelia; after the annexation (1885) of Eastern Rumelia by Bulgaria (which had gained independence in 1878), the political meaning of the term Thrace became restricted to its southernmost part, which was still in Turkish hands.
By the Treaty of Sèvres (1920) Greece also obtained most of Eastern Thrace except the zone of the Straits (Bosphorus and Dardanelles) and Constantinople (Istanbul); the treaty, however, was superseded by the Treaty of Lausanne (1923), which restored to Turkey all Thrace East of the Maritsa (Meriç) river.
www.allaboutturkey.com /trakya.htm   (799 words)

  
 Thrace Greece - Hotels Holidays Thraki Travel Greece Thrace
Thrace is an area with prosperous land that is most precious for the ecological balance with the famous aquatic ecosystem at the delta of river Evros and the lake Vistinida, with Pamakohoria and the splendid beaches of the Thracian Sea offer a landscape that soothes and relaxes the visitor.
Thrace is the most eastern county of Greece and borders with Turkey on the east and Bulgaria on the north.
Thrace is a very popular destination with visitors to north Greece, and the counties of Evros, Zanthi and Rodopi each offer a wonderful setting for all types of holidays throughout the year.
www.aroundgreece.com /thrace-greece.html   (385 words)

  
 Turkey - MSN Encarta
Thrace and the borderlands of the Sea of Marmara in northeastern Turkey encompass a central plain of gently rolling hills with few changes in elevation.
The eastern highlands region is the most mountainous and rugged portion of Turkey; Mount Ararat (Ağrı Dağı) is the highest peak in the country at 5,165 m (16,945 ft).
The eastern highlands are the source for both the Tigris (Dicle) and Euphrates (Firāt)—two of southwestern Asia’s principal rivers.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761575380/Turkey_(country).html   (1669 words)

  
 Thrace - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
Thrace was united as a kingdom under the chieftain Sitalces, who aided Athens during the Peloponnesian War, but after his death (428 BC) the state again broke up.
By 342 BC all Thrace was held by Philip II of Macedon, and after 323 BC most of the country was in the hands of Lysimachus.
In 1878, N Thrace was made into the province of Eastern Rumelia ; after the annexation (1885) of Eastern Rumelia by Bulgaria (which had gained independence in 1878), the political meaning of the term Thrace became restricted to its southernmost part, which was still in Turkish hands.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-thrace.html   (837 words)

  
 'The Three Pashas' killer file
Mehmet Talât Pasha: Born in 1874 in Edirne, in eastern Thrace (the Balkan Peninsula), he is not a Turk but of Pomak descent.
On 14 May Talât sends a telegram to the governor of Smyrna directing that all Greeks living on the coast of Asia Minor be "compelled to abandon their homes and be transported to the provinces of Erzerum, Erzincan and elsewhere".
Deportees are either massacred by 'chetas' (bands of Turkish refugees from Thrace, violent criminals released from prison, and Kurds) recruited specially for the purpose by the 'Teshkilâti Mahsusa' (Special Organisation), a covert arm of Enver's Ministry of War, or succumb to starvation, exposure to the elements, and disease.
www.moreorless.au.com /killers/pashas.html   (3292 words)

  
 [No title]
European Turkey, known as eastern THRACE, is bounded on the north by the BLACK SEA and Bulgaria and on the west by the AEGEAN SEA and Greece.
The eastern highlands are dotted with peaks reaching elevations of 3,000-4,500 m (10,000-15,000 ft) and surrounded by high lava-covered plateaus.
The Araks and Kurucay rivers flow to the Caspian Sea; the Kizil and Sakarya to the Black Sea; the Macestus to the Sea of Marmara; and the Gediz and the Buyukmenderes to the Aegean.
www.angelfire.com /in/turkey/ancient01.html   (3092 words)

  
 go4less.gr - IRiS - Division of THRACE
The Eastern Thrace belongs to Turkey and it constitutes the European part of this country, while the western Thrace belongs to Greece.
Thrace's natura border of the river Evros is separating it (and the rest of Greece) from Turkey.
The territory of Thrace is 50% mountainous and 50% flat.
www.go4less.gr /div_thrace.php?lang=EN   (172 words)

  
 Kent State University Museum: Greek Regions and Their Costumes
Following the exchange of populations in 1922, the people of Kavakli moved to Thessaly, Macedonia and Thrace, where they built new villages or formed separate settlements in existing villages.
The costume worn in Metaxades, and in other villages in Thrace, are both beautiful and practical.
With the exchange of populations, the people of this region moved to Western Macedonia and Thrace.
dept.kent.edu /museum/exhibit/greek/gr06.html   (239 words)

  
 Regional Names in the Central and Eastern Parts of the Balkan Peninsula - Peter Koledarov   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
The names of the provinces Thrace, Illyria, Macedonia, Scythia, Dacia, [1] etc. were established and adopted by the old inhabitants of the Balkans, since in general terms they corresponded to the countries settled in by the various groups (ethnicons).
With the appearance of the Bulgarian Khanate, the theme of Thrace was established [16] and between 687 and 695 the theme of Hellas (in Central Greece) for action against the Slavs.
It assimilated the poorer strata of the indigenous population and of the emigrants from the East.
knigite.abv.bg /en/pk/pkoled.html   (6918 words)

  
 Regional Names in the Central and Eastern Parts of the Balkan Peninsula - Peter Koledarov   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
The names of the provinces Thrace, Illyria, Macedonia, Scythia, Dacia, [1] etc. were established and adopted by the old inhabitants of the Balkans, since in general terms they corresponded to the countries settled in by the various groups (ethnicons).
With the appearance of the Bulgarian Khanate, the theme of Thrace was established [16] and between 687 and 695 the theme of Hellas (in Central Greece) for action against the Slavs.
It assimilated the poorer strata of the indigenous population and of the emigrants from the East.
www.kroraina.com /knigi/en/pk/pkoled.html   (6918 words)

  
 [No title]
The Province of Thrace with its capital at Philippoupolis (between the Aimos and Rhodopi mountains and with the upper Evros valley as its nucleus); 2.
The inhabitants of Thrace vote in the Greek elections of November 1920 and have 52 seats in Parliament (30 Greeks, 20 Muslims, 1 Jew, 1 Armenian).
Exempt from this agreement are the Greeks of Constantinople, Imbros and Tenedos and the Muslims of Western Thrace, whose religious and educational freedom is guaranteed by the Treaty of Lausanne.
thesaurus.duth.gr /english/thrace.asp?Theme=6   (3615 words)

  
 Turkey
Thrace and the borderlands of the Sea of Marmara contain a central plain of gently rolling hills.
The eastern highlands region is the most mountainous and rugged portion of Turkey; Mount Ararat (Ağrı Dağı), mentioned in the Bible as the place where Noah’s ark came to rest, is the highest peak at 5,165 m (16,945 ft).
The eastern highlands are the source for both the Tigris (Dicle) and Euphrates (Furāt) rivers.
www.arab-world-information.com /turkey.htm   (7580 words)

  
 Festival of Greek Music and Dance 2001, Music and Dances from Macedonia and Thrace
Chronis Aidonidis, the best-known performer of songs of Thrace, whose reputation and popularity are on a national scale, was born in 1928 in Karoti, near Didymoteichon, Thrace, the son of a priest.
Thrace, however, was extremely lucky in finding such an important interpreter just as its music was beginning to be disseminated by the mass media.
Study Centre of Musical Tradition of Thrace, Asia Minor and the Black Sea which is part of the "Enterprise of Cultural Development, Municipality of Alexandroupolis", an autonomous municipal enterprise established in 1988.
www.ohfs.org /concert2001.htm   (2086 words)

  
 Eastern Anatolia, Turkey
The Eastern Anatolian example is important in showing that not only plumes but also shallow plate tectonic processes have the potential to generate regional domal structures in the Earth's lithosphere as well as large volumes of magma, as proposed by a number of recent studies.
Therefore, the Eastern Anatolia region is a spectacular natural laboratory where the early stages of a continent-continent collision and their effects can be thoroughly studied.
The Eastern Rhodope-Pontide fragment in the northwest of the region (I in Fig.
www.mantleplumes.org /Anatolia.html   (7914 words)

  
 Indigo Tourism - Turkey Briefly
European Turkey, known as eastern THRACE, is bounded on the north by the BLACK SEA and Bulgaria and on the west by the AEGEAN SEA and Greece.
The central Anatolian plateau is separated from the coastal lowlands by the Pontic Mountains in the north and the TAURUS MOUNTAINS in the south.
The eastern highlands are dotted with peaks reaching elevations of 3,000-4,500 m (10,000-15,000 ft) and surrounded by high lava-covered plateaus.
www.indigotour.com /turkey_briefly.php   (1688 words)

  
 Museum of the History of the Greek Costume of the Lyceum Club of Greek Women   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
Thrace, in Byzantine times a centre of a powerful empire, today a peripheral region on the northeastern confines of the modern Greek State, has had a turbulent history which has to a great extent determined its present cultural physiognomy.
The inhabitants of present-day Thrace, refugees and natives, together with the nomad "Polites" Sarakatsans - the Sarakatsans of Thrace - and the Pomaks dwelling in the mountainous parts of Xanthi and Rhodope, condense in these three prefectures the traditions of a greater Thrace.
They come, for the most part, from the rich collection of the Lyceum Club of Greek Women of Athens, while the basic criterion for their selection was the existence of authoritative published material on the subject, or of long-term research, the result of which is in the process of publication.
www.culture.gr /4/42/421/42101/421020/e4210207.html   (534 words)

  
 History
By 342 B.C. all Thrace was held by Philip II of Macedon, and after 323 B.C. most of the country was in the hands of Lysimachus.
B.C. Emperor Claudius created (A.D. 46) the province of Thrace, comprising the territory south of the Balkans; the remainder was incorporated into Moesia.
Thrace (including modern Bulgaria and parts of Greece and Turkey) was a wild region to the north of Greece and Macedonia inhabited by a number of different tribes.
members.tripod.com /greatthrace/history.html   (1757 words)

  
 The Turkish Crime of our Century - Chronological Index
The turkish army in retreat from East Thrace loots the villages of Didymotichon and Adrianopoli districts.
The reoccupation of Eastern Thrace by the turkish army leads to atrocities and massacres of Greeks.
The Bishop of Zilon is condemned and dies in jail.
imia.cc.duth.gr /turkey/chro.e.html   (2010 words)

  
 From the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic
In eastern Anatolia, Russian armies won a series of battles that carried their control west to Erzincan by July 1916, although Atatürk, who was then given command of the eastern front, led a counteroffensive that checked the Russian advance.
Eastern Thrace up to a line from the Black Sea to the Sea of Marmara as well as Izmir and its hinterland were to be occupied by Greece, with the final disposition of the territory to be decided in a plebiscite.
The nationalist army then concentrated on driving remaining Greek forces out of eastern Thrace, but the new campaign threatened to put the Turks in direct confrontation with Allied contingents defending access to the straits and holding Istanbul, where they were protecting the Ottoman government.
www.shsu.edu /~his_ncp/593Turk.html   (4072 words)

  
 Greek and Turkish refugees and deportees 1912-1924
Ironically, the new borders left Thrace west of the Maritza river, which had a large Muslim majority, in Greek hands and Eastern Thrace, which was two thirds Greek and Bulgarian, in Ottoman hands.
When the Turkish nationalists demanded the surrender of Eastern Thrace, the Greeks living there, some 250.000, as well as some 50.000 Armenians, left for Greece, but as British forces still occupied the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles, the Turks had no means of transferring troops there.
Turkey agreed in principle, on condition that the Turkish-Muslim population of Western Thrace (for which the Turkish delegation in Lausanne demanded a plebiscite on inclusion in Turkey or Greece) would be exempt.
www.let.leidenuniv.nl /tcimo/tulp/Research/ejz18.htm   (3748 words)

  
 History of Anatolia
In mountainous eastern Anatolia the state of URARTU, in its turn, was defeated by the Syrians in 743 BC.
The scope of government was extended and centralized as reforms were made in administration, finance, education, justice, the economy, communications, and the army; even the millets were forced to democratize and accept lay participation in their governance.
Financial mismanagement and incompetence, along with national revolts in the Balkans and eastern Anatolia, the French occupation of Algeria and Tunisia, and the takeover by the British in Egypt and the Italians in Libya, threatened to end the very existence of the empire, let alone its reforms.
www.turkishnews.com /DiscoverTurkey/anatolia/history.html   (5659 words)

  
 macanc8ra   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
From the 8th century BC the coast of Thrace was colonized by Greeks at Abdera, Maroneia, Aenus, Perinthus, Byzantium, Apollonia, and Mesambria, but the Thracians resisted Greek influence.
After the Roman victory at Pydna in 168 BC, Thrace west of the Hebrus was incorporated in Macedonia, and in 129 BC the coastal cities were included.
Later Thrace was consolidated into a kingdom ruled by a dynasty from the Sapaei, who lived in the south close to Macedonia.
www.ucc.ie /staff/jprodr/macedonia/macanc8ra.html   (1022 words)

  
 Thracian Art   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
This was the time of the largest economic, political and cultural expansion of Thrace, the heyday of its kings and its rich tribal aristocracy chiefs.
This was also the zenith of power of the Thracian Odrysian kingdom in the Balkan Peninsula, in particular during Kotys I (386-359 BC), the rival of king Philip II of Macedon in his first years of reign.
The Thrace economic, political and cultural connections with the rest of the Eastern Mediterranean, the Near East, the Balkans and the Black Sea hinterland states, had fastly distinguished it as one of the largest and leading centres of the ancient world.
www.thrace.0catch.com /treasure_main.htm   (1692 words)

  
 (26) Ainos, Thrace (Turkey)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
Ainos was a Greek colony on the northeastern coast of the Aegean.
Though not the first in eastern Thrace, its mint dominated regional coinage soon after its first issues c.
In front of it is a kerykeion, Hermes' heraldic staff, one of a number of symbols on the reverses which changed with each issue.
www.lawrence.edu /dept/art/buerger/catalogue/026.html   (284 words)

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