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Topic: Economic liberalism


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  Liberalism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Liberalism can trace its roots back to the humanism that began to challenge the authority of the established church during Renaissance, and the Whigs of the Glorious Revolution in Great Britain, whose assertion of their right to choose their king can be seen as a precursor to claims of popular sovereignty.
Liberals are in favour of a pluralist system in which differing political and social views, even those viewed as extreme or fringe compete for political power on a democratic basis and have the opportunity to achieve power through periodically held elections.
Liberals claim to believe that war can be abolished and world peace and economic prosperity can flourish if all nations loyally adhere to a world organization of all nations (the United Nations Organization), under the same law and equity, and with power to enforce strict observance of all international obligations freely entered into.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Liberalism   (8787 words)

  
 Liberal theory of economics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The liberal theory of economics is the theory of economics described by classical liberal authors such as Anders Chydenius, Adam Smith and the French Physiocrats.
The concept of economic liberalism underpinned the move towards a free market economic system, and the subsequent demise of the mercantilist system.
The classical liberal line in economics has been taken up by modern economists of the Austrian School, and its combination with the open society and democracy is what is understood as liberalism in most of the world outside the United States.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Economic_liberalism   (250 words)

  
 John Paul II’s Use of the Term Neo-Liberalism in Ecclesia in America   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
While these economic conditions can be attributed to multiple causes such as government corruption, a lack of democratic institutions, and the undermining of personal liberties within these developing nations 2, the temptation for many Catholics has been to lay the blame for these conditions exclusively at the feet of the free economy and economic globalization.
Liberalism is a political philosophy that has its intellectual roots in Renaissance humanism; but it gained considerable momentum as a cultural movement after the Reformation 5.
Although the specific political and economic theories that were formulated to defend these rights often varied from one thinker to the next, these political philosophers of the Enlightenment formed a school of thought known as liberalism 8.
www.acton.org /research/pubs/papers/neoliberalism.html   (5601 words)

  
 A New World Order: Economic Liberalism or the New Mercantilism
In the 18th century, the reigning economic philosophy among nations was mercantilism.
The privatization of economic life, with government limited to the protection of life and property and the adjudication of contractual disputes, was the foundation of this "new world order" in the predominantly liberal era between the end of the Napoleonic wars in 1815 and the beginning of the First World War in 1914.
The weapons for economic warfare were "economic armaments" — meaning all of the legislative and administrative devices governments use to politically influence imports and exports as well as the allocation of commodities and their prices within one's own country and in other parts of the world.
www.fff.org /freedom/0791b.asp   (1477 words)

  
 Liberal - dKosopedia
Liberalism as commonly understood is a modern philosophy, which developed in the wake of the Renaissance and in conjunction with the Enlightenment.
However, liberalism is also associated with equality, progress, and empiricism, all of which were elements found in ancient Greek culture.
Eric Alfred Havelock argues in The Liberal Temper in Greek Politics (find a library copy near you) that there was a recognizably "liberal" tradition in Greek culture, which involved an interaction of these three elements, despite the fact that individualism as we know it--including the framework of individual rights--did not yet exist.
www.dkosopedia.com /index.php/Liberal   (363 words)

  
 IPEWeek04   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
For liberals, economic interdependence was the collectively beneficial and peaceful outcome of the international division of labor underlying the global trading system.
This was the essence of the embedded liberalism compromise: unlike the economic nationalism of the thirties, it would be multilateral in character; unlike the liberalism of the gold standard and free trade, its multilateralism would be predicated upon domestic interventionism.
Liberalism sees post-War US engaging in benevolent hegemony by opening its own markets to allied countries who might need to safeguard their markets until their own economies were stable enough for them to contribute fully to the US-led security and economic regimes.
www.bilkent.edu.tr /~paulw/IPEWeek04.html   (1713 words)

  
 Capitalism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
If economic practices can be mapped to a fitness landscape in which optimization of the distribution of wealth is evolved then both viewpoints are valid, since random and chaotic fluctuations could be viewed as mutations.
Objectivism argues that from the individual's standpoint, the only moral economic system is true capitalism, since capitalism itself can never come to exist without free men who act rationally and within the bounds of their unalienable, and rationally derived, rights.
Related ideologies: classical liberalism (libertarianism, minarchism, anarcho-capitalism), conservatism (political conservatism), mercantilism, protectionism, social democracy (welfare state, liberalism, political liberalism, liberal democracy), state interventionism, state capitalism, socialism, fascism, communism, libertarian socialism.
www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/capitalism_1   (5164 words)

  
 What is Neoliberalism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The liberal school of economics became famous in Europe when Adam Smith, an English economist, published a book in 1776 called THE WEALTH OF NATIONS.
Economic liberalism prevailed in the United States through the 1800s and early 1900s.
Liberating "free" enterprise or private enterprise from any bonds imposed by the government (the state) no matter how much social damage this causes.
www.pepeace.org /current_reprints/07/Neoliberal.htm   (906 words)

  
 What is Neo-Liberalism?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
As I've argued in detail in the US quarterly journal Dissent, one explanation for this triumph of neo-liberalism and the economic, political, social and ecological disasters that go with it is that neo-liberals have bought and paid for their own vicious and regressive "Great Transformation".
From the results, one can easily see that the whole point of privatization is neither economic efficiency or improved services to the consumer but simply to transfer wealth from the public purse--which could redistribute it to even out social inequalities--to private hands.
In reality, as was perfectly predictable, moving money up the economic ladder has led to stock market bubbles, untold paper wealth for the few, and the kind of financial crises we shall be hearing a lot about in the course of this conference.
www.organizepittsburgh.org /neo-liberalism.htm   (4471 words)

  
 Comte and Dunoyer Chap. 1
To the right of the independent liberals was the group of constitutionalists known as the "Doctrinaires" who wished to tie the monarch as closely as possible to the provisions of the Charter and to steer a middle course between the threat of a return to Jacobin-style democracy and ultra-royalist autocracy.
The economic crises of the ancien régime, the class conflict of the revolution, the rise of a military dictatorship, the return of the conservative and authoritarian monarchy and the slowness of industrialisation compared with Britain, naturally led French liberals to strike out in a different direction.
A recent historian of French liberalism, Louis Girard, sees a continuity in French liberal thought across the revolutionary divide in terms of "generations."[66] The post-revolutionary generation of liberals are linked by temperament, ideology and personal contacts with the generations of liberals who went before.
homepage.mac.com /dmhart/ComteDunoyer/Ch1.html   (10022 words)

  
 Romanticism
Economic liberalism, although similar to political liberalism in its emphasis on restricting the role of the state in society, had a different origin.
Economic liberalism was a product of the Enlightenment in its emphasis on universal laws governing economy and affirmation of self-interest.
His liberalism was developed in the middle of the British Industrial Revolution, when many British factories were in the process of being mechanized and wanted opportunities to sell their products in overseas markets, which were so far dominated by the British East India Company.
www.indiana.edu /~hisdcl/h114_2002/romanticism.htm   (1770 words)

  
 Neoliberalism: origins, theory, definition.
Liberalism is a universal ideology, and in principle liberals seek to apply it to the entire planet, and the entire human population.
That 'liberation' is generally understood as: withdrawal of the nation-firm from the global market of nation-firms, protectionism, economic nationalism, and self-sufficiency instead of trade.
Economic globalization represents a major transformation in the territorial organization of economic activity and politico-economic power....The sovereignty of the modern state was concentrated in mutually exclusive territories and the concentration of sovereignty in nations...economic globalization has contributed to a denationalizing of national territory...
web.inter.nl.net /users/Paul.Treanor/neoliberalism.html   (7843 words)

  
 Book Review - Global Fortune: The Stumble and Rise of World Capitalism
He emphasized that an anti-economic liberalism is occurring against the background of no real ideological commitment to or even belief in the principles of economic liberty and a truly free market.
Furthermore, a new threat to the success of free-market globalization is the West’s campaign of “ethical imperialism,” in which the political and cultural social engineers in the West wish to impose their own standards of conduct and institutional reform on the developing countries of the world.
Andrei Illarionov, senior economic advisor to Vladimir Putin, the president of Russia, and a strong proponent of the free market, offers a devastating analysis of the failure and corruption of economic reform in Russia during the last ten years.
www.fff.org /freedom/0301h.asp   (1150 words)

  
 Economic Liberalism between Theory and Practice
Alfred Tovias argues that the EU’s efforts to promote economic liberalization in the southern Mediterranean rely on the principles and instruments of economic liberalism within the so-called "second basket" of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership.
This paper focuses on the contradictions between the EMP’s underpinning principle of economic liberalism, upheld by the EU on a theoretical and declaratory level, and both the methods suggested to achieve this principle and the EU’s conduct of the economic dimension of the EMP in practice.
In the absence of reforms of the EMP's economic tools, the author is dubious of their success.
repositories.cdlib.org /ies/040504   (214 words)

  
 Demokratizatsiya: Economic liberalism and security preferences: A comparative case study of Russia and Ukraine in the ...
They have similar levels of industrial development and structure,2 a similar history within the Soviet planned economic system, political and economic elites with similar education and professional experience,3 similar post-Soviet economic crises, and similar levels of corruption.' Russia and Ukraine also contain the bulk of the former Soviet military-industrial complex.
I will therefore investigate the extent to which economic security preferences are influenced by military threat, perceptions of threat, economic interests and resources, domestic politics, and lessons of historical experience.
The analysis that follows begins with a general overview of economic reforms in each case, moves on to a detailed examination of privatization and foreign investment, and ends with discussion of the evidence and conclusions.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_qa3996/is_200107/ai_n8954134   (1142 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Books: Liberalism: The Classical Tradition   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
It's a shame that the liberalism von Mises espouses must be pre-classed as "classical," since the word "liberal" has come to mean precisely the opposite of what von Mises and his predecessors in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries meant by the word.
This is not a comprehensive exegesis of economics that one will find in von Mises' "Human Action." Rather, it is a general survey of the dominant themes that are given their fuller voice in his more detailed analysis.
Mises valiantly defends the liberalism of Burke, Locke,and Menger.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/1572460229?v=glance   (1481 words)

  
 Ole Wang / Economic Liberalism
As early as 1886 this liberal politician and educator had translated Progress end Poverty, and it was through this translation and the efforts of Jakob F. Lange that the seed was sown from which the great movement has grown up on Danish soil.
In 1921, he stated as a point of principle that the appropriation by the community of rent must form cart of the new economic liberalism, which cannot fulfill its mission or live up to its teaching without it." The number of great men who have from time to time.
In the economic field it is essential to confront communism with the diametrically opposed ideas of individualism.
www.cooperativeindividualism.org /georgists_wang_ole.html   (1223 words)

  
 Greenwood Publishing Group I1   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
This unprecedented collection combines economic, political, and intellectual history in its analysis of economic liberalism in Latin America.
The contributors consider the social bases of economic liberalism in the region and their relation to imperialism and to economic dependency.
Questions of the strength and the staying power of economic liberalism are considered.
info.greenwood.com /books/0275929/0275929450.html   (285 words)

  
 JRL #6131 - Weir/ Trade Flap, Foodstuffs, Election Dates, Latynina/ Economic Liberalism & TV Centralism, Arms Talks, ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The economic situation improved in the country, and Russians began spending up to 50 percent of their incomes on foodstuffs.
Elemental liberalism in the economy -- where everything is for sale, including meetings with the president and prime minister -- doesn't mix well with the centralization of ideology.
In theory, it would have been possible if, say, aware of the threat of economic difficulties groups of influence close to President Putin decided that the president was not up to it (to protection of their interests) and tried to weaken him.
www.cdi.org /russia/Johnson/6131.htm   (8986 words)

  
 Internet Commentator: Farewell to economic liberalism?
Economic liberalism doesn't begin and end with one man but it is hard to ever see someone as liberal as he appointed to this job again.
Just in case anyone got the impression I thought McCreevy was some sort of paragon of economic liberalism, I should clarify that McCreevy is the least worst of them all when it comes to economics.
I'd agree with both of you that liberalism is pretty relative in Irish politics.
internetcommentator.typepad.com /internet_commentator/2004/07/farewell_to_eco.html   (718 words)

  
 Amazon.ca: Books: Explorations in Economic Liberalism: The Wincott Lectures   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Wincott was a journalist who throughout his career championed liberal capitalism in the face of an ascendant and then dominant Keynesian economic consensus.
Ahead of his time Wincott was one of a few voices in the wilderness whose time came as the sixties and seventies developed into times of economic crises when the limits of keynesianism and collectivism were brutally exposed.
Lionel Robbins looks at postwar economic policy in Britain while Alan Peacock looks at the survival of liberal economic ideas and their promulgation in the future.
www.amazon.ca /exec/obidos/ASIN/0312159978   (787 words)

  
 Liberalism's Economic Triumph
In the burgeoning debate about liberalism in Russia, one fact is so obvious that it is barely spelled out: Economic liberalism has prevailed in Russia.
Since then, there has been a broad consensus of support for a liberal market economy, and that market economy has delivered average growth of nearly 7 percent per year.
The liberals did not gain much from their economic program in the Duma elections in December not because their ideas were controversial, but, on the contrary, because everybody else thought nearly the same.
www.themoscowtimes.com /stories/2004/04/26/006.html   (242 words)

  
 Airliners.net Civil Aviation: Economic Liberalism Vs. Regulation
I believe that subsidies are, for the most part, a misallocation of resources that have a very negative effect on economic growth.
While you may be right in cases where you measure economic growth, the question is whether or not the latter is an appropriate index for measuring the success of free market forces..
A foolish policy by all counts, but you have to remember, that a student who has done any second year economics subject would know more about the economy than President Roosevelt (i have no idea how that is suppose to be spelled) did during the years of the great depression.
www.airliners.net /discussions/general_aviation/read.main/1781908   (7811 words)

  
 A New World Order : Economic Liberalism or the New Mercantilism?
In the 18th century, the reigning economic philosophy among
The liberal ideal required minimizing the role of the state in
Economic and Military Armaments." World order, he said, was
www.freedomdomain.com /neworder/neworder01.html   (1182 words)

  
 The Changing Fortunes of Economic Liberalism, 2nd Edition   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
In the last two decades, many governments have adopted economic reform programs which have liberalized their economies and international transactions have been freed claims Professor David Henderson of Melbourne Business School.
Despite recent 'crises', there is little sign of backsliding so far, he argues: few countries which have embarked on economic reform have consciously reversed direction.
Thus the fortunes of economic liberalism in the early twenty first century are 'clouded and in doubt'.
www.coronetbooks.com /books/chan5209.htm   (105 words)

  
 BusinessPundit: Liberalism and Economic Growth   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Somehow I missed this post from Angry Bear a few weeks ago.
I am not sure.) is arguing that liberalism causes economic growth.
I think he means liberalism in the classic sense, as opposed to the modern sense (I view liberals as people who want the government to take my money and spend it on things that I don't want it spent on, but I am sure MattS and AB will disagree with me).
www.businesspundit.com /archives/000303.htm   (263 words)

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