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Topic: Ecstasy (drug)

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In the News (Wed 21 Aug 19)

  Methylenedioxymethamphetamine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
At the time, MDMA was not known to be a drug in its own right; rather, it was patented as an intermediate chemical used in the synthesis of a styptic (a drug intended to control bleeding from wounds.) Over half a century would pass before the first recorded ingestion of MDMA by humans.
MDMA appeared sporadically as a street drug in the early 1970s, but it came into prominence in the early 1980s in certain trendy yuppie bars in the Dallas area, then in gay dance clubs.
He gave the drug to rats and then injected a dye into their blood that is normally too large to cross the blood-brain barrier, yet the drug easily reached the brain.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ecstasy_(drug)   (5502 words)

 InfoFacts - MDMA (Ecstasy)
MDMA (3,4 methylenedioxymethamphetamine) is a synthetic, psychoactive drug chemically similar to the stimulant methamphetamine and the hallucinogen mescaline.
MDMA is an illegal drug that acts as both a stimulant and psychedelic, producing an energizing effect, as well as distortions in time and perception and enhanced enjoyment from tactile experiences.
Ecstasy use dropped significantly among persons 18 to 25—from 14.8 percent in 2003 to 13.8 percent in 2004 for lifetime use, and from 3.7 percent to 3.1 percent for past year use.
www.nida.nih.gov /Infofax/ecstasy.html   (1031 words)

These drugs, such as the analogues of fentanyl (brand name 'china white') and meperidine ('synthetic heroin') were said by the DEA to have been produced by clandestine chemists so as to circumvent drug laws by creating new uncontrolled substances based on existing controlled drugs.
Ecstasy may be seen as either a special sweet that can come in a variety of different flavours or as a 'lucky bag' drug, the contents of which remain unknown until the bag is opened (the drug used).
Ecstasy varieties that have exploited this theme, in spite of being tablets or capsules rather than pictures on cardboard, include 'mickey mouse', 'cartoon', 'dennis the menace' and, in common with LSI), 'pink panther' ('strawberry' is a name also common to both drugs).
www.drugtext.org /library/articles/956311.html   (7965 words)

 Freevibe | Drug Facts | Ecstasy
Ecstasy is a stimulant that increases your heart rate and blood pressure and can lead to heart or kidney failure.
Because ecstasy is illegal and often produced in makeshift laboratories, it is impossible to know exactly what chemicals were used to produce it and where it came from.
While ecstasy is considered to be the most frequently used club drug, less than 2 percent of 8th — 12th graders use it on a regular basis.
www.freevibe.com /drug_facts/ecstasy.asp   (578 words)

 Ecstasy MDMA Facts on Ecstasy The Drug Ecstasy Ecstasy Effects Ecstasy Pills
Ecstasy is a synthetic drug that usually comes in pill form and is commonly sold in dance clubs and juice bars.
Ecstasy's popularity among young people has been fueled by a myth that it is a "safe" drug that is not harmful or addictive to the user.
Ecstasy may cause hyperthermia, muscle breakdown, seizures, stroke, kidney and cardiovascular system failure, possible permanent damage to sections of brain critical to thought and memory, and death.
www.ecstasy-kills.com /index.php   (514 words)

 Ecstasy (MDMA) Side Effects, Interactions and Information - Drugs.com
MDMA (3-4 methylenedioxymethamphetamine) is a synthetic, psychoactive drug with a chemical structure similar to the stimulant methamphetamine and the hallucinogen mescaline.
The drug’s rewarding effects vary with the individual taking it, the dose and purity, and the environment in which it is taken.
Ecstasy tablets seized by the Drug Enforcement Administration increased from 13,342 in 1996 to 949,257 in 2000.
www.drugs.com /Ecstasy/index.html   (877 words)

 Effects of Ecstasy | Ecstasy Pills | Ecstasy Drug
MDMA or Ecstasy (3-4-methylenedioxymethampheta-mine), is a synthetic drug with amphetamine-like and hallucinogenic properties.
Ecstasy comes in a tablet form that is often branded, e.g.
The stimulant effects of the drug enable users to dance for extended periods, which when combined with the hot crowded conditions usually found at raves, can lead to severe dehydration and hyperthermia or dramatic increases in body temperature.
www.drugfree.org /Portal/Drug_Guide/Ecstasy   (338 words)

 Ecstasy | CESAR
Ecstasy is most often available in tablet form and is usually ingested orally, although some users have reported taking it anally (known as "plugging" or "shafting").
Ecstasy (a drug with stimulant and hallucinogenic effects) and Viagra (a prescription drug for erectile dysfunction) are being used as one, a combination known as "sextasy" or "trail mix7." Together they produce a synergistic effect where the effects of the two drugs are greater then the effect of each drug individually.
Ecstasy, which research has shown to negatively effect serotonin levels in the brain, has been found to increase the senses of feeling and touch.
www.cesar.umd.edu /cesar/drugs/ecstasy.asp   (1358 words)

 [No title]
Drug use may be a symptom of impending or actual mental illness as a result of 'self-medication' of distress, or impaired judgement.
Ecstasy releases dopamine in a similar manner to amphetamine and cocaine 13 and as such might be expected to increase the risk of psychotic illness in a similar manner to other psychostimulants, although possibly not to the same extent.
Chronic ecstasy use is also sometimes followed by a longer lasting depression.50 However, it is unclear whether the chronic use of ecstasy might not have been a form of self-medication of a pre-existing depression, or latent depression, rather than actually causative of depression.
www.ecstasy.org /info/karl.html   (8378 words)

 What You Need to Know About Drugs: Ecstasy
The drug is popular with teens and young adults who go to clubs, concerts, or "rave parties." Users think the drug will make them feel good and enable them to keep going for days without rest.
Ecstasy is both a hallucinogenic and a stimulant drug.
Scientists have recently proven that Ecstasy causes direct damage to brain cells that are involved in thinking and memory.
kidshealth.org /kid/grow/drugs_alcohol/know_drugs_ecstasy.html   (327 words)

 Drug Info
However, the drug can often take on great importance in people's lives, and some people become rather compulsive in their use.
Ecstasy is illegal and a conviction for possession can carry long prison sentences.
Much of what is sold as "ecstasy" on the fl market actually contains other drugs, some of which can be more dangerous than MDMA, like PMA, speed, DXM and PCP.
www.dancesafe.org /documents/druginfo/ecstasy.php   (389 words)

 Parents. The Anti-Drug. -- Drug Information
MDMA, called "Adam," "ecstasy," or "XTC" on the street, is a synthetic, psychoactive (mind-altering) drug with hallucinogenic and amphetamine-like properties.
Its chemical structure is similar to two other synthetic drugs, MDA and methamphetamine, which are known to cause brain damage.
It is believed that the drug causes damage to the neurons that use the chemical serotonin to communicate with other neurons.
www.theantidrug.com /drug_info/drug_info_ecstasy.asp   (316 words)

 Drug War Facts: Ecstasy: What the Evidence Shows
Ecstasy (MDMA) is a semi-synthetic drug patented by Merck Pharmaceutical Company in 1914 and abandoned for 60 years.
The Drug Abuse Warning Network estimates that ecstasy was involved in -- though not necessarily the cause of -- nine deaths in 1998.
The drug should be tested for purity to minimize the risk from adulterated drugs by those who consume it.
www.drugwarfacts.org /ecstasy.htm   (615 words)

 Boston.com / News / Boston Globe / Health / Science / Harvard seeks to test ecstasy drug on the dying
Harvard researchers are preparing for the first time in three decades to conduct human experiments using a psychedelic drug, a study that would seek to harness the mind-altering effects of the drug ecstasy to help ease the crushing psychic burdens faced by dying cancer patients.
BELMONT -- Harvard researchers are preparing for the first time in three decades to conduct human experiments using a psychedelic drug, a study that would seek to harness the mind-altering effects of the drug ecstasy to help ease the crushing psychic burdens faced by dying cancer patients.
In the experiment, 12 terminal cancer patients would be given MDMA, the active ingredient in ecstasy, to determine whether the drug helps alleviate their anxiety.
www.boston.com /news/globe/health_science/articles/2005/02/23/harvard_seeks_to_test_ecstasy_drug_on_the_dying   (564 words)

 Ecstasy Information from Narconon International   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-01)
The designer drug ecstasy, or MDMA, causes long-lasting damage to brain areas that are critical for thought and memory, according to new research findings in the June 15 issue of The Journal of Neuroscience.
These measurements showed that MDMA users had lower levels of the metabolite than people who had not used the drug; that the more MDMA they reported using, the lower the level of the metabolite; and that the people with the lowest levels of the metabolite had the poorest memory performance.
Animal studies, which first documented the neurotoxic effects of the drug, suggest that the loss of serotonin neurons in humans may last for many years and possibly be permanent.
www.narconon.org /druginfo/ecstasy_addiction.html   (1678 words)

 MDMA (Ecstasy)
MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine), also referred to as Ecstasy, XTC, Adam, and Essence, is a illegally manufactured variation of mescaline and amphetamine.
It is considered a designer drug---a substance on the drug market that is a chemical analogue or variation of another psychoactive drug.
Devotees say it produces profoundly positive feelings, empathy for others, elimination of anxiety, and extreme relaxation--hence the nickname "hug drug," or "love drug." MDMA is also said to suppress the need to eat, drink, or sleep, enabling club scene users to endure all-night and sometimes two, or three-day parties.
www.streetdrugs.org /mdma.htm   (272 words)

 Ecstasy Drug Tests in the News
Since drug testing with urinalysis does not automatically include Ecstasy, the hard data available on Ecstasy use as a result of drug testing have come from Psychemedics Corporation and its patented hair analysis method.
Kubacki further commented that while most of the surveys and news articles focus on Ecstasy use among teens, the Psychemedics data showed that the overwhelming majority of positives were found in their pre-employment testing, indicating Ecstasy use is in a broader population than previously anticipated.
Drug detection rates for the Psychemedics hair test are up to 5-10 times greater than urine testing.
www.drugtestwithhair.com /ecstasy_testing.htm   (620 words)

 Common Sense for Drug Policy: Ecstasy Update
The Guardian reported on Feb. 17, 2005 (; "Ecstasy Trials For Combat Stress") that "American soldiers traumatised by fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan are to be offered the drug ecstasy to help free them of flashbacks and recurring nightmares.
Harry Sumnall, who studies ecstasy users at the University of Liverpool, fears that by prematurely highlighting the drug as especially dangerous, psychologists and the media risk giving out the false message that 'as long as you stay away from E, you'll be fine'.
The report lists five sorts of purveyors of information which they consider threats: "Drug offenders," "drug culture advocates," "advocates of an expanded freedom of expression," "anarchist individuals and groups," and "other lawbreakers." ( from "The Nature of the Threat") Civil libertarians have expressed concern that the government's definitions are overly broad.
www.csdp.org /news/news/ecstasynews.htm   (4683 words)

 NIDA for Teens: Facts on Drugs - Ecstasy
Ecstasy is a slang term for an illegal drug that has effects similar to those of hallucinogens and stimulants.
Ecstasy's scientific name is "MDMA," short for 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, a name that’s nearly as long as the all-night dance club "raves" or "trances" where ecstasy is often used.
Other chemicals or substances are often added to, or substituted for, MDMA in ecstasy tablets, such as caffeine, dextromethorphan (in some cough syrups), amphetamines, or cocaine.
www.teens.drugabuse.gov /facts/facts_xtc1.asp   (409 words)

 Drug Policy Alliance: Ecstasy
By 1986 the drug was classified as a Schedule I drug, defined by the DEA as having high abuse potential and no medical value.
Recently, many media reports have focused on the government's exaggeration of the long-term affects of Ecstasy.  Though some preliminary research suggests heavy Ecstasy use is associated with slightly lower performance on some neurocognitive functions, many more studies are needed to determine whether MDMA is a causal factor and whether the findings have any clinical significance.
Though federal authorities have tried to ban pacifiers, glow sticks and masks as "drug paraphernalia" at electronic music shows, the ACLU in February 2002 won a case that determined these objects could not be banned from musical venues.
www.drugpolicy.org /drugbydrug/ecstasy   (560 words)

 Boston.com / News / Local / Harvard seeks to test ecstasy drug on the dying
Typically, dying patients are given drugs such as valium, which can cloud their minds, or antipsychotics that leave them edgy.
''The ecstasy is not in the drug, it's in the person," he said in explaining his approach.
A Harvard professor in the 1960s, Leary infamously experimented with psychedelic drugs at Harvard until he was ousted in 1963, the last time a Harvard researcher there worked with psychedelic drugs.
www.boston.com /news/local/articles/2005/02/23/harvard_seeks_to_test_ecstasy_drug_on_the_dying?mode=PF   (1449 words)

 Drug Policy Alliance: Ecstasy : The Complete Guide
Enthusiasts describe Ecstasy (also known by its chemical name MDMA) as the most intense euphoria they know, while detractors maintain that it is a cause of brain damage and even death.
Ecstasy may be easy to get, but reliable information about the drug is not.
Authored by physicians, chemists, and research scientists, Ecstasy: The Complete Guide provides important insight into the dangers of the current widespread recreational use of Ecstasy; it also offers compelling evidence that the judicious, supervised single-dose use of MDMA may be therapeutic.
www.drugpolicy.org /library/bookstore/0892818573x.cfm   (610 words)

 Drug Education - Ecstasy
Ecstasy is a synthetic drug produced illegally in clandestine laboratories.
DrugHelp.org is a private, non-profit information and referral network providing information on specific drugs and treatment options, and referrals to public and private treatment programs, self-help groups, family support groups and crisis centers throughout the United States.
Drug Education Council offers ways to prevent drug abuse and become better informed about current local and national community awareness efforts.
www.drugeducation.net /ecstasy.htm   (147 words)

 Ecstasy Drug Use, SAMHSA,Office of Applied Studies
Past year Ecstasy users aged 12 to 25 were more likely to have used other types of illicit drugs in the past year than those who did not use Ecstasy in the past year.
This Short Report, The NHSDA Report: Ecstasy Use is based on SAMHSA's National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA), conducted by the Office of Applied Studies (OAS) in the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).
SAMHSA's NSDUH is the primary source of information on the prevalence, patterns, and consequences of drug and alcohol use and abuse in the general U.S. civilian non institutionalized population, age 12 and older.
www.drugabusestatistics.samhsa.gov /2k3/ecstasy/ecstasy.cfm   (231 words)

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