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Topic: Elections in Kiribati

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Kiribati was separated from Ellice Islands (now Tuvalu) in 1975 based on a postal vote in 1974 in which most of the Ellice people sought separation from the Gilbert Islands.
Kiribati's independence also provided for the inclusion of Banaba, a former phosphate-mining center, as a part of the new nation despite the contrary wishes of its native residents.
In traditional I-Kiribati culture, the Maneaba, found at the center of the village, was the cultural and social center of village life.
www.nationsencyclopedia.com /World-Leaders-2003/Kiribati-POLITICAL-BACKGROUND.html   (626 words)

 Kiribati HISTORY
Kiribati established diplomatic relations with the former Soviet Union in 1979 and with the People's Republic of China in 1980.
The 2002 presidential election process began with a general election for parliament on 29 November, but several rounds of voting took place before the election of a president on 25 February 2003.
During the 29 November election, Harry Tong, a member of the opposition, won his seat in parliament and the right to stand as candidate for the presidency.
www.nationsencyclopedia.com /Asia-and-Oceania/Kiribati-HISTORY.html   (1038 words)

  Kiribati - Simple English Wikipedia
Kiribati is a country in the Pacific Ocean.
Kiribati is one of the poorest nations in the Pacific Ocean.
The official languages of Kiribati are English and Gilbertese.
simple.wikipedia.org /wiki/Kiribati   (138 words)

Kiribati has a population of 71,800 and an annual growth rate of approximately 2.3, one of the highest in the Pacific.
Elections for the Maneaba are held every four years in twenty-three single-member or multi-members constituencies.
National elections have been held successfully in 1978, 1982, early 1983 (after a vote of no confidence), and in 1991 when Kiribati's first president, Ieremia Tabai, was replaced by Teateo Teannaki.
www2.hawaii.edu /~ogden/piir/pacific/kiribati.html   (906 words)

Kiribati's 1979 constitution provides for a president, the Beretitenti, who is head of both state and government, and is elected by universal suffrage for a four-year term, and a single-chamber legislature, the Maneaba ni Maungatabu.
Tabai was re-elected in the general election in May 1991, but was constitutionally prohibited from serving a further term in office and gave his backing to Vice-president Teatao Teannaki in the contested presidential election in July.
In 1995 Kiribati, in order to make it the same day throughout the country, declared the International Date Line to be moved so as to include its easternmost islands, the Line Group.
www.tiscali.co.uk /reference/encyclopaedia/hutchinson/m0019803.html   (665 words)

 Elections in France - Ministère des Affaires étrangères
To be able to stand for election, one must first of all be a voter and a French national, but there may be specific conditions according to the particular poll, notably those relating to the personal link between the candidate and the community.
At national level, the election takes place in a single ballot and is by proportional representation with closed lists containing an equal number of men and women, and distribution of remainders according to the highest-average method between lists which have won at least 5% of the votes cast.
Elections not affected by either provision of the Act of 6 June 2000 are uninominal ballots, municipal elections in communes with fewer than 3,500 inhabitants, cantonal elections and elections to the senate in departments
www.diplomatie.gouv.fr /en/france_159/discovering-france_2005/france-from-to-z_1978/institutions-and-politics_1985/elections-in-france_5454/index.html   (3452 words)

 BBC NEWS | World | Asia-Pacific | Country profiles | Country profile: Kiribati
Kiribati used to lie either side of the International Date Line, but the government unilaterally moved the line eastwards in 1995 to ensure the day was the same in the whole country.
This was a shrewd move as Kiribati marketed itself as the first inhabited place on Earth to greet the new millennium on 1 January 2000.
Kiribati's economy is weak and is affected by rises and falls in the world demand for coconut.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/world/asia-pacific/country_profiles/1168527.stm   (453 words)

 EUROPA - Development - Countries - Kiribati   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Kiribati, a Micronesian country, formerly the Gilbert Islands, consists of 33 low atolls divided into three groups and with a total area of 810 square km, but its EEZ of 3.5 million square km is six times the surface of France.
Kiribati is one of the few countries in the world considered virtually free of corruption.
Kiribati is a member of the Pacific Islands Forum, established in 1971 resulting from a desire of the independent countries in the region, including Australia and New Zealand, to tackle common economic and political issues from a regional perspective.
europa.eu.int /comm/development/body/country/country_home_en.cfm?cid=ki&lng=en&status=old   (1745 words)

Kiribati is a constitutional republic that occupies 33 small islands widely scattered across 1.365 million square miles of the central Pacific Ocean.
Kiribati was invited by the Community of Democracies' (CD) Convening Group to attend the November 2002 second CD Ministerial Meeting in Seoul, Republic of Korea, as a participant.
First-round legislative elections were held in November, with runoff elections in December; the elections were free and fair.
www.state.gov /g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2002/18248.htm   (2635 words)

 Politics of Kiribati - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The constitution promulgated at independence on 12 July 1979, establishes Kiribati as a sovereign democratic republic and guarantees the fundamental rights of its citizens.
elections: the House of Parliament chooses the presidential candidates from among their members and then those candidates compete in a general election; president is elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election last held 25 February 2003 (next to be held by November 2007); vice president appointed by the president.
The last elections are of May and July 2003 after a defiance vote in March.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Politics_of_Kiribati   (783 words)

 Kiribati - Legislation - The Constitution of Kiribati   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Every person of I-Kiribati decent who does not become a citizen of Kiribati on Independence Day by virtue of section 20, 21 or 22 of this Constitution shall, at any time thereafter, be entitled upon making application in such manner as may be prescribed to be registered as a citizen of Kiribati.
The executive authority of Kiribati shall vest in the Cabinet, which shall be collectively responsible to the Maneaba ni Maungatabu for the executive functions of the Government.
There shall be a Court of Appeal for Kiribati which shall be a superior court of record and shall have such jurisdiction and powers to hear and determine appeals as may be conferred on it by any law in force in Kiribati.
webpages.ull.es /users/mbarral/KiribatiConstitution.html   (13158 words)

 [No title]
Kiribati is a constitutional republic that occupies 33small islands widely scattered across 1.365 million square miles of the central Pacific Ocean.
The Republic of Kiribati was formerly called the Gilbert Islands and were named after Captain Thomas Gilbert, who "discovered" the main island of the group in 1788.
The annexation of Banaba into Kiribati in the 20th century was driven by financial and political motives following the discovery of one of the world’s richest deposits of phosphate and the colonization of the island by the British.
www.lycos.com /info/kiribati.html   (478 words)

Kiribati is a constitutional multiparty republic with a population of approximately 92 thousand.
The country has a popularly elected president and a legislative assembly of 42 members: 40 are elected by universal adult suffrage, the Rabi Island council of I-Kiribati (persons of Kiribati ancestry) in Fiji selects 1, and the attorney general is an ex officio member.
In December a journalist for Radio Kiribati reportedly was dismissed after refusing to reveal his sources for a report about a case of alleged corruption involving the auditor general.
www.state.gov /g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2005/61611.htm   (2858 words)

 Kiribati: history   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
As the soil is not suitable for large-scale cultivation, copra and fish are the main exports.
In 1986 Kiribati began negotiations with the IMF and was recognized by the UN as one of the world’s poorest countries, a fact which gives it access to certain credit and trade advantages.
In the 1991 elections, Teatao Teannaki won with 46 per cent of the vote, producing the first change in president since independence.
gbgm-umc.org /country_profiles/country_history.cfm?Id=62   (831 words)

 RangeVoting.org - wrong-winner elections
Kiribati was the only country in the world to adopt the Borda Count system.
Lenihan, however, would have won had the election been conducted with plain plurality voting (he got 44.1% of the top-rank votes, while the next contender had 38.9%).
We also have examples in Portugal 1986 of the failure of the Approval system and in Kiribati 1991 of the failure of the Borda system (and this failure was so massive and common-seeming it led to Borda's abandonment).
rangevoting.org /FunnyElections.html   (5539 words)

 Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade: Pacific Division - Kiribati Political, Economic and Relationship Country Paper   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Kiribati has a single-chamber House of Assembly, or Maneaba Ni Maungatabu, which consists of 40 elected members, a nominated representative of the Banaban community, and the Attorney General, who is a member ex officio.
Kiribati is a member of the United Nations, the Pacific Islands Forum, the Commonwealth, and the Pacific Community.
Kiribati is a member of the sub-regional group of Micronesian countries, formed to cooperate on transport and trade links, and participates in the annual meetings of Micronesian Chief Executives.
www.mft.govt.nz /foreign/regions/pacific/country/kiribatipaper.html   (1867 words)

 1993 Human Rights Report: KIRIBATI
Kiribati gained full independence from the United Kingdom in 1979 and became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations.
Kiribati's radio station and only newspaper are government owned but offer a variety of views.
Kiribati is not a member of the United Nations.
dosfan.lib.uic.edu /ERC/democracy/1993_hrp_report/93hrp_report_eap/Kiribati.html   (1573 words)

 NationMaster - Statistics > Legislative branch > Elections by country
Elections includes the nature of election process or accession to power, date of the last election, and date of the next election.
Election results includes the percent of vote and/or number of seats held by each party in the last election.
elections for the new unicameral body or Jorgorku Kenesh were held 27 February 2005, but the vast majority of positions remained undecided and were contested in a runoff election on 13 March 2005; election irregularities caused widespread protests that resulted in the president being forced to flee the country
www.nationmaster.com /graph/gov_leg_bra_ele-government-legislative-branch-elections   (4532 words)

 KIRIBATI: parliamentary elections Maneaba Ni Maungatabu, 2002
Elections were held for all the elective seats in Parliament on the normal expiry of the members' term of office.
Some 176 candidates stood for 29 November 2002 election: more than half of them ran on a Maori Party ticket along with President Teburoro Tito, who was seeking a maximum third term in office, while the others were with the party of opposition leader, Dr Harry Tong.
While there are no formally organized political parties in Kiribati, loose groupings of individuals supporting similar policies do exist.
www.ipu.org /parline-e/reports/arc/2169_02.htm   (322 words)

 Kiribati History
Kiribati trade with a visible trade gap growing from A$22.2M in 1989 to A$42.0M in 1995 the budget and the economy overall continue to be dependent on a very few investments in foreign economies.
The creation of the 200-mile economic and fisheries zone has given islanders hope of developing their marine resources to a point where fish could be the country's main source of revenue through export earnings and licensing fees paid by fishing nations like Japan and the United States.
FOREIGN RELATIONS Kiribati maintains cordial relations with most countries and has close relations with its Pacific neighbors Japan Australia and New Zealand; the latter three provide the majority of the country's foreign aid.
www.world66.com /australiaandpacific/kiribati/history   (1316 words)

 Kiribati - Country information - Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
In two rounds of parliamentary elections, held on 9 and 14 May 2003, there was a strong swing by voters back to the government side, which secured 24 seats against the opposition’s 14, with two independent members.
However, Kiribati does have abundant ocean resources and relies heavily on licence fees from distant water fishing nations supplemented by income from exports of seaweed, live fish and copra and remittances from Kiribati citizens employed abroad, mainly as seamen.
Kiribati is a member of the Pacific Islands Forum and other regional organisations.
www.dfat.gov.au /geo/kiribati/kiribati_brief.html   (925 words)

 Executive highlights   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Kiribati is an unlikely nation of 33 coral atolls scattered across an ocean area roughly the size of Australia.
Remittances from i-Kiribati phosphate workers in Nauru and seamen on foreign cargo ships form a small but welcome proportion of revenue.In the midst of this wretched community, a new Chinese embassy with dark reflector windows appeared in the mid- 1990s.
With elections in Kiribati in July this year, it will be interesting to see if China tries to woo back the atoll nation and, if so, to what lengths it is prepared to go and how much it is willing to pay.
www.cis.org.au /exechigh/Eh2007/EH43307.htm   (967 words)

 Institutional Shareholder Services | Policy Review and Comment Period   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
In light of the focus on director election reforms, ISS is evaluating proxy voting policies that are impacted by the continued developments in the marketplace.
The discussion and debate on director elections has focused on those directors receiving significant “no” votes, but the reality is that the population of directors in question is extremely small.
While the changes at these companies represent progress in reforming director elections, they continue to be in the vast minority of publicly traded companies, the majority of whom still have a plurality election system.
www.issproxy.com /comments/directorelections.jsp   (1741 words)

 Pacific Islands
Kiribati's newly elected government, led by President Anote Tong, quickly agreed to the opening of a Taiwanese embassy at Tarawa.
At the first exchange, Orme was told there were "no strings attached." But by June 2003, on the eve of the second and final presidential elections in Kiribati, Taiwan through Liu, insisted that Dr Tong signed a memorandum of understanding first before receiving his third and what was to be the final cash payment.
It was one of the main reasons why Dr Tong did very well in the February 2003 election, the presidential election that followed, the second round of the general election, and the presidential election of July, 2003.
www.pacificislands.cc /pm22004/pmdefault.php?urlarticleid=0012   (2226 words)

 Kiribati. The World Factbook. 2003   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
The Gilbert Islands were granted self-rule by the UK in 1971 and complete independence in 1979 under the new name of Kiribati.
elections: the House of Parliament chooses the presidential candidates from among their members and then those candidates compete in a general election; president is elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election last held 4 July 2003 (next to be held not later than July 2007); vice president appointed by the president
Kiribati does not have an embassy in the US; there is an honorary consulate in Honolulu
www.bonus.com /contour/bartlettqu/http@@/www.bartleby.com/151/kr.html   (950 words)

 Kiribati Bibliography - M
Kiribati Adaptation of Dance for the Third South Pacific Arts Festival.
The Institute of Pacific Studies and the Kiribati Extension Centre of the University of the South Pacific, Whitcoulls Ltd, Christchurch, NZ.
The Micronesian Executive: FSM, Kiribati, and the Marshall Islands, presented at the meeting of the Pacific Islands Political Studies Association, Guam, December 16-18, 1989.
www.trussel.com /kir/gilbibm.htm   (2875 words)

 Adam Carr's Electoral Archive   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-14)
Legislature: Kiribati has a unicameral legislature, the House of Parliament (Maneaba Ni Maungatabu), which has 42 seats; 39 elected by popular vote for four-year terms, one ex officio member (the Attorney-General), one appointed to represent the island of Banaba, and one other.
Kiribati and Tuvalu were separated in 1975, and Kiribati became fully independent in 1979, with a population of less 100,000 it was one of the smallest countries in the world.
There are two political parties in Kiribati, Boutokanto Koaava (Pillars of Truth), Maneaban Te Mauri (Protect the Maneaba), which serve mainly as vehicles for the rivlry between the current President, Anote Tong, and his brother Harry Tong.
psephos.adam-carr.net /countries/k/kiribati/statskiribati.shtml   (268 words)

 NationMaster - Statistics > Executive branch > Elections by country
none; the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; the prime minister recommends the deputy prime minister
none; the monarch is hereditary; the governor general is appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general
none; the monarch is hereditary; the governor general is appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
www.nationmaster.com /graph/gov_exe_bra_ele-government-executive-branch-elections&id=CAC   (1207 words)

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