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Topic: Electoral college

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  Electoral college - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
An electoral college is a set of electors who are empowered as a deliberative body to elect someone to a particular office.
For example, the President of Finland was elected by an electoral college between 1919 and 1987.
During Brazil's military rule period, the president was elected by an electoral college constituting senators, deputies, state deputies and lawmakers in the cities.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Electoral_college   (902 words)

 United States Electoral College - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The electoral process was modified in 1804 with the ratification of the 12th Amendment and again in 1961 with the ratification of the 23rd Amendment.
The Electoral College is administered at the national level by the National Archives and Records Administration via its Office of the Federal Register.
Regardless of why the system was chosen, the term "Electoral College" is not used in the United States Constitution, and it was not until the early 1800s that it came into general usage as the unofficial designation for the group of citizens selected to cast votes for President and Vice President.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/U.S._Electoral_College   (7359 words)

 3PT - Electoral College Primer
Makeup and operation of the electoral college itself are tightly defined by the Constitution, but the method of choosing electors is left to the states.
The main danger of faithless electors is that the candidate who wins the popular vote could wind up one or two votes short of a majority in the electoral college and could lose the election on a technicality.
Many see the apportioning of the electoral college votes by states as a basic flaw, because it gives each of the smaller states at least three electoral votes, even though on a straight population basis some might be entitled to only one or two.
www.ksg.harvard.edu /case/3pt/electoral.html#pro   (2177 words)

 Electoral College - MSN Encarta
Electoral College, the institution through which Americans elect the president and vice president of the United States.
Under the winner-take-all system, the electors assigned to the candidate who won most of the vote in their state are all represented in the electoral college.
Under this system, two electors are awarded to the winner of the statewide popular vote, and the remaining electors are awarded to the popular vote winner in each of the state’s congressional districts.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761576768/Electoral_College.html   (1736 words)

 Electoral College - dKosopedia
Electoral Votes are awarded on a state level, on a winner-take-all basis (except for Maine and Nebraska, which award two electoral votes to the statewide winner and remaining electoral votes to the winner in each congressional district).
In defense of the Electoral College system, physicist Alan Natapoff considered the effects of the electoral system, and of districted elections in general, on "vote power;" that is, the probability that a single vote will effect the outcome.
The electoral college results of recent Presidential elections is the starting point for analysis of different political and cultural Ideologies in the United States called the Red Blue Divide.
www.dkosopedia.com /index.php/Electoral_College   (1539 words)

 Constitutional Topic: The Electoral College - The U.S. Constitution Online - USConstitution.net
The Electoral College, proposed by James Wilson, was the compromise that the Constitutional Convention reached.
The Electoral College insulates the election of the President from the people by having the people elect not the person of the President, but the person of an Elector who is pledged to vote for a specific person for President.
Electors are chosen by the states and the Electors elect the President and Vice-President.
www.usconstitution.net /consttop_elec.html   (1418 words)

 CRS Report: RL30804 - The Electoral College: An Overview and Analysis of Reform Proposals - NLE
Indeed, critics of the electoral college system caution that the presence of viable and well funded third-party or independent presidential candidates, who may be able to garner electoral votes by carrying a plurality of the votes in statewide elections, increase the likelihood of contingent election.
Since state electoral college delegations are equal to the combined total of each state's Senate and House delegation, the composition of the electoral college thus appears to be weighted in favor of the small states.
Specifically, the Court found that excluding a candidate for elector because he or she refuses to pledge support for the party's nominees is a legitimate method of securing party candidates who are pledged to that party's philosophy and leadership.
www.ncseonline.org /nle/crsreports/government/gov-39.cfm   (8754 words)

 The Electoral College
States are represented in the Electoral College according to their total number of representatives in the legislative branch.
Since the Electoral College did not work in 1824 (John Quincy Adams was elected by the House), the supporters of Andrew Jackson went to work on the state level and got the vote extended to the common man and they also got most states to allow the Electors to be elected by popular vote.
Explanation of the Electoral College: The number of representatives are determined by the total number of representatives that state has in Congress (Senate and House).
www.bluegrass.kctcs.edu /LCC/HIS/101/electoral.html   (742 words)

 The Electoral College
For the 2000 election, the total electors were 538, based on 100 senators and 435 representatives, plus 3 electoral votes from the District of Columbia as a result of the 23rd Amendment to the Constitution.
The votes of the electors, certified by the states, are sent to Congress, where the president of the Senate opens the certificates and has them counted in the presence of both houses on Jan. 6.
electoral college - electoral college, in U.S. government, the body of electors that chooses the president and vice...
www.infoplease.com /ipa/A0101087.html   (554 words)

 Electoral College   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Electoral College reform is obviously a very complex, multi-faceted subject, calling for judgments involving political principles and mean of implementing them.
The significance of the analogy of presidential electors to congressional delegations frequently is debated.
Electoral votes of the state are allocated to candidates according to the proportion in which the popular vote was cast for slates of electors (if the office is maintained) or for the actual candidates (if office of elector is abolished).
home.pacbell.net /barbward/two1-6.htm   (14643 words)

 Elections: All About the Electoral College
The nomination papers for unenrolled candidates for president have spaces for the names and addresses of the candidates for president, vice-president and their twelve elector candidates, and such names are filed as part of the nomination papers.
Elector candidates pledged to unenrolled party candidates for president must not be enrolled in any recognized political party in Massachusetts for the 90 day period preceding the filing deadline for nomination papers with the Secretary of the Commonwealth.
The electors whose presidential and vice-presidential candidates received the plurality of the votes in Massachusetts meet at the State House on the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December, which is December 13, 2004.
www.sec.state.ma.us /ele/elecoll/collidx.htm   (494 words)

 The Electoral College
While electors are supposed to vote in accordance with their state's voters, they do not always do so.
They claim that the Electoral College causes candidates to ignore states where the outcome is certain in favor of states where polls say the contest is close.
However, if the Electoral College were abolished and the popular vote tally were used, each side might find it useful to campaign in Massachusetts, even though the state might remain in the Democratic column.
www.factmonster.com /spot/campaign2000race.html   (568 words)

 Electoral College
The Electoral College is a clumsy device that never would be imitated by a state for electing its governor -- or by a town electing its dogcatcher.
Justification for the Electoral College is rooted "in racism and sexism," Amar says, noting no other political bodies (whether foreign nations or our own states and cities) think enough of the Electoral College system to use it for their elections.
The winner-take-all system (except in Maine and Nebraska where electors can split the state's votes) is unfair to third-party candidates such as Ross Perot, whose 18.9 percent of the 1996 vote was rewarded with 0.0 percent of the Electoral College vote.
www.fairvote.org /op_eds/electoral_college.htm   (3472 words)

 Electoral College Calculator - version 2.2
Each state is allocated "electoral votes" equal to the total number of Senators and Representatives allocated to that state.
On election day, voters are actually voting for Electoral College members who promise to vote for the candidates of their respective political parties.
To use the Electoral College calculator, select states by picking the state name on the list box, or clicking near the center of the state on the map.
www.grayraven.com /ec   (460 words)

 NARA | Federal Register | U. S. Electoral College - About the Electoral College
The Electoral College, administered by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), is not a place, it is a process that began as part of the original design of the U.S. Constitution.
The Electoral College was established by the founding fathers as a compromise between election of the president by Congress and election by popular vote.
The Office of the Federal Register coordinates the functions of the Electoral College on behalf of the Archivist of the United States, the States, the Congress, and the American People.
www.archives.gov /federal-register/electoral-college/about.html   (305 words)

 The Electoral College
The final decision of the delegates, to have electors chosen by the various state legislatures elect the president, was the result of a compromise worked out by a committee comprised of one delegate from each of the states and presented to the Convention on September 4, 1787.
When the winner of the Electoral College is not the candidate who received the most votes of the people, the new president will face questions about his legitimacy.
The Electoral College system, especially in a close election, is subject to the mischief that might be caused by disloyal--or even bribed--electors.
www.law.umkc.edu /faculty/projects/ftrials/conlaw/electoralcoll.htm   (2056 words)

 Meta-Analysis of State Polls - election.princeton.edu
I sent graphics of electoral maps and of the jerseyvotes calculation, which were promptly lost in the mad shuffle before going on air.
The way to do this calculation is to see how much the Electoral College win probability is changed by incrementing a state's margin by some fraction F, where F is inversely proportional to the state's voting population.
The median electoral vote (EV) estimate is very sensitive to swings in reported opinion because of the winner-take-all mechanism of awarding EV.
election.princeton.edu   (11833 words)

The Electoral College system, the means by which the president is selected in the
National Archives Briefing on Electoral College, "Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About the Electoral College But Were Afraid to Ask." 10/19/2004 (45 min).
Critics of the Electoral College would argue that the current system is inconsistent with the values of a democracy.
www.c-span.org /classroom/govt/electoralcollege.asp   (440 words)

 Electoral College Vote Calculator
* The states of Maine and Nebraska have a different method of apportioning their electoral votes than the "winner-take-all" system used in rest of the country.
Rather than awarding all of their electoral votes to the winner of the statewide popular vote, in Maine and Nebraska, only two of the votes are awarded to the overall winner of the state.
The rest of the electoral votes are awarded individually based on the winner of the popular vote in each of the states' congressional districts.
theelectoralvote.com   (149 words)

 270 to Win: An Interactive Map and History of the Electoral College
270towin.com is an interactive Electoral College map for 2008 and a history of Presidential elections in the United States.
Since electoral votes are generally allocated on an "all or none" basis by state, the election of a U.S President is about winning the popular vote in enough states to achieve 270 electoral votes, a majority of the 538 that are available.
It is not about getting the most overall popular votes, as we saw in the 2000 election, when the electoral vote winner (Bush) and the popular vote winner (Gore) were different.
www.270towin.com   (186 words)

 EC: The US Electoral College Web Zine   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
EC sets the record straight on alleged failures of the Electoral College system.
Blame careless political parties for electors who take their pledges too lightly and vote for someone else.
Here's the text of the failed constitutional amendment that would have replaced the Electoral College with a direct vote as low as 40% of the voters.
www.avagara.com /e_c   (144 words)

 Election 2006: Senate Races
If you are new to the site today, also take a look at Friday's posting as it contains some fascinating data (or click on the 'Previous report' link above to travel backward in time).
A Marist College polls shows Sen. Hillary Clinton (D-NY) maintaining her large lead in NY over John Spencer, the likely Republican nominee, 62% to 32%.
Also, Sen. George Allen (R-VA) is still hurting from the "macaca" incident, with his previous double-digit lead over Democrat (and former Reagan Navy Secretary) Jim Webb reduced to 46% to 42% according to Mason-Dixon.
www.electoral-vote.com   (599 words)

 Resources on the Electoral College   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Address by Peter W. Schramm to the Ohio Electoral College, Ohio Senate Chamber, December 18, 2000
Electoral College Information Page (Office of the House Majority Leader, U.S. House of Representatives)
The Electoral College: A Defense by Paul A. Rahe (The American Spectator)
www.ashbrook.org /articles/electoralcollege.html   (370 words)

 Online NewsHour | Vote 2004 | Politics 101 | Electoral College Map
The number of electoral votes indicated for each state and in the tally boxes below the map reflect the re-allocation that took place after the 2000 census.
Click on each state to see how a win or loss there will affect the overall outcome of the 2004 election and to formulate winning combinations.
The yellow lines in the tally boxes below the map indicate the 270 electoral votes needed for a presidential election victory.
www.pbs.org /newshour/vote2004/politics101/politics101_ecmap.html   (196 words)

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