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Topic: Elm

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In the News (Tue 23 Apr 19)

  ELM - Electronic Mail for UNIX
Please note that although this is meant to be a resource for elm users, I have had no personal involvement in the development of elm.
The current maintainer of elm is Bill Pemberton.
Update 06th Jan 2000: elm 2.4 is not Y2K compliant.
www.instinct.org /elm   (448 words)

  Dutch Elm Disease
The smaller European elm bark beetle feeds in small twigs, usually high in the crown, while the native elm bark beetle bores under the bark of branches 2-4 inches in diameter to feed.
Discoloration of the sapwood caused by Dutch elm disease.
Since elm bark beetles breed in dead elm wood with intact bark and in weak or dying elm trees, the first steps toward control of the beetle involve the destruction of all dead or dying elm wood present in the community.
www.ag.ndsu.edu /pubs/plantsci/trees/pp324w.htm   (4729 words)

From ca 1850 to 1920 the most prized small specimen elm was the Camperdown Elm, a contorted weeping mutation of the Wych Elm, grafted on a standard Wych elm trunk to give a wide, spreading and weeping fountain shape in large garden spaces.
This is a fungal disease that is borne by a vector, the elm-bark beetle.
Since elm trees take decades to grow to maturity, and these introductions are recent, the performance of these trees in actual landscape conditions is not known with certainty.
www.teachersparadise.com /ency/en/wikipedia/e/el/elm.html   (530 words)

 Elm - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Elms are deciduous and semi-deciduous trees comprising the genus Ulmus, family Ulmaceae, found throughout the Northern Hemisphere from Siberia to Indonesia, Mexico to Japan.
There are between 20 to 45 species of elm; the ambiguity in the number is a result of difficult species delimitations in elms, owing to the ease of hybridization between them and the development of local seed-sterile vegetatively-propagated microspecies in some areas, mainly in the field elm group.
Elm wood was valued for its interlocking grain, and consequent resistance to splitting, with significant uses in wheels, chair seats and coffins.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Elm   (1677 words)

 Ohio Trees, Bulletin 700-00, Ulmus – Elm
Elms are deciduous trees with scaly (imbricate) buds.
One cultivar, the ‘Camperdown' elm, is commonly planted for its weeping habit and is often budded on a Siberian elm understock.
The rock elm is found in the northwestern part of the state and reported as far south as Greene and Lawrence counties.
ohioline.osu.edu /b700/b700_30.html   (2615 words)

 Dutch Elm Disease
The fungus (Ophiostoma ulmi), the causal agent of Dutch elm disease, is probably native to Asia.
Native elm bark beetles overwinter as larvae in bark or as adults.
The Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila, sometimes incorrectly referred to as Chinese elm, and the true Chinese or lacebark elm (Ulmus parvifolia) are resistant to the disease and also are adapted to growing conditions in the state.
www.oznet.ksu.edu /dp_hfrr/extensn/problems/dtchelm.htm   (1897 words)

 botanical.com - A Modern Herbal | Elm, Common - Herb Profile and Information
Elm wood is used for keels and bilge planks, the blocks and dead eyes of rigging and ship's pumps, for coffins, wheels, furniture, turned articles and general carpenter's work.
Elm boards are largely used for lining the interior of carts, wagons and wheelbarrows on account of the extreme toughness of the wood, and it has been much employed in the past for making sheds, most of the existing farm buildings being covered with elm.
Moreover, the Common Elm has a profuse undergrowth of young shoots round the base of the trunk and few are to be seen round that of the Wych Elm.
www.botanical.com /botanical/mgmh/e/elmcom08.html   (1349 words)

 Elm   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Elm heartwood ranges in tone from reddish brown to light tan, while the sapwood approaches off-white.
Burl veneers tend to be brittle and troublesome to flatten.
Elm works well, too, for butcher block tops and cutting boards because it has no odor or taste, and it won't split.
www.woodmagazine.com /wood/story.jhtml?storyid=/templatedata/wood/story/data/wood_profiles_elm.xml   (582 words)

 Slippery Elm
However, since the wood of the slippery elm tree has no commercial value, the trees are left to die after their bark has been harvested.
Recent laboratory research on slippery elm suggests that this traditional application may prove to have scientific merit in treating inflammatory bowel disease (namely, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis); the authors of this study propose that it is the antioxidant properties of slippery elm that would offer such protection.
However, taking slippery elm with oral medications may decrease the absorption of these medications; therefore, it may be a good idea to take slippery elm several hours before or after other herbs or medications you may be taking.
www.umm.edu /altmed/ConsHerbs/SlipperyElmch.html   (1238 words)

 E-Mail with the elm mailer
Elm will first ask for the recipient(s) of the message and then the subject, and who to send copies to.
The version of elm which is compiled for use on Wiliki has the feature to allow you to encrypt portions of the outgoing message.
Elm has a facility to create abbreviations or short names of some of the addresses or groups of addresses you send mail to frequently.
www.emerson.emory.edu /services/elm/elm.html   (3378 words)

 Slippery elm Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine - Find Articles
The dried inner bark of the slippery elm, known as the bast, is a calcium-rich, nutritive substance containing bioflavonoids, a high amount of mucilage, starch, a small quantity of tannins, and vitamin E.
Slippery elm in various preparations acts as a demulcent, emollient, expectorant, diuretic, and is a soothing and nutritive tonic benefiting the adrenal glands, the respiratory system, and the gastrointestinal tract.
Slippery elm may be combined with other soothing herbs, such as echinacea, goldenseal, and comfrey, in a salve preparation to soothe and bring healing to inflamed and infected skin.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_g2603/is_0006/ai_2603000668   (824 words)

 Elm tree
In England, the Common Elm is most abundant to the south of the Trent, and in this district almost every neighborhood has its famous old Elm, celebrated for age and size, beside a roadside inn, or associated with the good Queer Bess or some other historic character.
In the home-meadow of an old English grange the row of Elms will generally be clamorous with the hoarse voices of rooks, who are seen in spring deftly arranging the dead twigs of winter to form those homes which, when deserted, wave among the bare branches like blots upon the sky.
In many agricultural counties the Elms may be seen trimmed, to a height of forty or fifty feet, of every bough, so that they resemble nothing in nature but an aged hollyhock or a gigantic Brussels-sprout.
www.2020site.org /trees/elm.html   (1561 words)

 botanical.com - A Modern Herbal | Elm, Slippery - Herb Profile and Information
The bark of this American Elm, though not in this country as in the United States an official drug, is considered one of the most valuable remedies in herbal practice, the abundant mucilage it contains having wonderfully strengthening and healing qualities.
Slippery Elm Food is generally made by mixing a teaspoonful of the powder into a thin and perfectly smooth paste with cold water and then pouring on a pint of boiling water, steadily stirring meanwhile.
In typhoid fever, the Slippery Elm drink, prepared as for coughs, is recommended, serving a threefold purpose, to cleanse, heal and strengthen, the patient being allowed to drink as much as desired until thirst has abated, and other remedies can be used.
www.botanical.com /botanical/mgmh/e/elmsli09.html   (1588 words)

 E-Mail with the elm mailer
Elm will first ask for the recipient(s) of the message and then the subject, and who to send copies to.
The version of elm which is compiled for use on Wiliki has the feature to allow you to encrypt portions of the outgoing message.
Elm has a facility to create abbreviations or short names of some of the addresses or groups of addresses you send mail to frequently.
www.eng.hawaii.edu /Tutor/elm.html   (3366 words)

The causal fungus is carried in the mouth and on the bodies of the elm bark beetle, and trees are inoculated during feeding in the early spring.
In August, wilting and dying of leaves on small to large branches (referred to as flagging) may be seen in the canopy and reddish-brown streaks are occasionally found in the sapwood.
This is the larva of the mourning cloak butterfly that lays eggs in cylindrical clusters on the small twigs of elm, poplar and willow.
www.caes.state.ct.us /PlantPestHandbookFiles/pphE/pphelm.htm   (2039 words)

Dutch Elm disease is so named, since it was identified in 1919 in the Netherlands, although the strain had been known since 1818.
All Elms have in common the fact that the leaves are slightly uneven at the bottom (near the stalk) and that their leaves are double-toothed (that means that the zig-zaggy edges, or teeth, around the edge of the leaves, themselves have little teeth).
The Jersey, Guernsey and Wheatley Elms are subspecies of U.augustifolia.
www.the-tree.org.uk /BritishTrees/TreeGallery/elmc.htm   (871 words)

 Saving the American Elm
The cause of this pervasive syndrome of wilt and dieback was a parasitic fungus.
The roots of American elm trees do not interfere with pavements even at close proximity, nor with the health of lawns, but the trees should be spaced widely enough to allow for adequate expression of their eventual forms.
Elm saplings should be pruned each year while they are young, with the goal of developing a sturdy trunk before the main limbs become prominent.
members.aol.com /bcarley978/elmpost.htm   (6580 words)

 elm - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Elm, common name for trees and shrubs of a family widespread throughout the North Temperate Zone.
- wood of elm tree: the hard dense wood of an elm tree.
hickory, acacia, alder, ash, aspen, baobab, beech, birch, elm, ginkgo, horse chestnut, laburnum, lime, maple, mesquite, mimosa, oak, plane tree,...
encarta.msn.com /encnet/refpages/search.aspx?q=elm   (116 words)

 Elm trees
Dutch elm disease is a widespread and often fatal disease to American elm trees.
The Siberian elm is a larger tree, growing to 60 to 70 feet tall.
Siberian elms are brittle and their branches are prone to breakage.
www.ext.colostate.edu /ptlk/1746.html   (379 words)

 E-Mail with the elm mailer
Of these four, elm is the most popularly used mailer program on Wiliki, and is the topic of this tutorial.
Elm will first ask for the recipient(s) of the message and then the subject, and who to send copies to.
Elm has a facility to create abbreviations or short names of some of the addresses or groups of addresses you send mail to frequently.
www.cs.duke.edu /csl/docs/elm.html   (2843 words)

 Elm, Missouri MO, township profile (Putnam County) - hotels, festivals, genealogy, newspapers - ePodunk
At the time of the 2000 census, the per capita income in Elm was $13,748, compared with $21,587 nationally.
Median rent in Elm, at the time of the 2000 Census, was $99.
The average commute time for Elm workers is 35 minutes, compared with 26 minutes nationwide.
www.epodunk.com /cgi-bin/genInfo.php?locIndex=270486   (424 words)

 Wych Elm - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Wych Elm Ulmus glabra is a large deciduous tree native to Europe, Asia Minor, and the Caucasus.
In the British Isles, it was by far the most common elm in the north and west of the region.
The earlier trees were raised in response to the initial Dutch elm disease pandemic that afflicted Europe after the First World War, and were to prove vulnerable to the much more virulent strain of the disease that arrived in the late 1960s.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Wych_Elm   (651 words)

 ELM - Functional Sites in Proteins
The ELM instance mapper uses PHI-BLAST to map ELM predictions of a query sequence to known annotated ELM instances.
If an ELM prediction is mapped to a known ELM instance, the prediction is given a score from 0 to 1, where 1 means that the query sequence is identical to the database sequence, and the prediction can be considered an experimentally verified ELM instance.
ELMs are annotated with the proper taxonomic range using NCBI taxonomy node identifiers, and only ELMs relevant for that species will be shown in the prediction results.
elm.eu.org /help   (1244 words)

Although many elms have survived, the disease eventually kills those trees that are susceptible unless the beetle is controlled by sanitation, spraying and pruning.
Some American elms, and other elm species, that have survived and have not been infected are considered resistant.
Clones of these resistant American elms and hybrids of resistant species are being developed, produced and used to replace the old trees that were lost.
hgic.clemson.edu /factsheets/HGIC1011.htm   (861 words)

 Ulmus spp. metric
Elm trees can reach a height of 100 ft (30 m), with a diameter of 3 ft (1 m).
They may be infected with the Dutch elm disease, caused by a fungus (Ceratocystis ulmi), especially in shade trees.
The sapwood of elm is nearly white, while the heartwood is light brown to brown with a reddish tinge.
www2.fpl.fs.fed.us /TechSheets/HardwoodNA/htmlDocs/ulmusmet.html   (417 words)

The CSU Entry Level Mathematics (ELM) Requirement is a requirement that all undergraduate students demonstrate a basic understanding of arithmetic, beginning algebra, geometry, intermediate algebra, and data interpretation/statistics before enrolling in any baccalaureate level mathematics or statistics course.
The ELM is given on the same dates as the EPT (English Placement Test).
The ELM and the EPT may be taken individually or as a combination.
www.testoffice.calpoly.edu /elm.htm   (904 words)

 What is Elm? - Knowledge Base
Elm is a menu-driven email utility for Unix.
You can try Elm yourself by logging into a Unix host and entering: elm First-time users may be asked to approve the creation of certain Elm-related directories.
Elm prompts you for subject and address information.
kb.iu.edu /data/abbh.html   (518 words)

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