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Topic: Emperor Frederick II


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  emperor frederick ii
Emperor Frederick II (December 26, 1194 - (December 13, 1250), Holy Roman Emperor of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, was pretender to the title of King of the Romans from 1212, unopposed holder of that monarchy from 1215, and Holy Roman Emperor from 1220 until his death in 1250.
Emperor Frederick II was again excommunicated in 1239 and in 1245 by the Council of Lyon under Innocent IV declared him to be deposed as emperor, backing pretenders Heinrich Raspe (who, after some military successes died in battle) and then William II, Count of Holland.
Frederick's son Henry, sometimes styled Henry VII, especially during his period of rebellion in alliance with the Lombard League — not to be confused with Henry VII of the House of Luxembourg, Holy Roman Emperor 1275-1313 — was born 1211 in Sicily, son of Frederick's first wife Constance of Aragon.
www.crusades-history.com /Emperor-Frederick-II.aspx   (3189 words)

  
  Courtly Lives - HRE Frederick II
Henry II (1114-1177), Jasomirgott Margrave in 1141; and Duke of Austria in 1156.
1247) was the great-grandson of Frederick II, Duke of Swabia.
Frederick's grandfather was Frederick I (1152-1190), Barbarossa, of the House of Hohenstaufen.
www.angelfire.com /mi4/polcrt/FrederickIIHRE.html   (2490 words)

  
 Frederick II, Holy Roman emperor and German king. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
1194–1250, Holy Roman emperor (1220–50) and German king (1212–20), king of Sicily (1197–1250), and king of Jerusalem (1229–50), son of Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI and of Constance, heiress of Sicily.
Frederick issued a circular against the pope and seized most of the Papal States; in May, 1241, he captured a number of prelates en route from Genoa to a general council in Rome, and he was threatening Rome when Gregory died.
Frederick II was one of the most arresting figures of the Middle Ages.
www.bartleby.com /65/fr/Fred2HRE.html   (1213 words)

  
 Wikinfo | Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick II Hohenstaufen (December 26, 1194 - 1250) ruled the Holy Roman Empire from 1220 through 1250.His empire was frequently at war with the Papal States, so it is not surprising that he was excommunicated – twice, in fact.
Frederick was excommunicated by Pope Gregory IX in 1227 for failing to honor his promise to launch the Sixth Crusade.
Frederick's crusade ended in a truce and coronation of Frederick as King of Jerusalem on March 18, 1229.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Frederick_II,_Holy_Roman_Emperor   (762 words)

  
 History
Grandson of Frederick I, Frederick II inherited the Sicilian crown as a very young child from his parents, Emperor Henry VI of the Hohenstafen dynasty and Constance of Sicily.
Frederick was excommunicated by Gregory, and when he finally did depart to the East in 1228, he regained the city of Jerusalem from the Muslims by diplomacy rather than arms.
Frederick II is mentioned in three tales of the Decameron: I.7, II.6, and V.5.
www.brown.edu /Departments/Italian_Studies/dweb/history/characters/frederick_ii.shtml   (438 words)

  
 Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor Summary
Frederick II (December 26, 1194 – December 13, 1250), of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, was a pretender to the title of King of the Romans from 1212 and unopposed holder of that monarchy from 1215.
Frederick celebrated it with a triumph in Cremona, in the manner of an ancient Roman emperor, with the captured carroccio (later sent to the commune of Rome) and an elephant.
Frederick received the news of his excommunication by Gregory IX in the first months of 1239, while his court was in Padova.
www.bookrags.com /Frederick_II,_Holy_Roman_Emperor   (6335 words)

  
 Reference for Frederick II of Prussia - Search.com
Frederick was born in Berlin, the son of King Frederick William I of Prussia and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover.
Frederick was restored to the Prussian Army as Colonel of the Regiment von der Goltz, stationed near Nauen and Neuruppin.
Frederick gave his state a modern bureaucracy whose mainstay until 1760 was the able War and Finance Minister Adam Ludwig von Blumenthal, succeeded in 1764 by his nephew Joachim who ran the ministry to the end of the reign and beyond.
www.search.com /reference/Frederick_II_of_Prussia   (5138 words)

  
 Frederick II
Frederick II Frederick II Frederick II is a very convenient example of the sort of doubter and rebel the 13th century could produce.
Frederick was the son of the German Emperor Henry VI; and grandson of Frederick Barbarossa.
Frederick founded the University of Naples and was one of the first Italians to write Italian verse.
www.latter-rain.com /eccle/fred2.htm   (259 words)

  
 Frederick II (1194 - 1250), German King, Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick was born on 26 December 1194, son of Constance of Altavilla and Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI.
In 1209, at the age of fourteen, the Pope arranged for Frederick to marry Sancha of Aragon; instead he married her sister Constance, ten years older than him, receiving as a dowry 500 knights, with which he hoped to use to sieze control of his kingdom of Sicily.
Frederick had a vision of a secular empire, free from the control of the church, ruled by law.
www.liebreich.com /LDC/HTML/HallOfFame/Frederick/FrederickII.html   (581 words)

  
 Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The birth of Frederick II In 1196 at Frankfurt am Main the child Frederick was elected to become King of the Germans.
Frederick's authority in Germany remained tenuous, and he was recognized only in southern Germany: in northern Germany, the center of Guelph power, Otto continued to hold the reins of royal and imperial power despite excommunication.
Manfred received the principate of Taranto and the government of the Kingdom, Henry the Kingdom of Arles or that of Jerusalem, while the son of Henry VII was entrusted with the Duchy of Austria and the Marquisate of Styria.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Frederick_II,_Holy_Roman_Emperor   (4689 words)

  
 The Invisible Basilica: Frederick of Hohenstaufen
Frederick II, although a Hohenstaufen like his grandfather, was born in Sicily and brought up under the influence of Norman, Byzantine and Muslim cultures.
He attacked Frederick's positions in Italy, and Frederick was forced to leave Jerusalem to defend his Italian territories from the papal forces.
It is sometimes said that Frederick the Great was the first to "shake the power of the Papacy," but this honor clearly belongs to Frederick II of Hohenstaufen.
www.hermetic.com /sabazius/frederick.htm   (563 words)

  
 [No title]
Though unfruitful, these expeditions around Rome permitted Frederick to capture treasures from the church of the cities he passed through, and gave him the opportunity to enjoy the pleasant nature of hills, lakes and woods of the Latium.
The Prince of Wales's motto is said to be derived from "John the Blind", Earl of Luxembourg, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia, known in Luxembourg as "Jang de Blannen".
While working for Frederick II he produced a "Guide for the Perplexed" which had been written in Arabic and translated into Hebrew which Michael (with the help of Jewish and Arabic scholars) then translated into Latin.
www.lycos.com /info/holy-roman-emperor--frederick-ii.html   (626 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Frederick II
King and Roman Emperor, son of Henry VI and Constance of Sicily; born 26 Dec., 1194; died at Fiorentina, in Apulia, 13 Dec., 1250.
The main issue at stake however was not settled, i.e., the jurisdiction of the emperor in
to the emperor and exhibited an attitude of
www.newadvent.org /cathen/06255a.htm   (1421 words)

  
 1200 - 1300
Emperor Otto IV is defeated in the Battle of Bouvines, where France is established as a leading power of Europe.
Emperor Frederick II returns from the Holy Lands to defend himself from Pope Gregory IX's army.
Emperor Frederick II's son Conrad IV elected King of the Romans.
www.medievaltymes.com /courtyard/1200_-_1299.htm   (1795 words)

  
 Promenade the Puzzle: The Poetic Vision of Peter Sinfield
"The emperor was Frederick II, that King of Sicily whom, as a child of three, his dying father, Henry VI, had made a ward of the pope; and whom, as a young man of twenty, Pope Innocent III had called to be emperor.
Frederick II, ward of Innocent III, was locked in conflict for a good thirty years with Innocent's three successors.
The rude court of that Frankish emperor could not boast steam baths and plumbing to rival those of ancient Rome, a menagerie of wild beasts from distant Africa and India, a wholly secular university that challenged the intellectual monopoly of the medieval church...
www.songsouponsea.com /Promenade/ChapterOneA.html   (3319 words)

  
 Frederick II, Stupor Mundi
Even within his own lifetime Frederick II was widely regarded as one of the most brilliant rulers in the history of European monarchy, combining in a unique mixture the cultural heritage of his German father and Sicilian mother.
Frederick II himself was fluent in six languages and a student of mathematics, philosophy, natural history, medicine and architecture.
Later, with Frederick II's son Manfred on the throne of Sicily, Pope Clement IV found the key for a major victory.
www.boglewood.com /sicily/frederick2.html   (437 words)

  
 Frederick II
Frederick II Frederick II Frederick II is a very convenient example of the sort of doubter and rebel the 13th century could produce.
Frederick was the son of the German Emperor Henry VI; and grandson of Frederick Barbarossa.
Frederick founded the University of Naples and was one of the first Italians to write Italian verse.
latter-rain.com /eccle/fred2.htm   (259 words)

  
 Bright Knight: Amy's FK Crusades Alignment   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Frederick will be called "the wonder of the world" for his intelligence, and "the baptized sultan" for his religious equivocation.
Emperor Frederick II formally renews his Crusader vow in the presence of Pope Honorius III, King John of Jerusalem, and the Grand Masters of the Military Orders.
Emperor Frederick II finally embarks on his long-promised Crusade, almost immediately contracts malaria, and returns to Sicily.
users.lmi.net /~akr/fk/timeline/crusades.htm   (853 words)

  
 Frederick II, Duke of Austria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Frederick II, known as the Quarrelsome (German: Friedrich der Streitbare) (1201 – June 15, 1246), from the dynasty of Babenberg, was the duke of Austria and Styria from 1230 to 1246.
Frederick was known as the Quarrelsome because of his frequent wars against his neighbors, primarily with Hungary, Bavaria and Bohemia.
Duke Frederick finally died in a battle against the Hungarian king Béla IV by the Leitha river.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Frederick_II_of_Austria   (456 words)

  
 Emperor Frederick II - King of Sicily and Jerusalem - See Palermo and Western Sicily.
Frederick's long reign took him into the heart of Germany to tame his rebellious vassals, and to the Holy Land on crusade.
The details of the international intrigue and conflicts that engulfed Western Europe and Frederick II in the early decades of the thirteenth century may be left to biographers and scholars.
Frederick enlisted some of the greatest juridical minds of the era to encode and collect the previous Norman, Arab and Byzantine laws in order to establish a firm and orderly procedure for legal conflicts.
www.seepalermo.com /frederick.htm   (1438 words)

  
 Jerusalem Peace Treaty of Jaffa (020303)
Meanwhile Emperor Frederick II, who was to be the leader of the crusade, had remained in Europe and continued to importune the pope for new postponements of his departure.
Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor 1220-1250, was "a man described by his contemporaries as 'the terror of the earth', the wonder-working transformer" (Friedrich Heer, The Medieval World: Europe 1100-1350, p.267).
Frederick proposed to use his army principally against the Latins in the East, to try to force them to acknowledge his position as regent and de facto ruler of the Latin states in the East.
www.solami.com /jaffa1.html   (9950 words)

  
 Frederick II, Holy Roman emperor and German king — Infoplease.com
Frederick II, Holy Roman emperor and German king: Rivalry for the German Crown - Rivalry for the German Crown In 1196, Henry VI secured the election as German king, or...
Frederick II, Holy Roman emperor and German king: King of Jerusalem - King of Jerusalem Having married (1225) Yolande, daughter of John of Brienne, he claimed the crown...
Frederick II, Holy Roman emperor and German king: Character and Legacy - Character and Legacy Frederick II was one of the most arresting figures of the Middle Ages.
www.infoplease.com /ce6/people/A0819535.html   (326 words)

  
 The Invisible Basilica: Frederick of Hohenstaufen
Frederick II, although a Hohenstaufen like his grandfather, was born in Sicily and brought up under the influence of Norman, Byzantine and Muslim cultures.
He attacked Frederick's positions in Italy, and Frederick was forced to leave Jerusalem to defend his Italian territories from the papal forces.
It is sometimes said that Frederick the Great was the first to "shake the power of the Papacy," but this honor clearly belongs to Frederick II of Hohenstaufen.
hermetic.com /sabazius/frederick.htm   (563 words)

  
 Emperor Frederick II - Best of Sicily Magazine
At his death in 1154, Roger II was succeeded by his son, William I, whose policies often met with opposition from the entrenched Norman vassals.
In 1189, at thirty six, this sovereign died and was succeeded by his aunt, Constance, a daughter of Roger II and wife of the powerful central European ruler Henry VI of the Swabian von Hohenstaufen dynasty.
After years of conflict, frenetic activity and constant travels, Frederick II was struck down with fever in December 1250 in Apulia, the land of his birth.
www.bestofsicily.com /mag/art57.htm   (1413 words)

  
 Under Pope Innocent IV  Lyons-1
Many bishops and prelates were unable to attend the council because they had been prevented by the invasions of the Tartars in the east or the attacks of the Saracens in the holy Land, or because Frederick II had intimidated them (especially the Sicilians and Germans).
For in it can be found neither the condemnation of Frederick II, which seems to have been the chief matter of the council, nor the five constitutions pertaining to the important questions introduced by Innocent IV at the opening of the council, namely those concerned with the Tartars, the Latin east and the crusades.
We think that the bull of deposition of the emperor Frederick II must be considered a statute of the council, and we place this in front of the constitutions.
www.ewtn.com /library/COUNCILS/LYONS1.HTM   (6278 words)

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