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Topic: Emperor Huizong of Yuan China

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  Hongwu Emperor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Hongwu Emperor (Chinese: 洪武帝; Wade-Giles: Hung-woo T'i September 21, 1328 – June 24, 1398), known variably by his given name Zhu Yuanzhang (Chinese: 朱元璋; Wade-Giles: Chu Yuan-chang) and by the temple name Taizu of the Ming (Chinese: 明太祖) was the founder and first emperor (1368–98) of the Ming Dynasty of China.
It was during this era that Zhu led a peasant revolution that was instrumental in expelling the Yuan Dynasty and forcing the Mongols to retreat to the Mongolian steppes.
The emperor devoted great personal care to the whole project, and in his instruction to the ministers told them that the code of laws should be comprehensive and intelligible, so as not to leave any loophole for lower officials to misinterpret the law through twisting its language.
www.adorons.com /wiki/Hongwu_Emperor   (2779 words)

 The Sui, Tang and Song Dynasties
China failed to face up to realities as its military power was tested repeatedly by skirmishes launched by the Khitan, an ethnicity that dominated much of Manchuria and were ruling China's far north.
Huizong's ninth son survived and continued the Song dynasty in southern China - from around the Yangzi River southward, and as far eastward as Sichuan province.
China: A New History, by Fairbank and Goldman, Harvard University Press, 1998 John King Fairbank is a revered scholar who died in 1991 Merle Goldman is a professor of Chinese History at Boston University and was a research associate of Fairbank's at Harvard University's Center for East Asia Research.
www.fsmitha.com /h3/h06chin.htm   (2703 words)

 Kublai Khan - The Encyclopedia
As emperor of the Yuan Dynasty, Kublai Khan worked to minimize the influences of regional lords who had held immense power before and during the Song Dynasty.
To unify China, Kublai Khan began a massive offensive against the remnants of the southern Song Dynasty in the 11th year of Zhiyuan, and finally destroyed the Song Dynasty in the 16th year of Zhiyuan, unifying the country at last.
However, was not in control of southern China until February 1276, when the Southern Song emperor was captured and the imperial seal was relinquished to the Yuan.
www.the-encyclopedia.com /description/Kublai_Khan   (2042 words)

 Imperial Elegance - Chinese Ceramics from Asia Society's Rockefeller Collection
Huizong, the Northern Song-dynasty emperor who reigned from 1101 to 1126, was the epitome of the Chinese emperor-aesthete, and his taste had a strong and long-lasting impact on the arts, ranging from poetry to jade carving.
Unlike earlier Northern Song emperors, Huizong was not interested in the style of Ding ware, with its light colored and often imperfect glazes and incised and impressed decoration.
The emperor was also taken by Jian tea bowls, particularly those with “hare’s-fur” (tuhao wen) markings, as seen in the dark, thick glaze covering this bowl, which he said were the most desirable.
www.asiasociety.org /arts/imperialelegance/imperialtaste.html   (1145 words)

 Royalty.nu - The History of China - Chinese Royalty
Emperor Huizong and Late Northern Song China: The Politics of Culture and the Culture of Politics edited by Patricia Buckley Ebrey and Maggie Bickford.
A commoner's presentation to the emperor of a lucky omen from his garden and several retellings of the incident provide the background for an introduction to Ming society, culture, and politics, including discussions of the founding of the Ming dynasty, the character of the first emperor, and the role of omens in court politics.
Emperor of China: Self-Portrait of K'Ang-Hsi by Jonathan D. Spence uses original documents to tell the life story of Manchu emperor K'ang-Hsi, who ruled China from 1661 to 1772.
www.royalty.nu /Asia/China/index.html   (2007 words)

 Qwika - similar:Jianwen_Emperor
Zhu Biao朱標 (1355 – 1392) was Emperor Hong Wu's first son and Crown Prince of the founder of the Ming Dynasty.
Wanli Emperor (September 4, 1563 - August 18, 1620) was emperor of China (Ming dynasty) between 1572 and 1620.
In China proper, the Qing dynasty succeeded the Ming Dynasty in 1644, during the reign of the Shunzhi Emperor.
www.qwika.com /rels/Jianwen_Emperor   (1345 words)

 Hongwu Emperor Summary
Hung-wu (1328-1398) was the founder of the Ming dynasty of China.
In addition the Emperor revived the Yüan system of population classification, under which people were grouped under three heads, military, civil, and crafts, and were forbidden to shift from one class to another.
It was during this era that Zhu Yuanzhang led a peasant revolution that was instrumental in expelling the Yuan Dynasty and forcing the Mongolians to retreat to the Mongolian steppes.
www.bookrags.com /Hongwu_Emperor   (3863 words)

 Song, Lioa, Western Xia, Yuan, Ming
The effect was to inhibit the societal development of premodern China, resulting both in many generations of political, social, and spiritual stability and in a slowness of cultural and institutional change up to the 19th century.
A major goal of Genghis was the conquest of the Jin Dynasty of China, both to avenge earlier defeats and to gain the riches of northern China.
While conducting the war in China, Mongke fell ill of dysentery and died (in 1259), which aborted Hulegü's campaign, staved off defeat for the Song, and caused a civil war that destroyed the unity, and invincibility, of the Mongol Empire.
www.crystalinks.com /chinadynasties3.html   (3227 words)

 China : China’s Pictures
China’s centuries old history has evolved many unique pictures which exude a particular harmony and beauty and give the observer the opportunity to feel himself drawn into the picure and forget all the worries and unneccessary cravings the materialistic world nowadays forces on one.
Emperor Huizong of the Song-Dynasty even had an Academy of Art established, in order to leverage the talents of China’s artists and newcomers.
China’s pictures are fequently perceived as having been unrealistically painted, but one has to understand the kind of reality the Chinese artist tried to capture.
www.chinaorbit.com /china-culture/china-picture.html   (433 words)

 Intelligence Online - HELLO TAI TAI com
Only 13 pieces of the emperor's work still exist and yesterday's auction was the first to put his work on the block, the Beijing Youth Daily reported.
The recently recovered painting by Emperor Huizong, said to be the most artistic emperor in Chinese history, was the only piece out of the 3,300 items auctioned yesterday which was not given a bottom price.
The painting was returned to China early this year, probably by a Japanese collector said to be the last of many foreigners who owned it after its disappearance from the imperial palace more than two centuries ago.
www.geocities.com /hello_tai_tai/songpainting.html   (238 words)

 The Mongoals and Tibet
China also uses the bestowal of titles on Tibetan religious and lay leaders by the Yuan, Ming and Qing emperors to show that Tibet was subordinate to China not only during the Yuan dynasty, but also since then, during the Ming and Qing dynasties.
For China to claim that Tibet ceased to exist as an independent state and was conquered, annexed or otherwise incorporated into China, it is for China to show the precise point in time and the event which led to the extinction of Tibet and its incorporation into China.
Tolui was the progenitor of the Yuan and Ilkhanate empires.
www.tibet.com /Status/mongol.html   (11744 words)

 Mongols and Yuan China by Sanderson Beck
Emperor Yuan has his counselor Mao Yanshou select the most beautiful women in the empire to be his wives and concubines.
Emperor Yuan is very reluctant to part with his favorite concubine, but eventually he does so.
Emperor Huhanya orders Mao Yanshou arrested and returned to Emperor Yuan for punishment in order to resolve the situation, and he is beheaded as a sacrifice to the brilliant imperial concubine.
www.san.beck.org /3-6-Mongols.html   (11119 words)

 China   (Site not responding. Last check: )
It is essentially a corridor running from the upper Yellow River in the east, along the verge between the Tibetan plateau on the one hand and the Gobi desert on the other, to the edge of the Xinjiang wastes in the west.
The northeastern portion of China, comprising the watershed of the Amur River.
It formed with the encouragement of China, which needed a buffer zone between itself and the then-aggressive Tibetans, but Nan Chao soon became expansionist in it's own right, and proved to be a considerable threat to China at times.
www.hostkingdom.net /china.html   (2189 words)

 Emperor Song Huizong's Ideal in Qingming Shanghe Tu:   (Site not responding. Last check: )
During Huizong’s reign (1100 to 1125) as the last emperor of the Northern Song dynasty, the empire suffered foreign invasion and was forced to accept humiliating political compromises.
Huizong's response to this declining power and prestige of the empire was to focus on artistic projects in an attempt to create a visual illusion of ruiying ("auspicious responses") to his reign and to symbolically refer to himself as an "enlightened ruler of [heaven's] son" (Sturman 34).
In China during the Song dynasty, men and women were strongly differentiated and segregated, in accord with the Confucian belief that this segregation was essential to the maintenance of a peaceful empire (Ebrey 24).
www-mcnair.berkeley.edu /98journal/ayeung   (3946 words)

 Tongzhi Emperor Of China | Emperor Huizong Of Yuan China   (Site not responding. Last check: )
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We have explored many locations on the Internet in search of the easiest plans for tongzhi emperor of china and finalized our results on this summary site that list the websites that offer extraordinary advantages when shopping for manta 007 emperor 2.
Picking the leading tongzhi emperor of china information from millions of websites can be a major task.
bghy.info /tongzhi-emperor-of-china.htm   (499 words)

 Paragon Book Gallery | Browse Subjects | China - History (Dynastic)
In China''s Golden Age: Everyday Life in the Tang Dynasty, Charles Benn paints a vivid picture of the lifestyle behind the grandeur of the Tang culture.All aspects of day-to-day life are presented, including crime, entertainment, fashion, marriage, food, hygiene, dwellings, and transportation.
The emperors of the Chin held lengthy discussions to arrive at the logical background of Chin legitimacy, and through the survival of those discussions Professor Chan is able to examine in detail one government's establishment of its right to rule.
For the British in China, it was a generous life and a relaxed one, freed as it was from the corset of colonial custom and usage that the British in India or Africa or Malaya were forced to wear.
www.paragonbook.com /html/browsesubj/browse.cfm?regionid=5&subjectid=22&print=yes&RequestTimeOut=3600   (11164 words)

 China : The Yuan-dynasty: Mongolian foreign rule
Kublai Khan is therefore considered to be the founder of the Yuan dynasty (1271-1368).
Although he was now emperor of China, he never made a move to learn the Chinese language.
Timur Khan was succeeded by emperors who ruled during relatively brief periods, but who all did pursue politics that were rather hostile to the Chinese.
www.chinaorbit.com /china-culture/chinese-history/yuan-dynasty-mongolia-china.html   (1246 words)

 Session 82
The eleventh century was a formative period for two of the central elements in the culture of later imperial China: Neo-Confucianism and the literati ideal in art.
This paper examines an aspect of the aesthetic values promoted at Emperor Huizong’s Painting Academy and argues that they largely derive from literati innovations in the theory and practice of painting that took place during the decades immediately preceding Huizong’s reign.
The well-rehearsed "Problem(s) of Huizong" as painter and patron arise from apparent internal contradictions in the visual and textual record.
www.aasianst.org /absts/2000abst/China/C-82.htm   (1072 words)

 Sinophilia - your gateway to China - guides
Here we are with samples by some of the most skilled calligraphers up to the Qing dynasty, from monks to poets to emperors.
This letter was one of the calligraphic works that Qing Emperor Qianlong called the "Three Rarities" of the Jin dynasty.
Huizong was famous for his paintings, mainly of birds.
www.sinophilia.org /china/arte3.htm   (172 words)

 Records set at art auction - 30 million yuan
The former world record for a Chinese ink painting of birds by 12th-century Emperor Huizong was 23 million yuan (US$2.77 million) at a Beijing auction in April 2002.
The stamps, which were used in 1942 in areas controlled by the Communist Party of China during the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression (1937-45), fetched 2.2 million yuan (US$277,000).
Of course, Wu is a master artist, but how could the price exceed that of the work by Emperor Huizong, who created one of the greatest works of art in Chinese history?" asked a researcher with the National Museum of China surnamed Shi.
www.chinadaily.com.cn /english/doc/2005-11/08/content_492238.htm   (485 words)

 China, 1000–1400 A.D. | Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art
The former is overcome by the Jurchen, whose Jin dynasty controls North China while the Song continues to rule the south.
Both succumb to the Mongols who rule China—as the Yuan dynasty—from 1279 until the establishment of the Ming in 1368.
Huizong is also famous for establishing a painting academy in 1104 and for his taste in ceramics, favoring blue/green-glazed Ru wares over the white-glazed Ding.
www.metmuseum.org /toah/ht/07/eac/ht07eac.htm   (807 words)

 Timeline China to 1925   (Site not responding. Last check: )
479BC In China the philosopher Mo-tzu (d.438BCE), founder of Mohism, was born.
1271-1368 "The Yuan Dynasty" by James Cahill is the 2nd section of Wu Hung’s 1997 "The Origins of Chinese Painting." The period is marked by the emergence of the literati-amateur movement.
News from China during the Boxer Rebellion was bleak, and one New York newspaper had reported their deaths and printed obituaries.
timelines.ws /countries/CHINA.HTML   (11704 words)

 Portraits of Emperors
Kangxi was the third emperor of the Qing Dynasty.
The portrait shows the young emperor Kangxi, sitting at his writing table and holding a thick writing brush.
On the marble top of the table there are paper, ink, brush and inkstone, the "Four Treasures of the Study"; they are the tools of the painter and calligrapher.
www.aecasia.com /news/august2001/feature/Emperors.htm   (232 words)

 Song Huizong
Song emperor Huizong was 趙佶 Zhao Ji (1082 - 1135), the 11th son of 神宗 Shenzong (r.
Huizong, taboo name 佶 Ji, was the 11th son of 神宗 Shenzong (r.
Qiao Da (4114.67) was a member of the Hanlin Academy during the Yuan dynasty.
www.silkqin.com /09hist/qinshixu/huizong.htm   (552 words)

 Great Wall Hiking Tour -- Operated by China Hiking Adventures Inc.
Terraced fields of corn and rows of apple trees with little bags protecting the fruit are planted in sight of the wall in dusty brick villages where residents use hand pumps for water and animals live in the yards.
To the west of the Juyong Pass is a white marble structure called the Cloud Platform (Yuntai), which was built in 1345 to serve as the foundation for a set of three stone pagodas built at eh command of Emperor Huizong, the last ruler of the Yuan Dynasty.
When Emperor Yongle returned north and reestablished Beijing as the capital, he was exposed to attack on three sides.
china-hiking.com /greatwall   (4467 words)

 Painting by Emperor of Song Dynasty Hits Auction Record
Painted by the emperor himself, it has been confirmed an artistic treasure of state level by art experts both at home and abroad.
Only 19 works of Emperor Huizong have been left over to this day, of which 9 are collected by Chinese museums, and the other 10 by overseas institutions and individuals.
The painting auctioned this time is the biggest in size among the emperor's survived works.
english.people.com.cn /200204/24/eng20020424_94649.shtml   (380 words)

 Emperor Huizong Of Yuan China | Emperor Picture   (Site not responding. Last check: )
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 Southern Song History, China Song Dynasty, Chinese Dynasty History
In 1127, the Jin army sacked the Northern Song capital of Kaifeng, taking Emperor Huizong and most of his family hostage.
Huizong's ninth son, Zhaogou, fled to the south.
The period of the Southern Song is neither a period of power nor stability and the dynasty only controlled the area south of the Yangtze River.
www.travelchinaguide.com /intro/history/song/southern.htm   (670 words)

 Hum 230 Syllabus Spring
China mentally realigned itself, first because it had to acknowledge other players in the world such as the powerful nomad states along its own northern borders and second because those nomads would occupy the northern half of China during what is called the “Southern Song” (1127-1279).
Furthermore China was undergoing internal changes such as the emergence of a vibrant urban culture, a culture we will hear via Song storytelling and see via Song cityscape paintings.
Self-representation changed in tandem with the rise of a new social stratum, the shidafu, and the literati culture it produced.
academic.reed.edu /chinese/chin-hum/current_spring.html   (2384 words)

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