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Topic: Emperor of Austria


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  Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal
The phrase Emperor of Austria describes an hereditary imperial title and position proclaimed in 1804 by the Austrian Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor Francis II and continually held by him and his immediate successors until the Habsburg dynasty was overthrown in 1918.
Austria proper (as opposed to the complex of Habsburg lands as a whole) had been an Archduchy since the 15th century, and most of the other territories of the Empire had their own institutions and territorial history, although there were some attempts at centralization, especially between 1848 and 1859.
The title of Emperor of Austria and the associated Empire (if there was such) were both abolished at the end of the First World War in 1918, when German Austria became a republic and the other kingdoms and lands represented in the Imperial Council established their independence or adhesion to other states.
www.goupstate.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=Emperor_of_Austria   (466 words)

  
  Emperor of Austria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Francis thus became Emperor Francis I of Austria.
Austria proper (as opposed to the complex of Habsburg lands as a whole) had been an Archduchy since the 15th century, and most of the other territories of the Empire had their own institutions and territorial history, although there were some attempts at centralization, especially between 1848 and 1859.
The title, and the Empire (if there was such), were abolished at the end of the First World War in 1918, when German Austria became a republic, and the other kingdoms and lands represented in the Imperial Council established their independence or adhesion to other states.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Emperor_of_Austria   (363 words)

  
 Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Francis II Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor, who is also referred to as Francis von Habsburg or Emperor Franz I of Austria (February 12, 1768 – March 2, 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until August 6, 1806, when the Empire was disbanded.
He was a son of Leopold II of Austria (1747 – 1792) and his wife Maria Luisa of Spain (1745 – 1792).
Austria played a major role in the final defeat of France—in recognition of this, Francis, represented by Clemens von Metternich, presided over the Congress of Vienna, helping to form the Concert of Europe and the Holy Alliance, ushering in an era of conservatism and reactionism in Europe.
sterlingheights.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Francis_I_of_Austria   (630 words)

  
 Austria -> History on Encyclopedia.com 2002   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Emperor Charles VI (1711-40), whose dynastic wars had drained the state, secured the succession to the Hapsburg lands for his daughter, Maria Theresa, by means of the pragmatic sanction.
Austria captured world attention in 1986 when former UN secretary-general Kurt Waldheim was elected president despite allegations that he had been involved in atrocities as a German army staff officer in the Balkans during World War II.
Austria confronts its dark Nazi past: as a government commission prepares to release an inventory of property stolen from Jews by the Nazis, a new tide of anti-Semitism is sweeping the country.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/section/austria_history.asp   (3205 words)

  
 Austrian Coins 1892-1918
Francis Josef I (German Franz Josef) (1830-1916) Francis Josef I, emperor of Austria
In 1867, Emperor Francis Joseph was forced to come to a compromise with the Hungarian nation.
Charles I (1887-1922) Charles I (of Austria) was emperor of Austria (1916-1918) and, as Charles
www.austriancoins.com /coins1892-1918.html   (249 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - Charles I, emperor of Austria (Austria And Hungary, History, Biography) - Encyclopedia
Charles I, emperor of Austria, Austria And Hungary, History, Biographies
Charles I 1887–1922, last emperor of Austria and, as Charles IV, king of Hungary (1916–18); son of Archduke Otto and grandnephew and successor of Emperor Francis Joseph.
Charles abdicated as emperor of Austria on Nov. 11 and as king of Hungary on Nov. 13; early in 1919 he and his family went into exile in Switzerland.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/C/Charles1Aus.html   (359 words)

  
 FRANCIS JOSEPH I. - LoveToKnow Article on FRANCIS JOSEPH I.
FRANCIS JOSEPH I. - LoveToKnow Article on FRANCIS JOSEPH I. (1830), emperor of Austria, king of Bohemia, and apostolic king of Hungary, was the eldest son of the archduke Francis Charles, second son of the reigning emperor Francis I., being bornon the i8~h of August 1830.
The young emperor was during the first years of his reign completely in the hands of Prince Felix Schwarzenberg, to whom, with Windischgratz and Radetzky, he owed it that Austria had emerged from the revolution apparently stronger than it had been before.
In his relations with the Slays the emperor displayed the same conciliatory disposition as in the case of the Magyars; but though he more than once held out hopes that he would be crowned at Prague as king of fiohemia, the project was always abandoned.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /F/FR/FRANCIS_JOSEPH_I_.htm   (1763 words)

  
 Franz Joseph I of Austria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Franz Josef I (in English also Francis Joseph) (August 18, 1830 – November 21, 1916) of the Habsburg Dynasty was Emperor of Austria and King of Bohemia from 1848 until 1916 and King of Hungary from 1867 until 1916.
Archduke Franz was the oldest son of Archduke Franz Karl (and Sophie, Archduchess of Austria and Princess of Bavaria), who was brother and heir of Austrian Emperor Ferdinand I.
Their three other children were Sophie, Archduchess of Austria (1855 - 1858), Gisela, Archduchess of Austria (1856 - 1932) and Marie-Valerie, Archduchess of Austria (1868 - 1924).
www.secaucus.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Franz_Josef_of_Austria   (550 words)

  
 Trenches on the Web - Bio: Emperor Franz Josef
Ascent: Franz Josef was crowned Emperor of Austria in 1848 at age 18.
Personal: Emperor and King, still his life was not without its trials and sorrows.
Early on as Emperor he lost major wars to France (1848) and Prussia (1866).
www.worldwar1.com /biohfrj.htm   (300 words)

  
 ELIZABETH OF AUSTRIA - LoveToKnow Article on ELIZABETH OF AUSTRIA   (Site not responding. Last check: )
MELIE EUGENIE 1 (1837-1898), consort of Francis Joseph, emperor of Austria and king of Hungary, was the daughter of Duke Maximilian Joseph of Bavaria and Louisa Wilhelmina, daughter of Maximilian I. of Bavaria, and was born on the 24th of December 1837 at the castle of Possenhofen on Lake Starnberg.
She inherited the quick intelligence and artistic taste displayed in general by members of the Wittelsbach royal house, and her education was the reverse of conventional.
The emperor of Austria, Francis Joseph, met the Bavarian ducal family at Ischl in August 1853, and immediately fell in love with Elizabeth, then a girl of sixteen, and reported to be the most beautiful princess in Europe.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /E/EL/ELIZABETH_OF_AUSTRIA.htm   (593 words)

  
 Franz Joseph I of Austria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Francis Joseph I (in German often abbreviated Franz Joseph or Franz Josef, and in English also Francis Joseph) (August 18, 1830 – November 21, 1916) of the Habsburg Dynasty was Emperor of Austria and King of Bohemia from 1848 until 1916 and Apostolic King of Hungary from 1867 until 1916.
Archduke Franz was the oldest son of Archduke Franz Karl, who was brother and heir of Austrian Emperor Ferdinand I, and his wife Sophie, Archduchess of Austria and Princess of Bavaria).
He became Austrian Emperor as Franz Joseph I when Ferdinand abdicated near the end of the Revolution of 1848, on December 2, 1848.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Franz_Joseph_of_Austria   (780 words)

  
 Emperor   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In Ethiopia, Emperors claiming decent from the ancient King Solomon of the Israelites, and the Queen of Sheba, used the title of "Niguse Negest" which also translates to Emperor and is literally "King of Kings" as well.
In Japan a ruler in Yamato court was called "Tenno" (usually translated as emperor), although Japan is usually not considered an "empire" in the traditional sense of the word except during the brief period of the Meiji, Taisho and early Showa emperors.
Although the Emperor of Japan (born 1945) is classified as constitutional Monarch Emperor among political scientists, the constitution of Japan defines him only as a symbol of the nation and no law states his status as a political monarch or otherwise.
www.yotor.com /wiki/en/em/Emperor.htm   (1154 words)

  
 Emperor Franz Josef   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Franz Josef I (English: Francis Joseph) Emperor of Austria, king of Hungary, (1830-1916), born in Vienna.
Franz Josef was the eldest son of Archduke Franz Karl (Francis Charles), who was brother and heir of Austrian Emperor Ferdinand I. Because his father renounced his right to the throne, Franz Josef became emperor when Ferdinand abdicated near the end of the revolution of 1848.
Austria and Hungary agreed to create a dual monarchy in which the two countries would be equal partners.
www.lib.byu.edu /~rdh/wwi/bio/f/frnzjosf.html   (536 words)

  
 In Honor of Franz Joseph by Carlo Stagnaro
They come from Slovenia, Austria, Hungary, Poland, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Italy, and all the other countries which were once part of the Habsburg Empire.
Austria’s soul is not the centre, it is the periphery.
While in other parts of Europe the idea was growing that the state must coincide with the nation (i.e., it should have one language, one religion, one culture), the Empire was a miraculous example of spontaneous pluralism (which is the contrary of multi-culturalism imposed by force).
www.lewrockwell.com /orig2/stagnaro9.html   (1321 words)

  
 Ferdinand I of Austria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ferdinand I Karl Leopold Joseph Franz Marchlin Emperor of Austria King of Hungary and Bohemia (April 19, 1793 – June 29, 1875) succeeded his father (Franz II Holy Roman Emperor/Franz I of Austria) as Emperor and King in 1835 and was forced to abdicate in 1848.
His marriage to Princess Maria Anna of Sardinia (1803-1884) was probably never consummated, nor is he believed to have had any other liaisons.
In Austria, Ferdinand similarly nicknamed “der Gütige” (the Benign).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ferdinand_I_of_Austria   (276 words)

  
 Articles - Emperor   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The first Latin Emperors of Constantinople on the other hand had to be present in the newly conquered capital of their Empire, because that was the only place where they could be granted to become Emperor.
Instead, these first Emperors constructed their office as a complicated collection of offices, titles, and honours, that were consolidated around a single person and his closest relatives (while in the republic the "taking of turns", often in shared offices, had been the principle for passing on power).
Emperor Karl of Austria, the last ruling hereditary monarch in that country, "relinquished every participation in the administration of the State" on November 11, 1918.
www.gaple.com /articles/Emperor   (5648 words)

  
 Austria
Austria, shorn of Hungary, was proclaimed a republic in 1918, and the monarchy was dissolved in 1919.
Anne of Austria - Anne of Austria, 1601–66, queen of France, daughter of King Philip III of Spain.
Margaret of Austria - Margaret of Austria, 1480–1530, Hapsburg princess, regent of the Netherlands; daughter of...
www.infoplease.com /ipa/A0107301.html   (1164 words)

  
 The State Hermitage Museum: Exhibitions
Emperor Francis I of Austria is depicted in this portrait created for the War Gallery of 1812 in the Winter Palace in the uniform of an Austrian field marshal.
Francis I (1768-1835) was the first Emperor of Austria and (under the name Francis II) the last of the Holy Roman Emperors.
Austria and Russia played the main role in the third anti-French coalition whose forces were smashed in 1805 at the Battles of Ulm and Austerlitz.
www.hermitagemuseum.org /html_En/12/b2003/hm12_3_2_5_1_0.html   (360 words)

  
 Emperor Franz Josef
Franz Josef was crowned Emperor of Austria in 1848 at the age of 18 after the Hungarian revolution, as his predecessor was simply deposed.
Emperor and King, still Francis Joseph`s life was not without its trials and sorrows.
The Austro-Hungarian monarchy is a thing of the past, the vast empire "where the sun never set" is reduced to a small Alpine country, and the surviving members of the Habsburg dynasty are people like you and me (well, almost), but the word "imperial" has lost none of its glamour in Vienna.
www.geocities.com /Vienna/1605/franzjos.htm   (578 words)

  
 Ferdinand I of Austria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
His Imperial Majesty Ferdinand I Karl Leopold Joseph Franz Marchlin Emperor of Austria King of Hungary and Bohemia (April 19, 1793 – June 29, 1875) succeeded his father (Franz II Holy Roman Emperor/Franz I of Austria) as Emperor and King in 1835 and was forced to abdicate in 1848.
Due to his sympathy to Bohemia (where he spent the rest of his life), he is, in Czech nicknamed: “Ferdinand V, the Good”.
In Austria, Ferdinand was in a similar way nicknamed “der Gütige” (the Benignant).
butte-silverbow.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Ferdinand_I_of_Austria   (314 words)

  
 First World War.com - Who's Who - Emperor Franz Josef I
Austria's relationship with Russia was irreparably damaged as a consequence of Austria's withholding of support during the Anglo-Russian Crimean War of 1853-56, a factor in the July Crisis of 1914.
Finally, and perhaps most importantly, Germany's rise to dominance following its successful war with Austria in 1866 and its reunification under Bismarck in 1871, rendered Austria the junior of the two Germanic powers.
Franz Josef left the conduct of the war strictly to his military officials, although by 1916 he believed victory to be impossible and the break-up of his empire likely.
www.firstworldwar.com /bio/franzjosef.htm   (729 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - Ferdinand, emperor of Austria (Austria And Hungary, History, Biography) - Encyclopedia
Ferdinand 1793–1875, emperor of Austria (1835–48), son and successor of Emperor Francis I (who also, as Francis II, had been the last Holy Roman emperor).
After revolution broke out in Vienna in 1848 the emperor promulgated (April) a constitution, but it failed to satisfy the revolutionists.
He fled from Vienna in May and : after the recapture of Vienna by WindischgrAtz : was persuaded by Felix zu Schwarzenberg to abdicate (Dec. 2, 1848) in favor of his nephew, Francis Joseph.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/F/FerdiAus.html   (236 words)

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