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Topic: Enabling Act


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  Enabling Act
The Enabling Act (in German: Ermächtigungsgesetz), passed by the Reichstag on March 23, 1933, was the second major step after the Reichstag Fire Decree through which the Nazi dictatorship was established legally.
As with most of the laws passed in the process of Gleichschaltung, the Enabling Act is quite short, considering its consequences.
While there had been previous enabling acts in the history of the Weimar Republic, this one was far more reaching since Article 2 allowed for changing the constitution as well.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/en/Enabling_Act.html   (652 words)

  
 Enabling Act - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Enabling Act (Ermächtigungsgesetz in German) was passed by Germany's parliament (the Reichstag) on March 23, 1933.
Historians, notably Klaus Scholder, have maintained that a key reason for the leadership of the Centre Party agreeing to support the Enabling Act was a promise from Hitler to negotiate the Reichskonkordat with the Vatican, a treaty that formalised the position of the Catholic church in Germany.
During the cabinet conference on the Enabling Act, von Hindenburg's representative stated that the aged president was withdrawing from day-to-day affairs of government and that presidential collaboration on the laws decreed as a result of the Enabling Act would not be required.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Enabling_Act   (2310 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
The section of land granted by the act of June sixteenth, eighteen hundred and eighty, to the Territory of Dakota, for an asylum for the insane shall, upon the admission of said State of South Dakota into the Union, become the property of said State.
That all lands granted in quantity or as indemnity by this act shall be selected, under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior, from the surveyed, unreserved, and unappropriated public lands of the United States within the limits of the respective States entitled thereto.
That all acts or parts of acts in conflict with the provisions of this act, whether passed by the legislatures of said Territories or by Congress, are hereby repealed.
www.leg.wa.gov /pub/other/enabling_act.htm   (1867 words)

  
 Enabling Act
AN ACT To increase the period for which leases may be made for grazing and agricultural purposes of public lands donated to the States of North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, and Washington by the Act of February 22, 1889, as amended.
AN ACT To amend the Act admitting the State of Washington into the Union in order to authorize the use of funds from the disposition of certain lands for the construction of State charitable, educational, penal, or reformatory institutions.
AN ACT To authorize the States of North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, and Washington to use the income from certain lands for the construction of facilities for State charitable, educational, penal, and reformatory institutions.
www1.leg.wa.gov /OutsideTheLegislature/WashingtonStateInfo/enabling.htm   (1973 words)

  
 Indiana History Documents - The Enabling Act 1816   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
The close relation between the passage of the two enabling acts suggests that this is the beginning of the "twin state" process, that is, the admission of a slave state and a free state simultaneously.
The Enabling Act provided for the election of delegates to the constitutional convention on May 13.
An act to enable the people of the Indiana Territory to form a constitution and state government, and for the admission of such state into the Union on an equal footing with the original states.
www.statelib.lib.in.us /www/ihb/resources/docenab.html   (416 words)

  
 The Enabling Act of 1939   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
The enabling act of 1939 made it possible for towns and plantations to adopt the manager plan at the regular town meeting or at a special town meeting that was called to vote on the manager plan.
Under the 1939 enabling act, it was not unusual to find a manager in one community responsible for the operations of several town departments.
Although the enabling act provided that towns too small for a manager may form a union and jointly hire a manager, this device has not been used.
www.memun.org /public/publications/TownManPlan/enabling_1939.htm   (489 words)

  
 The Raw Story | The New Enabling Act
The Enabling Act, officially known as the “Law to Remedy the Distress of the People and Realm,” was short and simple.
No court, justice, or judge shall have jurisdiction to hear or consider an application for a writ of habeas corpus filed by or on behalf of an alien detained by the United States who has been determined by the United States to have been properly detained as an enemy combatant or is awaiting such determination.
The language of the new Enabling Act is a bit more baroque than that used seventy years ago.
www.rawstory.com /news/2006/The_New_Enabling_Act_0927.html   (882 words)

  
 Michigan adopts a uniform zoning statute: The Michigan Zoning Enabling Act (5-2006) - Law Firm Mika, Meyers, Beckett & ...
The Act allows a township board or county board of commissioners to make revisions in a proposed zoning ordinance amendment, and to adopt the revised version of the amendment, without first referring it back to its planning commission for further consideration.
The Act appears to grant greater discretion to townships and counties with regard to the regulation of nonconforming uses, stating that a zoning ordinance "may" provide for the completion, resumption, restoration, reconstruction and extension or substitution of nonconforming uses, upon terms and conditions stated in the zoning ordinance.
The current provisions of the Township Zoning Act and the County Zoning Act do not include this discretionary language, but instead state that townships and counties "shall" provide in their zoning ordinance for the completion, restoration, reconstruction, extension, or substitution of nonconforming uses, on reasonable terms.
www.mmbjlaw.com /CM/LawBulletin/LawBulletin73.asp   (1019 words)

  
 LOCAL TAX ENABLING ACT   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Any tax imposed under this act shall not be subject to any limitations under existing laws as to rate or amount or as to the necessity of securing court approval or as to budgetary requirements.
Every ordinance or resolution which imposed a tax under the authority of this act shall be passed or adopted, if for a school district, during the period other school taxes are required by law to be levied and assessed by such district.
On and after the effective date of this act the remaining provisions of this section shall be included in or construed to be a part of each tax levied and assessed upon earned income by any political subdivision levying and assessing such tax pursuant to this act.
members.aol.com /StatutesP1/53.Cp.24A.html   (2849 words)

  
 Enabling Act   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Hitler's path to power was made possible by the March 23, 1933 "Enabling Act." This law was officially called the 'Law for Removing the Distress of the People and the Reich.'
"The Enabling Act" curtailed the constitutional freedoms of Germans, based on peril to the homeland, with a promise that they would be fully restored in four years.
In 1937, the German parliament extended the Enabling Act to 1945.
www.electpd.org /EnablingAct.htm   (140 words)

  
 Uncommon Thought Journal: "Enabling" The Patriot Act
This rejection was based on an edict formulated by the German "Enabling Act" of 1933, which gave the Nazi government incalculable powers over individuals, groups, and targeted population components.
Enabling Act, Section 114: Restrictions on personal liberty: Patriot Act: Incipient National ID card (Portland Oregonian, June 12, 2005) may soon be using actual DNA samples as part of its data base.
Enabling Act, Sections 117, 115 and 153: Removal of the privacy of postal, telegraphic and telephonic communications.
www.uncommonthought.com /mtblog/archives/061605-enabling_the_patri.php   (1399 words)

  
 National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 (Unamended)
This act may be cited as the "National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958".
The Deputy Administrator shall act for, and exercise the powers of, the Administrator during his absence or disability.
The Administration, under the foreign policy guidance of the President, may engage in a program of international cooperation in work done pursuant to the Act, and in the peaceful application of the results thereof, pursuant to agreements made by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate.
www.hq.nasa.gov /office/pao/History/spaceact.html   (2945 words)

  
 Enabling Act of 1802 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
The Enabling Act of 1802 was made into law on April 30, 1802 by the Seventh Congress of the United States.
This act authorized the residents of the eastern portion of the Northwest Territory to form the state of Ohio and join the U.S. on an equal footing with the other states.
The act also granted certain lands held by the Federal government to the new state, notably those set aside for public schools, and provided that 1/20th of the proceeds from sale of Federal lands would fund creations of roads to and through Ohio.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Enabling_Act_of_1802   (376 words)

  
 1939 Town Manager Enabling Act   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
The 1939 town manager enabling act undoubtedly stimulated the popularization of the manager plan in Maine.
The act was general enough to give the town broad discretion in assigning duties to the manager.
The act provided that the manager be appointed by the selectmen on the basis of executive and administrative qualifications.
www.memun.org /public/publications/TownManPlan/1939enabling_act.htm   (200 words)

  
 the unPatriotic Act and its sequel(s)
The USA PATRIOT Act is similar to the Enabling Act passed in Germany in 1933 after the "burning of the Reichstag" (parliament), since both were after a terrorist act blamed on foreign infiltrators.
The unPatriotic Act was promulgated on the fiction that the government couldn't "connect the dots" of clues about 9/11, and that it, and the Homeland Security Department, were needed to prevent another 9/11 from happening again.
One of the most repressive acts of the new Nazi government, this one allowed for the suspension of civil liberties....The president was persuaded that the state was in danger and, hence, that the emergency measures embodied in the decree were necessary.
www.oilempire.us /unpatriotic.html   (1902 words)

  
 The Patriot Act compared to The Enabling Act   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
To soften resistance to the passing of the Enabling Act, the Nazis secretly caused confusion in order to create an atmosphere in which the law seem necessary to restore order.
Four hundred and forty votes were registered for the Enabling Act, while a mere 84 votes were opposed – the social Democrats.
Today, according to John Ashcroft and his Patriot Act of 2001, a patriot is someone who kneels down in fear, and hands over his or her rights to the government in the name of fighting terrorism.
www.furnitureforthepeople.com /actpat.htm   (2932 words)

  
 Interstate Pest Control Compact - Legislation
NOTE: The purpose of the enabling act is to fit the Compact into existing pattern of law in the party state.
Except for the text of the Compact, which should be identical in all states, the language of the enabling act may be varied by each enacting state to fit its own law and policy.
When the Governing Board is not in session, the Executive Committee thereof shall act as agent of the Governing Board, with full authority to act for it in passing upon such applications.
www.pestcompact.org /legislation.htm   (3224 words)

  
 Standard Enabling Acts
The basic foundation for planning and zoning in the U.S. was laid by two standard state enabling acts published by the U.S. Department of Commerce in the 1920s.
For many states, the Standard Acts, as they are known, still supply the institutional structure, although some procedural and substantive components may have changed.
The first, A Standard State Zoning Enabling Act (SZEA), was developed by an advisory committee on zoning appointed by Secretary of Commerce (and later President) Herbert Hoover in 1921.
www.planning.org /growingsmart/enablingacts.htm   (482 words)

  
 Zoning enabling act goes to the governor's desk - Michigan Environmental Council
Commonly called the "zoning enabling act," the legislation will unify the three separate state zoning enabling acts into one act that applies to cities/villages, townships and counties.
While not impacting any specific authority currently in law, the new act will increase the opportunity for important cross-jurisdictional, coordinated land use planning by creating a more consistent and simpler authority for land use decision-making processes.
Currently, more than 1,800 local units of government have land use decision-making power in the state, and they are enabled under three different zoning acts and three different planning acts (one of each for cities/villages, townships and counties).
www.mecprotects.org /MER/APR06/zoneact.htm   (171 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
While this is true, he neglects to indicate that the Rules Enabling Act confers a co-equal right of procedural rulemaking on the judiciary.
This claim is extraordinary in light of the Rules Enabling Act and more than fifty years of judicial rulemaking, none of which has been accomplished as a matter of common law development, but rather through statutory prerogative.
That portion of the Rules Enabling Act, endorsed in Hanna, which approves judicial procedural rulemaking essentially is a statutory recognition of the inherent power of federal courts to promulgate internal rules of procedure as an attribute of judicial power.
review.law.mercer.edu /old/46207.htm   (4763 words)

  
 Nazi Germany: The Decrees of 1933
One of the most repressive acts of the new Nazi government, this one allowed for the suspension of civil liberties in the wake of the false crisis created by the Nazis as a result of the fire that gutted the Reichstag (parliament) building on the previous day.
The president was persuaded that the state was in danger and, hence, that the emergency measures embodied in the decree were necessary.
Inevitably, the Act was renewed in 1937 and persisted until the collapse of Germany in 1945.
web.jjay.cuny.edu /~jobrien/reference/ob60.html   (789 words)

  
 Operation Eroding Freedom: 'Enabling' the Patriot Act
The horrible acts of September 11th paved the way for anti-terrorism legislation that grants the federal government sweeping new powers to investigate and detain anyone deemed a threat to national security.
Members of the Constitution Project’s bipartisan blue-ribbon Liberty and Security Initiative have released a letter calling on Congress to examine the United States’ practice of transferring terrorist suspects into the custody of other nations and the methods for ensuring that the people transferred will be treated humanely.
The Rutherford Institute supports the “Freedom to Read Protection Act of 2005,” which was reintroduced by Rep. Bernie Sanders (I-VT) and more than 100 co-sponsors.
www.rutherford.org /ErodingFreedom/2005/06/enabling-patriot-act.html   (605 words)

  
 The USA ENABLING Act by Anthony Gregory
Unlike Clinton’s boldly titled "Death" Act, this one was named to evoke images of the founding fathers and the American Revolution.
USA ENABLING, to continue with the theme of honesty, can be short for "Unifying Scared Americans by Enacting Nazi-esque Acts to Butcher Liberty and Institutionalize Nationalism in Government."
Anyone who would support the USA PATROT Act, its proposed sequel, or the anti-freedom bill currently being considered should probably not be trusted with protecting the country, especially since failing to protect it makes it easier to pass even more of these types of laws.
www.lewrockwell.com /gregory/gregory36.html   (1129 words)

  
 Bring it On! » Blog Archive » The Birth of the Enabling Act of 1933   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
The Enabling Act was passed by Germany’s parliament (the Reichstag) on March 23, 1933.
The Decree of the Reich President for the Protection of People and State (Reichstag Fire Decree) and subsequent Enabling Act that empowered Adolf Hitler to seize control of Germany are occasionally compared to the USA PATRIOT Act.
The USA PATRIOT Act is not as explicit about its intentions, often wording the act in terms of what civil liberties and safeguards people have left.
www.teambio.org /2006/03/the-birth-of-the-patriot-enabling-act   (903 words)

  
 EMIRE: NETHERLANDS - ENABLING ACT
Act passed in 1974 (under the full title of Enabling Act on Income Formation and Employment Protection) for the purposes of coping with the feared possible consequences of the first oil-price shock.
It gave the Minister for Social Affairs and Employment powers, for the year 1974, to take regulatory action on his own initiative in regard to pay and conditions in both the private and public sectors, dividends, rents and leases, termination of employment, the occupation of jobs by foreign workers and working hours.
The Enabling Act followed the Wage Formation Act of 1970, which had had the precise purpose of ending an era of centrally directed pay policy, and allowed a temporary return to such a policy.
www.eurofound.eu.int /emire/NETHERLANDS/ENABLINGACT-NL.html   (169 words)

  
 Enabling Act of 1802
This act called for the admittance of Ohio as a formal state within the United States as soon as possible.
The act also set the date for a constitutional convention, November 1802, and determined how delegates were to be elected to the convention.
Thanks to the United States government's intervention with the Enabling Act, Ohio formally became a state on February 19, 1803.
www.ohiohistorycentral.org /entry.php?rec=1490   (355 words)

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