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Topic: Encephalitis

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In the News (Sun 16 Jun 19)

  Encephalitis - Overview - neurologychannel
Encephalitis is irritation and swelling (inflammation) of the brain.
Primary encephalitis may occur in isolated cases (sporadic) or occur in many people at the same time in the same area (epidemic).
St. Louis encephalitis is the most prevalent type of arboviral encephalitis in the United States, and Japanese encephalitis is the most prevalent type in other parts of the world.
www.neurologychannel.com /encephalitis   (605 words)

  Encephalitis Basics
Encephalitis, or inflammation of the brain tissue, is rare, affecting about 1 in 200,000 people each year in the United States.
In parainfectious encephalitis, a form of encephalitis more common in adults, the brain and spinal cord become inflamed within 5-10 days of contracting a viral or bacterial infection.
Viral encephalitis may develop during or after infection with any of several viral illnesses including influenza, herpes simplex, measles, mumps, rubella, rabies, chickenpox and arbovirus infection including west nile virus.
www.hipusa.com /eTools/webmd/A-Z_Encyclopedia/encephalitisbasics.htm   (343 words)

 Encephalitis-Topic Overview
Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain that is usually the result of a viral infection.
Early on, symptoms of encephalitis may be similar to those of meningitis, a serious viral or bacterial illness that causes inflammation of the tissues surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
Encephalitis is usually diagnosed by analyzing the fluid in the spine (cerebrospinal fluid) for evidence of infection, such as increases in white blood cells and protein.
www.webmd.com /brain/tc/Encephalitis-Topic-Overview   (807 words)

 Encephalitis Information on Healthline
Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain, usually caused by a direct viral infection or a hypersensitivity reaction to a virus or foreign protein.
Primary encephalitis is caused by direct infection by the virus, while secondary encephalitis is due to a post-infectious immune reaction to viral infection elsewhere in the body.
Herpes simplex encephalitis is responsible for 10% of all encephalitis cases and is the main cause of sporadic, fatal encephalitis.
www.healthline.com /galecontent/encephalitis   (726 words)

 Memory Loss & the Brain
Encephalitis is the medical term for an inflammation of the brain, derived from the Greek words enkephalos (brain) and itis (inflammation).
Encephalitis is often caused by a virus spreading into the brain; the most common such cause is herpes simplex encephalitis.
Encephalitis can also be caused by a head wound that penetrates to the brain and becomes infected, or by infection elsewhere that gets into the bloodstream and is carried to the brain.
www.memorylossonline.com /glossary/encephalitis.html   (244 words)

 Home | aHealthyme.com
Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain, usually caused by a direct viral infection or a hypersensitivity reaction to a virus or foreign protein.
Primary encephalitis is caused by direct infection by the virus, while secondary encephalitis is due to a post-infectious immune reaction to viral infection elsewhere in the body.
Herpes simplex encephalitis is responsible for 10% of all encephalitis cases and is the main cause of sporadic, fatal encephalitis.
www.ahealthyme.com /article/gale/100084507   (1355 words)

 Encephalitis: Viral   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Encephalitis can develop shortly after a virus is introduced by the bite of an infected insect, or it can be caused by a virus that has been latent in the body.
Viral encephalitis infections that are caused by the arboviruses are transmitted by mosquitoes or ticks.
Encephalitis can occur at any age, but the highest risk is in children under four years of age, with a peak from three to six months, and among elderly adults, especially those over age 60.
www.reutershealth.com /wellconnected/doc96.html   (6541 words)

Encephalitis is a term used to describe inflammation of the brain.
The cause of encephalitis varies depending on the season, the area of the country, and the exposure of the child.
Encephalitis often is preceded by a viral illness such as an upper respiratory infection, or a gastrointestinal problem such as diarrhea, nausea, or vomiting.
www.healthsystem.virginia.edu /uvahealth/peds_neuro/encepha.cfm   (746 words)

 Publications - Infectious Factsheets- Japanese Encephalitis
Japanese encephalitis is a potentially severe viral disease that is spread by infected mosquitoes in the agricultural regions of Asia.
Japanese encephalitis is a disease that is spread to humans by infected mosquitoes in Asia.
Japanese encephalitis is a seasonal disease that usually occurs in the summer and fall in the temperate regions of China, Japan, and Korea.
www.astdhpphe.org /jpenceph.asp   (725 words)

 Encephalitis lethargica - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Encephalitis Lethargica, also known as sleeping sickness (though different from the sleeping sickness transmitted by the tsetse fly), is a devastating illness that swept the world in the 1920s and then vanished as quickly as it had appeared.
Encephalitis lethergica is characterized by high fever, sore throat, headache, double vision, delayed physical and mental response, sleep inversion, catatonia and lethargy.
The cause of encephalitis lethargica is not yet known for certain, but on the basis of research by British doctors Russell Dale and Andrew Church, the disease is now thought to be due to a massive immune reaction to an infection by the streptococcus-like bacterium, diplococcus.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Encephalitis_lethargica   (699 words)

Encephalitis can be a complication of Lyme disease transmitted by ticks, or of rabies spread by rabid animals.
Encephalitis cannot be prevented except to try to prevent the illnesses that may lead to it.
Encephalitis that may be seen with common childhood illnesses like measles, mumps, and chickenpox can be largely prevented through proper immunization.
www.kidshealth.org /parent/infections/bacterial_viral/encephalitis.html   (1100 words)

 MedlinePlus: Encephalitis
The primary NIH organization for research on Encephalitis is the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
Fortunately, encephalitis is uncommon in the United States.
Article: Limbic encephalitis as a precipitating event in adult-onset temporal lobe...
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/encephalitis.html   (253 words)

 Meningitis and Encephalitis Information Page: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Meningitis and encephalitis are inflammatory diseases of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord and are caused by bacterial or viral infections.
Symptoms of encephalitis include sudden fever, headache, vomiting, heightened sensitivity to light, stiff neck and back, confusion and impaired judgment, drowsiness, weak muscles, a clumsy and unsteady gait, and irritability.
The acute phase of encephalitis may last for 1 to 2 weeks, with gradual or sudden resolution of fever and neurological symptoms.
www.ninds.nih.gov /disorders/encephalitis_meningitis/encephalitis_meningitis.htm   (524 words)

 Encephalitis - MayoClinic.com
Although the term "encephalitis" literally means "inflammation of the brain," it usually refers to brain inflammation resulting from a viral infection.
Experts suspect that the actual incidence of encephalitis is probably much higher — but because most people have such mild signs or symptoms, many cases go unrecognized.
Encephalitis occurs in two forms — a primary form and a secondary form.
www.mayoclinic.com /health/encephalitis/DS00226   (218 words)

 The Encephalitis Society
The Society’s stated aim is to improve the quality of life of all people affected directly and indirectly by encephalitis.
Help people affected by encephalitis, worldwide, by supporting our work.
Encephalitis Society - action for Support, Awareness and Research www.encephalitis.info The Encephalitis Society is the operating name of the Encephalitis Support Group a Company limited by guarantee no 4189027 Registered Charity No 1087843 7b Saville Street, Malton, YO17 7LL,UK Adminstration:+44(0)1653 692 583 Information line:+44(0)1653 699 599
www.encephalitis.info   (133 words)

Encephalitis is an acute infection and inflammation of the brain itself.
This is in contrast to meningitis, which is an inflammation of the layers covering the brain.
Japanese encephalitis virus is the most common arbovirus in the world (virus transmitted by blood-sucking mosquitoes or ticks) and is responsible for 50,000 cases and 15,000 deaths per year.
www.emedicinehealth.com /encephalitis/article_em.htm   (376 words)

 Encephalitis – Types of Encephalitis – Tick-borne encephalitis
Tick-borne encephalitis virus circulates in small wild animals, mostly rodents, and is transmitted by Ixodes ticks.
Genetic sequencing has allowed Western tick-borne encephalitis virus, which is endemic in Germany, Austria and much of Europe, to be distinguished from Far-Eastern tick-borne encephalitis virus which is found across the former Soviet Union.
Far Eastern tick-borne encephalitis has a higher case fatality rate, but the Western form is often associated with sequelae (after effects).
www.encephalitis.info /TheIllness/TypesEncephalitis/TickBorne.html   (344 words)

 Encephalitis and Meningitis - Healthy Living: Living a healthy lifestyle for disease prevention on MedicineNet.com
There are many types of encephalitis, most of which are caused by infection with viruses.
Symptoms of encephalitis include sudden fever, headache, vomiting, abnormal visual sensitivity to light, stiff neck and back, confusion, drowsiness, clumsiness, unsteady gait, and irritability.
Symptoms that require emergency treatment include loss of consciousness, poor responsiveness, seizures, muscle weakness, sudden severe dementia, memory loss, withdrawal from social interaction, and impaired judgement.
www.medicinenet.com /encephalitis_and_meningitis/article.htm   (364 words)

 NHS Direct - Health encyclopaedia -Encephalitis
Encephalitis is inflammation (swelling) of the brain tissue.
Encephalitis can affect anyone in any part of the world, at any age but it is extremely rare, with approximately 4 in every 100,000 affected in the UK each year.
Some types of encephalitis can be mild and cause almost no symptoms, other than feeling ill with a fever, but other cases can be very serious and life threatening.
www.nhsdirect.nhs.uk /articles/article.aspx?articleId=148   (372 words)

 Arbovirus encephalitis
Encephalitis is a serious inflammation of the brain, Arbovirus encephalitis is caused by a virus from the Arbovirus group.
Louis encephalitis tends to strike adults older than 40 years of age, and older patients tend to have higher rates of death and long-term disability from the infection.
Encephalitis occurs because specific arboviruses have biochemical characteristics which cause them to be particularly attracted to the cells of the brain and the nerves.
www.healthatoz.com /healthatoz/Atoz/ency/arbovirus_encephalitis.jsp   (842 words)

 Encephalitis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Encephalitis is an acute inflammation of the brain, commonly caused by a viral infection.
Sometimes, encephalitis can result from a bacterial infection, such as bacterial meningitis, or it may be a complication of other infectious diseases like rabies (viral) or syphilis (bacterial).
Encephalitis lethargica is an atypical form of encephalitis which caused an epidemic from 1917 to 1928.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Encephalitis   (816 words)

 Encephalitis Fact Sheet
Encephalitis is a medical term that refers to an inflammation of the brain.
Primary encephalitis describes the situation where the cause of the encephalitis is known and is believed to be responsible for the patient's symptoms.
Many of the causes of encephalitis are communicable and, if one case of encephalitis is diagnosed within a community, appropriate steps may need to be taken immediately to prevent the further spread of the disease.
health.utah.gov /epi/fact_sheets/enceph.html   (249 words)

 Viral encephalitis | Health Library | Walgreens
Encephalitis from toxoplasmosis, which is transmitted in a cat's fecal matter, results in 2,100 hospitalizations a year, which rivals herpes as the most common infectious cause of encephalitis.
Encephalitis may be caused by other parasitic infections, such as toxocariasis (from roundworms found in dogs and cats); or cysticercosi (from food or water contaminated with pork tapeworm eggs).
Since it is difficult to determine the cause of encephalitis and rapid treatment is essential, it is common to give the patient medication for the symptoms that respond to therapy without waiting to determine the cause of the illness.
www.walgreens.com /library/contents.jsp?doctype=10&docid=000096   (7815 words)

In such cases, encephalitis may be due to hypersensitivity — an overreaction of your immune system to a foreign substance.
When a bird is infected with encephalitis, it carries high levels of the virus in its blood for a short time before recovering from the infection and developing immunity to the disease.
Encephalitis can be difficult to treat because the viruses that cause the disease generally don't respond to medications.
www.cnn.com /HEALTH/library/DS/00226.html   (2442 words)

 Encephalitis - DrGreene.com
Encephalitis is primarily an inflammation of the brain.
West Nile virus rapidly spread across the United States at the turn of the 21st century as a cause of encephalitis, but enteroviruses are far and away the most common cause.
Encephalitis may be so mild as to require only rest, fluids, and something for the headache -- or it may require intensive care and full life-support.
www.drgreene.com /21_1080.html   (612 words)

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