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Topic: Endemic

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In the News (Fri 24 May 19)

  Endemic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Endemic, in a broad sense, can mean belonging or native to, characteristic of, or prevalent in a particular geography, race, field, area, or environment; Native to an area or scope.
In ecology, an organism being "endemic" means exclusively native to a place or biota.
In epidemiology, an infection is said to be "endemic" in a population when that infection is maintained in the population without the need for external inputs.
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Endemic   (159 words)

 Endemic (ecology) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In biology and ecology endemic means exclusively native to a place or biota, in contrast to cosmopolitan or one of various ways of being not native (e.g., adventive, exotic, alien, introduced, naturalized).
A species that is endemic is unique to that place or region, found naturally nowhere else, whereas a species that is indigenous may be native to other locations as well.
Islands are especially likely to develop endemic forms because of their geographical isolation; remote island groups, such as Hawai'i and the Galápagos Islands, have large numbers of endemic species.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Endemic_(ecology)   (225 words)

 The Endemic Flora
The endemic flora of the sinharaja occupies a unique status it accounts for 64% t o75% of the total number of species recorded among the trees and lianes over 30 centimeters in girth.
Endemic tree species considered to be rare have been identified in the Sinharaja as well as in other lowland rain forests.
Similarly, of the 217 endemic trees and woody climbers of the rain forest region, 65% i.e.
www.sinharaja.4t.com /pages/endemic_flora.htm   (249 words)

 Endemic Goitre in the Union of South Africa and Some Neighbouring Territories
Although the highly fluorinated subterranean waters are the major cause of endemic goitre in the North-Western Cape Province, there are certain areas in the northern and north-western parts where goitre is due, in a measure at least, to primary iodine deficiency, as for example at Upington, Karos, Sultana, Oord, Askham, Van Zylsrust, Seodin and Kuruman.
In the Union of South Africa we have the complicating fact that in the endemic fluorine area (North-Western Cape Province) there are certain localities where endemic goitre is due, not to the presence of excessive quantities of fluorine in the water, but to a deficiency of iodine in the water supplies.
On the other hand, there are endemic goitre areas where the major cause of the disease is primary iodine-deficiency and where there are odd cases where the disease is fluorine-induced.
www.slweb.org /south-africa.goitre.html   (2611 words)

 Kinetoplastid Biology and Disease | Full text | Leishmaniaspecies and zymodemes isolated from endemic areas of ...
The endemicity of the region was recognized in the 1970s due to the increase in the number of cases diagnosed.
Endemicity of the disease was ascertained after reporting a total of 524 cases during 1973–1978 [17].
The disease is endemic for many years in Jericho (Jericho boil), the endemicity of the disease has been maintained due to the presence of the vector Phlebotomus papatasi, and the reservoir host Psammomys obesus in that area [22].
www.kinetoplastids.com /content/1/1/7   (4178 words)

Stipend/Salary/Consulting Fees o Trainees (endemic country graduate students and endemic country post-advance degree participants) may be paid a stipend comparable to their professional experience similar to other equivalent trainees at the grantee institution but not exceeding $45,000 per year in accordance with the grantee institutional policies while involved in long-term training at the grantee institution.
Short-term training in either the grantee or endemic country site of up to four weeks in specific research methods or other laboratory, clinical, field or administrative skills related to the malarial anemia research efforts at the collaborating endemic country institution for technicians, health care professionals and research administrative staff.
Before any funds can be expended for activities at the endemic country site from this award, the grantee institution must show evidence of approval for collaborative research and training between the grantee and endemic country countries and institutions included in the program through an endorsement from an appropriate officials from the collaborating institutions.
grants.nih.gov /grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-TW-01-006.html   (5073 words)

 Endemic Cretinism - Clinical   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The three characteristic features of neurological endemic cretinism in its fully developed form are extremely severe mental deficiency together with squint, deaf mutism and motor spasticity with disorders of the arms and legs of a characteristic nature.
The role of autoimmunity in the etiology endemic cretinism remains controversial.
During the past five to ten years, major progress has been made in our understanding of endemic cretinism, mostly based on new epidemiological studies and on experimental aspects of thyroid homeostasis during the perinatal period in conditions of iodine deficiency, largely due to the outstanding group of Morreale de Escobar et al.
www.thyroidmanager.org /Chapter20/20_cretinism.htm   (2135 words)

 4   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
At least 12 of the species are endemic, notably the 11 cichlids that form one of the two recorded ‘species flocks’ in West Africa.
The freshwater crabs of the Indian peninsula south of the Ganges basin are all endemic to the subcontinent and belong to two families, the Gecarcinucidae and the Parathelphusidae (Alcock, 1910; Bott, 1970b).
One endemic genus (possibly an artefact of limited collection; more surveys might show it to be present outside this area) and about 6 endemic species, including a cave species (Kottelat et al., 1993, updated).
www.unep-wcmc.org /information_services/publications/freshwater/4_table.htm   (5488 words)

 Endemic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Endemic in biology and ecology means native to a place or biota, in contrast to any one of several terms meaning "not native" (e.g., adventive, exotic, alien, introduced, naturalized, non-native) and differentiated from indigenous.
Islands are especially likely to develop endemic forms because of their geographical isolation; remote island groups, such as Hawai'i and the Galapagos, have large numbers of endemic species.
Endemics can also develop in other biologically isolated areas, such as the highlands of Ethiopia or large bodies of water like Lake Baikal.
www.indexlistus.de /keyword/Endemic.php   (276 words)

 Swaziland National Trust Commission - Annotated Checklist of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Swaziland
Of the reptilian fauna one endemic form occurs in Swaziland, another form is endemic to Swaziland and southern Mozambique, four forms are endemic to Swaziland, South Africa and southern Mozambique, five forms are endemic to Swaziland, Lesotho and South Africa, and twenty-five forms are endemic to Swaziland and South Africa.
Endemic to Swaziland, where it is restricted to the highveld region.
This form is endemic to South Africa and Swaziland with a relict population in eastern Zimbabwe.
www.sntc.org.sz /checklst/sdreptam.html   (4587 words)

Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) is an irreversible, chronic, tubulo-interstitial nephropathy of unknown origin, geographically confined to several rural regions of the Balkan Peninsula.
As BEN becomes manifest at older ages (40-50 years), it is possible that the shorter life expectancy in the endemic areas before the war did not allow for a "critical mass" of diseased people to accumulate, and an epidemic kidney disease to be noted.
The population of villages in the endemic areas uses well/spring water almost exclusively for drinking and cooking, and is therefore potentially exposed to any toxic organic compounds in the water.
www.uninet.edu /cin2003/conf/ctatu/ctatu.html   (3380 words)

 eMedicine - Endemic Syphilis : Article by Hassan Galadari, MD
Endemic syphilis is caused by a spirochete closely related to T pallidum, which is T pallidum subsp endemicum.
Endemic syphilis is transmitted through direct or indirect skin-to-skin or mouth-to-mouth contact of the infected lesion.
Endemic syphilis is a disease common in areas of poor economic status, education, and personal hygiene.
www.emedicine.com /derm/topic117.htm   (1952 words)

 CDC - Endemic, Notifiable Bioterrorism-Related Diseases, United States, 1992–1999
Early detection of and response to a bioterrorist attack are crucial to decrease illness and deaths, especially in the event of a covert attack with a biologic agent (17).
In this analysis, certain diseases appear to be endemic in certain geographic areas (e.g., foodborne botulism in Alaska, brucellosis and plague in the western states, and tularemia in the central United States).
For potential bioterrorism-related conditions that are endemic and have low incidence, nontraditional surveillance methods (e.g., sentinel emergency department surveillance [46]) and complementary data sources (e.g., electronic laboratory reporting [47]) might be used to complement traditional sources of surveillance data (e.g., NNDSS) and can enhance our ability to detect changes in disease incidence.
www.cdc.gov /ncidod/eid/vol9no5/02-0477.htm   (4073 words)

 MARA Maps - Info
Some “unsuitable” areas may actually have endemic malaria because of the presence of surface water in an area where there is little or no rain.
In Southern Africa (Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe and South Africa) "endemic" encompasses regions where the climate is 50-100% suitable, whereas in the rest of Africa "endemic" refers to regions where climate is 20-100% suitable.
Endemic areas are defined as "areas with significant annual transmission, be it seasonal or perennial".
www.mara.org.za /mapsinfo.htm   (1012 words)

 Relapsing Fever
A recurring febrile disease transmitted to humans by ticks (endemic form) and by body lice (epidemic form), and is caused by several antigenic forms of Borrelia recurrentis.
Endemic relapsing fever is transmitted by soft ticks (Ornithodoros sp.) from a rodent reservoir to humans.
Endemic relapsing fever: Soft ticks feed for short periods of time (an hour or so) and the Borrelia are inoculated within minutes.
www.kcom.edu /faculty/chamberlain/Website/lectures/lecture/relapfev.htm   (892 words)

 Tanco Memorial Lecture by Amartya Sen - August 1990, London
In contrast, endemic deprivation is a more persistent phenomenon, forcing people to live regularly and ceaselessly in a state of undernourishment, disease and weakness.
While endemic deprivation is less fierce as a calamity, it is also more resilient and affects more people.
The eradication of famines and the elimination of endemic deprivation can both profit from active and efficient planning, with state action seen in conjunction with the normal functioning of the economy and the society.
www.thp.org /reports/sen/sen890.htm   (8634 words)

 Galapagos 1999 Species List
One was with the penguins on Isabela I. ENDEMIC to Galapagos.
ENDEMIC to the Tumbesian region of southwest Ecuador and northwest Peru.
ENDEMIC to Galapagos, being found on 3 or 4 small islands, primarily on Espanola.
www.amazilia.net /images/Travel/Galapagos1999/Galapagos1999Species.htm   (3094 words)

 eMedicine - Onchocerciasis : Article by Michael A Forgione, Jr, MD
In endemic areas, the focus of control is reducing the microfilarial burden of the population.
Mass treatment with ivermectin is employed in areas of high endemicity and has successfully reduced the morbidity associated with onchocerciasis in treated populations by reducing the microfilarial burden.
People in endemic areas should be educated about the disease, vector, life cycle, and personal protective measures, and they should be enrolled in a mass treatment campaign.
www.emedicine.com /med/topic1667.htm   (2952 words)

 Hawaiian Native Plants, UH Botany
Cyanea angustifolia, haha, 3 - Peahinaia, Opaeula, O'ahu, Endemic genus.
Cyanea kolekoleensis, haha, 1,2 - Wahiawa drainage, Kaua'i, endemic genus.
Cyanea remyi, haha, 1-3 - Wahiawa drainage, Kaua'i, endemic genus.
www.botany.hawaii.edu /faculty/carr/cyanea.htm   (302 words)

 Endemic Bird Areas
Worldwide, the most important places for habitat-based conservation of birds are the Endemic Bird Areas — critical regions for the conservation of the world's birds and other biodiversity, that are often also particularly rich in human cultures and languages.
However, a minority of the World's species have small, restricted ranges, being confined to a particular area, and they are thus said to be endemic to that area.
For example, the Kagu is an extraordinary and unique rainforest bird that is endemic to the island of New Caledonia in the Pacific Ocean — it is not found anywhere else.
www.birdlife.org /action/science/endemic_bird_areas   (686 words)

 Melioidosis: an important cause of pneumonia in residents of and travellers returned from endemic regions -- Currie 22 ...
in an endemic region to onset of melioidosis in a nonendemic
Endemic melioidosis in tropical northern Australia: a 10-year prospective study and review of the literature.
A cluster of melioidosis cases from an endemic region is clonal and is linked to the water supply using molecular typing of Burkholderia pseudomallei isolates.
erj.ersjournals.com /cgi/content/full/22/3/542   (5184 words)

 Importance of concentration tests in diagnosing heartworm in dogs
The aim of this study was to compare the concentration and serological tests results in two groups of 7 dogs each, with heartworm infection, and living in endemic and non-endemic areas.
In Italy, endemic areas are the Po plane and the Tuscan coast (Fig.
Introduction of the disease to such areas is thought to have resulted initially from the free movement of infected animals from warmer, higher incidence areas.
www.priory.com /vet/cardioworm.htm   (2220 words)

 Endemic definition - Medical Dictionary definitions of popular medical terms
Something that is endemic is typically restricted or peculiar to a locality or region.
For example, malaria is endemic in some areas of Africa.
The word "endemic" comes from the Greek "en-", "in" + "demos", "people or population" = "endemos" = "in the population." An endemic is in the people.
www.medterms.com /script/main/art.asp?articlekey=3234   (280 words)

 Kinetoplastid Biology and Disease | Abstract | Leishmaniaspecies and zymodemes isolated from endemic areas of cutaneous ...
Leishmaniaspecies and zymodemes isolated from endemic areas of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Jordan
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is endemic in the Middle Eastern countries.
Endemicity of the disease was ascertained after reporting a total of 524 cases during 1973–1978.
www.kinetoplastids.com /content/1/1/7/abstract   (340 words)

 High Levels of Interleukin-1 in Patients with Endemic Pemphigus Foliaceus -- Rocha-Rodrigues et al. 10 (5): 741 -- ...
Genetic markers for susceptibility to endemic Brazilian pemphigus foliaceus (fogo selvagem) in Xavante Indians.
HLA antigens and risk for development of pemphigus foliaceus (fogo selvagem) in endemic areas of Brazil.
The prevalence of antibodies against desmoglein 1 in endemic pemphigus foliaceus in Brazil.
cdli.asm.org /cgi/content/full/10/5/741   (2056 words)

 [mc1] Megacity 1 [mc1]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Well it may not be the best of sites but it'll do for now until we get a decent one together.
endemic are a team based upon the principles of tactics, teamplay and dedication.
The majority of endemic have been playing together in previous teams for a while with the addition of 2 new faces to complete the line-up.
www.freewebs.com /endemic   (176 words)

 Birding for endemics
When one refers to the term an endemic species, it means a species that is restricted to a certain region and that can be found nowhere else in the world.
Southern Africa is fortunate to have a high level of endemism in all forms of life and in fact South Africa, as a country, is considered by some to be the third most biologically diverse country in the world.
57 of the Southern Africa's endemic species and 32 of the near endemic species are available on day trips from Cape Town, and most of these can be found reasonably easily with appropriate local knowledge.
www.zestforbirds.co.za /endemic.html   (407 words)

 The Role of Intramolecular Epitope Spreading in the Pathogenesis of Endemic Pemphigus Foliaceus (Fogo Selvagem) -- Li ...
The Role of Intramolecular Epitope Spreading in the Pathogenesis of Endemic Pemphigus Foliaceus (Fogo Selvagem) -- Li et al.
The role of subclass switching in the pathogenesis of endemic pemphigus foliaceus.
An epitope in the third hypervariable region of the DRB1 gene is involved in the susceptibility to endemic pemphigus foliaceus (fogo selvagem) in three different Brazilian populations.
www.jem.org /cgi/content/full/197/11/1501   (5879 words)

Starting in music as Strictly Rockers, Coffey came through hip hop and hardcore, and was fed a love of Brazilian jazz by a music teacher with a vision.
Endemic Void released a string of singles which have been recognised at press and radio level as being of the highest quality, gaining loyal fans such as Gilles Peterson, Mixmaster Morris or Fabio along the way.
'Equations' is Endemic Void's debut album, a long-player of dense, jazzy, cool, intricate and exciting grooves, which promises to be a landmark in the UK drum'n'bass scene.
www.crammed.be /language/wordd4p_.htm   (238 words)

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