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Topic: Endogamous

In the News (Mon 21 Apr 14)

  Endogamous group - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Endogamous group is a community in which the members generally marry within the group.
The caste in India and the tribes in many of the cultural regions of the world form endogamous groups.
In multi-ethnic societies with many small populations of distinct ethnicities in proximity to each other, the endogamous groups are generally combinations of similar ethnicities, leading to the social conception of "race".
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Endogamous_group   (96 words)

 Microsatellite Diversity among Three Endogamous Tamil Populations Suggests Their Origin from a Separate Dravidian ...
Abstract The genetic profiles based on 15 autosomal microsatellite markers were analyzed among three socially distinct endogamous Dravidian populations: Tanjore Kallar, Vanniyar, and Pallar of Tamil Nadu, southern India, in order to understand their origin and the extent of genetic affinity and diversity among them.
The Tanjore Kallar (Thanjai Kallar, Thanjavur Kallar) form one of the geographically differentiated endogamous groups of the dominant Kallar community (population size: around 3 million) of Tamil Nadu, who are described as a martial community in the early Chola and Pandya periods (9th century A.D.) (Singh 1997).
The Vanniyars comprise four endogamous divisions that are distinguished by a social hierarchy, and random samples (87 individuals) collected represent all four divisions.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_qa3659/is_200310/ai_n9305327   (840 words)

 Genomic diversities and affinities among four endogamous groups of Punjab (India) based on autosomal and mitochondrial ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
In the present study, we have included four endogamous groups resident in the north Indian State of Punjab, with a view to understanding the extent of genetic diversities and affinities among them.
Four endogamous groups of Punjab consisting of Brahmins, Khatris, Jat Sikhs, and Scheduled Castes were studied for eight InDel loci.
While one view is that they are one of the Rajput tribes, another is that the Rajputs belong to the original Aryan stock that entered India, and the Jats belong to a later wave of immigrants of Indo-Scythian stock (Ibbetson 1916a,b).
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_qa3659/is_200212/ai_n9161997   (1104 words)

 Communal Solidarity in a Migrant Community
Table 1 may be thought of as a table of endogamous availablity, in that the possibility of a man from the Canterbury stream marrying endogamously depends on the availability of a wife from the Canterbury stream.
Endogamous temoinage was also low amongst that born in Thorney.
It is not clear, however, that we may generalise from this, and suggest it may be taken as evidence that endogamy in general follows from communal soildarity rather than the mere fact of neighbourhood.
privatewww.essex.ac.uk /~alan/family/N-Thorney.html   (2024 words)

 Taking a Closer Look at the ‘One Drop Rule’
The endogamous U.S. color line has existed for over three centuries, but the one-drop rule was not adopted until the turn of the 20th century.
A possible hint is that the endogamous color line was stronger in the early 19th-century northeast (less intermarriage) than it was in the deep South.
I suspect that the endogamous color line was reinforced in the northeast by the in-your face ethnicities of the Jacksonian era.
mulattonationtimes.tripod.com /articles/OneDrop.htm   (7678 words)

 endog   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Whether it be due to "societal pressure", parental pressure, internalized values or some combination of these factors, Americans tend to abide by certain endogamous norms when marrying: age, propinquity, class, race, religion, and ethnicity to mention a few.
One major consequence of class endogamy is preserving the "status quo." To the extent that individuals marry within their own class, they reduce the amount of class mobility which might take place through marriage.
Ethnicity is waning in importance as an endogamous norm.
www.faculty.fairfield.edu /faculty/hodgson/Courses/so142/dating/endog.htm   (2088 words)

 Antebellum Louisiana and Alabama--The Color Line and the One-Drop Rule
Census records reveal that marriage across the Black-to-Colored endogamous color line barrier was 6.4 percent, while exogamy across the Colored-to-White color line was 16.6 percent, and between the Black and White groups it was a negligible 0.9 percent.
First, the endogamous color line barrier between free Blacks and free Coloreds was over twice as strong, in practice, as that between the Coloreds and Whites.
Census data seems to match court cases in numbers of endogamous groups (there were three), in numbers of endogamous intermarriage barriers (there were two), and in intermarriage patterns (the White-to-Colored barrier was weakest, the Colored-to-Black barrier was stronger, and the White-to-Black barrier was strongest).
backintyme.com /essay041015.htm   (5521 words)

 Endogamy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Despite the fact that many people tend to marry members of their own social group, there are some groups that practice endogamy very strictly as an inherent part of their moral values, traditions or religious beliefs.
Endogamy is a common practice among displanted cultures attempting to make roots in new countries as it encourages group solidarity and ensures greater control over group resources (which may be important to preserve where a group is attempting to establish itself within an alien culture).
Famous examples of strictly endogamous religious groups are the Yazidi in Northern Iraq (under Islamic majority), the Armenian-Iranians, and the Parsi of India (a country with a Hindu majority).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Endogamy   (216 words)

 endog   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The strongest endogamous norm existing in U.S. marriage patterns is race.
This is one endogamous norm which had been encoded in legal system.
There is likely to be some increase in the numbers of interracial marriages (there HAS been some improvement in lessening discrimination and segregation) but this norm is likely to be around for quite some time in the future.
faculty.fairfield.edu /faculty/hodgson/Courses/so142/dating/endog.htm   (2088 words)

 Bioline International Official Site (site up-dated regularly)
In the present study it is found among Korku, an endogamous Austro-Asiatic tribe settled in central India, that oldest females pairwise, maternal geographical distances were inversely related with mtDNA-HVRll control region sequence differences, mismatch distribution was unimodal and the most common haplotype had wide geographical distribution.
The empirical findings lead to 1) the possibility of an explanation that the Korku, though showed demographic expansion, the place of expansion may not be the area of their present habitation 2) the scope of combining information on maternal distances and mtDNA sequence diversity in deriving demographic history of populations.
The route of their migration was further exemplified by the existence of various endogamous Austro-Asiatic tribes in the contiguous areas extending from eastern to central India.
www.bioline.org.br /request?hg03007   (1396 words)

 FOR THE RECORD 2003-0314745   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Where they exist as a specialized endogamous group, hunters are said to be the most despised; they are differentiated from other marginalized craft groups, and may even be considered sub-human.
Endogamous isolation is the precursor of group membership by birth, and so can be seen as a cause of this form of marginalization/discrimination.
As a consequence of the endogamous and social isolation of the affected communities, segregation in housing and residence is relatively common in the cases described, at least in rural or traditional communities.
www.hri.ca /fortherecord2003/documentation/commission/e-cn4-sub2-2003-24.htm   (5230 words)

 Douglas R. White: Controlled Simulation of Marriage Systems   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
A structurally endogamous block of the skeleton of a p-graph is formally equivalent to a bicomponent of the graph since in a bicomponent two or more independent paths connect every pair of nodes.
The application of graph-theoretic algorithms to identify structurally endogamous bicomponents of nodes involved in matrimonial relinking represents a straightforward solution to the problem of precise decomposition of the aggregate social units potentially involved in marriage rules and strategies.
Those within the structurally endogamous core of the village - emergent from marriage choices - belong to a social class of propertied farmers, and those outside this core, even if they are the siblings of heirs, rarely belong to this social class.
jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk /2/3/5.html   (11835 words)

It is an ethnic group, and endogamous community which has its own distinct traditions, customs and culture.
Their presence, the privileges they had, the clergy they maintained, all help the shape up and flourishing of the original Christianity in India which was at the crossroads.
As endogamous community its numerical growth was limited and remained as minority.
www.ghg.net /knanaya/comunity/kna-hist.htm   (923 words)

 Intergenerational Transmission of French as a Mother Tongue   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The focus on the language transfer has tended to obscure a significant reinforcement of the French language both in endogamous and even more dramatically in exogamous families.
Looking at the transmission of French as a mother tongue in families with children under the age of 25, we can see that its transmission has slightly increased in families where both parents are Francophone.
The level of intergenerational transmission was already relatively high in endogamous families in 1971 (See Tables 11 and 12).
www.pch.gc.ca /OFFLANGOFF/perspectives/english/assimil2/04e.html   (293 words)

 Features of Today's Endogamous Color Line--The Color Line and the One-Drop Rule
The U.S. endogamous color line is rhetorically based on the notion that somewhere along the path of gradually darkening skin tone from Norway to Nigeria lies a border separating White people from Black.
Endogamous group membership is assigned by society, once enforced by criminal legislation, and nowadays enforced via peer pressure from both groups.
In short, the U.S. endogamous color line is the lever by which immigrant groups continue to wrench themselves into the White mainstream using Black Americans as the fulcrum.
backintyme.com /essay050701.htm   (7448 words)

 Public Anthropology
The first is an “endogamous” stratum which consists of five words: apo (all ascending-descending relationships with the exception of parent and child), ama (male kindred of the generation preceding ego’s), ina (female kindred of the generation preceding ego’s), anak (kindred of the generation succeeding ego’s), and tulang (all kindred of the same generation).
The cognates apo, ina, and anak are almost universal terms throughout Malayan languages for endogamous relationships.
  Barton’s hypothesis for this split is that endogamous groups, because of pressure of increasing populations, advancing technologies, and greater stability of residence, abandoned their indifference toward other cultural groups.
www.publicanthropology.org /Archive/Aa1941.htm   (11296 words)

 Sex and Marriage: Marriage Rules (Part 1)
The endogamous group generally consists of the members of an individual's ethnic/racial, religious, socio-economic and/or age groups.
In other words, the endogamous group includes relatives outside of the nuclear family but not more distant than cousins.
In the rural areas of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, it is not unusual to find that a third of marriages are with first cousins.
anthro.palomar.edu /marriage/marriage_3.htm   (1306 words)

 FAFO Report 177
The classically described preferred marriage among Palestinians is that of endogamous marriage between members of the same clan, and in particular marriage between the children of two brothers.
The high rate of endogamous marriage undoubtedly contributes to the reproduction of particular Palestinian communities as distinct and bounded units, be they villages, refugee camps or urban neighbourhoods.
He preferred to maintain and strengthen his social ties with his kin and neighbours in the camp, rather than establishing new social ties with the native inhabitants of Nablus who were non-refugees.
almashriq.hiof.no /general/300/320.political_science/327/fafo/reports/FAFO177/4_4.html   (1031 words)

To a lesser degree, we are inclined to marry people from the same ethnic or class background.
In the US, we tend to be endogamous by age, class, location, religion, and ethnic group.
From the perspective of personal choice, we might say that one is inclined to marry someone that they have things in common with.
filebox.vt.edu /a/acurling/endogamous.html   (524 words)

 Kevin MacDonald: Separation and its Discontents: Toward an Evolutionary Theory of Anti-Semitism - by Robert Pois
MacDonald's basic concern is to show how Jews, exclusivist to the point of being racist, clannish, and endogamous, always have stood out, albeit in isolation, as an irritant throughout history.
Rather, due mainly to endogamous practices which, in the end, provided for a program of "eugenics" (p.
Of greater importance for him, though, was and is the clash over "resources," material, and at times human, between a collectivist, endogamous group, possessed of greater intelligence due to eugenic selection, and less intelligent, but somehow, one gets the feeling, harder working majorities.
www.ideajournal.com /articles.php?id=18   (2854 words)

 INTERRACIAL VOICE - Guest Editorial
To illuminate the past, scholars define "the race notion" as the existence of a color line -- an endogamous, impermeable social boundary.
Endogamous means that folks do not marry across the line.
You are expected to die on the side of the color line where you were born.
www.webcom.com /intvoice/sweet.html   (2147 words)

 Essays and Articles
Because it was a collective social process, the original endogamous circle prior to conversion was still preserved even after the group undergoing the process had witnessed a significant degree of cultural change.
Because mass conversion to Islam was also rarely, if ever, a sudden event, but, rather, generally took the form of a gradual process of cultural change, often extending over generations, many of the converts retained several of their local, pre-Islamic beliefs and practices.
By restricting marriage to one's occupational and ethnic group, caste, which is, in theory, an endogamous birth-based occupational category, came to be regarded as essential to establishing kafa'a for purposes of marriage.
www.law.emory.edu /ihr/yogi3.html   (5403 words)

 ETHNIC IDENTITY MOVEMENTS AND THE LEGAL PROCESS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The emergence of the endogamous system is hardly anomalous--it is the expected outcome of a social structure that limited your pool of eligible marriage partners according to race, religion, class, and geographic proximity, in a mulatto population that was already small to begin with.
During the 19th century, as the endogamous system developed its boundaries, some families whose ancestors had previously married people with Wesort surnames gradually became excluded from the deme, while new surnames were being accepted into the deme.
They wrote their membership regulations so that applicants not already part of the revival would have to prove descent from one of the people with core surnames who were enumerated on at least one of two lists.
hal.lamar.edu /~BROWNTF/PISCATAWAY.HTML   (14358 words)

 BioMed Central | Full text | Deletions in the Y-derived amelogenin gene fragment in the Indian population
The high frequency in incidence of failures in the Indian sub-continent prompted us to scrutinize the amelogenin typing results of 7,214 individuals (including 4,257 males) belonging to 104 different endogamous populations that were genotyped as part of our DNA databasing project.
DNA was isolated by standard organic extraction method [12] either from blood or buccal swabs of consenting 4,257 male and 2,957 female individuals belonging to 104 different endogamous groups.
Since the extent of deletion is large to avoid amplification dropout of the Y-homologue with currently available commercial primer sets, we suggest it would be prudent to include an additional gender test such as SRY and/or Y-STR testing for accurate gender identification of biological specimens.
www.biomedcentral.com /1471-2350/7/37   (2617 words)

 Untitled Document
It consists of 42 endogamous castes, each comprised of several exogamous patrilineages and totalling 359 households.
The surrounding villages have the same caste structure, so marriages can be within the same village or to someone in the same caste in a neighbouring village, provided they are in a different lineage.
In Sripuram, the 42 endogamous castes are divided into three groups.
www.unis.org /class/anthro/Sripuram.htm   (1853 words)

 Incest and Agency in Elizabeth's England | Quilligan, Maureen
It is no accident for Quilligan that the first printed work of Elizabeth I was a translation done at age eleven of a poem by Marguerite de Navarre, in which the notion of "holy" incest is the prevailing trope.
Nor is it coincidental that Mary Wroth, author of the first sonnet cycle and prose romance by a woman printed in English, described in these an endogamous, if not legally incestuous, illegitimate relationship with her first cousin.
Sir Philip Sidney and his sister, the Countess of Pembroke, translated the psalms together, and after his death she finished his work by revising it for publication; the two were the subject of rumors of incest.
www.upenn.edu /pennpress/book/14154.html   (414 words)

 WKU Anth 450 Lab 3 Hardy-Weinberg   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
So populations are, by definition, panmictic and endogamous.
If individuals of a group do not mate randomly or mate outside the group, that group of individuals is not a population.
Three conditions must be met for a population to be in equilibrium: (1) there is an infinitely large population; (2) the population is panmictic and endogamous; and (3) no forces of evolution are operating.
www.wku.edu /~darlene.applegate/humanvariation/labs/lab3.html   (1684 words)

 Biotech cos wake up to India's genetic jackpot
Indian scientists as well as biotech firms have awakened to the fact that there is a genetic jackpot in the country's endogamous gene pool.
With its 4,635 anthropologically well-defined endogamous populations-- of which 532 are tribal, including 72 primitive populations, India is a bigger laboratory than Iceland to study population/community-based genetic diseases, says Kumarasamy Thangaraj, scientist at CCMB.
The CCMB, in collaboration with the Anthropological Survey of India and various universities has already created a large repository of over 9,000 DNA samples from 130 endogamous populations covering the whole of India.
inhome.rediff.com /money/2005/jun/13gene.htm   (453 words)

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