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Topic: English monasteries


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  The Benedictine Order - ├ľkumenisches Heiligenlexikon   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
It was from the monastery of St. Andrew in Rome that St. Augustine, the prior, and his forty companions set forth in 595 on their mission for the evangelization of England, and with them St. Benedict's idea of the monastic life first emerged from Italy.
Monasteries such as these often became in turn the centres of revival and reform in their respective neighbourhoods, so that during the tenth and eleventh centuries there arose several free unions of monasteries based on a uniform observance derived from a central abbey.
The council decreed that the monasteries of each country should be banded together into a congregation; periodical representative chapters were to ensure systematic government after one pattern; the appointment of definitors and visitors was to secure uniformity and cohesion; and the autonomy of the individual monasteries were to be preserved.
www.heiligenlexikon.de /CatholicEncyclopedia/Benediktiner.html   (17657 words)

  
 [No title]
It existed, in name and in fact, as the church of the English people centuries before that people became a united nation, and, in spite of changes in doctrine and ritual, it remains the same church that was planted in England at the end of the 6th century.
Great as were the benefits which the English derived from their teaching, its cessation was not altogether a loss, for the church was passing beyond the stage of mission teaching and needed organization, and that it could not have received from the Scots.
English clerks studied philosophy and theology at Paris or law at Bologna; some remained abroad and were famous as scholars, others like Archbishops Langton, and Edmund Rich, and Bishop Grosseteste returned to be rulers of the church, and others like Roger Bacon to continue their studies in England.
encyclopedia.jrank.org /correction/edit?locale=en&content_id=23044   (13081 words)

  
 Dissolution of the Monasteries - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Dissolution of the Monasteries, referred to by Roman Catholic writers as the Suppression of the Monasteries, was the formal process by which King Henry VIII confiscated the property of the monastic institutions in England between 1538 and 1541.
Many of the dismantled monasteries and friaries were sold for nominal amounts (often to the local townspeople), and some of the lands the King gave to his supporters; there were also pensions to be paid to some of the dispossessed clerics.
The rebels called for an end to the dissolution of the monasteries, for the removal of Cromwell, and for Henry's daughter, and eldest child, the Catholic Mary to be named as successor in place of his younger son Edward.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Dissolution_of_the_Monasteries   (2017 words)

  
 Monasticism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Celibacy is of primary importance in monastic discipline, being seen as the preeminent factor in separating the life of a monk from that of a 'householder'.
Sabbas the Sanctified organized the monks of the Judean Desert in a monastery close to Bethlehem (483), and this is considered the mother of all monasteries of the Eastern Orthodox churches.
Benedict of Nursia founded the monastery of Monte Cassino in Italy (529), which was the seed of Roman Catholic monasticism in general, and of the order of Benedict in particular.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Monasticism   (1893 words)

  
 Suppression of English Monasteries under Henry VIII   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
From any point of view the destruction of the English monasteries by Henry VIII must be regarded as one of the great events of the sixteenth century.
The monastery offered these poor people a few nights stay for free within their rooms, while the monastery infirmary was used as a hospital for sick people from the towns as well as for poorly monks.
Monasteries were looked upon in England, at the time of Henry's breach with Rome, as one of the great bulwarks of the papal system; the monks had been called "the great standing army of Rome".
www.tudorplace.com.ar /Documents/suppression_of_english_monasteri.htm   (7560 words)

  
 The Benedictine Order
In Switzerland the disciples of Columbanus had founded monasteries early in the seventh century, two of the best known being St. Gall's, established by the saint of that name, and Dissentis (612), founded by St. Sigisbert.
On account of the difficulties arising from the direction of the French monasteries by a superior residing in another kingdom, a separate congregation — that of St.-Maur — was organized in 1621 for the monasteries in France, whilst that of St.-Vannes was restricted to those situated in Lorraine.
Apostolic work was also done by the English Fathers of the Cassinese P. congregation amongst the Hindus in Western Bengal, and amongst the Maoris in New Zealand; and French monks of the same congregation laboured in the Apostolic vicariate of the Indian Territory, U. A., from the headquarters at the Sacred Heart Abbey, Oklahoma.
www.catholicity.com /encyclopedia/b/benedictine_order.html   (16693 words)

  
 Chapter 3   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
In order to understand the impact of the relationship between King Cnut and the English church, the condition of the church in the period before the Danish conquest in 1013-1016 needs to be examined.
English church reform was, thus, separate from the continent, but under the influence of leaders that were aware of continental reforms.
The monastery at Cluny was the center of the continental reform movement.
www.mnsu.edu /emuseum/prehistory/vikings/ascear.html   (1922 words)

  
 SUPPRESSION OF THE ENGLISH MONASTERIES DURING THE REIGN OF KING HENRY THE EIGHTH
The monasteries "had a gross income of a hundred and sixty thousand pounds and a net income of a hundred and thirty five".3 "The property of the Church represented between one-forth and one-third of all the land in England.
The English Church in the Sixteenth Century from the Accession of Henry VIII to the Death of Mary.
The English Parish Clergy on the Eve of the Reformation.
www.peterwestern.f9.co.uk /monasteries.htm   (13515 words)

  
 Medieval churches and monasteries in England
Monasteries, abbeys, and parish churches in the life of Medieval England.
Monasteries were the other main form of church presence.
Cistercian monasteries were established in remote areas to emphasize this ideal.
www.britainexpress.com /History/TheMedievalChurch.htm   (710 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Suppression of English Monasteries Under Henry VIII
It is well to remember this, as it throws an interesting and somewhat unexpected light upon the first dissolutions: the monasteries were doomed prior to these visitations, and not in consequence of them, as we have been asked to believe according to the traditional story.
No other evidence as to the state of the monasteries at this time is forthcoming, and the inquirer into the truth of these accusations is driven back ultmately upon the worth of these visitors' words.
Hence, as a rough calculation, it may be taken that at the fall of the monasteries an income of about two million pounds sterling a year, of the 1910 money value, was taken from the Church and the poor and transferred to the royal purse.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/10455a.htm   (3365 words)

  
 Henry VIII, monasteries and Bible
Although the population of England was increasing during the 16th century, the number of monks and nuns was in decline.
The monasteries were major landlords and were no better (but no worse) than their lay counterparts in the way they treated their tenants.
The Dissolution of the monasteries involved a certain amount of physical destruction: buildings decayed because the lead was seized from the roofs; libraries were broken up and sold off.
history.wisc.edu /sommerville/361/361-09.htm   (1181 words)

  
 Cluniac Order
For those monasteries that have spawned numerous daughters, however, the fee is not merely emblematic, as the cumulative income derived therefrom constitutes a substantial sum [23].
It is thus often extremely difficult for English parent houses to reign in disobedient offspring, and as a result, individual priories often exercise considerable autonomy [30].
In English houses, novices are frequently inducted and then take their vows without the abbot's knowledge or sanction, and some religious who are to travel to Cluny to complete their profession wait years or even decades to do so.
www.aedificium.org /MonasticLife/CluniacOrder.html   (5577 words)

  
 Dissolution of the Monasteries
The monasteries were rich, and a lot of that wealth found its way directly or indirectly to the royal treasury.
Some of the monastery buildings were sold to wealthy gentry for use as country estates.
One of the results of the Dissolution of the Monasteries is that those who bought the old monastic lands were inclined to support Henry in his break with Rome, purely from self interest.
www.britainexpress.com /History/Dissolution_of_the_Monasteries.htm   (434 words)

  
 English Monasteries - ClanBrandon Books
English Monks and the Suppression of the Monasteries Geoffrey Baskerville — RRP: ┬ú12.99
English Monks and the Suppression of the Monasteries (Bedford Hist.
Henry VIII and the English Monasteries Francis A. Gasquet — Item may not be in stock.
www.clanbrandon.co.uk /book-shop/english+monasteries.htm   (571 words)

  
 Church History - Maccaffrey (V. 2)
The English nation, weakened by the Wars of the Roses and tired of a contest that possessed little interest for the masses, was not unwilling to submit itself without reserve to the guidance of a strong ruler provided he could guarantee peace both at home and abroad.
It cannot be said with justice that the English people at the time were either badly instructed in the principles of their religion or indifferent to the practices of the Church to which they belonged.
The fortresses along the coast and on the Scottish borders were strengthened, and replenished; the fleet was held in readiness in the Thames; and a volunteer army trained and equipped was raised to contest the progress of the invaders or at least to defend the capital.
www.franciscan-sfo.org /ap/maccaffrey2.htm   (16017 words)

  
 At the Edge: Recovering the lost religious place-names of England
Monasteries and minsters are a good place to start, because they are relatively well documented.
Parallels to English eg would seem to be Welsh ynys (‘island’), as in Ynys Pyr (Caldey Island, ‘the ynys of St Piro') [10] and Scandinavian holm (‘small, island’), as in the monastic names Durham (dun holm), Holme Cultram (Cumb) and Hulme St Benet’s (Norfolk).
As Sawyer says [37], Old English place-names probably were subject to periodic complete substitution, with stability achieved only through the influence of legal or tax documents, or by the construction of a church.
www.indigogroup.co.uk /edge/Religpns.htm   (5207 words)

  
 OSB. Rule of Benedict. Text, English. Table of Contents
Several contemporary scholarly and literary translations of the Rule into English exist, but the Leonard Doyle translation used here is familiar to generations of US and other English-speaking monastics from its widespread and long term use in refectories and chapter rooms.
Chapter 66: On the Porters of the Monastery
The earliest foundation made entirely for the English in exile was a house of Benedictine nuns begun at Brussels in
www.osb.org /rb/text/toc.html   (1017 words)

  
 Medieval Sourcebook: The Suppression of Glastonbury Abbey
Under Henry VIII, in the most successful land grab in English history, Henry VIII and his chief minister Thomas Cromwell suppressed the monasteries.
To maintain political support, Henry, Edward, and later Elizabeth awarded monastic lands to members of the English aristocracy (hence the number of English Stately homes called "Abbey").
This disbursal of Church lands meant that the entire English upper class was committed to maintaining separation from Rome, and "Protestantism" became a defining feature of English national identity.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/source/h8-glastonbury.html   (445 words)

  
 The Later Middle Ages and the Dissolution of the Monasteries
Albans Cathedral, begun in 1077; Perterborough Cathedral, begun in 1117 and which houses the tomb of Catherine of Aragon; and Winchester Cathedral, which houses the relics of Cnut.
Dissolution of the monasteries and chantries: sources in the public records office; see also Sources of history for religious houses and their lands
Dissolution of the Monasteries on the Continent: Zwingli's Reformation
www.faculty.de.gcsu.edu /~dvess/ids/medieval/dssolut.html   (334 words)

  
 Dependent Priories Med Monasteries, 184383054X, £50.00/$85.00, 400p 2004
This study charts for the first time the history of the 140 or so daughter houses of English monasteries, which have always been overshadowed by the French cells in England, the so-called alien priories.
The first part of the book examines the reasons for the foundation of these monasteries and the relations between dependent priories and their mother houses, bishops and patrons.
An extremely thorough and clear account of the history and everyday life of the hitherto little-studied area of English dependent priories.
www.boydell.co.uk /4383054X.HTM   (399 words)

  
 Table of contents for Library of Congress control number 2003020726   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Constitutional Affairs of English Cells 00 3.
The Economy of English Cells 000 Epilogue: The Dissolution of English Cells 000 Appendices 1.
The Foundation of English Cells, c.1017-c.1250 000 2.
www.loc.gov /catdir/toc/ecip049/2003020726.html   (208 words)

  
 Piety and Power; King Cnut and the English Church, 1014 to 1035
Figure 3 shows the locations of English monasteries before 1066.
The table below contains a list of the abbots that headed the above monasteries during Cnut's reign.
Abbots that were appointed during Cnut's reign whose appointment he may have influenced are shown in bold type.
members.aol.com /bakken1/angsax/ascabb.htm   (84 words)

  
 English Monasteries and their Patrons in the XIIIth Century. - WOOD, SUSAN.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
English Monasteries and their Patrons in the XIIIth Century.
The dustwrapper very lightly soiled, else a fine copy.
They offer full satisfaction and normal prices - no markups, no hidden costs, no overcharged shipping costs.
www.antiqbook.com /boox/nor/4184.shtml   (68 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Monastic Spaces and Their Meanings: Thirteenth-Century English Cistercian Monasteries (Corpus Fontium ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Amazon.com: Monastic Spaces and Their Meanings: Thirteenth-Century English Cistercian Monasteries (Corpus Fontium Manichaeorum): Books: Megan Cassidy-Welch
Publisher: learn how customers can search inside this book.
Monastic Spaces and Their Meanings: Thirteenth-Century English Cistercian Monasteries (Corpus Fontium Manichaeorum) (Hardcover)
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/2503510892?v=glance   (447 words)

  
 Find in a Library: An essay on English monasteries
Find in a Library: An essay on English monasteries
Publisher: London : Published for the Historical Association by G. Bell, 1939.
WorldCat is provided by OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. on behalf of its member libraries.
www.worldcatlibraries.org /wcpa/ow/05677deb2baf6be0.html   (56 words)

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