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Topic: English plural

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 Plural - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In English, nouns, pronouns, and demonstratives inflect for plurality.
It should also be noted that the distinction between the paucal, the plural, and the greater plural is often relative to the type of object under discussion.
For example, Polish has singular and plural, and a special form (paucal) for numbers where the last digit is 2, 3 or 4, (excluding endings of 12, 13 and 14).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Plural   (605 words)

Plural is a grammatical number, typically referring to more than one of the referent in the real world.
In the English language, singular and plural are the only grammatical numbers.
For example, in the English sentence "the brown cats run," only the noun and verb are inflected; but in the French sentence "les chats bruns courent," every word (article, noun, adjective, and verb) are inflected.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/pl/Plural.html   (200 words)

 An Algorithmic Approach to English Pluralization
The English language is overburdened with idiosyncratic grammatical features, a legacy of its eclectic accretion over 1500 years [2,3].
English is sufficiently flexible that programmers, faced with the task of generating text of a changeable number, may easily enough recast their synthetic prose into "number-inclusive" forms.
The "specified plural form" is the appropriate anglicized or classical plural form of the word, as it appears in the category table.
www.csse.monash.edu.au /~damian/papers/HTML/Plurals.html   (4715 words)

 FOREIGN PLURALS. The Columbia Guide to Standard American English. 1993
English has borrowed words from nearly every language with which it has come into contact, and particularly for nouns from Latin, Greek, Hebrew, and French, it has often borrowed their foreign plurals as well.
Confusion over the pronunciations and spellings of the plurals have made the Conversational or Informal clipping alum (plural alums), with the stress on the second syllable, a very high-frequency word in all but the highest levels and even in Semiformal writing.
The masculine alumni is most frequently used as the generic plural of the full word when the referent is a mixed group: The state university’s alumni council meets at Homecoming.
www.bartleby.com /68/95/2595.html   (267 words)

 The American Heritage® Book of English Usage. 1996. Page 240
Compound words, written with or without a hyphen, that consist of a noun followed by an adjective or other qualifying expression form their plurals by making the same change in the noun that is made when the noun stands alone: attorney-general, attorneys-general; daughter-in-law, daughters-in-law; man-of-war, men-of-war; heir apparent, heirs apparent; notary public, notaries public.
Normally in such cases the unchanged plural indicates that the animal in question is being considered collectively, while the plural ending in -s is used specifically to indicate different varieties or species or kinds: We caught six fish but Half a dozen fishes inhabit the lake.
The plural of a word being used as a word is indicated by -’s: underline all the but’s.
www.bartleby.com /64/pages/page240.html   (462 words)

 What's the Plural of 'Virus'?
Trying to find a plural for something that didn't take a plural (possibly because it was not a count but a mass noun), or at least, one for which no plural is classically attested, is a fruitless endeavour.
According to the fourth declension the plural genitive of virus in Latin is viruum and therefore an Index of Viruses is in Latin an Index Viruum.
Well, in English; in Latin it probably wasn't, as their `v' was likely more akin to the intervocalic `v' in today's Spanish, a sound with no equivalent in English but which is often perceived as a `w'.
linuxmafia.com /~rick/faq/plural-of-virus.html   (2620 words)

 AUE: FAQ excerpt: Plurals of Latin/Greek words   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-04)
"Virus" is not attested in the plural in Latin, and is of a rare form (2nd declension neuter in -us) that makes it debatable what the Latin plural would have been; the only plural in English is "viruses".
The classical-style plurals of "penis" and "clitoris" are "penes" /'pi:ni:z/ and "clitorides" /klI'tOrIdi:z/.
The Latin plural of "curriculum vitae" is "curricula vitae".
alt-usage-english.org /excerpts/fxplural.html   (357 words)

 An Algorithmic Approach to English Pluralization
in the plural (and vice versa for verbs).
The algorithms are based on the rules of English inflection described in the Oxford English Dictionarym [5] (OED), Fowler's Modern English Usage [6], and A Practical English Grammar [1].
One task which is complicated by the irregular inflections of many English plurals is that of indexing or cross-referencing text.
www.csse.monash.edu.au /~damian/papers/extabs/Plurals.html   (1466 words)

 LINGUIST List 15.1540: Latin / English Plural of Virus
However, if uirus had a plural, it would not be of collective meaning, at least not in the modern sense of the word.
I think that we should not do linguistics-fiction and that the only legitimate plural of the modern word virus is viruses in English (and virus in French, where plural -s is not added to words already ending in -s).
The most Latin-true educated guess to a plural form might be ''vira'', seeing as the stem is ''vir-'' and neutral plurals are always in -a.
www.linguistlist.org /issues/15/15-1540.html   (1849 words)

 Exploring Language: Word Class: Nouns [English Online]
In Maori, and in spoken French, a plural is indicated by a change in the definite article rather than in the noun itself.
Chinese students learning English often have difficulty with the plural -s form because in Chinese the plural is not indicated in the word form.
These are nouns that have a singular and a plural form, such as book/s, frog/s, woman/women.
english.unitecnology.ac.nz /resources/resources/exp_lang/nouns.html   (660 words)

 English plural - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In the English language, nouns are inflected for grammatical number—that is, singular or plural.
For dwarf, the common form of the plural was dwarfs—as, for example, in Walt Disney's Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs—until J.
Opinion is divided on whether to extend this use of the apostrophe to related but nonambiguous cases, such as the plurals of numerals (e.g., 1990's vs. 1990s) and words used as terms (e.g., "his writing uses a lot of but's" vs. "his writing uses a lot of buts").
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/English_plural   (4592 words)

 EnglishToolbox.net | David Appleyard's Guide to English Spelling Rules
American English not only adheres to the usual rule requiring the final syllable to be stressed before doubling, it doubles the final l in all forms of the verb, thereby eliminating this particular spelling headache altogether:
In British English (as in the case involving a final l above), a stressed syllable is not a prerequisite for doubling the s before -ed and -ing to form past tenses and gerunds.
In modern-day English, onto and on to are both regarded as correct prepositional forms.
www.davidappleyard.com /english/spelling.htm   (1180 words)

 Word list of plural words, english language sounds, translations and simple facts for your amusement
Our Living Language In English, plurals of nouns are normally indicated by the ending -s or -es, or in a few cases by -en, as in children and oxen.
This zero plural has a long history and was not formerly as socially stigmatized as it is today.
A few dialects of English have unmarked plurals that may extend beyond the class of measure nouns.
www.wordsplural.com   (807 words)

 P.I.T.E. - you all
It isn't that you doesn't have a plural form, but rather you *is* the plural form of itself.
A 2nd person plural is common in languages other than English, and it's not uncommon for English-speakers to adopt their own version of the 2ndpp to make up for its absence.
I learned from the Quakers that at the time of their founding, around 200 years ago, both "you" and "thou" were used in the singular in standard English.
www.painintheenglish.com /post.php?id=361   (764 words)

 Plural Form - Englishpage.com Forums
Hi, what's the plural form of the word "will", used in the sense of desire or wish.
Both sentences are OK. In this case, all the people appear to have wanted the same thing, so I think most people would use sentence 1, showing a single will, even with multiple people.
It was suggested to me that the plural form of "will" is also "will" and I've never seen the word "wills" used in any context, so I wasn't sure.
www.englishpage.com /forums/showthread.php?t=3816   (131 words)

Hi Hookster, You wrote: I understand that the word premises is the plural form of the word premise.
''Nouns that only exist in plural form'' means: the verb that is used with the noun has to be in plural: Most nouns can be used both in singular and in...
Please reply to If a plural singular noun is a plural noun followed by...
www.englishforums.com /search/Plurals.htm   (440 words)

 English Grammar
When the subject of a verb is a plural noun, the verb must be in the third person plural.
It should be noted that when a plural is formed by adding s to words ending in ce, ge, se or ze, the final es is pronounced as a separate syllable.
Proper nouns form plurals following the rules given above, except that proper nouns ending in y always form the plural simply by adding s, even when the y is preceded by a consonant.
www.fortunecity.com /bally/durrus/153/gramch13.html   (713 words)

 Why is 'headquarters' always plural?
I think accommodations is probably used less often in British English than in American English when you're talking about your lodgings.
Although they all end with an S and are seen as single things, the usage of the verb isn't always singular.
Barracks, means and works are also used with both singular and plural forms of a verb.
www.english-test.net /forum/ftopic9622.html   (1010 words)

 plural - English-Italian Dictionary - WordReference.com
Adjectives for masculine nouns that are feminine in the plural
I would like to congratulate you (plural and kind form) on having received...
Cuffie - singular or plural, common or not?
www.wordreference.com /enit/plural   (68 words)

 Can There be Muslim English?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-04)
There are three dominant trends in the current usage of Arabic words in the non-scholarly English language that we have observed.
If an Arabic term or its equivalent English word has become dominant in usage, lets keep using it for a while although it may not be very accurate representation of Arabic sounds or term.
Many difficult and uncommon spellings of Arabic words in English are used to achieve an honest rendering of the Arabic pronunciation.
www.soundvision.com /Info/education/muslimenglish.asp   (2371 words)

 Collin Grady » What’s the plural of ‘virus’ ?
NOTE.–The nominative plural neuter cete, sea monsters, occurs; the nominative singular cetus occurs in Vitruvius.
Steam in his manual on botanical Latin (Botanical Latin, Newton Abbey, 2nd ed., 1973) gives what would be the normal plural forms of such a second declension neuter noun: nominative vira, genitive virorum, without, however, indicating his authority for those forms.
One examble of an invariant genitive form of virus is attested in Ammianus, which reads: qui ut coluber copia virus exuberans natorum.
collingrady.com /2004/07/03/whats-the-plural-of-virus   (2627 words)

 Plural Verbs with Singular Subjects
We often use singular nouns that refer to groups of people (eg government, committee, team) as if they were plural.
This is because we often think of the group as people, doing things that people do (eating, wanting, feeling etc).
Using a plural verb with singular subject is less common in American English.
www.angelfire.com /az3/englishzone/plural_singular.htm   (159 words)

 Joanna Crump's Webpage on English Grammar
The majority of English count nouns are regular and predictable in the spelling of the plural form.
However, if the singular ends with -y and the -y is not preceded by a vowel (or is not a proper name) the -y changes to -i and the plural is then -es.
Note that some of these have adapted a regular English plural form as well.
www.gsu.edu /~wwwesl/egw/crump.htm   (279 words)

 What's the Plural of `Virus'?
Not all Latin words ending in -us had plurals in -i.  Apparatus, cantus, coitus, hiatus, impetus, Jesus, nexus, plexus, prospectus, and status were 4
declension, with plurals corpora, genera, and opera.  Virus is not attested in the plural in Latin, and is of a rare form (2
declension neuter in -us) that makes it debatable what the Latin plural would have been; the only plural in English is viruses.  Omnibus and rebus were not nominative nouns in Latin.  Ignoramus was not a noun in Latin.
www.ofb.net /~jlm/virus.html   (2596 words)

 Robin Sabino   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-04)
Robin Sabino is an associate professor in the Department of English and Acting Assistant Director of Auburn University's Center for Diversity and Race Relations.
She has taught courses in linguistics, language acquisition, technical writing, composition, and literature.
Ongoing projects include research on the history and description of Negerhollands, Virgin Islands English, and the second language acquisition of English plural morphology.
www.auburn.edu /english/bios/sabino.htm   (123 words)

 Linguist List - Book Information
The problems of the use of Singapore English grammatical features in creative literature are also discussed.
A bibliography of 230 works on Singapore English grammar is included.Features of the book:The book is organized into two main parts: description of aspects of Singapore English grammar, and topics in the teaching of grammar in Singapore.This book is data-driven.
Josephine Yeo Nyuk Peng & David Deterding: Influences of Chinese and Malay on the written English of secondary students in Singapore10.
linguistlist.org /pubs/books/get-book.cfm?BookID=6266   (353 words)

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