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Topic: English words of Greek origin

  Greek language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Greek has been written in the Greek alphabet (the first to introduce vowels), since the 9th century BC in Greece (before that in Linear B), and the 4th century BC in Cyprus (before that in Cypriot syllabary).
Medieval Greek: The continuation of Hellenistic Greek during medieval Greek history as the official and vernacular (if not the literary nor the ecclesiastic) language of the Byzantine Empire, and continued to be used until, and after the fall of that Empire in the 15th century.
Greek words have been widely borrowed into the European languages: astronomy, democracy, philosophy, thespian, etc. Moreover, Greek words and word elements continue to be productive as a basis for coinages: anthropology, photography, isomer, biomechanics etc. and form, with Latin words, the foundation of international scientific and technical vocabulary.
www.knowledgehunter.info /wiki/Greek_language   (2213 words)

Classical Greek fell into disuse in western Europe in the Middle Ages, but remained known in the Byzantine Empire, and was reintroduced to the rest of Europe with the Fall of Constantinople and Greek migration to Italy.
The bulk of Greek vocabulary evolved from the Proto-Greek, the ancestor of all Greek dialects.
Greek is considered to be a Category II language in terms of difficulty for speakers of English.
www.nvtc.gov /lotw/months/february/greek.html   (1163 words)

 list of greek words with english derivatives - Article and Reference from OnPedia.com
There are considerable differences between the various transliterations used to represent the Greek alphabet in English.
Greek had no letter h: a rough breathing over an initial vowel or diphthong – – indicates that the word was pronounced with an initial h, and a smooth breathing – – indicates the absence of an h, but this has since disappeared in speech, and Modern Greek omits the breathings.
The Greek words are shown in polytonic orthography, in other words showing the breathings and the fuller range of accents, as used in Ancient Greek.
www.onpedia.com /encyclopedia/list-of-greek-words-with-english-derivatives   (377 words)

 English language - Gurupedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
English is descended from the language spoken by the Germanic tribes, the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes (Vikings), that began populating the British Isles around 500 AD.
English belongs to the western sub-branch of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European family of languages.
English grammar is based on that of its Germanic roots, though some scholars during the 1700s and 1800s attempted to impose Latin grammar upon it, with little success.
www.gurupedia.com /e/en/english_language.htm   (2597 words)

 Greek language - Information at Halfvalue.com
Classical Greek fell into disuse in western Europe in the Middle Ages, but remained officially in use in the Byzantine world, and was reintroduced to the rest of Europe with the Fall of Constantinople and Greek migration to Italy.
Medieval Greek: The continuation of Hellenistic Greek during medieval Greek history as the official and vernacular language of the Byzantine Empire, and continued to be used until, and after the fall of that Empire in the 15th century.
In respect to the roots of words, ancient Greek vocabulary was essentially of Indo-European origin, but with a significant number of borrowings from the idioms of the populations that inhabited Greece before the arrival of the Proto-Greeks.
www.halfvalue.com /wiki.jsp?topic=Greek_language   (2687 words)

 Wordwizard Clubhouse - Why is "ph" pronounced "f"?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
English words of Greek origin often use "ph" rather than "f", e.g.
One consequence of these conditions was that in the 15th, 16th, and 17th c., ph was frequently substituted for f in words not of Greek origin, esp. in words that were somewhat rare, the scribes apparently taking ph as a more learned, and thus presumably more correct, spelling.
In the Roman spelling of Indian languages ph represents the true aspirated p (of Sanskrit), and this is occasionally the origin of ph in alien words: cf.
www.wordwizard.com /ch_forum/topic.asp?TOPIC_ID=6958   (569 words)

 Greek language at AllExperts
Greek (, IPA â€" "Hellenic") is an Indo-European language with a documented history of 3,500 years, the longest in the Indo-European family.
Due to the membership of Greece and Cyprus in the European Union, Greek is one of the 20 official languages of the European Union.
Modern Greek is written in the late Ionic variant of the Greek alphabet.
en.allexperts.com /e/g/gr/greek_language.htm   (2399 words)

 An Apocalypse: the Greek Imprint in the English Language
Behind the words and their diverse meanings a nation's mentality, values, credo are expressed with the propensity towards their sciences and arts.
Following, the reader is introduced to a sampler of Greek words in the English language, as it is next to impossible to include close to 85,000 words of Greek origin.
The root of a Greek verb was thus subject to a kind of development by means of endings and prefixes until the exact notion of the time, its point and duration, and the completeness of the action, was expressed with a specific delicacy of which no other language has ever shown itself susceptible.
www.geocities.com /hellenicmind/Greekwords.html   (2746 words)

 Greek Pronounciation and Spelling of Scientific names
Some taxonomists write the Greek originated words with K instead of C, as in word Mikrogeophagus, which, since recently, was written (incorrectly, under my opinion) as Microgeophagus, as both words (Mikro and geophagus) are Greek ones and Mikron (and not micron) means small and geophagus means earth eater.
The letter H, h denotes a Greek originated word with a “spiritus asper”, which means a letter that it is not pronounced but is in the word to define a Greek word that on its first vowel was once a rough breathing pneuma (stressed short).
In the first case, we’ll have to pronounce the word as Hea – lo – ti – la – pi - a, because we are not allowed to stress on syllables before the antepenult and because the origin of the word is Greek.
www.malawicichlidhomepage.com /aquainfo/greek_pronounce.html   (3929 words)

For a time the whole Latin lexicon became potentially English and many words were coined on the basis of Latin precedent.
Words of Greek origin have generally entered English in one of three ways: 1) indirectly by way of Latin, 2) borrowed directly from Greek writers, or 3) especially in the case of scientific terms, formed in modern times by combining Greek elements in new ways.
Even today, Latin and Greek roots are the chief source for English words in science and technology.
dictionary.reference.com /help/faq/language/t16.html   (179 words)

 Some English words of Greek origin
I am listing here more than 50 English words beginning with A and B with an origin that can be traced to a Greek word.
I have deliberately excluded all words whose Greek origin is obvious, all scientific terms, as well as words that describe a specific Ancient Greek notion.
Also excluded are most cases where the Greek origin is disputed –I have retained a few of those, and they are marked by an asterisk.
members.tripod.com /~sarant_2/antidaneia/wordsen.html   (120 words)

 English vocabulary words mostly from Latin Greek word origins
You will be able to figure out unfamiliar English words by recognizing their etymological (true) structure, the building blocks from which they are constructed.
You will be able to literally determine the meanings of thousands of English words that you have never seen before and which are used in many fields of knowledge.
Learn how to deal with etymologies of English words and you will feel comfortable with such words—you will use new words with self-assurance, you will be able to figure out the meanings of the English vocabulary words you hear or read even if you have never heard or seen these words before.
www.wordsources.info   (505 words)

 yourDictionary.com • Library: Origin of Words II
English has not borrowed as extensively from Greek as it has from Latin; however, there are still thousands of words borrowed from Greek or based on Greek roots.
The important point is that the meanings of these words are what they are because of the original meanings of the Greek roots in them.
Word borrowings for Yiddish are not widely used but they are common in the dialects around New York city.
www.yourdictionary.com /library/ling008_a.html   (1227 words)

 KryssTal : The Origin of Words and Names
Words are changing meaning now: consider how the words bad and gay have changed in recent years.
English and British surnames (family names) have four main sources: the person's occupation, the place of origin, a nickname and relations.
A collection of words in the English language that were originally borrowed from other languages.
www.krysstal.com /wordname.html   (965 words)

 Carolyn's Corner   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
I know that the k (from the Greek kappa) usually changes to a c when the Greek word part comes into English, but some words, such as leukemia, are spelled with a k instead of a c.
Traditionally the Greek k (kappa) was transliterated ("represented or spelled in the letters or characters of another language or alphabet") with a c.
If the speller is unsure whether the Greek spelling has a kappa or a chi, the best choice is to guess that the English word is spelled with a c, because kappa is more common in Greek than chi, and a c is the more common transliteration for kappa.
www.spellingbee.com /glance/c_k_greek.shtml   (893 words)

 Straight Dope Staff Report: Many English words have Latin roots, but what are the roots of Latin?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
For example, the Latin word for the cypress tree, cupressus, was borrowed from the Greek, but the Greek word was a non-IE borrowing from an uncertain source.
There are many Latin words that are not from IE roots, and the imaginative have often speculated that some of them were borrowed from Etruscan.
One of the Latin words for horse, caballus, is borrowed from a Celtic language.
www.straightdope.com /mailbag/mlatinroot.html   (1830 words)

 World Wide Words: Triskaidekaphobia
Strictly, the word does refer only to fear of the number 13, but it’s often extended to mean fear of the inauspicious date Friday 13th.
The word’s origins are all Greek, from tris, “three”, kai, “and”, deka, “ten” (so making thirteen), plus phobia, “fear, flight”.
The word is a modern formation, dating only from 1911 (it first appeared in I H Coriat’s Abnormal Psychology).
www.worldwidewords.org /weirdwords/ww-tri1.htm   (208 words)

 English vocabulary words derived from Latin and Greek prefixes, roots, and suffixes and other dictionary info
To know the origin of words is to know how men think, how they have fashioned their civilizations.
Word history traces the paths of human relationships, the bridges from mind to mind, and from nation to nation.
Some of the words in English can be traced to a remote past; some have histories that began yesterday or are even beginning today.
www.wordfocus.com   (774 words)

 Amazon.com: English Words From Latin and Greek Element: Books: Donald Ayers   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
As a consequence of her studies, such a student will have stored in her brain the keys to about half of the harder words in English including the many thousands of technical words invented each year--especially those medical and biological tongue twisters invented by the biological and medical communities.
With the keys in her head and the word in its context before her, the student will often undertand the author without having to look up words that often are not yet even in the most recent dictionary.
Although the information contained in "English Words - From Latin and Greek Elements" is of a high quality, and of the sort that my students would benefit from, it is given at a level which requires intelligence and patience.
www.amazon.com /English-Words-Latin-Greek-Element/dp/0816504032   (1790 words)

 Access and explore English vocabulary words from Latin Greek sources
It is safe to say that more than half the words we use in our daily talk come to us from or through Latin, and the spelling of these words and their accurate use is immeasurably helped by the knowledge of their origins.
The terse primitive words in English that refer to the home, the family, or the farm are mostly from the Anglo-Saxon, but even here there is an important Latin influence.
When William the Conqueror defeated the English at Senlac, in 1066, and established a Norman aristocracy in England; French became the language of the court and the landed proprietors and of the upper classes in general, and French is itself a language of almost pure Latin origin.
www.wordexplorations.com   (647 words)

 Greek Art
The Greek theater reached its most famous and most familiar architectural form only in the Hellenestic period (roughly, mid-fourth to mid-first century B.C.)--ironically, some time after its chief poets were dead.
A tragic actor contemplates his mask; from a vase-painting of the late fourth century B.C. The eyes, mouth, and hair styles of the actor's mask are clearly realistic, not at all stylized; the exaggerated masks and costumes often associated with ancient Greek theater clearly belong to a later period.
There is some doubt as to whether the statuette represents a Greek or a Roman actor; the majority of scholars believe it to be Roman.
www.english.emory.edu /DRAMA/GreekArt.html   (989 words)

 archetype: definition, usage and pronunciation - YourDictionary.com
An original model or type after which other similar things are patterned; a prototype:
A first form from which varieties arise or imitations are made: father, master, original, protoplast, prototype.
Usage Note: The ch in archetype, and in other English words of Greek origin such as architect and chorus, represents a transliteration of Greek X (chi), and is usually pronounced like (k).
www.yourdictionary.com /ahd/a/a0407200.html   (219 words)

 ESL Test: Newspaper Headlines (questions) :: Origin of words that entered english
This compact PDF English Test Package is the only printable English test collection currently available on the Internet.
You will find everything related to your search phrase "origin of words that entered english" on our vocabulary building pages such as parts of speech (nouns, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, pronouns, conjunctions, modifiers, etc.), common words, idioms, phrases and expressions, word definitions from online dictionaries, free word and sentence translation, grammar structures and much more.
Great for the intermediate English learner, this collection of Learning English workbooks provides the student with the ability to master the core principals of grammar, reading, writing, listening, and note taking.
www.english-test.net /esl/learn/english/grammar/ai004/esl-test.php   (857 words)

 Lists of English words of international origin at AllExperts
On occasion, English has pursued other languages down alleyways to beat them unconscious and rifle their pockets for new vocabulary".
These are lists of words in the English language which are known as "loanwords" or "borrowings," which are derived from other languages:
*List of English words of Old Norse origin (often coming from Vikings from Denmark or Norway, but at the time there was little distinction between the Old Norse dialects spoken in the three Scandinavian countries.)
en.allexperts.com /e/l/li/lists_of_english_words_of_international_origin.htm   (228 words)

 World Wide Words: It's Greek to me
But virtually the same phrase had been used the year before (1600) by another Elizabethan playwright, Thomas Dekker: “I’ll be sworn he knows not so much as one character of the tongue.
Both the Latin and the English meant then just what the phrase does now, to refer to something that is unintelligible.
As an aside, the Spanish version of this proverb is “hablar en griego”, which is commonly said to be the origin of the word gringo, so somebody who is called a gringo is literally accused of speaking Greek and hence being unintelligible.
www.worldwidewords.org /qa/qa-gre1.htm   (209 words)

 Calliope: Muse of Eloquence
9.1.3: Use knowledge of Greek, Roman, and Norse mythology to understand the origin and meaning of new words.
Note to teachers: No words from Norse myth are included because I only know of three words (berserk, rune, and valkyrie) which entered English from Norse mythology, aside from the days of the week.
10.1.3: Use knowledge of Greek, Roman, and Norse mythology to understand the origin and meaning of new words.
fayette.k12.in.us /~cbeard/calliope   (220 words)

 Set 1; Illustrated English vocabulary words with images and definitions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Links to a Variety of Words, with Images, that are Mostly Derived from Latin and Greek Elements (roots, prefixes, and suffixes).
Although emphasis is placed on words that are derived from Latin and Greek sources, some of the words presented in the illustrated studies are not from those classical languages; however, they are included because of their special etymological interests.
If you would like to continue with the many additional sets of images and words that are currently under construction, then you will find that being a subscriber will provide rich resources for your vocabulary experiences.
www.wordphiles.com /word-foc-image-list1-prev.html   (326 words)

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